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1 INTRODUCTION TO REINFORCEMENT
The improve the tensile strength we used reinforcement with concrete. There are main two types
of reinforcement used for concrete. Hot rolled plain and round mild steel
, Hot rolled deformed bar and cold worked bar are use as a reinforcement today.
In our site we used Y-10,Y-12,Y-16,Y-20,Y-25 bars for columns , footings and other
structural works.
Bar Notation
20-Y-10-15 @150 C/C
Distance center-center
Bar mark
Diameter of Bar
Type of Bar
Number if Bars
Lap Length
Fixing time of the steel bars, bar length is not enough to solve that we have to lap another steel
bar because load should be transfer to other bar. This process can be nominated as Lap length
In our site we use 42D as a lap length. “D” mean Diameter of the bar
Spaces And Cover Blocks
The bars shall be kept in position by using spaces

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2 PRODUCTION PROPERTIES OF REINFORCEMENT Mechanical Properties (Tor Steel) SLS 375:1996 Steel Grade RB 450 Upper Yield Stress Tensile Strength (Mpa) 450 Elongation (%) 495 14 Mechanical Properties (Plain bars) SLS 26:1993 Steel Grade PB 300 Upper Yield Stress Tensile Strength (Mpa) 300 Elongation (%) 330 Mechanical Properties (Nail Wire) SLS 7:1991 16 .4.

58 2.47 67 3.47 Mild steel Flats SLS 949 Part 1:1992 0.0 (Mpa) 740 to 1270 690 to 1130 590 to 1030 540 to 930 PROFILE UNIT WEIGHT Profile Unit weight (Normally) No-of 6m rod per metric ton (kg/m) Lanka Ribbed Tor steel Average SLS 375:1996 10 12 16 20 25 32 10 12 16 20 12*6 16*6 20*6 25*6 30*6 0.617 270 0.58 105 2.18 1.888 187 1.0 Over 4.41 270 187 105 67 292 222 177 141 118 .78 0.94 1.24 & over up to 3.57 0.15 & over up to 4.31 27 Mild steel Rounded SLS 26:1993 &.0 2.888 1.85 43 6.15 3.617 0. SLS 949 Part 1:1992 0.Wire Diameter Tensile Strength (mm) Up to including 2.

Foundations - 50mm Columns - 25mm Beams bottom - 25mm Bar Schedule : . Which is prepared from 1:3 cement sand mixture. According to the structure the clear cover varies. CUTTING AND BINDING PRACTICE. There should be a cover for the steel bars. Clear cover : To avoid reinforcement open to the air. i) Cut/bend re-bar shall be collated with cutting/ bending schedule by the officer in charge at bar bending yard. Cutting/ Bending : Cutting/bending shall be carried out at bar bending yard as per cutting/bending schedule.1 BENDING. ii) Cut/bend re-bars after checking shall be tagged for easy identification at site. This clear cover is also maintained to protect the reinforcement of the structure from the heat of the fire any accident will occur.4. For this purpose we made cover blocks.

millimeters (cutting length allowing for the gain at bends .C ect. Re-bar drawing shall be prepared as per structural drawings for construction. Schedule Information : A bar schedule shall contain the following information in the sequence below. Schedule information is given in below.the same letter should be entered ) m Title block .Bar schedule is a document used to specify the and identify the reinforcing bars. starting A. a Member identification of the structural member in the bar is located b Bar mark (unique reference of the bar ) c Type of steel a single letter will suffices if clearly defined the columns for type of steel ad size can be combined) d Size (normal diameter ) of the bar .. when ever a line is amended and the schedule re-used .in millimeters e Length in each bar .B.. Cutting/ bending schedule shall be prepared as per the re-bar drawing.calculated from dimension f Number of members g Number of bars in each member h Total number of bars i Total length in millimeters (rounded to the nearest multiple of 25 mm) j Shape code k Bending dimensions in millimeters (rounded to the nearest multiple of 25 mm) l Revision letter for member (a letter should be treed here.