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Al Musanna College of Technology

Engineering Department
Mechanical Engineering Section
Laboratory Report
Code: ACT/M&I/MIME4222/Semester II
Revision : First issue
Students Name :
Seat number :
I.

Course Description

2015-16

SECTION :

ENGINEERING DESIGN II

II. Course Code:

MIME 4222

III. Experiment No.:

5

IV. Duration:

2 Hrs

V.

Modal Analysis of Cantilever Beam

Title:

Version : 01

VI. Objectives:
In this exercise, we'll create a 3D solid model of a cantilever beam (aluminum), of which the details are
shown in the drawing below.
Material
Aluminum
Dimensions
Length = 4 m; Width = 0.346 m; Height = 0.346 m
Density
2,700 kg/m3
Young’s modulus
70 x 109 Pa
Poisson ratio
0.35
Using ANSYS Workbench find the followings:
1. Deformation for the first six modes
2. First six natural frequencies of the beam
3. Shapes of the six modes
4. Animations of the six modes

VII. Theory/ FORMULA
Frequencies of the modes and the mode shapes and are derived from Euler-Bernoulli Beam Theory

VIII. Procedure

IX. Model calculation

X. Results and Discussion
A. Mode Shapes (first six modes only, 10 element beam)

B. Modal frequencies (first six modes only)
Meshing the beam with 10 elements
Bending mode

Frequency

Meshing the beam with 25 elements
Bending mode

1

1

2

2

3

3

4

4

5

5

6

6

Frequency (Hz)

C. Comparison with Euler-Bernoulli theory
Theory Values
(based on Euler-Bernoulli beam theory)
Bending mode

Frequency

ANSYS
(based on Timoshenko beam theory)
Bending mode

1

1

2

2

3

3

Frequency

Note that the ANSYS beam element formulation used here is based on Timoshenko beam theory which
includes shear-deformation effects (this is neglected in the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory).

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