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Ethical Principles in Nursing Research
Bay Path University


These boards have the power to ensure that researches are accomplished in compliance with regulations that protect ethical human rights. Healthcare is an evolving field thus research and studies of best practices will continue to grow. The Belmont Report expressed three principles which are respect for persons. Through research and studies medical field has significantly progressed and nowadays we can witness breakthrough inventions such as robots performing medical procedures. and new medications formulated to treat variety of diseases with successful rate.91). require modifications. 2012). and justice.5). which are: each individual has right if she/he wants to participate in research and shield those who have . or disapproved them” (p. which is also known as the Belmont Report (p. Throughout the world researches must adhere to rules and ethical principles. Nursing foremost responsibility is to advocate for patient’s rights. the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subject of Biomedical and Behavioral Research adopted an important code of ethics. Polit and Beck (2014) reports that “an IRB can approve the prosed plans. The Belmont Report was a foundation for the institutional review boards (IRBs). The principle of respect for persons includes two requirements.Running Head: ETHICAL PRINCIPLES IN NURSING RESEARCH 2 Ethical Principles in Nursing Research Research and evidence based practice (EBP) is essential in nursing to ensure that patients receive most effective and cost appropriate treatments. Prior to starting any study. The nursing research encounters few ethical principles as it frequently has human participating in researches. reported that in 1978. researches must complete official IRB training. Polit and Beck. (Schneider. beneficence.

(Polit & Beck. (Greaney et al. 2012). “Informed consent is an agreement by a client. p. p. Beneficence principle defined as protecting research participants from harm and ensuring their wellbeing. Furthermore. Moreover. emotional or social risk/benefit ratio. researchers must ensure participants privacy and that the information received in study will be preserved in strict confidence. The principle of respect also includes obtaining informed consent from research participants. or the client’s legal representative in the case where the client is unable to give consent. 2016. Third principle of justice “includes participants’ right to fair treatment and their right to privacy” (Polit & Beck. and ensures that minority and vulnerable groups are not excluded from research participation. has been provided by the physician or independent practitioner in a manner that the client or representative understands. 86). p. 85). 85). 2014. to accept a course of treatment or a procedure after complete information. The benefit of the proposed research must out weight the risks. Researchers must safeguard participants by evaluating partakers for financial. The principle implies how burden and benefits are distributed among different groups. 41). including the risks of treatment and facts relating to it. physical. 2012. 2016. .Running Head: ETHICAL PRINCIPLES IN NURSING RESEARCH 3 diminished capacity in making those decisions. p. individuals participating in any research have right to full disclosure of the research and “the nature of the study and their role in the research context” (Greaney et al.” (Blais & Hayes.

each participant should be treated with respect to their personal life and their privacy should be guaranteed. beneficence and justice enables nurse to assist patients with decision making and patient treatment. Knowledge of the three ethical principles from the Belmont report. 2011. The researchers were able to satisfy all the requests of the Belmont principles and IRBs. 2007. Characteristics such as financial struggles. The study was “to surface the moral precepts that street drug users apply to addiction research ethical dilemmas” (Fisher. 1).Running Head: ETHICAL PRINCIPLES IN NURSING RESEARCH 4 During a research. openness. While participating in this study. Parker (2007) reports that “a nurse’s knowledge and skill are important forces that can contribute to the power to influence patient care in an ethical manner” (p. As a nurse. and to ensure that personal risks are not greater than the benefit. poor health conditions. by Celia Fisher. I would make sure that partakers understand risks and benefits involved of the study. respect.1). and honesty” (Parker. 730). p. and . Using moral principles. minority status and experiencing cravings created moral challenges during the research. the nurse may assist patient in “an atmosphere of caring. explores the subject of ethics during studies among drug users. While advocating for such group of participants. All participants have capacity to consent to this study and appropriate documentation is filed. use of recreational drugs. a nurse would ensure that all steps of the study would be disclosed to them. the nurses’ role is to protect patient’s rights. luck of education. The article “Addiction research ethics and the Belmont principles: Do drug users have a different moral voice?” (2011). p. respect of person. “Research ethics application process. 736). Fisher (2011) reported that “ethical challenges along with the benefits of a national research agenda on drug use and misuse are associated with the multiple vulnerabilities of persons within these populations” (p.

2012. p. Nurses play a critical role in research ethics to advocate for patient rights and ensure fair treatment while promoting research in nursing.Running Head: ETHICAL PRINCIPLES IN NURSING RESEARCH 5 understanding the principles of respect for persons. The purpose of EBP is to transform research into clinical practice and offer patients most effective treatment. beneficence and justice are essential for researchers to sufficiently demonstrate that they have met the requirements for ethical approval” (Greaney et al. Research in nursing is an important puzzle peace to evidence based practice. .43).

E. K. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. J. M. (2012). Ethics: The Power of One. & Hayes. & Beck. 38-43. doi: 10.: Pearson/Prentice Hall Fisher. Polit. Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice (8th ed. 15-17.. 13(1). Mhaolrúnaigh. (2011). A.).. Your role in protecting research participants.0000408479. doi:10. C. (2012). Upper Saddle River.2010.528125 Greaney.J. 42(1). C. 9...). (2016). (2008).. 46(6). S. A.. Murphy. B. F. & Brown. (2012). J. Research ethics application: a guide for the novice researcher.1d . Professional nursing practice: Concepts and perspectives (7th ed. 728-741.1097/01. Nursing. N.. D. N.75208.NURSE. M. C. Heffernan. 21(1). G. British Journal of Nursing.Running Head: ETHICAL PRINCIPLES IN NURSING RESEARCH 6 Reference Blais. T. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Schneider.. Addiction research ethics and the Belmont principles: Do drug users have a different moral voice? Substance Use & Misuse. Heffernan. Parker.3109/10826084. Sheehy.