You are on page 1of 5

DISTILLATION COLUMN PROCEDURE

:
1. Start a new case in HYSYS.
2. Add Benzene and Toluene for the components.
3. Select the Peng-Robinson Fluid Package.
4. Double click on the Distillation Column to bring up the “Distillation Column Input Wizard”.
5. Type 3 material streams for the feed, the distillate, and the bottoms, and 2 energy streams for
the reboiler and condenser.
6. Now the type of condenser must be specified. Select a total condenser. Click “Next >”to
proceed.
7. The next step is to specify the pressures of Distillation column. Type those into the respective
fields and click “Next >”.
8. In the next step, HYSYS prompts for temperature estimates for the top stage, condenser, and
re-boiler. Since these are optional fields, they can be ignored and HYSYS will calculate them
when the simulation is run. Click “Next >” to proceed to the final step.
8.

Specify the reflux ratio and distillate flow rate. Click “Done…” to complete the distillation
column connection and specifications.

9. Add the extra trays, Simply click on “n = ” tab under “Num of Stages” on the drawing of the
column, and simply enter in 23.
10. Double click on the Feed stream. This will open its specification menu. Specify an inlet
temperature, a pressure, a flow rate and feed composition of benzene.
11. Click on the “Run” button to simulate the distillation process.

10. Select the Sour PR Fluid Package. Add Methane (CH4). 11. 3. Start a new case in HYSYS. 13. 9. Enter the feed and solvent composition and condition. Gases Out and solvent out. 8. 15. Now. After selecting the Tray section. Go to the ‘Tools’ menu and select ‘Utilities’. Scroll down and select ‘Tray Sizing’. click on the PFD window to insert the absorption column into the simulation environment. Select ‘Packing’ and click on “View Utility” button. one will return to the ‘Tray Sizing’ window. . 2. Click on the ‘Select TS…’ button. Click and select the icon that says “Absorber”.ABSORPTION COLUMN PROCEDURE: 1. Gases In. 6. On the window that pops-up. Name the stream. click on ‘Auto Section’ and change the internal type selection from ‘Valve’ to ‘Packed’. Then click next and then auto selection. See the diameter and the height of the section. click on the ‘Performance’ tab and select “Packed”. After selecting the “Absorber” icon. 14. click within the box corresponding to that stream and type Solvent In. 5. Click on the ‘Enter Simulation Environment’ button on the ‘Simulation Basic Manager’ window. Select Raschig Rings (Ceramic) ¼_inch for packing. Click on the ‘Add Utilities’ button. A tray-sizing window should pop up. Click on ‘Next’ and then on ‘Complete Auto Section’. A window named “Available Utilities” will pop up. 7. Go to “Tools” menu and click on “Utilities”. Carbon dioxide (CO2) and Propylene carbonate components. Click on the button that says ‘Auto Section’ 12. Then double click and “Run” the simulation. 4. Name the utility as “Packing”. Enter pressures and temperature and click done.

9. vapor and liquid. Styrene and Hydrogen for the components. Select the Reaction tab and type the reaction details. enter percentage conversion. After selecting the “conversion reactor” icon. Then run the reactor simulation. The select Ethyl benzene as base component. Click and select the icon that says “conversion reactor”. Enter the feed condition and composition. click on the PFD window to insert the conversion reactor into the simulation environment. . 13. 5. Name the stream. 2. 6. 8. 10. Select the Conversion Reaction. Add Ethyl benzene. 4. 7. Click on the ‘Enter Simulation Environment’ button on the ‘Simulation Basic Manager’ window. 12.Open new case. Enter the temperature and pressure of reaction and click done. and then enter the stoichiometric coefficient.REACTOR PROCEDURE: 1. Add the reaction to FP. 3. 11. Select the Peng-Robinson Fluid Package. click within the box corresponding to that stream and type feed. Start HYSYS.

8. Click the green light in the upper toolbar to get HYSYS to start actively solving for unknowns. Check the Binary Coefficients. flow rate. 6 trays need to be removed. Name the streams to Feed. Water and MIBK for the components. Click on “n = ” tab under “Num of Stages” on the drawing of the column. opening the specification menu. Extracted Product. 7. the binary coefficients of the components have to be checked. pressure.EXTRACTION COLUMN PROCEDURE: 1. and “Bottoms”. These estimates can be ignored and HYSYS will calculate them when the simulation is run. Type in the desired feed properties: temperature. HYSYS prompts for optional temperature estimates for the top and bottom stages. Double click on the Liquid-Liquid Extraction column to bring up the “Liquid-Liquid Extractor Input Expert”. Solvent stream contains pure MIBK entering at 25 °C. . Select a Liquid-Liquid Extraction column. 5. 3. Add Acetone. For Liquid-Liquid Extraction cases. Since 10 trays are specified by default. 11. 9. 12. simply click the “Binary Coeffs” tab. 101 kPa and flowing at 1 kgmol/sec 15. Click “Done…” to complete the Liquid-Liquid Extractor Input Expert. Star Start a new case in HYSYS. 4. Click on the Liquid-Liquid Extraction column button in the Simulation Toolbar. Specify a constant pressure by typing it in to the pressure columns 10. Since trays are needed to extract 99% of the acetone. and then place it on the simulation window. Select “UNIFAC LLE” for the appropriate estimation to use. and a feed with a 40 mol % acetone and 60 mol % water. 14. Solvent. 6. and simply enter in 4 13. 2. Select the NRTL Fluid Package. Double click on the Feed stream.