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LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS

PRODUCTION AND DELIVER


FOR BIOREFINERIES

Mariusz Stolarski, Stefan Szczukowski,


Jzef Tworkowski, Micha Krzyaniak
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland

PRESENTATION PLAN

Introduction situation in Poland

Productivity of chosen perennial energetic plants

Harvest technology and biomass logistic chain

Conclusions

Structure of energy production in Poland [%]


(GUS 2010)

year 2020



15%




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Structure of renewable energy production


in Poland and in the EU-25 (GUS 2011)

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The share of non-forests biomass in total use of


biomass in energy production (

Regulation of the Minister of Economy of 14 August 2008, J.

of Laws no. 156, item 969)

Perennial energetic plants

Miscanthus
sinnensis giganteus

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Virginia mallow
(Sida hermaphrodita Rusby)

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Eko-Salix

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The area of energy crops for solid biomass production


in Poland in 2009 (ha) (Agency for Restructuring and Modernisation of Agriculture)

Salix
Populus
Betula
Alnus

6 160
648
17
6

Miscanthus x giganteus

1 833
1 364
53

Perennial grasses

Phalaris arundinacea

Sida hermaphrodita

Total

122
10 202

Perennial energy plants in the structure of


agricultural land
Agricultural
land
ca 15.5 mln ha

The area perennial


energy plants
2010 r. ca 10,000 ha

% of Agricultural
land
0.06%

The area perennial energy


plants
2020 r. ca 500,000 ha

% of Agricultural
land
3.23%

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Projected area of arable land for agrienergy


purposes in Poland in 2020 year
[Budzyski et al. 2009, Ku i Faber 2009]

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Productivity of chosen perennial


energy plants

MAIN FACTORS INFLUENCING THE YIELD


OF BIOMASS

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clay soil

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Biomass yield of chosen perennial energy plants - UWM in Olsztyn


(Tworkowski i in. 2010)

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Rosa multiflora

Salix dasyclados
Salix viminalis
Reynoutria sachalinensis
Reynoutria japonica

Silphium perfoliatum
Helianthus tuberosus
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Miscanthus sinensis

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Yield of biomass of chosen perennial energy plants ISSPC-SRI,


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Willow

Yield of willow biomass in selected researches


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Poplar yields in selected researches


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Yields of miscanthus in some European researches


[Lewandowski i in. 2000]

Country

Plantation
age (years)

Yield
(t d.m. ha-1
year-1)

Remarks

Denmark

4-6

7-15

70- kg N ha-1

Germany

3-4

4-20

80 kg N ha-1

UK

10-15

Switzerland

1-2

13-19

0- 80 kg N ha-1

Austria

22

No reaction for N if dose bigger than 80 kg/ha

Italy

2-3

30-32

120 kg N ha-1, irrigation

Spain

14-34

0- 120 kg N ha-1, no influence on yield

Greece

44

Fertilization and frequent irrigation

Turkey

28

0-200 kg N ha-1, low influence of N fertilization

Harvest technology and biomass


logistic chain

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Two-stage woody
biomass harvest

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Two-stage woody
biomass harvest bundling

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Two-stage woody
biomass harvest storage

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Two-stage woody
biomass harvest transport

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Two-stage woody
biomass harvest Biobaler

Harvest and baling of biomass in one


drive (Stolarski 2010)

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Two-stage
biomass harvest

chipping

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Two-stage woody
biomass harvest

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Storage of whole stems

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Two-stage woody biomass


harvest - chipping

willow chipping

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Two-stage woody
biomass harvest - willow chpis

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Storage of wood chips

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Straw harvest technology

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biomass collection

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Two-stage straw
biomass collection

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Two-stage straw
biomass collection
Field and short distance transport

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Two-stage straw
biomass collection

Long distance transport


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Storage of straw bales on ground and


in storeroom

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Storage of straw bales on the


concrete surface

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Two-stage straw biomass collection - chipping

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CONCLUSIONS

Perennial energy plants has a very high productivity


potential but we have to remember about plantation
management, suitable species and variety of the soil
conditions.

The average yield from commercial plantations on good


soils, will range from 9 to 15 t/ha/year of dry biomass.
However, the yield on soils of poorer quality, which may
from time to time become too dry, will be much lower
from 4 to 7 t/ha/year of dry biomass. In field trials yield
level is higher by 20-30% than in commercial plantations
and sometimes its higher than 25 t/ha/year.

One or two stage harvest technology give wide


possibilities to deliver lignocellulosic biomass for
biorafinery purposes.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

Associate Profesor, dr hab. in. Mariusz Stolarski


University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland

e-mail: mariusz.stolarski@uwm.edu.pl
www.uwm.edu.pl/khrin