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Cessna 208 Caravan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cessna 208 Caravan

Role

Light transport turboprop

Manufacturer Cessna

First flight

August 8, 1982

Introduction

1984

Status

In production

Primary user

FedEx Feeder

Produced

1982-present

Number built

2,500[1]

Unit cost

US$2,022,450 (Base price, Caravan 675, 2011


price)

Variants

Soloy Pathfinder 21

The Cessna 208 Caravan is a single-engined turboprop, fixed-tricycle landing gear, short-haul regional
airliner and utility aircraft that is built in the United States byCessna. The airplane typically seats nine
passengers with a single pilot, although with a FAR Part 23 waiver it can seat up to fourteen passengers. The
aircraft is also used for cargo feederliner operations.

Contents
[hide]

1Design and development

2Variants

2.1Civilian

2.2Military

3Operators
o

3.1Civil operators

3.2Military operators

4Specifications (208B Grand Caravan EX)

5See also

6References

7External links

Design and development[edit]


The prototype first flew in December 1982. The production model was certified by the FAA in October 1984.
Since then, the Caravan has undergone a number of design evolutions. Working with FedEx, Cessna
produced first the Cargomaster and followed that with the stretched and upgraded Super Cargomaster. The
passenger model, the Grand Caravan, was derived from the Super Cargomaster. In January 2013 a higherpowered (867 shp from P&WC PT6A-140) version, the Grand Caravan EX, received FAA certification. [2] This
higher-powered version will be produced by a Cessna-AVIC joint venture in China.

Cessna 208B Grand Caravan factory demonstrator, with underbelly baggage locker, bearing the Cessna Caravan motto
"Sure Thing"

Cessna offers the 208B in many configurations. The basic 208 airframe can be outfitted with various types
of landing gear, allowing it to operate in a wide variety of environments. Some common adaptations
include skis, enlarged tires for unprepared runways and floats on the Caravan Amphibian model.

The Caravan interior can be outfitted with seats or cargo holds. The standard high-density airlineconfiguration
features four rows of 1-2 seating behind the two seats in the cockpit. This variant is capable of holding up to
thirteen passengers, although it is marketed as being able to make a profit carrying just four.[3] The cabin can
be configured in a low density passenger configuration, with 1-1 seating, as a combination of passengers and
cargo, or as a strictly cargo aircraft. Many variants include an underbelly cargo pod, which can be used for
additional freight capacity, or for passenger baggage. A number of Caravans are operated as skydiving aircraft
with the left-side cargo hatch converted to a roll-up door.[4]

A Purolator Cessna 208B Super Cargomaster

On April 28, 2008, Cessna announced that the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit will be standard equipment on all
new Caravans.[5]
In May 2012 Cessna announced that an assembly line for the 208 would be established in thePeople's
Republic of China. The government-owned China Aviation Industry General Aircraft(CAIGA) will conduct final
assembly of Caravans at its plant in Shijiazhuang for the Chinese market.[6]
In August 2016, Textron announced that it is moving the Cessna 208 production from its Wichitaheadquarters
to its Independence, Kansas production facility, where it will be built alongside along the piston-powered 172S
Skyhawk, 182T Skylane, T206H Turbo Stationair and Cessna TTx, and the Citation Mustang and Citation
M2 light jets. The move was made to make room for the Citation Longitude and Cessna Denali in Wichita.[7]

Variants[edit]
Civilian[edit]

A SeaPort Airlines Cessna 208 in October 2015

An RCMP 208 Caravan on amphibious floats

An Iraqi Air Force Cessna 208B Grand Caravan flies over Iraq on a training sortie.

A FedEx 208 Caravan flies overhead on short approach.

Cessna 208B Grand Caravan

Green Hawk Aerobatic Teamperform in SAREX 2008 at Hua Hin Airport 30 May 2008.

Seawings Caravan on amphibious floats

The cockpit of a FedEx Cessna 208B Grand Caravan

208 Caravan I
The basic introductory model, outfitted for passenger operation.
208 Caravan 675
The current production model of the basic Caravan, with higher-powered
PT6A-114A engine.
208A Cargomaster
Developed with FedEx, a pure-cargo version of the Caravan. The "A"
designation has caused some confusion over the years. It denotes a
specific option package for FedEx aircraft only, and not a distinct model.
All 208A aircraft were produced and serialized as 208 models. FedEx
purchased 40 of this version.
208B Grand Caravan
A 4 feet (1.2 m) stretch of the Caravan I. The 208B features a more
powerful PT6A-114Aengine.
208B Grand Caravan EX
Version certified in December 2012, powered by a 867 hp (647 kW) Pratt
and Whitney Canada PT6A-140 that improves climb by 38%. The model's

upgrade is aimed at float operators and will compete with aftermarket


conversions.[8]
208B Super Cargomaster
The cargo variant of the 208B series. FedEx purchased 260 of this model.
Caravan Amphibian
A 208 Caravan with Wipaire 8000 floats in place of the landing gear,
for water landings or land operations.[9]
Soloy Pathfinder 21
A twin-engined stretch of the 208 that was developed by the Soloy
Corporation. This aircraft features two PT6D-114A engines driving a single
propeller and a 70-inch (1,800 mm) fuselage stretch behind the wing.[10]
850 Caravan
208 with an 850 hp (634 kW) Honeywell TPE331-12JR-701S engine,
installed by Aero Twin Inc.[11]
950 Grand Caravan
208B with a 1,000 hp (746 kW) Honeywell TPE331-12JR-704AT engine,
installed by Aero Twin Inc.[11]
Blackhawk Caravan
208 and 208B conversion to 850 hp (634 kW) PT-6A-42A.[12]
Supervan 900
208B with a 850 hp (634 kW) (900 hp (671 kW) flat-rated) Honeywell
TPE331-12JR engine, installed by Texas Turbine[13]
XP42A Upgrade
208B with an 850 hp (634 kW) Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-42A engine,
installed by Blackhawk[14]

Military[edit]

An Iraqi Air Force Cessna 208B Grand Caravan launches Hellfire missile[15]

U-27A
A military offering of the 208.
C-98
The Brazilian Air Force designation for the standard U-27.
C-16
The proposed United States Army designation.
AC-208 "Combat Caravan"
An ISTAR version built by ATK armed with Hellfire missiles is used by the
Iraqi air force.[16][17]The AC-208 received its combat debut in January 2014
when the Iraqi Air Force began employing it against insurgents in Anbar
province.[18] One aircraft crashed in March 2016.[19]
The Lebanese Air Force requested a new AC-208 and the conversion of
the C-208 it already operates.[20]
Other AC-208s are scheduled to be delivered to countries in the Middle
East and Africa through the Foreign Military Sales program. Mali,
Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso are possible recipients of these AC208 Combat Caravans.[21]

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m

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xi
m
u
m
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km
/h;
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tru
e
air
sp
ee
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se
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d:
21
3
mp
h
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85
kn;
34
3k
m/
h)
tru
e
air
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ee
d

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all
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mp
h
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h)
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ate
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air
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d

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ve
r
ex
ce
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ee
d:
20
1
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h
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75
kn;
32
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m/
h) i
ndi
cat
ed
air
sp
ee
d

Ra
ng
e:
1,2
40
mi
(1,
07
8n
mi;
1,9
96
km
)
wit
h
ma
x
fue
l
an
d
res
erv
es

Se
rvi
ce
cei
lin
g:
25,
00
0 ft
(7,
62
0
m)

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te
of
cli
m
b:
1,2
75
ft/
mi
n
(6.

48
m/
s)

Wi
ng
lo
ad
in
g:
31.
49
lb/
sq
ft
(1
53.
7k
g/
m2)

Av
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ni
cs

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n
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