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Problem 422

Write the shear and moment equations for the semicircular arch as shown in Fig. P422if (a) the load P is vertical as shown, and (b) the load is applied horizontally to the
left at the top of the arch.

Solution 422

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ΣMC=0ΣMC=0
2R(RA)=RP2R(RA)=RP
RA=12PRA=12P

For θ that is less than 90° Shear: VAB=RAcos(90∘−θ)VAB=RAcos⁡(90∘−θ) VAB=12P(cos90∘cosθ+sin90∘sinθ)VAB=12P(cos⁡90∘cos⁡θ+sin⁡ 90∘sin⁡θ) VAB=12PsinθVAB=12Psin⁡θ answer Moment arm: d=R−Rcosθd=R−Rcos⁡θ d=R(1−cosθ)d=R(1−cos⁡θ) Moment: MAB=RA(d)MAB=RA(d) MAB=12PR(1−cosθ)MAB=12PR(1−cos⁡θ) answer For θ that is greater than 90° Components of P and RA: Px=Psin(θ−90∘)Px=Psin⁡(θ−90∘) Px=P(sinθcos90∘−cosθsin90∘)Px=P(sin⁡θcos⁡90∘−cos⁡ θsin⁡90∘) Px=−PcosθPx=−Pcos⁡θ Py=Pcos(θ−90∘)Py=Pcos⁡(θ−90∘) Py=P(cosθcos90∘+sinθsin90∘)Py=P(cos⁡θcos⁡90∘+sin⁡ θsin⁡90∘) Py=PsinθPy=Psin⁡θ RAx=RAsin(θ−90∘)RAx=RAsin⁡(θ−90∘) RAx=12P(sinθcos90∘−cosθsin90∘)RAx=12P(sin⁡θcos⁡90∘−cos⁡θsin⁡90∘) RAx=−12PcosθRAx=−12Pcos⁡θ RAy=RAcos(θ−90∘)RAy=RAcos⁡(θ−90∘) RAy=12P(cosθcos90∘+sinθsin90∘)RAy=12P(cos⁡θcos⁡90∘+sin⁡θsin⁡90∘) .

RAy=12PsinθRAy=12Psin⁡θ Shear: VBC=ΣFyVBC=ΣFy VBC=RAy−PyVBC=RAy−Py VBC=12Psinθ−PsinθVBC=12Psin⁡θ−Psin⁡θ VBC=−12PsinθVBC=−12Psin⁡θ answer Moment arm: d=Rcos(180∘−θ)d=Rcos⁡(180∘−θ) d=R(cos180∘cosθ+sin180∘sinθ)d=R(cos⁡180∘cos⁡θ+sin⁡180∘sin⁡θ) d=−Rcosθd=−Rcos⁡θ Moment: MBC=ΣMcounterclockwise−ΣMclockwiseMBC=ΣMcounterclockwise−ΣMclockwise MBC=RA(R+d)−PdMBC=RA(R+d)−Pd MBC=12P(R−Rcosθ)−P(−Rcosθ)MBC=12P(R−Rcos⁡θ)−P(−Rcos⁡θ) MBC=12PR−12PRcosθ+PRcosθMBC=12PR−12PRcos⁡θ+PRcos⁡θ MBC=12PR+12PRcosθMBC=12PR+12PRcos⁡θ MBC=12PR(1+cosθ)MBC=12PR(1+cos⁡θ) answe .

Answer Figure T2.5 T2.6 1 2 3 4 . Answer Figure T2.6 Find the bending moment under the load for the circular three hinged arch.