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Nomenclatur

e and Units

Process from n-Butane

Symbol

Definition

Bottoms Stream

Distillate Stream

Feed Stream

F1

Feed Stream 1

F2

Feed stream 2

Gas Stream

Liquid Stream

Product Stream

Vapor Stream

Water Stream

V

F

Symbol

Definition

Pi

Pj

x iF

yi

i

Vapor Pressure of the Heavy Key

mole fractionof component i at feed

Mole Fraction

Relative Volatility

H or

Heat of Reaction at 25

Product

Bottoms

Cp

Heat Capacity

Units

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

kg

hr

Units

Pa

Pa

J

kmol

Mole

hr

Mole

hr

J

kmolK

Process from n-Butane

D

Distillate

Feed

Heat

Lm

ln

Pressure

Heat

R

T

Reflux Ratio

Temperature

Vm

Vn

Molar Flowrate

Heat of Vaporization

1

2

b

c

d

f

m

p

v

Subscripts

Inlet

Oulet

Boiler

Condenser

Distillate

Feed

Minimum

Product

Vaporization

Symbol

D

ID

H

Pi

TS

Definition

Outside Diameter of tank

Inside Diameter

Height of the tank

Design Pressure

Tensile Strength

Mole

hr

Mole

hr

J

kmol

Mole

hr

Mole

hr

kPa

J

hr

K

Mole

hr

Mole

hr

Mole

hr

J

kmol

Units

m

m

m

KPa

KPa

Process from n-Butane

ts

f

J

Rc

Rk

Cs

J

th

Hd

D0

D1

Dj

Symbol

Shell thickness

Maximum allowable stress of the material of

construction

Joint efficiency

crown radius

Knuckle radius

Stress concentration

joint factor

Head Thickness

Depth of Head

Outside diameter of inner vessel

Inside Diameter of Jacket

Distance of Vessel diameter to Jacket

Reactor Design Nomenclature

Definition

Effectiveness

Bed Void Fraction

s

t

Viscosity of fluid at the tube side

cp s

cp t

Dcat

f

Maximum Stress

F Ao

Gs

Gt

hi

h IS

mm

KPa

mm

mm

mm

m

mm

mm

mm

Units

kg

m3

kg

m3

Pas

Pas

J

kgK

J

kgK

m

MPa

kmol

hr

kmol

hr

kg

sm2

kg

sm2

W

2

m K

W

2

m K

Process from n-Butane

hit

ho

hs

h sd

htd

Hs

IDs

IDt

J

Inside Diameter of the Shell

Inside Diameter of the Tube

Joint Efficiency

kn

ks

kt

kw

Lt

mcat

Mass of catalyst

ms

mt

ND

Nt

NTU

OD s

ODt

tp

ts

Number of tubes

Number of transfer unit

Outside Diameter of the Shell

Outside Diameter of the Tube

Tube Pitch

Shell Thickness

Uo

xt

vo

Volumetric Flowrate

VR

Volume of Reactor

W

m K

W

2

m K

W

2

m K

W

2

m K

W

2

m K

m

m

m

2

m3

skg cat

W

mK

W

mK

W

mK

m

kg

kg

s

kg

s

m

m

m

m

W

3

m

m

m3

s

m3

Process from n-Butane

Symbol

Definition

Units

kg

( kmole

)

MW

Molecular Weight

yi

Mole Fraction

Pressure

Temperature

Density

( )

GasConstant

( kmol K )

Liquid Flowrate

Gas Flowrate

F LV

Viscosity

Flow Parameter

Ga s mass velocity per unit column cross

sectional area

Packing Factor

Area

Effective interfacial area of packing per unit

volume

Vw

Fp

A

aw

Lw

(K)

kg

m3

3

m

( seckg )

( seckg )

(Pa. sec)

(m 2)

m2

m3

kg

m2 s

( )

( )

m2

m3

N

m

N

m

( )

material

dp

Packing

Film coefficient

( ms )

Diffusivity

( )

M

P

total pressure

( )

( )

2

m

sec

Process from n-Butane

H

coefficients

Film transfer unit height

Ct

Concentration of solvent

H OG

N OG

Z

P

Number of Transfer Units

Height of Tower

Pressure Drop

Velocity

ave

g

L

v

a

b

G

T

Subscript

Average

Gas

Liquid

Vapor

Component a

Component b

Gas

Total

vi

a

Symbol

C

De

D1

D VD

DO

E

Fa

Fm

Fs

Fr

Hh

HD

HH

HS

HT

H ME

H LLL

Definition

Corrosion Allowance

Equivalent Diameter

Inside Diameter

Inside Vessel Diameter

Shell Outside Diameter

Joint Efficiency Factor

Radiographic Factor

Material Factor

Temperature Factor

Stress Relief Factor

Depth of the Heads

Height of Disengagement

Hold-up Height

Surge Height

Total Height of the tank

Height of the Mist Eliminator

Height of the Low Liquid Level

(m)

kmole

3

m

(m)

(m)

(m)

( secm )

Units

mm

m

m

m

m

mm

m

m

m

m

m

m

Process from n-Butane

HLL

HLL

LLL

High Liquid at Nozzle

Low Liquid Level

mv

NLL

P

Pt

Internal gauge pressure

Total Pressure

Ql

Qv

R

Rc

Rk

S

Su

th

ts

tw

Inside Radius

Crown Radius

Knuckle Radius

Allowable Stress

Minimum Specified Tensile Strength

Head and Bottom Thickness

Shell Thickness

Wall Thickness

Ut

VH

VS

VP

Hold-Up Volume

Surge Volume

Vapor Pressure

Symbol

C

De

D1

Dj

DO

E

Fa

Fm

Fs

Fr

Hh

Ht

Definition

Corrosion Allowance

Equivalent Diameter

Inside Diameter

Jacket Diameter

Shell Outside Diameter

Joint Efficiency Factor

Radiographic Factor

Material Factor

Temperature Factor

Stress Relief Factor

Depth of the Heads

Total Height of the tank

kg

hr

psig

psig

3

m

s

3

m

s

m

m

m

psi

psi

inch

m

m

ft

s

ft 3

3

ft

psia

Units

mm

m

m

m

m

mm

m

Process from n-Butane

mv

P

Pt

R

Rc

Rk

S

Su

th

ts

tw

VP

Total Pressure

Inside Radius

Crown Radius

Knuckle Radius

Allowable Stress

Minimum Specified Tensile Strength

Head and Bottom Thickness

Shell Thickness

Wall Thickness

Vapor Pressure

Symbol

Definition

C

d

D

Viscosity

Corrosion Factor

Total Diameter

Inside Diameter

Number of rotation

N

P

Reynolds Number

Design Pressure

s .g

tw

Specific Gravity

Wall thickness

kg

hr

psig

psig

m

m

m

psi

psi

inch

m

m

psia

Units

cp

mm

mm

rev

mins

m3

hr

mm

W

2

m K

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