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Team:

Ares Elas Ochoa Casteln VE


Esmeralda Gracin Castro VE
Braulio Hernndez VE
Jaime Csar Bibiano Lpez VD
Subject:
Literature
School:
Villa Rica

Oral tradition

Oral tradition is information,


memories and knowledge
held in common by a group
of people, over many
generations, and it is not
same as testimony or oral
history. In a general sense,
"oral tradition" refers to the
recall and transmission of a
specific, preserved textual
and cultural knowledge
through vocal utterance

550 BC

Panchatantra

Aesop

The varying corpus


denoted Aesopica or
Aesop's Fables includes
most of the best-known
western fables, which
are attributed to the
legendary Aesop,
supposed to have been a
slave in ancient Greece

1000 BC
Indian fables have a mixed
cast of humans and animals.
The dialogues are often
longer than in fables of Aesop
and often witty as the animals
try to outwit one another by
trickery and deceit. In Indian
fables, man is not superior to
the animals. The tales are
often comical. The Indian
fable adhered to the
universally known traditions of
the fable.

Seven Wise Masters

1000 BC
The cycle of stories, which
appears in many European
languages, is of Eastern origin.
An analogous collection occurs
in Sanskrit, attributed to
the Indian philosopher Sindibad
/Syntipas in the first century
BC, though the Indian original
is unknown. Other suggested
origins are Persian (since the
earliest surviving texts are in
Persian) and Hebrew (a culture
with similar tales, such as that
of the biblical Joseph).

1621 BC
Derived from many originals
such as Aesop and Horace, they
are rendered in deceptively
simple verses that are easily
memorized by children; yet
display deep insights into human
nature. Many of the lines have
entered the language as
standard phrases, familiar to all
listeners. As they did not offend
public morals, they earned
useful royal patronage.

John Gay

1732 BC
He wrote a sequel, Polly,
relating the adventures of
Polly Peachum in the West
Indies; its production was
forbidden by the Lord
Chamberlain, no doubt
through the influence of
Walpole. This act of
"oppression" caused no loss
to Gay.

1745 BC
His Fbulas (17811784), one
hundred and fifty-seven in
number, were originally written for
the boys educated in the school
founded by the Biscayan Society.
In the first installment of his fables
he admitted that he had
taken Toms Iriarte for his model,
a statement that proves that he
had read Iriarte's fables in
manuscript;

1755 BC
To modern readers, Florian is
chiefly known as the author of
pretty fables well suited as
reading for the young, but his
contemporaries praised him also
for his poetical and pastoral
novels. Florian was very fond of
Spain and its literature,
doubtless owing to the influence
of his Castilian mother, and both
abridged and imitated the works
of Cervantes.

1776 BC
His articles show the influence
of Enlightenment ideas derived from
clandestine readings of forbidden
books by Voltaire, Rousseau,
and Diderot, a hazardous route to
take in those hopeful but uncertain
times. In the ninth issue of El
Pensador Mexicano (December
1812), Lizardi attacked
viceroy Francisco Javier
Venegas directly, resulting in his
arrest.

1833 BC
In spite of his extensive and
diverse literary works, Rafael
Pombo is mostly remembered
for this contribution to children's
literature. Among his most
popular children's fables
are Michn, Juan
Chunguero, Pastorcita, La Pobre
Viejecita, Simn el Bobito, El
Gato Bandido, and El Renacuajo
paseador.

1838 BC
His various lyrical works contain
mildness and sweetness, nostalgia
and gentle melancholy. He also
wrote various plays for children,
poems about the history of Mexico
and children's reading books. He is
commonly considered as the best
Mexican fabulist and is known as
the "Poet of Childhood", producing
great poetic and dramatic works
directed at children like "El
Ratoncillo Ignorante." His fables are
some of the best known in all of
Mexico.

1869 BC
His most famous work
is Bambi (1923). It was translated
into English in 1928 and became a
Book-of-the-Month Club success.

1903 BC
Orwell's work has taken a
prominent place in the school
literature curriculum in
England, with Animal Farm a
regular examination topic at the
end of secondary education
(GCSE), and Nineteen EightyFour a topic for subsequent
examinations below university level
(A Levels).

1918 BC
He is considered Mexico's
premier experimental short story
writer of the twentieth century.
Arreola is recognized as one of
the first Latin American writers to
abandon realism; he used
elements of fantasy to
underscore existentialist and
absurdist ideas in his work

1921 BC
Although Monterroso limited
himself almost exclusively to
the short story form, he is
widely considered a central
figure in the Latin American
"Boom" generation, which was
best known for its novelists. As
such he is recognized alongside
such canonical authors as Julio
Cortzar, Carlos Fuentes, Juan
Rulfo and Gabriel Garca
Mrquez.