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Fully Solved

Multiple Choice Questions
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MECHANICAL

ENGINEERING

4400

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Multiple Choice Questions

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MADE EASY Publications
Corporate Office: 44-A/4, Kalu Sarai (Near Hauz Khas Metro Station), New Delhi-110016
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4400 Multiple Choice Questions for IES, GATE, PSUs : Mechanical Engineering
Copyright © 2015, by MADE EASY Publications.
All rights are reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced
into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical,
photo-copying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of the above
mentioned publisher of this book.

First Edition: 2014
Second Edition: 2015
ISBN: 978-93-5147-100-4

Published by: MADE EASY Publications, New Delhi-110016

PREFACE
It gives me great happiness to introduce the revised edition on Mechanical
Engineering containing nearly 4400 MCQs which focuses in-depth
understanding of subjects at basic and advanced level which has been
segregated topic-wise to disseminate all kind of exposure to students
in terms of quick learning and deep apt. The chapter wise segregation
has been done to align with contemporary competitive examination
pattern. Attempt has been made to bring out all kind of probable competitive questions
for the aspirants preparing for IES, GATE, PSU. The content of this book ensures threshold
level of learning and wide range of practice questions which is very much essential
to boost the exam time confidence level and ultimately to succeed in all prestigious
engineer’s examinations. It has been ensured from made easy team to have broad
coverage of subjects at chapter level.
Year by year number of competitors are increasing and the variety of questions asked
in examination is widening, under such scenario this book will definitely help students
to enhance their skills required to succeed in competitive exams like IES, GATE, PSUs,
State Engineering Services etc.
While preparing this book utmost care has been taken to cover all the chapters and
variety of concepts which may be asked in the exams. The solutions and answers
provided are upto the closest possible accuracy. The full efforts have been made by
MADE EASY Team to provide error free solutions and explanations.
I have true desire to serve student community by way of providing good sources of study
and quality guidance. I hope this book will be proved an important tool to succeed in
competitive examinations. Any suggestions from the readers for the improvement of
this book are most welcome.

B. Singh (Ex. IES)
Chairman and Managing Director
MADE EASY Group

iv

v

CONTENTS
I.

II.

THERMODYNAMICS ....................................... 1

4.

Fuel Injection, Ignition & Carburation ....... 163

1.

Basic Concepts .................................................................2

5.

Combustion & Combustion Chambers ..... 172

2.

Temperature .....................................................................6

6.

Supercharging.................................................... 179

3.

Work and Heat Transfer.................................................9

7.

Engine Friction, Lubrication & Cooling ..... 182

4.

First Law of Thermodynamics .................................. 14

8.

Engine Emissions & their Control ................ 185

5.

First Law Applied to Flow Process .......................... 18

9.

Testing & Performance .................................... 188

6.

Second Law of Thermodynamics ........................... 20

7.

Entropy ............................................................................ 25

8.

Availability & Irreversibility ....................................... 31

1.

Properties of Fluids........................................... 194

9.

Properties of Pure Substance................................... 33

2.

Pressure and Its Measurement ..................... 201

10. Properties of Gases ...................................................... 36

3.

Hydrostatic Forces on Surfaces .................... 205

11. Thermodynamic Relations........................................ 42

4.

Buoyancy and Floatation ............................... 210

5.

Kinematics of Flow and Ideal Flow ............. 214

REFRIGERATION & AIR CONDITIONING .....47

6.

Dynamic of Fluid Flow..................................... 220

1.

Basics of Refrigerating Machine ............................. 48

7.

Flow Over Notches and Weirs ....................... 225

2.

Refrigeration Cycles & Systems ............................... 54

8.

Viscous Flow........................................................ 228

3.

Refrigerants .................................................................... 67

9.

Turbulent Flow ................................................... 232

4.

Refrigerant Compressors........................................... 73

5.

Condensers, Evaporators & Expansion Devices 75

6.

Properties of Moist Air................................................ 78

12. Flow in Open Channel ..................................... 245

7.

Psychrometric Chart & its Application to AirConditioning .................................................................. 84

13. Dimensional and Model Analysis ................ 248
14. Forces on Submerged Bodies ....................... 252

8.

Comfort Conditions..................................................... 92

15. Flow of Compressible Fluids ......................... 254

9.

Solar Refrigeration ....................................................... 95

10. Air-duct Design ............................................................. 97

III. HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER ..................... 100

V.

FLUID MECHANICS .............................. 193

10. Flow Through Pipes .......................................... 235
11. Boundary Layer Theory ................................... 240

VI. POWER PLANT ENGINEERING ............ 257
1.

Fuels and Combustion .................................... 258

2.

Analysis of Steam Cycles................................. 262
Steam Generators ............................................. 270

1.

Basic Concepts of Heat Transfer ............................101

3.

2.

One-Dimensional Steady-state Conduction ....106

4.

Steam Turbines .................................................. 276

3.

Heat Dissipation from Extended Surface ..........116

5.

Nuclear Power Plants ....................................... 289

4.

Transient Heat Conduction ....................................119

6.

Hydroelectric Power Plant ............................. 293

5.

Heat Transfer by Natural Convection ..................122

7.

Hydraulic Pump ................................................. 300

6.

Heat Transfer by Forced Convection ...................125

8.

Energy Transfer .................................................. 306

7.

Radiation Heat Transfer............................................129

9.

Compressors ....................................................... 309

8.

Condensation and Boiling ......................................136

10. Gas Turbine Power Plants ............................... 316

9.

Heat Exchanger...........................................................139

11. Jet and Rocket Propulsion System .............. 321

10. Fundamentals of Diffusive & Convective Mass
Transfer ..........................................................................143

VII. STRENGTH OF MATERIALS ................. 324

IV. I.C. ENGINE ................................................. 145

1.

Mechanical Properties of Materials ............ 325

2.

Stress-Strain Relations & Elastic Constants ....... 333

1.

Basics ..............................................................................146

3.

Tension, Compression and Shear ................ 338

2.

Air Standard Cycles....................................................151

4.

Torsion of Shafts ................................................ 346

3.

Conventional & Alternative Fuels .........................158

5.

Shear Force and Bending Moment ............. 353

vi
Stresses in Beams ......................................... 359

7.

Analysis of Stress and Strain..................... 364

1.

Casting Processes................................................................ 550

8.

Deflection and Theories of Failure ......... 371

2.

Forming Processes .............................................................. 560

9.

Thin & Thick Walled Pressure Vessels .... 380

3.

Powder Metallurgy ............................................................. 571

10. Struts and Columns ..................................... 386

4.

Metal Cutting and Tool Materials .................................. 575

11. Helical Springs............................................... 392

5.

Machining Processes ......................................................... 587

6.

Joining Processes ................................................................ 597

7.

Unconventional Machining Process............................. 606
Numerical Control of Machine Tools ............................ 610
Jigs and Fixtures .................................................................. 614

VIII. THEORY OF MACHINES ...................395
1.

Mechanisms and Machines ...................... 396

8.

2.

Velocity and Acceleration Analysis ........ 404

9.

3.

Mechanism with Lower Pairs ................... 410

10. Fits and Tolerance ............................................................... 616

4.

Cams ................................................................. 413

11. Metrology .............................................................................. 619

5.

Toothed Gearing .......................................... 416

6.

Gear Trains ...................................................... 423

7.

Static and Dynamic Force Analysis ........ 428

1.

Plant Layout .......................................................................... 624

8.

Flywheels ........................................................ 433

2.

Loading and Scheduling .................................................. 628

9.

Balancing ........................................................ 438

3.

Assembly Line Balancing.................................................. 634

10. Governors ....................................................... 442

4.

Product Development ....................................................... 636

11. Linear Vibration Analysis ........................... 447

5.

Forecasting ............................................................................ 638

6.

Break Even Analysis ............................................................ 642

7.

Work Study ............................................................................ 645

Design Against Static Load ....................... 458

8.

Material Requirement Planning..................................... 650

2.

Design Against Fluctuating Load ........... 464

9.

Quality Analysis and Control........................................... 652

3.

Shafts, Keys and Couplings....................... 468

10. Inventory Control ................................................................ 656

4.

Threaded Joints and Power Screws ....... 474

11. PERT and CPM ...................................................................... 662

5.

Welded and Riveted Joints ....................... 481

12. Linear Programming .......................................................... 667

6.

Friction Clutches........................................... 488

13. Transportation and Assignment Models .................... 670

7.

Belt, Rope and Chain Drives ..................... 493

14. Queuing Theory ................................................................... 672

8.

Bearings ........................................................... 499

15. Value Engineering............................................................... 676

9.

Gears ................................................................. 507

OOOO

IX. MACHINE DESIGN .............................457
1.

X.

XI. PRODUCTION ENGINEERING........................... 549

6.

MATERIAL SCIENCE ..........................511
1.

Structural of Metals and Alloys ............... 512

2.

Equilibrium Diagrams & Phase Changes ...... 518

3.

Heat Treatment of Steels ........................... 524

4.

Plastics, Ceramics & Composite Materials .... 530

5.

Mechanical Properties................................ 536

6.

Engineering Alloys & Its Common
Applications ................................................... 542

XII. INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING ............................. 623