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Sodium Ferrous Citrate

sodium salt of ferrous 2-hydroxy -1,2-3-propanetricarboxylate
Content

Sodium Ferrous Citrate contains 10.0−11.0% of Fe (=55.85).

Description

Sodium Ferrous Citrate occurs as a green-white to greenish yellow

powder. It is odorless and has a weak iron taste.
Identification

(1)

To 5 ml of Sodium Ferrous Citrate solution (1 → 100), add 1

ml of diluted hydrochloric acid (1 → 4) and 0.5 ml of freshly prepared potassium
ferricyanide solution (1 → 10). A blue color develops.
(2)

To 5 ml of Sodium Ferrous Citrate solution (1 → 100), add 2 ml of aqueous

ammonia. A red-brown color develops, but no precipitate is formed.
(3)

Ignite 3 g of Sodium Ferrous Citrate at 500−600℃ for 3 hours. The resulting

residue responds to all tests for Sodium Salt as described in the Qualitative Tests.
(4)

To 0.5 g of Sodium Ferrous Citrate, add 5 ml of water and 10 ml of potassium

hydroxide solution (1 → 25), heat in a water bath for 10 minutes while stirring well,
cool, and filter. Take a portion of the filtrate, neutralize with diluted acetic acid (1 →
2), add an excessive amount of calcium chloride solution (3 → 40), and boil. A white,
crystalline precipitate is formed. Collect the precipitate, and add sodium hydroxide
solution (1 → 25) to a part of it. The precipitate does not dissolve. Add diluted
hydrochloric acid (1 → 4) to the other part of the precipitate. It dissolves.
Purity

(1)

Sulfate

Not more than 0.48% as SO4.

Proceed as directed under Purity (2) for Ferric Citrate.
(2)

Ferric salt

Weigh 2.0 g of Sodium Ferrous Citrate, transfer into a flask with

a ground-glass stopper, dissolve in 5 ml of hydrochloric acid and 30 ml of water, add 4 g
of potassium iodide, stopper, and allow to stand in a dark place for 15 minutes. Add 2
ml of starch TS, and shake well. Even if a color develops, the color disappears on
addition of 1.0 ml of 0.1 mol/l sodium thiosulfate to the solution.
(3)

Heavy metals

Not more than 20 µg/g as Pb.

Proceed as directed under Purity (4) for Ferric Citrate.
(4)

Arsenic

Not more than 4.0 µg/g as As2O3.

Test Solution Weigh 1.0 g of Sodium Ferrous Citrate, add 10 ml of water, 1 ml of
sulfuric acid, and 10 ml of sulfurous acid, evaporate to about 2 ml, and add water to
make 10 ml. Use 5 ml of this solution as the test solution.

Apparatus Apparatus B.

then add 2 ml of acetic acid. 1 ml of 0. crystalline precipitate is formed. immediately stopper tightly.0 g of Sodium Ferrous Citrate. and filter. No white. 1 ml of sulfuric acid. (5) Tartrate Weigh 1. add 100 ml of water.Standard Color To 4. add 20 ml of water and 4 g of potassium iodide. add diluted acetic acid (1 → 4) to make it weakly acidic. allow to stand in a dark place for 15 minutes. transfer into a flask with a ground-glass stopper. and 10 ml of sulfurous acid.1 mol/l sodium thiosulfate = 5. and allow to stand for 24 hours. add 25 ml of diluted sulfuric acid (1 → 20) and 2 ml of nitric acid.1 mol/l sodium thiosulfate (indicator: starch TS). After cooling. Measure 5 ml of the filtrate. Assay Weigh accurately about 1 g of Sodium Ferrous Citrate. Proceed in the same manner as for the test solution. add 5 ml of water and 10 ml of potassium hydroxide solution (1 → 15).585 mg of Fe . add 10 ml of water. heat in a water bath for 10 minutes while stirring well. and titrate the liberated iodine with 0. cool. and boil for 10 minutes. Perform a blank test in the same manner.0 ml of Arsenic Standard Solution.