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SYNOPSIS

ON

“A Protective Scheme For Wind Power Plant
Using Co-ordination Of Overcurrent Relay”
IS SUBMITTED TO
SANT GADGE BABA AMRAVATI UNIVERSITY, AMRAVATI
IN THE PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DEGREE OF
MASTER OF ENGINEERING
IN
ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEM

By
MONALI B. YAWALE
M.E. 2nd Year (EPS)
(Enroll. No-00920063)

Guided By
PROF.Y. D. SHAHAKAR

Department of Electrical Engineering
P.R.Pote (Patil) College of Engineering & Management, Amravati.

2016-17

D. S. R. Department of Electrical Engineering Certificate This is to certify that the project titled “A Protective Scheme For Wind Power Plant Using Co-ordination Of Overcurrent Relay” By Monali B. Yawale (ME Co-ordinator) (ME Student) . D.P. POTE (PATIL) COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT. Warkad (H. B.) Prof. AMRAVATI. Y. B.Yawale In recognition to the partial fulfillment for the degree of master of engineering in Electrical Power System Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University. Y.O. Shahakar M. D. Shahakar (Project Guide) Prof. Amravati Dr.

INDEX Contents (for project Defining seminar): (1) Title of Project (2) Abstract (3) Introduction (4) Literature Survey (5) Problem definition (6) Proposed project Scheme/Methodology (7) Project Schedule (8) Proposed Project report contents (9) References .

This paper indicates how the coordination of overcurrent relays can be effectively attained for wind power plants in order to protect the power constituents during fault incidence. Through this research Matlab/Simulink as a powerful simulation software have been applied to model a wind farm and achieve precise setting for coordination of overcurrent relays. The most commodious and common protection apparatus are overcurrent relays which are responsible for protecting power systems from impending faults. In order to employ a prosperous and proper protection for wind power plants.“A Protective Scheme For Wind Power Plant Using Co-ordination Of Overcurrent Relay” AbstractWind farms are one of the most indispensable types of sustainable energies which are progressively engaged in smart grids with tenacity of electrical power generation predominantly as a distribution generation system. . these relays must be set precisely and well coordinated with each other to clear the faults at the system in the shortest possible time. rigorous protection of wind power plants is an immensely momentous aspect in electrical power protection engineering which must be contemplated thoroughly during designing the wind plants to afford a proper protection for power components in case of fault occurrence. Thus.

only the section of faulty feeder is disconnected from the system and the rest of healthy parts are kept connected to the system. the proper protection of wind plants is an enormously significant aspect which must be taken into consideration when designing the wind plants to not only provide a suitable protection for the power components but also maintain the power generation perpetually in case of fault. Hence. One of the most important studies of power quality and power system protection in wind plants is providing adequate and continual power to the loads. the power components are protected from damages from excessive currents but also continual power flow is fed to the grid and superb power quality is provided by wind power plants. The most important and common protection systems are overcurrent relays which can protect the power systems from impending faults. these relays must be set accurately and well coordinated with each other to clear the fault at the system in the shortest possible time. not only in case of fault. The software which has been used is Matlab/Simulink which is known as . This project demonstrates how the coordination of overcurrent relays can be successfully achieved in wind power plants in order to maintain the power generation during fault and protect the power components However an overall protection scheme has yet to come to solve the protection crisis in wind plants. therefore in order to ensure having perpetual power from wind farms. wind plants must feed grids continually. One way of meeting this phenomena is applying a proper protection in the system that in case of fault. This paper demonstrates how OCRs have been successfully used and properly coordinated in a wind power plant. In order to implement a successful and proper protection for wind power plants. By using overcurrent relays (OCRs) as a protection system and applying an accurate coordination in wind plants.Introduction Wind power plants are one of the most crucial types of renewable energies which are increasingly employed in smart grids with purpose of power generation especially as a distribution generation system.

one of the best simulation software for electrical engineers and researchers. All of the OCRs have been modelled and designed and the accurate settings have been selected to protect the wind plant .

survey is made that. HashimHizam 1. 2. There are several new and renewable energy sources including hydro-. Thus. 2) Title of paper: “Coordination of Overcurrent Relays ProtectionSystems for Wind Power Plants”. In this paper. wind-power generation and etc.” Author(s):Yeonho Ok. Noor Izzri Abdul Wahab 1. 2. And the problem of frequent operation of OCR coordinated equally regardless of the characteristics of the renewable energy source is analyzed and an alternative is proposed. Vol: 21 Journal:2014 IEEE International Conference Power & Energy (PECON). 2.1/05 Journal:IEEE Transactions on renewal energy. but the relay coordination is performed regardless of the characteristics of each new and renewable energy source. The most commodious and common protection apparatus are overcurrent relays which are responsible for protecting power systems from . survey is made that Wind farms are one of the most indispensable types of sustainable energies which are progressively engaged in smart grids with tenacity of electrical power generation predominantly as a distribution generation system. 2. the pickup and instantaneous current and the time delay of the overcurrent relay (OCR) is reviewed firstly. To study the above paper. To study the above paper. *. Jaeho Choi Vol: 41. Jaewon Lee.Literature Survey:1) Title of paper: “Coordination of Over Current Relay for Sudden Rise of Input Energy in Renewable Power System. solar-.. which was already coordinated for the wind power system. Date of Publications:2014 IEEE Author(s):NimaRezaei 1. rigorous protection of wind power plants is an immensely momentous aspect in electrical power protection engineering which must be contemplated thoroughly during designing the wind plants to afford a proper protection for power components in case of fault occurrence. Mohammad Lutfi Othman 1.

00 ©2014 IEEE Journal: North American Electric Reliability Corporation To study the above paper. 4) Title of paper: “Optimal Coordination of Overcurrent Relay for Offshore Wind Farm Integrated to Onshore Grid with VSC-HVDC”. To study the above paper. In order to employ a prosperous and proper protection for wind power plants. 3) Title of Paper: “Design of frequency control system in a micro-grid containing HVAC”. Soumya R Mohanty. This paper presents Wind farms are one of the most indispensable types of sustainable energies which are progressively engaged in smart grids with tenacity of electrical power generation predominantly as a distribution generation system.impending faults. Overcurrent(OC) relay is one of the most commonly used protective relays in the power system. survey is made that. The most commodious and common protection apparatus are overcurrent relays which are responsible for protecting power systems from impending faults. Auther:-RehanaPerveen. rigorous protection of wind power plants is an immensely momentous aspect in electrical power protection engineering which must be contemplated thoroughly during designing the wind plants to afford a proper protection for power components in case of fault occurrence. . Through this research Matlab/Simulink as a powerful simulation software have been applied to model a wind farm and achieve precise setting for coordination of overcurrent relays. NandKishor Date of Publications: 978-1-4799-6042-2/14/$31. This paper indicates how the coordination of overcurrent relays can be effectively attained for wind power plants in order to protect the power constituents during fault incidence.SeyedMasoudMoghaddasTafreshi Mehdi Jafari. these relays must be set precisely and well coordinated with each other to clear the faults at the system in the shortest possible time. survey is made that. Thus. Author(s):Mohammad KoochakianJazi.

Coordination of overcurrent relays is a challenging task in the field of offshore wind farm (OWF). The formulation of objective function is accomplished by two variables such as time multiplier setting (TMS) and plug setting multiplier (PSM). Particle swarm optimization (PSO) and Gravitational search algorithm (GSA) algorithm. The optimal coordination of OC relay is carried out by the exploration of different meta heuristic algorithm such as Genetic algorithm (GA). An optimal relay coordination using overcurrent relay is used at four different points in the OWF. . A reliable protection system is needed for transmitting large amountof power over long distances.Thus this multi-objective optimization is explored to minimize the operating time of the associated relay that exists in the ac side of OWF.

the increasingly penetration of wind energy into conventional power systems highlights several important issues such as reliability. reliability …etc.Problem Definition The impressive growth in the utilization of wind energy has consequently spawned active research activities in a wide variety of technical fields. providing wind farms with the proper protection is quite essential. power quality. the economic perspective plays a major role as well. The essential benefits from the dedicated protection functions are to avoid the possible local damage resulting from incident faults and minimize the impact of these abnormal conditions on other sound parts of the network. the own behavior of the induction generator. … etc. Different factors participate usually into these conditions such as the distributed generation concept. etc. These terms such as continuity. This consequently highlights different challenges regarding the behavior of their protection and control schemes. On the other hand. Moreover. Among these issues. security. wind farms are characterized with some unique features during their normal and faulty operating conditions. varying wind speed. Moreover. have recently received much attention due to the new de-regulation policies and marketing liberalization. stability. This consequently enhances the reliability and dependability of theoverall grid performance. .

To do so. then the coordination of OCRs can be properly undertaken [11].Proposed Project Scheme/Methodology 1. Coordination of OCRs basically means that the closest relay to the fault location. there is a time interval between a primary relay and a backup relay operation and this is called the Coordination Time Interval (CTI).05. sometimes it varies in steps of 0. must be set suitably. After the characteristics of these relays are designated. In this . the vital settings of OCRs.5 seconds for conventional relays. which means they operate faster compared to conventional relays [10]. all of these OCRs must be properly coordinated with each other in order to protect the power elements from the currents. It is varied in in the range of 10% to 40% in steps of 10%.2 seconds. This time interval is in the range of 0. proposed circuit diagram In power systems. the relay operation time and CTI must be taken into consideration. 3.1. the PSM is quite different. The maximum TSM is 1 and the minimum is 0. which is called the backup relay. TSM ranges from 0 to 1 in steps of 0. Stabilization of OCR frequency in Grid. In order to coordinate OCRs with each other. the other relay closest to the primary relay. and in case the relay does not trip or malfunctions.3 and 0. This setting is only used for inverse current relays which detect phase to phase fault. Simulation of Overcurrent Relays Protection Systems. 2. PSM is varied in the range of 50% to 200% and in steps of 25%. So in order to coordinate relays with each other. However. For the relays that detect phase to ground fault. must first trip the CB. or in the range of 20% to 80% in steps of 20%. This coordination is extremely crucial and is conducted in order to decrease the expanded power loss and avert power quality compromise. which is referred to as the primary relay. must trip. while for numerical relays it is set at 0. the higher current the relay requires to trip. The point that should be taken into consideration is that the more Plug Setting (PS) the relay has. which are the Plug Setting Multiplier (PSM) and the Time Setting Multiplier (TSM).05. Simulation of Frequency Disturbances Fig. The coordination phenomenon is depicted in Fig 1.

Septe er Octobe Review 6: Project Literature Survey. ry Study about protection circuit. Simulation of relay protection. Paper writing. Also if OCR2 does not operate. OCR2 as backup protection should trip. OCR3 as the second backup protection must trip and disconnect the feeder.Study about frequency stabilization and Inverter. Effect of fault detection March Analysis of complete system June Thesis writing. . In case of any malfunction. OCR1 as primary protection must trip to the fault. Simulation of Inverter tied to the Micro grid wind power plant. Project Schedule:- Project Rewiew 1: Project Review 2: Project Review 3: July August mb Project Review 4: Project r Januar Review 5: Project y Februa Review 7: Project Review 8: Concept of fault in transmission line .figure.

Study about frequency stabilization and Inverter.Appendix .Result Analysis Chapter 9:.Simulation of Inverter tied to the Micro grid wind power plant.Study about protection circuit.Concept of fault in transmission line . Chapter 4:.Proposed Project report contents:Chapter 1:.Conclusion & Future Scope Chapter 10 :. Chapter 5:.Effect of fault detection Chapter 8 :.Literature Review Chapter 3:. Chapter 6:.References Chapter 11 :.Introduction Chapter 2:.Simulation of relay protection Chapter 7:.

Green power-wind generated protection and control considerations. Economic aspects of advanced energy technologies. 318-332. pp. (2008. 311-329). K. N. D. [6] Qureshi. Wind Farm Protection. (2004.. N. (2014). Rodriguez.IEEE.Springer Singapore. & Morton.ISIE 2008. 1. H.References [1] Mohd. A.. Protection schemes for decentralized power generation. N.. Ortjohann. [2] Heier. In Protective Relay Engineers. S. 2008. D. E. 2004 57th Annual Conference for (pp. Proceedings of the IEEE. [4] Hornak. [5] Fuchs..IET. InDevelopments in Power System Protection. P. April). Schmelter. R. Challenges in integrating distributed energy storage systems into future smart grid. 2004. In Large Scale Renewable Power Generation (pp..Eighth IEE International Conference on (Vol. C. (2004). &Chau. A. R. IEEE International Symposium on (pp. G.. (2014). S. J. June). (1993). IEEE. S. Grid integration of wind energy. 1627-1632). 110-131).. N. A. & Nair.John Wiley &Sons. Butler. 323. 81(3). .326). A. [3] Ramakumar. Hamsic. &Venkata.. In Industrial Electronics.. W.

[8] Raza. 332-336.. T... 51(1). Procedia Engineering.[7] Hussain. I. M. Optimal Overcurrent Relay Coordination: A Review. (2014). Nucleus. Rahim. S. R. (2013). optimum overcurrent relay coordination: A review. A. S. H. S. . 37-49. 53. &Musirin. &Bukhari.. Mahmood.