Help on a problem from High School Physics

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Help on a problem from High School Physics

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Xuxa Borealis

October 6, 2016

14.

Emily takes a trip, driving with constant velocity of 89.5 km/hr to the north except for a 22 minute rest

stop. If Emilys average velocity is 77.8 km/hr to the north, how long does the trip take?

Okay, so first things first. The problem suggests using example problem 2A. Example problem 2A provides

the equation for average velocity:

x

vavg =

(1)

t

Change in distance over change in time. So we will want to use this equation. The problem we now have is

that we are not given a distance... we are given a velocity, so, we have to make a distance, from a velocity:

velocity =

distance

time

velocity time

(2)

t

Okay so, the velocity time part is the constant velocity, 89.5 km/hr = v1 , and the t is made up of the

time traveled at the constant velocity, 89.5 km/hr, and the 22 minute rest stop.

vavg =

x = v1 (t1 t0 ) v0 (t2 t1 )

Time t0 = 0, and v0 = 0.0 km/hr that is the rest stop time, 22 minutes.

x = v1 (t1 0) 0(t2 t1 )

x = v1 (t1 )

(3)

And your change in time for the whole trip, which is what you are looking for is:

t = t3

(4)

Now we go back to equation 2, and substitute in x (equation 3) for velocity time and t (equation 4)

for t

v1 (t1 )

(5)

vavg =

t3

So now you have the above but you can substitue in something for t1 , because you can write t1 in terms of

t3 . From Emilys total travel time of t3 , 22 minutes of it are her NOT traveling at 89.5 km/hr, so the time

she is traveling at 89.5 km/hr is equal to total travel time (22 min put into hours)

22 minutes

1 hour

= .37 hour

60 minutes

So equation 5 becomes

vavg =

t3

(6)

Plug in your vavg = 77.8 km/hr and your v1 = 89.5 km/hr and solve for t3 . Or, as below, solve for t3 , and

then plug in.

vavg t3 = v1 (t3 .37 hr)

vavg t3 = v1 t3 .37v1

vavg t3 v1 t3 = .37v1

t3 (vavg v1 ) = .37v1

t3 =

t3 =

.37v1

(vavg v1 )

.37(89.5)

((77.8) (89.5))

t3 =

.37(89.5)

(11.7)

t3 =

33.115

(11.7)

t3 = 2.83 hours

(7)