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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN

SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

1.0

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OBJECTIVE
This method statement is prepared to describe the methodology for Calibration
and setting protection relay to LV Main switchboard

2.0

SCOPE
The purpose and scope of this Method Statement is to describe and define the
process for the Calibration and Setting Protection Relay to Main Switch Board
The following test shall be carried out by the Licensed Testing Engineer/
representative:-

2.1

-

Overcurrent & Earth Fault Protection Relay Operation Test

-

Earth Leakage Relay Operation Test

REFERENCES

a) Suruhanjaya Tenaga Specification

2.2

RESPONSIBILITIES

2.2.1 Construction Manager
The construction manager is the person in charge of the work explains and such, must
be aware and in control of all aspects of the site operations, including the planning of
site progress. It is the manager who has responsibility for the following tasks:

Leading regular site meetings with professional, including surveyors, site
engineer, testing and commissioning engineer, foremen, subcontractors, local
authorities and the consultant/client

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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Maintaining strict quality control procedures – this necessitates regular testing of
materials, visual inspections of work, and frequent tours of the site.

Conducting regular site safety check

Ensuring the project runs to schedule and finding solution to problems that may
cause delays

Taking responsibilities for the overall safety & security of the substation.

2.2.2 Testing and Commissioning Engineer

Testing and commissioning of the equipment relay protection

Making Improvement to and offering advice about operational procedure

Scheduling and coordinating work to tight deadlines

Ensuring that equipment works to its specification

Creating

and

carry

out

test

procedures

as

per

guideline

of

the

manufacturer/standards

Investigating problems, diagnosing/repairing faults

Troubleshooting

Liaise with site manager and client/consultant

Supervise engineering and technical staff

Writing report and documentation

Ensuring safe working condition

2.2.3 Site engineer
Site engineer perform technical, organizational and supervisory role on the project,
including civil, electrical and other electrical infrastructure projects. They are responsible
for marking out the site, applying designs and plans and liaising with sub- contractor.
Site engineer work as part of the site management team, sharing responsibility for site

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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security, health and safety, and the organization and supervision of material and human
resources. The site engineer acts as the main technical adviser on a construction site for
subcontractor and supervisor.
The role includes the following tasks:

Setting out (marking the position of the structures) and levelling the site.

Surveying the site

Checking drawings and quantities and ensuring that the calculations are accurate
for the work

Overseeing the selection and requisition of materials and plantfor use in the
construction

Planning the work and efficiently organizing the plant and site facilities in order to
meet agreed deadlines

Liaising

with

consultants,

sub-contractors,

supervisors,

planner, quantity

surveyors and the general workforce involved in the project.

Liaising with the client and their representative (architects, engineers and
surveyors), including attending regular meetings to keep them informed of
progress.

Day to day management of the site, including supervising and monitoring the site
labor force under the assistance of the site supervisor and he is monitoring the
work of any sub-contractors.

Writing detail report.

Overseeing quality control and safety matters on the site, and ensuring that the
regulations are adhered to

Resolving any unexpected technical difficulties, and other problems that may
arise.

2.2.4 Safety Officer

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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The health affair inspects current and proposed facilities, machinery, equipment, tools
and personnel practices. Investigating accidents and near accidents, designing, building
and installing safety devices on the machinery, designing personal safety clothing and
equipment. He coordinates among department before start-up any activity at the site
working area.

2.3

MATERIAL PLANT, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT

2.3.1 MATERIAL

N/A

2.3.2 PLANT, MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT

No

Equipment

Description

Quantity

Relay Test Unit, Ohm
1

2
3

Meter, VLF AC HIPOT
tester
Cutter wire, screw driver
and etc
Barricade tape, danger
sign

Protection Relay Operation Test

-tba-

Protection Relay Operation Test

-tba-

Barricade around working area

-tba-

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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WORK METHODOLOGY
3.1

PREPARATORY WORK

Examine the cable path to ensure all areas are free of debris.

Barricade all working area & install danger signage.

Ensure that all parties involved with above work is complete with proper PPE.
Tools and material to be used should be checked and are to be in good operating
condition.

All parties involved i.e Engineers, Site Supervisors, Safety Supervisor and worker
should discuss and confirm the activities to be carried out.

3.2

All inspection done should be witnessed by PDP/SC

Procedure for Overcurrent & Earth Fault Protection Relay

3.2.1 Starting Current

Record all particulars of Relay to be tested and its working setting

Change the settings to test settings where appropriate.

Check the auxiliary supply voltage connected to the relay corresponds to related
auxiliary voltage stated on its name plate.

Connect output of the test set to R (red) phase of relay.

Turn on auxiliary supply to the relay.

Ensure that control knob on the test set gradually until O/C element of R (red)
phase pick up.

Record the current in the test form.

Switch of the test set

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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3.2.1 Timing Test

Connect a trip contact to timer stop terminals of the test set. (A pair of voltage
free contacts is preferred)

Switch on the test set

Increase current to 1.3 times of setting current

Switch off the test set with control knob remaining in the same position.

Switch on the test set to inject the current and start timer at the same time.

After trip contact has operated record the relay operating time in test form

Switch of the test set.

Repeat the step 2 and 3 above for 2 and 3 times of setting current. To check that
operating time recorded correspond to timing characteristic of relay

3.2.2 High Set Element

Repeat timing test for the high set elements.

Injected current shall be approximately 5% higher than setting. In this case, the
operating time will be of definite time delay instead of inverse time characteristic.
Caution :-

Check thermal rating of relay before high set element is tested to ensure that
maximum allowable continuous current is not exceeded.

3.2.3 Final Test

Repeat all the above test for phase Y (yellow), B (blue) and E/F element.

Change setting back for all element (R,Y,B & E/F) to ensure that the start current

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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now corresponds to services setting.

Disconnect all wiring between test set and relay

Figure 1

3.3

Procedure for Overcurrent & Earth Fault Protection Relay

Record all particulars of relay to be tested and its working setting

Check the auxiliary supply voltage connected to the relay corresponds to related
auxiliary voltage stated on its name plate

Connect output of the test set to input terminals of ELR. Alternatively singlephase primary current can be injected into one of the conductors to induce a
secondary current on the ZCT (core balance current transformer)

Ensure that control knob on the test set has returned zero position.

Then switch on the test set.

Increase the output current of test set gradually until the relay picks up.

Record the test in the test form.

Connect a trip contact to timer stop terminals of the test set. (A pair voltage free

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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contacts is preferred)

Switch on the test set.

Increase current to 2 times of setting current.

Switch off the test set with control knob remaining in the same position.

Switch on the test set to inject the current and start timer at the same time.

After trip contact has operated record the relay operating time in test form.

Switch off test set.

Disconnect all wiring between test set and relay.

Page 8 of 12

PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

3.4

4

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Traffic Management & Control
Not Applicable

SAFETY AND HEALTH
4.1

Job Safety & Health Analysis
Job Safety & Health Analysis shall be carried on the project site. The hazard in a
particular activity and the control measures implementation shall be briefed to the
workers during safety induction session, toolbox talk and JSA Briefing. Please
refer to attached Appendix 7.2.1

4.2

Information to Personnel
4.2.1 All workers employed in the project must have CIDB Green Card, KVMRT
passport.
4.2.2 All lifting activities, WPC shall provide a Lifting Supervisor that obtains
training from KVMRT Training Centre.
4.2.3 All temporary structure shall provide a Temporary Work Coordinator.
4.2.4 All new workers and staff to attend the Safety Induction Course before
commencing works site and attendances shall be recorded in an induction
list.
4.2.5 All site personnel shall wear proper Personnel Protective Equipment (PPE)
– Safety Helmet, Safety Vest, Safety Boots, water boots, etc.
4.2.6 Monthly Safety Meeting shall be held with all the contractors related to the
works.

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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4.2.7 All workers to attend the weekly toolbox meetings conducted by the Safety
Manager / Safety Officer held at site and attendances shall be recorded.
Highlight on the machineries and lorries movement to prevent the workers
from getting stuck and accident happen at site.

4.3

Emergency Arrangement
4.3.1 Please refer to appendix 7.2.2 for Health, Safety and Environment
Emergency Response Team and Flow Chart.
4.3.2 The Organization Chart, List of Emergency Contact Person and relevant
authorities with their contact numbers shall be showed in the Notice Board.
4.3.3 The emergency situations which may occur are shown in the table
(Appendix 7.2.4) for Job Safety and Health Analysis. The level of risk or
severity of the accident dictates the emergency level.
4.3.4 In the event of emergency, the site management staffs must evaluate the
situation and commence the necessary procedures as follow:

Raise the alarm.

Stop works.

Remain composed.

Make sure notifications of emergency or evacuation are in place for
all workers surrounding the vicinity.

Make sure all workers are assembled at designated assembly point.

Make sure first aid kits are prepared at assembly point.

All workers are told not to leave the assembly point until clear sign is
issued.

4.4

Headcount shall be conducted.

First aiders shall attend to the injured workers.

Prepare assessment reports for the losses.

Permit Requirement

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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Some of the working arrears require permission for the work commencement and
for certain duration and limitation by relevant authority. It requires application to
the authority or relevant parties and the WPC shall notify the PDP. Permit to start
work shall be obtained before any commencement of work.
For night work, the area of work shall be adequately lit of facilitate works and
movements on site. Warning lights, directive signs, reflective aids and barriers
shall be placed at suitable location to forewarn all potential hazards. Work permit
shall be applied to relevant party and notify WPC Safety Officer and PDP
representative before any commencement of work.

5

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

6

Not Applicable

QUALITY ASSURANCE & QUALITY CONTROL
6.1 Contractual Requirements
Materials and Workmanship Specification, Section 140: Utilities Relocation
 SSP-MRTC-GENE-OVPR-SPC-03140
Material and Workmanship Specification Section 140 – Utilities Relocation
Material and Workmanship Specification Section 519 – Low Voltage Main
Switchboard.
Material and Workmanship Specification Section 520 – Motor Control Centre.
Material and Workmanship Specification Section 528 – Earthing System.
6.2 Inspection & Testing
Refer to Inspection and Test Plan

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PROJECT QUALITY PLAN
SWITCHBOARD
“Work Method Statement for MSB Calibration and
Setting Protection Relay”

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EFFECTIVE DATE

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 TRC/PQP/SSP-MRT-V207/ITP

6.3 Follow up & Evaluation
 Request for Inspection (RFI)
 To monitor using Quality Checklist

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