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Alcuni sviluppi di McLaurin notevoli

x2 x3
xn
=1+x+
+
+ +
+ o (xn )
2!
3!
n!

sinh x

=x+

cosh x

=1+

2n

x
x
x
+
+ +
2!
4!
(2n)!

 
1
2
= x x3 + x5 + o x6
3
15

tanh x
ln (1 + x)

sin x

=1

tan x
arcsin x
arccos x
arctan x



+ o x2n+1

n
[
xk

k=0
n
[
k=0
n
[
k=0



x3 x5
x2n+1
+
+ + (1)n
+ o x2n+2
3!
5!
(2n + 1)!

2n


x2 x4
n x
+
+ + (1)
+ o x2n+1
2!
4!
(2n)!

 
1
2
= x + x3 + x5 + o x6
3
15


 1/2  x2n+1


1 3
3 5


= x + x + x + + 
+ o x2n+2

6
40
2n + 1
n
=

=
=

x2 x3
x4
xn
=x
+

+ + (1)n1
+ o (xn )
2
3
4
n
=x

cos x



x3 x5
x2n+1
+
+ +
+ o x2n+2
3!
5!
(2n + 1)!
2

(1 + x)

(si sottintende ovunque che i resti sono trascurabili per x 0)

arcsin x
2



x3 x5
x2n+1
=x
+
+ + (1)n
+ o x2n+2
3
5
2n + 1
 
 
 
2
3
n
= 1 + x +
x +
x + +
x + o (xn )
2
3
n

k=0
n
[



x2k+1
+ o x2n+2
(2k + 1)!


x2k
+ o x2n+2
(2k)!

(1)

k1

(1)

(1)k

xk
+ o (xn )
k



x2k+1
+ o x2n+2
(2k + 1)!


x2k
+ o x2n+1
(2k)!


n 
[
 1/2  x2k+1




+ o x2n+2
=


k
2k + 1
k=0

= 1 x + x2 x3 + x4 + + (1)n xn + o (xn )

1
1x

= 1 + x + x2 + x3 + x4 + + xn + o (xn )

1+x

1
1
= 1 + x x2 +
2
8

1+x

1
3
= 1 x + x2
2
8

3
1+x

1
1
= 1 + x x2 +
3
9

3
1+x

1
2
= 1 x + x2
3
9

n fattori

k=1
n
[

+ o (xn )

k=0

1
1+x

 
1 3
1/2 n
x + o (xn )
x + +
n
16


5 3
1/2 n
x + o (xn )
x + +
n
16
 
5 3
1/3 n
x + o (xn )
x + +
n
81


7 3
1/3 n
x + o (xn )
x + +
n
81

n
[

k!

=
=
=
=

n
[

(1)

k=0
n 
[
k=0
n
[
k=0
n
[



x2k+1
+ o x2n+2
2k + 1


k
x + o (xn )
k
k

(1) xk + o (xn )
xk + o (xn )

k=0
n 
[


1/2 k
x + o (xn )
k
k=0

n 
[
1/2 k
x + o (xn )
k
k=0

n 
[
1/3 k
x + o (xn )
k
k=0

n 
[
1/3 k
x + o (xn )
k
k=0


~
 
  }

( 1) ( n + 1)
Si ricordi che R si pone
=1e
=
se n 1.
n!
0
n