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# Al Musanna College of Technology

Engineering Department
Mechanical Engineering Section
Laboratory Report
Code: ACT/M&I/MIME4222/Semester I
Revision : First issue
Students Name :
Seat number :
I.

Course Description

2016-17
Version : 01
SECTION :

ENGINEERING DESIGN II

II. Course Code:

MIME 4222

III. Experiment No.:

1

IV. Duration:

2 Hrs

V.

BENDING ANALYSIS OF CANTILEVER BEAM

Title:

VI. Objectives:
Create a 3D solid model of a cantilever beam, with following dimensions.
Material
Aluminum
Dimensions
Length. L = 4 m; Width, b = 0.346 m; Height, h = 0.346 m
Density
2,700 kg/m3
Young’s modulus
70 × 109 Pa
Poisson ratio
0.35
1. Theoretically find the maximum deflection of the beam and compare with ANSYS results
3. Theoretically find the maximum bending stress along the beam and compare with ANSYS results
4. Examine the convergence of the solution as the mesh is refined

VII. THEORY/Formula

Area moment of inertia, I =
Maximum bending stress, σb =
Maximum deflection, δ = (- )
The percentage error (%) in our model, % E = × 100
Where b is width of the beam in m; h is height of the beam in m; M is maximum bending
moment in N. m; Y is the distance of outer fibers from neutral plane in m.
VIII. Procedure

IX. Model calculation

Area moment of inertia, I = =

Maximum bending stress, σb = =

Maximum deflection (at x = 4 m), δ = (- ) =

The percentage error (%) in our model, % E =

X. Results and Discussions

BEAM

Maximum Deflection, δ (m)

Maximum Bending Stress Pa

Theory Values
10 Element Model
20 Element Model
Percentage error (%)
We have already noted that the ANSYS results compare well to our hand calculations obtained using
Euler-Bernoulli beam theory in the pre-analysis. The ANSYS simulation gave ____________ for the
maximum bending stress and the calculation in the pre-analysis yielded _____________.
The ANSYS simulation gave ___________ for the total deformation of the beam at x = 4 m while
the calculation from the pre-analysis yielded ____________.
The ANSYS results closely match the hand calculations from the pre-analysis. This is one way to
verify the solution.
As one can see from the table above the results do not change as the mesh is refined. The reason that the
results do not change is as follows: the exact solution for cantilever beam deformation is cubic and for this
setup ANSYS uses element BEAM 188 which also uses cubic interpolation. Thus, for the simple cantilever
beam setup the numerical method converges very quickly.

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