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Arudha Lagna

A sign has a reflection in its ruler planet. The planet acts as a mirror giving the same importance to the
corresponding reflection as the original sign. As the light of the Moon is a reflection of the Sun so is the
Arudha (Moon) a reflection of the Rasi (Sun). As important as the Moon is in Vedic Astrology, the

is of up most importance along with the Lagna
itself. Therefore we must understand the Arudha and what it represents.
There are three levels of perceptible reality. The first level is the Atma, which is Truth beyond all
manifestation, often called Reality with a capital R. The next level of reality is the material world we live
in. If you dont eat you get hungry and die, the body has some reality to it, reality with a lower case r. It is
impermanent and goes away, in that way it is less real that the Atma level of Reality. The third level of
reality is the reality that exists within our heads, our perception. This is often called delusion more than
reality, as our perceptions rarely meet with the reality of the material world. But this reality that exists in
our heads is often more influential in our behavior than the material world itself. Most people dont buy the
soap that will get their clothing the cleanest, they buy the one that has had the best effect on their mind
through commercial advertising, graphic design of the box, and other such marketing aimed at ones
perceptions. A boss doesnt always pick the most capable person, they pick the one that presents
themselves the best, and is perceived as the best employee for the job. The perception, the perceived
aspect of oneself, is very influential with ones interaction with reality. This is especially pertinent when
dealing with how a person relates to others and the public. The Arudha (AL) is what is distinctly visible ,
it is that which catches the mind .
What an individual may know about themselves (Lagna) may not be what others think of them (AL).
Looking at a chart from Lagna verse Arudha Lagna will tell these two different stories. A person may know
they are sick but it only becomes known that they are sick when it is perceived by others due to certain
symptoms or going to the hospital. The Arudha Lagna tells about the illusion perceived by others, what
people believe about you, which varies from what really is. A person may be a crook, but with an exalted AL
lord they will still be well liked and rise in popularity. To compare it to the Upapada, if the UL is strong
people will believe the marriage is fine, even if partners have been separated. Or even if the marriage
doesnt work and the couple wants to separate, in the public eye it will remain a marriage. There are cases
of people waiting 12 years to get a divorce because of the strength of the UL.
The whole world is Maya, the world is created by the mind, the world is perception. Though it may be
illusion in the mind, it is still effectively acting on the manifestation of reality. The Arudha is not just seen
as a perception, for what is perceived is what is making things move, making things turn and happen. The
Arudha Lagna shows the person and how they are perceived. To compare, if Venus is in Scorpio with A10
of a person born on Nanda tithi, the person will have an extra-marital affair with their boss or someone
from work. The A10 shows who, it is showing a person, and how that person is perceived, where they are
being perceived from. If the A5 is damaged it can hurt the manifestation to have children [1]. In this way,
the AL represents the individual (Lagna) and how it is perceived. The circumstances of death are seen from
the 3 rd house from AL , it does have a physical reality to it. As a special ascendant it will give results both
in the mind of others and how their minds react with the reality of the individual. Both mental (perceived
image) and physical results (interaction) are seen from the Arudha Lagna.
The AL is how people see you and interact with you within the material world called Maya.
The Lagna is like the Sun, the Arudha lagna is like the Moon, and the Paka Lagna is like Jupiter. They are
the three eyes; the Sun (right eye), Moon (left eye) and Jupiter (third eye). They are the three aspects
purified with the mantra Hare Rama Krsna; Hare (Jupiter), Rama (Sun) and Krsna (Moon).

Introduction to the Houses from Arudha


For Me great Brahman is the womb. In it I place the seed, the origin of all beings exists from that, Arjuna.||
14 3||
In all wombs, forms come to be of which Brahman is the great womb. I am the seed-sowing father. || 14

Sattva, rajas, tamas, thus the gunas[2] born of material nature,
bind down in the body the Imperishable Embodied One (atman).|| 14 5|
The origin of all beings exists from the seed placed in the womb of Brahma as the seed placed in the womb
of any other creature creates that creature. The Atma (soul) is placed in the womb of Brahma (the Creator)
to take on physical form. That soul having taking on a body made of prakrti (material nature) is then
bound into that body by the gunas. Liberation is said to take place when the gunas, which originate in the
body, are transcended[3].They no longer are able to bind down the soul. How the gunas are transcended is
the story of the Gita. How to understand the gunas and there effect is the story of Jyotish and the Arudha.
The Grahas each have their respective Guna as clearly mentioned by Rishi Parasara.
jvasryendrava sattva budhaukrau rajastath |
sryaputrabharputrau tamapraktikau dvija ||3. 22||
In this verse Parasara says that Jupiter, Surya and Moon are sattvic, Mercury and Venus are rajasic, Saturn
and Mars are tamasic, and then he uses the word prakrtikau, which means all that manifests. He is saying
that everything manifests from these gunas. The gunas need to manifest before their result manifests. This
agrees directly with the Bhagavad Gita:
Actions in all cases are performed by the gunas of material nature. |3 27
So one of the most important atributes of the grahas is their guna, which manifests everything. Creation,
sustenance and destruction are the three interactions of Purusha and Prakritti, they are the three shaktis.
Brahma (rajas) creates, Visnu (sattva) sustains, and Shiva (tamas) destroys.
Visnu sustains through the sattvic planets, Jupiter (Hare), Sun (Rama), and Moon (Krsna). Jupiter
(akash) is the sustainer for both living and non-living world, it permeates everything and everything exists
within it. It is like Narayana, everywhere, in everything, every thing in it, supporting all life. It is the grace
of god (Jupiter is god in all signs) that can overcome Yama (death). It is the aspect of Jupiter that can stop
a shoola dasha from killing. It is the aspect of Jupiter that allows one to cross the nodes in the saptamsa. It
is Jupiter that keeps the jiva (individual soul) in the body, in this way the sattva of Jupiter sustains all life.
The Sun relates to the availability of resources which it gives through the signs. The Rasis are the
dwadashaditya, the 12 Suns. They give the fruits in this world, they are the environment that is either
bountiful or barren. This is why many poverty mantras work with the Sun. This is why physical ability to
have children is seen from the Sun Arudhas, the physical ability. It is a strong Sun that ignites raja yoga
because the availability of resources is available for raja yoga to start. That which gives the fruits, the
resources in this world, is related to/sustained by the sattva of the Sun.
The Moon is the mother nurturing, needing the resources. This can be seen from the Hora Chart, ruled by
Sun and Moon, which shows resources available and needs to be met (Jupiter shows using the resources).
The Moon Horas show the need and Sun Horas show the availability, Jupiter shows your intelligence in
using the resources available to your needs. The sattva of the Moon is the nurturing and the caring that is
needed to sustain.
Brahma creates through the rajasic planets of Venus and Mercury. Venus is Jala (water) which is the
base of all creation, the base of the living world. The 7 th house from Venus brings a partner for
procreation. Mercury is Prthvi (earth) and is therefore the creator of the non-living world. His rajas rules
over the solid state changes. The 7th lord from Mercury will show the partner you need for creating nonliving things: business and the creation of goods to market or use. Mercury and Venus should be in a
Kendra from AL for a person to enjoy the creation and the creation process.
The rajasic planets consume large amounts of energy (agni tattva) to be able to create. Sanyas is
renunciation of energy for the cause of creation (rajas). Therefore renunciation is of Mercury (business)
and Venus (procreation). A true sanyas must be able to give up these two things.
Shiva destroys through the tamasic planets Mars and Saturn. Mars is Agni (fire), it breaks things down,
transforms them into something new. Things dont go away they just change, everything is just changing
shape and form. Mars destroys non-living world, that which needs to be broken. A chair is useful as long as
it works, when it breaks it is thrown away, transformed into something else.
Saturn is connected to Dharmaraj Yama, the Lord of Death who comes for all beings when it is their time.
Saturn is the tamas that makes vata invades every cell till the body deteriorates, which is called aging. As
Saturn rules aging he is what destroys the living world. Saturn is what makes us renounce, he is renouncing
Mercury and Venus. When choosing Muhurta of something non-living one must be careful of Mars. For a
Muhurta of the living one is to be careful of Saturns placement, for example, if Saturn is 3 rd from AL or
aspecting it shows disease at time of death. Mars and Saturn are both significators of death and
destruction, and are best is in apoklimas and worst is in kendras.

Bhagavan is the sustainer. Creation and destruction are continuous, but when sustenance stops, it is the
end of a mahayuga, and the living world is destroyed, called pralaya. Saturn is a cleansing process, a
destroying process: disease is part of the destruction process. A new creation without the proper destroying
is called cancer. Destruction without equal creation is called degenerative disorders.
In Ayurveda, there are 3 main doshas (problems) of the body which are Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These are
what cause physical imbalance. When the body is treated the main remedy is herbs, diet and asana. There
are 2 main doshas of the mind which are rajas and tamas. When the mind is treated the method becomes
the increasing of satva, the balanced state of mind.
From sattva knowledge is born, and from rajas desire,
negligence and delusion arise from tamas and ignorance too. || 14 17 Bhagavad Gita||
So when we talk about mind (Moon) the gunas become very important. It is the Mind that is creating your
reality, it is doing this through the gunas which manfest everything. The gunas of the mind attract your
reality to you. A sattvic mind will find itself in a clean spiritual setting gaining knowledge, a rajasic mind
will need to occupy itself with Rahu sense stimulation and will chase after this and end up in rajas
company, rajasic situation, and all the time increases the samskaras of rajas[4]. These gunas rule the mind
and bind the soul into the body. The body goes where the gunas of the mind lead it, and the soul follows.
The gunas rule your body, and they rule your mind which is your perception. The mind is the organ
percieving your sensory reality, therefore the guns are ruling how you are percieving your reality and how
others are percieving you.
Who you really are at the soul level and at the level of lagna verse how you are percieved at the level of
Arudha are two different things. Do the people at your work really know you. No they only know what
they percieve of you, what you consciously let them know, what you unconsciously let them know, what
you pretend to be, and all that muddied up through another indivuals own mind perception. The image of
you becomes far from the Truth, it is an image,a reflection that will change according to the mirror. A clean
mirror (uccha lagnesh) giving a better reflection or a dirty mirror giving a worse reflection. It is these
perceptions that govern you interaction with reality. These perceptions are in the mind, a mind ruled by
rajas, tamas and sattva. A mind ruling the body. Actions in all cases are performed by the gunas of
material nature.
I hope this has clarified the importance of the gunas in manifesting reality, and how the gunas relate to the
mind which therefore relates to the Arudha Lagna. With this understanding, one can preceed to look at the
Arudha Lagna at the level of the gunas, and the gunas of the planets interacting with it. We now
understand that the AL is more than just a perception, it is a point of relating to the world. Therefore the
houses from the AL can be understood to affect both the perception of the individual as well as how they
actually act and are treated in the world.
The houses from the Arudha Lagna all have their guna:
1 Creation
2 Sustenance

3 Destruction
4 Creation
5 Sustenance
6 Destruction
7 Creation
8 Sustenance
9 Destruction
10 Creation
11 Sustenance
12 Destruction

Foot Notes
[1]Brighu nadi has many mentions of this, for example, if Mercury occupies the A5, Saturn aspects the 5th
house and Mars aspects Jupiter, then the natives wife will give birth to dead children.
[2] Please read chapter 14 of the Bhagavad Gita for clarification on the gunas.
[3]Transcending the gunas which originate in the body, gunetnattya trndeh dehasamudbhavn | 1420 Bhagavad Gita
[4] The goal of spiritual life is to increase sattva until you have the ability to transcend it.

2nd house from Arudha Lagna

The 2nd house from the Arudha lagna (which I will for the moment call AL2 for ease of writing, reading
and speaking), is a house of sustenance. Its natural karaka is Jupiter, so its the sustenance of Jupiter,
which is a powerful supporting force. Positive planets here can uplift the Arudha by giving it the best
sustenance. Malefics can pull the Arudha down by the negativities they represent. For example, Saturn
second from the AL may show a person whose reputation is damaged by lying. Or if Mars and Venus were
second from AL then the person may have their reputation ruined by sexual scandal. The AL2 will sustain
the Arudha, and benefics placed here will give the Arudha Lagna good nourishment to rise.

Parasara says that if Mercury, Jupiter or Venus are exalted (or strong)
in the AL2 it will make the native rich. (29-28) If Mercury is in the AL2 the native will lord over the
whole country and be knowing everything. Venus in the AL2 will make one a poet or a speaker (29-30).
This verse shows how benefics uplift and support the Arudha, and help it to rise according to their
significations. The AL2 is very important for the longevity of the Arudhas rise. Jaimini says if the Moon,
Venus or Jupiter are in the AL2 the person becomes rich. If any other planet is there in exaltation, the
same is the result. (1.3.15-16)
Looking at the chart of Bill Gates, his lagna lord and AL lord are exalted. His AL2 has Venus in its own
sign, an exalted Saturn with a neechabanga Sun. This is a very strong AL2 and will provide the proper
support of his image. He is a good speaker with Venus there and became famous as a common man
(Saturn) rising to the one of the most powerful positions (Sun).
Adolf Hitler had an exalted Sun lording his AL2, if not for his defeat he would have become a King over
Europe with power being the main support of his Arudha.
George Bush has Jupiter lording his AL2, and Jupiter is in maranakarakasthana with the Moon and A11. So
George Bush has his Arudha sustained by Jupiters killing and the gains (A11) that he gets from it. As it is
Jupiter and Moon it will support the Arudha even though it is negative publicity. This combination has
helped him to rise to the position of power and prosperity he presently enjoys.
Jaimini also says in 1.3.14 that Ketu in the AL2 indicates prematurely graying hair or an elongated penis.
The Mahavidya connected to Ketu is Dhoomavati, a goddess with gray hair, the planet in the AL2 will show
its traits on the native as they progress through life. The elongated penis is relative to Rahu in the 2nd from
the 7 th . Showing extra support for the 7th house, the opposite indication (Rahu in the 2nd ) is said to have
the opposite result. Nakshatras and indications of the 7th house of the navamsa need to be taken into
account with this rule for accurate results.
Planets in the 2nd from the AL will often show health ailments directly affecting the Arudha. For example
Mercury afflicted in the AL2 can cause weight problems. The 2 nd house is a maraka house. The 2nd house
from UL can also be seen to see the apparent illnesses of the spouse.
One last note on the AL2, it is important to remember that Parasara noted that yogas narrated with
reference to the 7th from AL are to also be considered from AL2 [29-27].

3rd house from Arudha Lagna

The AL3 is a tamasic destroying house and its karaka is Mars. This is a very hard placement and will show
a breaking nature. Benefics in this house are often renounced, their significations are broken out of the life.
Tamasic planets act very harsh here as they are supported. People with Saturn and Mars in this placement
will be known for their harsh behavior. This can be applied beneficially in areas of employment like war,
court, and money collection agencies, where harshness makes one good on the job. Jaimini even says that
malefics in the 3rd and 6th will make one good at military service. The 3rd and 6th houses are houses of
Parakrama (energy/war/destruction), malefics here will make a person strong and fighting, while benefics
will make a person passive. An exalted benefic in the 3rd or 6 th from AL is said to make a person very
spiritual [1] (this will be explained under AL6). The AL3 has many other special features.
The Arudha Lagna shows your image, what makes your image, and what supports or destroys it. In western
psychology there are studies on a persons birth order and its effect on their psychology, this relates to the
AL3. How you act, project yourself, what roles you take on in your life are related to the AL3 which also
influences siblings. The AL3 relates the siblings a person may have, and is relative to the birth order
affecting ones psychology. It can often give more accurate (and faster) results than the Drekkana (D-3) can
give relative to number of siblings. The Parasara D-3 is good to see the nature of the siblings, but the
number is better to see from the AL3 and the AL11.
Parasara says that Rahu and Saturn in the 3rd/11 th form AL will destroy the coborn of the native (in the
11 th elder siblings and in the 3 rd younger siblings). If Venus is in the 3rd /11 th from the AL, there would
have been an abortion to the mother earlier, same effect if Venus is in or aspects the 8 th from the Lagna or
Arudha Lagna (29-verse 31 and 32). These verses show the effect of malefic combinations in the AL3.
Venus in this position relates to abortions, as it represents the shukra dhatu and unhealthy activity related
to it. Parasara also says that, Should the Moon, Jupiter, Mercury and Mars be in the 3rd /11th from AL ,
there will be many valorous coborns. Should Saturn and Mars be in AL3 or AL11 or lends aspects there to
younger/elder coborns will (respectively) be destroyed. If Saturn is alone in one of the said houses the
native will be spared while a coborn will die [this can also be the co-born dying some time after birth]. Ketu
in the AL3 or AL11 will give abundant happiness from ones sisters (29-verse 33 to 36). Parasara is going
into specific details. When the sex of the grahas and their effect on children are well studied, a person will
make very accurate results about coborn from the AL3 and AL11. Deeper study needs to be done relative to
what western science has discovered about birth order and astrological combinations in the AL3, western
science will soon prove many Jyotish principles.
The siblings of the spouse are seen from the 3rd and 11 th from the Upapada. The zodiacal or reverse
reckoning of the 3rd and eleventh house for the sake of determining coborn depends on whether the
Arudha lagna (or UL) is an odd or even sign respectively [2]. The counting of the 3rd and 11th house for
other significations is always zodiacal.
The AL3 also has an important role in showing the circumstances of death. I remember a famous quote
Cowards die many times but the brave taste of death but onceso you will agree that the perception of
death (mrityu) or near death (apa-mrityu) will vary from one chart to another. So even in death, perception
and reality differ [3]. Jaimini says that The 8th house and 8th from it (3rd ) from AL determine the
period and nature of death (3.3.5). The AL3 is very valuable to share the place and nature of death [4].
Jaimini says that if the 3rd house (from Arudha Lagna) is a malefic sign, a bad/unnatural death occurs
(3.3.3). Malefics or a malefic sign in the third house shows a nice place of death (2.2.27) Benefics or
beneficial sign in the third house shows a nice place of death (2.2.26) The sign shows the place of death
while the planets conjoining or aspecting the AL3 will indicate the cause of death. Timing death is to be
done with the method of three pairs, shoola dasa, shoola chakra, navatara, etc. The AL3 reveals the nature
of that death, where you are and what it is that takes you out of this world.
Jaimini teaches that Malefics conj/aspecting the 3rd house from the significator indicates a
painful/horrible death (2.2.12). Benefics con/aspecting the 3rd house from significator indicate a
painless/easy death (2.2.13). The Sun causes death due to the king (government), [Sun also shows
firearms]. The Moon causes tuberculosis (or other chest complaints) as the cause of death [kapha
disorders]. Mars indicates death from weapons (cuts/surgery), fire, wounds, burns, etc. Saturn shows
flatulence, indigestion, and other Vata diseases as the cause of death. Saturn and Mandi indicate snakebite,
poison, water and bondage as the cause of death. Ketu causes smallpox and other contagious diseases.
Moon and Mandi indicate death by choking or food poisoning. Jupiter indicates vomiting and the inability
to eat as the cause of death. Venus shows urinary and kidney problems and diabetes. Many planets indicate
mixed results (2.2.15-24) With this information, not only are we able to tell about the nature of death, but
we are able to clarify doubts about the death of particular people. Who really killed JFK, what happened to
a missing person that turns up dead, did Elvis die as they said? For how many years have we speculated
whether the great Subhash Chandra Bose is actually dead? For how many years do we wonder on how
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu left this world. He just walked into the idol of Jagannath!! Can you perceive or
imagine this. Even in death, an event, perceptions differ. When someone dies, most lament, some enemies
delight, and most dont care. The reality is the same for all yet the perception is different. This is not an
easy topic and most people avoid it. But it is worth thinking as no one can give a perfect answerafter all
who knows Satya or the perfect truth, what we all understand is half truths [5]. The AL3 will reveal
enough information to know the circumstances of death.

Jaimini also mentions that Jupiter or Venus in the third house (from AL ) indicate awareness
(jnanapurvakam) of the period of death (2.2.28). These benefics association with the 3rd house will give a
person the ability to know about their death beforehand. Malefics do the opposite, so when you see
malefics in this place, your chance of predicting the time of their death is quite small, as they are not meant
to know.
The last point that Jaimini says is that malefics 3rd and 6th from AL give similar results [raja yoga].
(1.3.31) Mixed planets reduce the Rajayoga (1.3.33). This will be discussed more under the AL6.
[1] Sanjay Rath 4/23/2003 Re: [GJ] purpose of arudha lagna/s/ Sanjay clarification
[2] Sanjay Rath , Crux of Vedic Astrology , Sagar Publications
[3] Sanjay Rath 4/23/2003 Re: [GJ] purpose of arudha lagna/s/
[4] For more in depth clarification on this subject see Sanjay Rath s lecture on Death and Longevity.
[5] Sanjay Rath 4/23/2003 Re: [GJ] purpose of arudha lagna/s/

4th house from Arudha Lagna

The AL4 is a creating (rajasic) house with the natural karaka of the Moon. Where the AL worked for its
own image, the AL4 is working more after the family or community of the person.

Trines are the most important from the lagna and the Sun, Quadrants
are most important from the Moon and the Arudha Lagna. The strongest planet in a quadrant will have a
large influence on how a person is perceived in the world[1]. One can examine the planets conjunct the AL
as well as planets in quadrants to it to see what people are known most for. Jaimini says that Venus and
Moon, either jointly or independently, aspecting or conjoining the first or fourth house give various
luxuries and paraphernalia generally attendant upon royalty (1.3.45). A digbala planet well placed will
give abundantly of its significations.
Digbala from the lagna will show which direction the intelligence is being applied and will give great
strength in that direction. The aspects on a house will give opportunity for the fulfillment of that same end
(rasi drishti), using Narayan dasa the person will go towards that direction. Digbala from AL determines
which planets have the power to transport the mind. The digbalas from the AL show which direction you
can travel for various purposes. Venus represents the South East direction, the physical direction comes
from the direction your mind wants you to go. There was an Indian with Venus in the 4th from the AL, he
wanted to go to America , but instead went South East to Malaysia . If a planet is in digbala from the AL it
can take you in that direction during that dasa.

5th house from Arudha Lagna

The AL5 is a sattvic (sustaining) house. It again has the same karaka as the previous sattvic house, but
comes to be the secondary sustenance. It shows the achievements and recognition that one gets for their
learning and skills. One who is known to be a good craftsman will gain more sustenance than one who is
not known as a good craftsman. This can also be compared with the AL of the D10 and D24 for insight into
respective areas.
Jaimini says that If Jupiter, Venus or Moon are present in the fifth house [from Arudha lagna or Paka
Arudha Saptama] political/governmental authority is obtained or the native becomes a government
emissary. This government position is relative to the sustenance of raja yogas held in the chart, and the
type of authority will relate to other combinations as this shows the sustenance of the persons government
career. After researching this combination, I have not found it to be very clear cut. As I looked at many
charts I did not see that many major government officials having benefics planets in AL5 (or 5th from Paka
Arudha Saptama). Maybe this shows our bad leadership in this present age, or maybe there is something
more to the rule. The point to note from this rule is that benefics here will make a person more of a leader

and good in leadership roles (positions of authority). This is opposed to malefics in the 6th making one
good at military service, which many modern day politicians seem to have.

Narasimha Rao used the 5th house to differentiate 4 points of perceptible

reference: The influences on the 5th from lagna show if the person is intelligent and capable. The
influences on the 5th from arudha lagna show if the person is perceived by the world to be intelligent. The
influences on A5 show if the person materially achieves things that are supposed to come from intelligence
(e.g. awards, prizes, special recognition etc). The influences of planetary arudhas (instead of planets) on
the 5th from lagna show what the person himself thinks of his intelligence [2]. In the example, we
have Albert Einsteins chart, he has a dimanta yoga with 1st , 3rd , 4th and 5th lord conjunct as well as
exalted 6th lord, and a neecha banga Mercury, this shows he was intelligent. Einsteins AL5 has and
Exalted Mars and Rahu, which shows peoples awe at the might of his intelligence. It is said that if the 5th
from AL is weak, perceived abilities are poor. People think the person is not intelligent [3], but if it is
exalted people will praise their intelligence. His A5 (recognition/achievements) is opposite Jupiter with
Uccha Mars having rasi drishti, the lord of A5 is the Sun which is digbala, conjunct an uccha graha and
neecha banga graha, this shows his recognition for his creative intelligence.
[1] Narasimha Rao 1/25/2002 [vedic-astrology] Thoughts: Quadrants from Arudha Lagna
[2] Narasimha Rao 6/10/2001 [vedic-astrology] Re: Question on aspects and arudhas
[3] Narasimha Rao 6/10/2001 [vedic-astrology] Re: Question on aspects and arudhas

6th house from Arudha Lagna

The AL6 is another tamasic house with tamasic karakas. It is a dangerously destructive house, rajasic
planets lose their want to create. The sattvic planets are weak here and the tamasic planets have a similar
effect as in the third house, though here they are much more active. Malefics here will give a person a very
warring nature. Jaimini says, if malefics are in the 3rd and 6th houses [from AL], the native joins the
armed forces (1.3.36). Malefics in these placements will give a person a harsh tone in their voice and they
will often be perceived as aggressive.

From the lagna, subha planets like Jupiter, Ketu, Venus, Mercury and Moon
indicate one who shall be freed from the troubles of the sixth house by the deity indicated by the planet.
Disease and enemies (Agantuka drista) will be alleviated by propitiation to those planets. In the 6 th house
from Arudha Lagna, benefics or a strong benefic lord can torment the native with enemies [1]. Hitler (chart
on left) had Jupiter as both lord of 6th from lagna and 6 th from AL, but 6th from AL had three subha
planets. Hitler was ready to take on big adversaries but they ended up being too big for him. Chandra kala
nadi says that for Libra lagna native, the great blessing is the strength of exalted Jupiter as the enemies will
flee like elephants running from a battlefield. Now, if Libra is the Arudha Lagna, then the exactly opposite
situation would arise if the sixth lord were exalted. This may seem easy to understand, but in application,
this is the key to Raj-jyotish [2]. Hitler has Moon 6th from AL , Moon a sattvic planet in a tamasic
placement. Sattvic planets are not good in Tamasic positions. They make a persons spirituality come not by
the persons own desire.
A natural malefic in the AL6 gives very good results in the material word, but not for spirituality. The 3rd
and 6th from the AL indicate our ambitions and what we do and or use to get what we want. That is why
malefics are good for material prosperity. If a natural malefic is placed alone in the sixth house from AL ,
there shall be yoga during its period resulting in growth of lands, good crops and agriculture, physical
prowess and success in battles. However, Parasara adds that the nature will receive illegal gratification like

black money etc [3]. This is a very important note to make. If someone has been charged with accepting
black money, look at the AL6 and see if there are any

placed there, this will indicate
whether they make money from underhanded situations or not. In the example below, there are two charts
of business partners; the business failed and there were accusations of fraud. Look at sixth from AL , can
you determine which partner is the one to have likely done some type of fraudulent activity.
Natural benefics placed in the third and sixth houses do not make a person cowardly, but produce belief in
ahimsa (i.e. the path of non-violence) and give rise to spiritualism and saints [4]. Venus and Mercury do
best in quadrants from AL as it gives them the full room to create, and their worst placement for creation is
in the 3rd and 6th . The rajasic planets in these houses will make the person a renunciate, as well as other

benefics if they are strong, this is a type of pravraja yoga

(combination for
renunciation). Swami Vivikananda (chart on left) had Venus and Mercury in the 6th house, he was a
perfect Sanyas. To note, he also had Sun in AL5 which made him known for his perception intelligence,
Vedanta and gave him the leadership image to start the Ramakrishna mission. Srila Prabhupada had
Mercury and Venus in the AL6 and Mercury was exalted, this gave him a very high level of sanyas. This
combination falls in the 10th house from the lagna which shows he attains fame through his renunciation.
This combination falls into Capricorn for Vivikananda so it shows his devotion to Kali (Saturn).
Prabhupada had his Pravraja Yoga in Virgo so his devotion was to Krsna (Mercury). Ramana
Maharishi has Ve and Me 12th from AL , which is also a tamasic house, but it is a house of giving up, as
opposed to the six which gives a disliking. The 6th house has a natural connection with celibacy as it is the

12th from
the 7th. Ramana Maharishi was not inclined to make his
students take sanyas, he let them follow their own path and let renunciation happen if it was the bodys
destiny. As he himself didnt take formal renunciation. He awoke at the age of 16, wandered away to the
mountain of whose name was reverberating in his mind, throw his belonging away (was given a haircut by
a barber who noticed his mood of renunciation), then it is said to have lightly showered down (as if the rain
gave him a ritual cleansing/blessing). Then he entered into many years of deep Samadhi. He said he was a
sanyas because that was his bodys destiny.
What happens when both benefics and malefics occupy the AL6? The person is pulled between both
spirituality and other pursuits. The malefics while deny the pravraja yoga, but will help one win over
enemies as the tamasic nature of the house will support the tamasic planets.

Mercury in the 3 rd and 6 th can give good results if the karma phala is renounced, Vivikananda renounced
karma phala and then he achieved great success. Sometimes you will see people with Mercury in these
placements but they still do no renounce, this is often because Mercury is in a rajasic naksatra which does
not allow the mind to renounce.

7th house from Arudha Lagna

The AL7 is a creative house, the house opposite the Arudha Lagna. This is the dwara of the Arudha, the
door the image must go through. Malefics here can block the door of the Arudha. A planet placed here will
show what one has to go through to have the Arudha rise, to get known, that which we go through on the
way to our rise. It also shows how we relate to the public (karaka Venus).

The 7th house is the 10th from the 10th house so it effects business relations,
it is also the 4th house from the fourth and has a major influence on happiness, the quadrants are
interrelated in this way, business will effect relationship and relationship effects business. Relationship
effects happiness and happiness effects relationship. The strongest planet in quadrants to the AL will have
a heavy influence on the image in this way as the quadrants are all affecting each other.
Malefics in this placement can give a bad name (make the person known for negative reasons) or create
obstacles to the Arudha. This is often overcome by worshipping the Kali shakti associated with the malefic
planet. Jupiter and Moon here will have the same effect as if in the AL , they will make a person famous
even after they die.
In the example chart, George W. Bush Jr. has Rahu opposite his Arudha Lagna, in his rise to power, there
was a lot of focus on his earlier lifestyle (drinking and partying, etc), this even was more talked about than
his fundamentalism (Ketu with AL). In the Chart of George Bush, he has the lord of the AL7 placed 9 th
from the Arudha Lagna. Positive placement of the AL7 lord will help one pass through that dwara of the 7
th house.
In the chart of Sanjay Rath, Gemini is the dwara, the door to go through, the door must open for success.
The sign of the 7th from AL can be used to get success if the lord is well placed from the AL, that lord of
AL7 will open the door if well placed and will help open the way for the Arudha. If it is negatively placed it
will give obstacles for the Arudha. Sanjay has the 7th lord 9 th from AL , so success is indicated. The sign
Gemini represents the USA as sex is free and has no meaning, it is the only fully human sign, shows cities
with modern amenities, it is the house of writing, culture, two faced politics, the forked tongue, and Guru is
bhadakesh so there is problems from gurus. For this reason the USA is the sign Gemini, and as the lord of
the AL7 it is the sign that will open the doorway for Sanjays Arudha.
[1] Sanjay Rath 4/23/2003 [SJC: Achyuta Gurukul] Re: [GJ] purpose of arudha lagna/s/
[2] Sanjay Rath 4/23/2003 [SJC: Achyuta Gurukul] Re: [GJ] purpose of arudha lagna/s/

8th house from Arudha Lagna

The AL8 is a house of sustenance though its karaka is Saturn, the significator of longevity. Planets here will
show how healthy a person is perceived, or how the life in you is perceived. Sattvic


rajasic planets will make one be perceived as healthy, while tamasics

will let everyone know your bad habits. The AL8 also shows transformation, and how nicely or
destructively that is done is shown by the planets placed here. Benefics in houses 2, 4, 5, 7, and 8 give
excellent results. The only benefic that wont give good results in this placement is the Moon, as it is the
karaka of the Arudha Lagna, to be placed 8 th from it will not have good effect for the overall Arudha. The
AL8 also shows whether people will give you a loan or not, as it shows how people perceive your financial
position and whether people will take a risk with you.
Arnold Shwarzenegger has Jupiter 8 th from the AL , he is perceived as someone who has a high level of
health. It is less known about his steroid use, drinking and smoking, as the Arudha for health is vibrant.

Sandra Ray, the famous teacher of rebirthing (holotropic breathwork), is

famous for her writings on achieving physical immortality. She has Saturn and Jupiter in the eighth house
from the Arudha Lagna. Saturn and Jupiter together are called Brahma yoga, it is a combination for trying
to understand the nature of creation. She has it conjunct her A9 and A3, so her teachers are working on
this or have mastered this (one of her gurus is Hairakhan Babaji) and she writes books (A3) on the topic.

9th house from Arudha Lagna

The AL9 is a tamasic (destructive) house though its karaka is the benefic Jupiter, in this way it is very
different than the other tamasic houses which have tamasic karakas. The destruction and changes that take
place are usually for the better. For example, a person quitting one job to take another better paying job.
Any planet in the 9 th from AL will give support, though malefics like Mars, Saturn, and Rahu will do so
through negative means. Upagrahas (Dhooma, vyatipat, parivesa, Indrachapa, Upaketu) are good in 9 th
from AL [1].
Parasara says that The yogas so far stated by me with reference to the Arudha Lagna be similarly
evaluated from karakamsa as well (29.29). The 9 th from Arudha lagna and the 9 th from the Karakamsa
(Atmakaraka in the navamsa) need to be studied deeply. The 9 th from the Karakamsa (KK) shows the
dharma devatta relationship and the 9 th from Arudha Lagna shows how the dharma devatta manifests in
your life. Worship of the dharma devatta helps one to do well in this life, to achieve ones goals in the
material world. The concept of the dharma devatta should be better understood.
Astrologically, the root of the Dharma devatta is in the 9th from the karakamsa which shows the planetary
form to be worshipped. The 9th and 12th houses from the karakamsa are worshiped as Visnu. The 1st and
5th from karakamsa are worshipped as Shiva (dhi/intelligence). Shiva is worshipped in the form of the KK
for atma rectification (to remove sins attached to the atma).
The Karakamsa shows the sins of this birth, while the Atmakaraka planet shows the sins of the last birth.
The Jyotir Linga which exalts the Atmakaraka planet is used to worship the karakamsa as Shiva, (in the
same way as Shiva is worshipped in the form of the Lagna Rasi to remove afflictions of the body). For
example, if a native has Atmakaraka as Rahu in Cancer, the sign is ruled by the Moon, so worship of
Somaneshwar [2], which is the exaltation of the Moon will help if issues relative to the atma arise. If one
doesnt purify the sins of this birth then the Karakamsa lord will be the Atmakaraka in the next birth. The
dharma devatta as Visnu is used to improve the circumstances of this life, as Visnu is the sustainer.
The Dharma devatta is the deity/archetype that helps one achieve the ideals and objectives that the soul
wishes to attain in this life [3]. The Dharma devatta is seen from the 9 th from the karakamsa, the
relationship between the tattva (element) of the karakamsa and the tattva of the dharma devatta will reveal
the relationship between them. Tattva doshas cause bad sambandha and this bad sambandha is a result of
a lack of akash tattva, this happens between Agni (fire) and Jala (water) as well as Prthvi (earth) and Vayu
(air). These tattvas do not combine well together and can cause a negative sambandha which is
experienced as bad relationships from the level of the atma. JFK has Mercury as his Atmakaraka which is
in Sagittarius in the Navamsa, a prithvi (earth) planet in a Agni (fire) sign is good at the level of tattvas.
Ninth from his Karakamsa is Saturn and Venus, Venus being stronger signifies the dharma devatta. Venus

is Jala (water) which is not agreeable to his karakamsa sign (or the sign it is placed in). He will rise because
of the dharma devatta (Venus/women) but it will also cause his fall.
The 9th from the Arudha Lagna will show the manifestation of the dharma devatta in a persons life. The
dasa of the AL9 will be a period of bhagya, which will be good (unless afflicted). Worshipping the dharma
devatta during this time is very important and the results of the mantras relative to the dharma devatta will
manifest quickly.
Parasara says that The yogas so far stated by me with reference to the Arudha Lagna be similarly
evaluated from karakamsa as well (29.29). The results given for the AL will also apply to the karakamsa;
this is interpreted to mean a planet ninth from the KK must be propitiated for the AL9 to do well, (the
dharma devatta must be pleased for the dharma to fructify well in life). The 9 th from KK shows the
dharma devatta and 9th house from the Arudha Lagna shows what the dharma devatta wants you to do in
this life.
The number of aksharas (letters) for the correct mantra to the Dharma devatta is based on where the
planet is placed from the Rasi Lagna. When a mantra is done for planets in trines or 12th to Karakamsa,
the results will manifest in this world based upon (1) the atmabala (strength of the soul) and (2) the
placement of those planets. It is considered auspicious to carry a symbol of the dharma devatta, for
example Jupiter is karaka for mala beads (rosaries), so someone with Jupiter as dharma devatta will have
more Bhagya (luck) if they carry a mala.
The placement from the Arudha Lagna will show how the dharma devatta will protect the
native. Lincoln had Mercury and Sun in lagna and 9th from his Arudha Lagna, when he grew a beard
(connected to Mercury) he soon became President. The beard protected his dharma and allowed it to
The dharma devatta acts through the AL9. JFK had Saturn in Cancer in the AL9 so this is what his dharma
devatta manifested through. JFK joined politics after being a reporter at the United Nations conference in
1945. He joined as a Democrat (Saturn) and as Congressman voted for Trumans welfare programs,
including expanded social security benefits, aid to veterans, and old-age benefits (famous for all Saturnian
projects). As president he worked on civil rights legislation, established the Peace Corps and left us with
the slogan Ask not what your country can do for you -ask what you can do for your country. The Sun,
king, gives to the country, while Saturn the worker gives to the government. Saturn opposes Mars (war)
and the Peace Corps was and establishment of Kennedys dharma devatta through Saturn in Cancer.
In the chart of Mohandas Gandhi (October 2, 1869 7:11:48), the AL9 is Pisces. Jupiter is the karakamsa, so
the sign the dharma devatta manifests through is ruled by the AK which makes it very strong. Satya graha
is directly related to Jupiter. Gandhi was also known for not approving of cast restrictions which is related
to the open minded aspect of Pisces. The dharma devatta acted through the 9 th house from the Arudha
Lagna. The 9 th house from the karakamsa is Leo which is lorded by the Sun, to worship with the 9 th from
the KK as the dharma devatta he needs a Sun form of Visnu which is Rama. Rama was the main mantra
Gandhi chanted. This strengthened and supported his abilities to achieve his goals of an independent India
. JFK had Venus and Saturn 9 th from the karakamsa in Leo. Venus is a higher degree and indicates the
dharma devatta. Therefore the devi is important, as well as all women and the treatment of them is very
important for the achievement of his goals.

The example native, named Mark [4], was not only having a difficult
financial period but was unable to keep the prosperity he created when it would happen. For example, he
had started a construction business that initially was very successful but then fell apart. He has Libra in the
AL9, and its lord Venus is placed 12th from the Arudha Lagna with a neecha Guru, retrograde (so it wont
listen to anyone) and in Capricorn picking up some of the effects of Saturn. The planet in the 9th from AL
will be a blessing no matter who it is, people indicated by the karatattva (significations) of the planet will
effect his luck, success, and world image. Venus represents women, and when he left his partner

business also collapsed. He later changed his mind about his partner but
she would not forgive him and has not re-entered the marriage. Looking at his navamsa, Rahu is the KK
and ninth from it is the Moon. The Dharma devatta is a Visnu form of the Moon which is Krsna (and placed
in his 7th house in rasi). The native was advised to worship Krsna with Aum Kleem Krsnaya Svaha which
is a 7 syllable mantra (mantra syllables relate to the rasi). As it is the dharma devatta he was advised to
attend Sunday feasts at the local temple regularly (the dharma devatta is connected to temples/ 9 th
house). His work has steadily improved since he began this remedy.

Remedies (especially those involving puja)

will prove more effective when they are related to 1st , 5th , 9th or 12th from the karakamsa as these are the
houses of worship. The first house (as mentioned above) relates to purification of sins, the 5th relates to
attainment of jnana, the 9th relates to the dharma devatta (achieving your goals in this life), and the 12th
relates to moksa (spiritual attainment in this life). The 9th house from KK is important for the AL9 just as
the 5th house from KK is important if you want the 5th from AL to be well off.
In the dasa of a planet, look at its placement from the Arudha Lagna then look at it in relation to the
karakamsa. For example, in this chart the native [5] is running Moon Mahadasa, the Moon is 8th from the
AL . When looking 8th from the karakamsa we see that Mars is placed in Sagittarius. Mars is the lord of the
12th house from karakamsa, therefore it is the Ishta devatta. Since it is connected to a house of worship (1,
5, 9, 12 from KK) then puja will help rectify the dasa. Worship of the Ishta devatta for this chart will help
the Moon dasa give good results.
[1] 3.4.1 Again consider the 9 th house from Arudha Lagna
3.4.2 Even an Upagraha placed in it gives wealth and property, Jaimini Upadesa Sutras
[2] Jyotir Lingam associated with Taurus, the exaltation of the Moon
[3] Sanjay Rath , Vedic Remedies in Astrology , Sagar Publications, New Delhi , 1998.
[4] Jan 7, 1974 7:16:09 AM Los Angeles , CA
[5] Oct 9, 1976 10:06 PM Vineland , NJ

Upapada Lagna: The Marriage Point

This material was presented and copyrighted at the Boston SJC Workshop September 2004 and CD/MP3
of the lecture is available through SJC.
The goal of this chapter is to first explain the Upapada Lagna (UL) so you understand what, how and why it
represents relationship. Then learn how to interpret its significations as well as understand some
traditional Vedic remedies regarding the Upapada. Finally having understood how the UL works and how
it can be traditionally remedied, learn to understand it in a way where you will be able to give practical
advise regarding a couples relationship.
The Arudha Lagna is the most important (pradhna) Arudha. The second most important Arudha is the
Upapada Lagna (the Arudha of the 12th house). Upa means near or relating to (as well as giving and
ornament), and is calculated from the sign near and related to the lagna and shows the person who ends up
near and relating to you.

Rishi Parasara begins the teaching of the Upapada in the Upapaddhyya of BPHS,

How does the UL differ in interpretation from other relationship points?

There are many places we can analyze for different aspects of marriage and relationship. It is good to
understand the different points to be clear about what we are looking at. The karakas for relationship are
Venus and Jupiter and their affliction will show blessings or curses in getting a healthy relationship or not.
They also reveal overall tendencies towards relationships, it is important to see there placement in the rasi
and navamsa. The Darakaraka shows the atma of the partner, shows what type of soul the person has and
issues related to that level. The 7th house of the Rasi indicates how you relate to others, it is your doorway
to the world and shows how you relate to the public (karaka Venus). The person you relate to the most and
who reflects you the most is the love partner.
The 7th lord will show the physical conditions of relationship and whether they are fruitful or barren. The
A7 is connected to business partners and to sexual relations. The 7th house of the navamsa shows the
skills, abilities and general nature of the partner which predominates over the 7th house of the Rasi. It will
also show the partners sexual tendencies. The Upapada will show about the marriage partner or a very
serious relationship. It shows the nature of the family a person comes from, it shows how the people will
relate to each other, and whether the relationship will last or not and what will make it last. It will show
how many children are coming from that relationship verse a previous relationship. It is important for
timing marriage and its break. The UL lord will indicate the nature of the family of the partner, and
therefore will often indicate the status of the partner themselves.
Why does the UL represent the marriage partner?
First one needs to understand the 12th house more deeply and then see how the UL is the person
representing this. The Upapada (also called guana pada) is that which rides the 12th house, it
shows who is the image of the 12th house. The 12th house from the Lagna is what you have given, what
you physically give,and where you give your intelligence/energy. The 12th house indicates jail, hospital,
ashram, loss, pleasures of the bed, sleeping (loss of consciousness), as well as the bed where you sleep.
Charity is a form of energy, and the 12th house shows where you give your energy. Benefics in the 12th are
called shubha yoga and show giving to good things. Malefics in the 12th are called Ashubha yoga and
indicate putting energy into negative things. The Sun is in maranakaraka sthana in the 12th house because
is the house of Saturn, and there is no life/light there. When A3, A9, AS3, AS9 are 12th, 2nd, 6th or 8th
from the Sun it indicates no ability to give life for this reason.
The 12th house is a house of loss or giving and the Arudha of it shows who you are giving to. Those you give
to the most are often your wife and children. Marriage itself happens when one starts earning and one is
able to give. Sometimes this giving might just be giving money for support, sometimes this giving will be
home caring. The importance is that if there is no giving then there is nothing to sustain a relationship. If
the partner didnt do anything for you, you would not want to marry them.
The 7th house is the 8th from 12th house, it shows what is removing separateness and giving marriage. The
12th house doesnt show sex it shows being alone/celibate and the 7th house (8th from that) is what ends
being alone. The 12th house is connected to sanyas and celibacy, the 8th from this ends that, and makes a
person get married and removes celibacy, therefore the 7th house needs to be pure to maintain sanyas, and
longevity of sanyas is seen from the 7th house. Therefore the A7 is used to see the sexual partner and sexual
relations, not the UL.
The 12th house is the 8th from the 5th house, it will show the longevity of your kula/lineage/family. The
UL shows who will help you give longevity to your kula/family/lineage. The 7th house is 3rd from the 5th

house showing it is upachaya from the 5th , meaning it will make your kula grow. The 12th house is 6th
from the 7th which is also upachaya for the 7th house, which means it will make sex increase, it is therefore
connected to the pleasures of the bed, the place to be alone to grow the 7th house, to mature it into real
intimacy. The 6th house on the other hand is 2nd from the 5th and is therefore a maraka (death giver) to
the 5th house, it is not good for children or increasing the kula and indicates celibacy. It is important to
note that the twelfth house is important for relationship but it doesnt represent sexual desires.
The AL is the maya of the lagna and the UL is the maya of the 12th house. It shows something tangible that
is being given or lost. It shows who will help increase the longevity of the kula (family). As the 12th house
is 6th from the 7th it shows who gives upachaya to the 7th, who helps it grow, so it is the person who helps
in the cultivation of what is shared as sex in the 7th house. In Jyotish, this is seen as the marriage partner
and the UL lord indicates the marriage partners family.
How is marriage to be defined astrologically?
The defining of marriage becomes very slippery and is generally given as a serious committed relationship
for more than a year, but there are many variations to this. There are people who live together for a long
time but lack seriousness, or people who do the full marriage process and divorce in a matter of weeks or
months. The Upapada will show natural marriage not what a priest or judge might say. Two people are
naturally married when the relationship reaches a level of seriousness. This is not be confused with
relationships that may only be connected to the A7 (sexual attraction/ physical relationship).
Old texts like Manusmriti list 8 types of marriage (ashta vivaha). Of these eight types, 4 were considered
dharmic (righteous) while 4 were considered adharmic (not in line with natural order). This shows they
werent the ways to get married but were ways in which a marriage-like bond was created between two
individuals. These 8 types of marriage relate to the 8 planets other than Venus who is the natural karaka of
marriage. This is important to keep in mind when seeing blessings and curses on the UL and Venus. These
types of marriage are very ancient and must not be taken literally in modern times, but we must
understand the essence of the marriage bond indicated by them.
How can different marriages and marriage partners be differentiated?
The first partner is seen from the UL, the second partner is seen from the 8 th house of the UL (UL2), the 3
rd partner is seen from the 8 th to the second UL (UL3) and so on. Often times (in modern society) it takes
a few questions to determine the exact partner of reference when interpreting a UL relationship. Some
people may have had only one or two serious relationships but westerners can often have difficulty
determining which relationships were serious, and which were just passing flings. This makes
interpretation harder and will test your skills to determine the exact person one is referring to when
discussing a UL relationship.
In the same way the UL is showing the marriage itself, the nature (abilities) of the 1 st partner are seen
from the 7 th house of the navamsa, while the next partner is seen from the 2 nd house in the navamsa (the
8 th from the first significator). The 3 rd partner is seen from 9 th house (the 8 th from the 2 nd house).
When a person has multiple marriage partners at the same time, as many Mormons do, the UL2 (the
second UL) is seen 6 th from the first UL. Additional wives are again seen from the 6 th house from that
significator. The 8 th house will show an end to the previous relationship. The 6 th house is upacharya, it is
growing, and shows the growth of the Upapada. The Upapada is a point of giving and this shows also that
the amount needed to give (expenditure) is growing.
How do we use the UL in interpretation?
The UL is primarily seen as the partner and the relationship itself, it is used as a lagna in and of itself. It
will show qualities of the partner, their career, their family, children from the relationship, longevity, as
well as fructification of the relationship even becoming a marriage.
I. Upapada Signs and Conjunctions
Rishi Parasara gives his first teaching on interpretation based on benefic and malefic planets and signs
relative to the UL:

The statements of Parasara must be looked at in their essence. Here we learn that the nature
(malefic/benefic) of the planets with the Upapada shows the nature of relationship. A benefic lord will
make a happy relationship as will the conjunction of benefics. In general, the more well placed a planet the
better the significations it will give here.
The Sun supports relationship, but becoming neecha the Sun acts malefic as even the other benefic planets
will do, they will not give shubha results at the same level. Numurologically, the the Sun is connected to the
number 12, and the UL comes from the 12 th house, this is how the Sun is giving its blessings to the
Upapada. The Sun also represents lineage and as the Arudha of the 12 th house shows who will help you
give longevity to your kula (family) the Sun is a strong protector. For this reason the Sun is to be
considered among the list of benefics. When the Sun is in an enemies sign it will have less support to
protect the Upapada, and when neecha it will not help at all but instead may hurt the UL as every neecha
planet will. When a planet becomes uccha it will protect the UL even if it is a malefic, as it will take on more
sattvic qualitites. Though it will still have some negative attributes of that planet, while the Sun is a pure
benefic for the UL.
Interpretation can get specific, for example a benefic sign with malefic aspects can indicate a good
person/relationship that will go bad due to malefic situations. If the UL was in Scorpio with the Moon and
benefic aspects, it would show a bad person/relationship that will eventually evolve into a better situation.
Always strengthen the benefics aspects or planets involved in the situation.
Jaimini gives upadesa (additional commentary) and says,

Subha (good), Bandhat (bound too, joined), Sundari (beautiful). When the UL is joined good (benefic)
planets the partner/relationship is beautiful. This is interpreted as the partner is a beautiful person
(indicates beauty of character, as 7 th house of Navamsa is seen for outer beauty, chara darakaraka is seen
for spiritual evolution beauty). This makes the relationship a good (beautiful) experience. The partner is
happy receiving what you are giving. In this same way a malefic conjunct the UL will make the partner
harsher (according to the planet and its state) and therefore make the relationship harsher and the partner
is more demanding.
II. Upapada Lord
Rishi Parasara says that an exalted UL will bring a partner from a noble family, while debilitation will do
the opposite.

Jaimini gives upadesa and says that

The Lord of the UL indicates the family the

partner comes from. If the lord of UL is exalted the person will come from a well to do family and will have
high standards the opposite will be the case with a neecha UL lord. In the chart of James, he has his own
Arudha Lagna lord exalted but it is conjunct Rahu and Saturn, so though he has the potential to rise to
great things in life he prefers to live a simple life owning very little. He lives in a VW bus that he
constructed into an incredible house on wheels. It is famous for the elaborate wood work and stained glass
both inside and outside the bus. Even though he lives a simple life the main partners in his life have all
come from very upper class, very well to do families, which is not his particular interest, though it is his
karma. The Upapada is in Aries in the fourth house with its lord Mars and an exalted Sun. The conjunction
of the UL with an exalted planet will lift it up, especially since it is in its own sign. The more well placed the
Lord of the UL the higher the status of the family the spouse comes from.
He is not comfortable with the relationship because the UL is 12th from his Arudha Lagna. The UL in Aries
with the fiery Sun and Mars is too much and 12th from Arudha Lagna (the house of secret enemies to the
Arudha) shows he will not want to put the time and energy into the relationship. Upapada fasting will be
important for him.

The next chart has the opposite situation.

Using Ketu as the lord of the UL in Scorpio, it is debilitated in Taurus. This also puts a debilitated planet
with the UL itself. The Atmakaraka was in the 7th house of the navamsa, which can make the partner more
affluent. But the UL lord is neecha, and the conjunction of Rahu with the UL made the marriage partner a
thief, who eventually went to jail. If Rahu was well placed, the partner could be an engineer working on big
machinery but negatively placed it made him a thief. The marriage partner was spiritual, AK in the
navamsa 7th, as the partner would go to temple to pray to his deities before going out to commit crime. The
navamsa 7th house is showing more the nature of the partner. The story of the partners family background
will unfold according to the story of the UL lord.
Notice that we used Ketu for the UL lord. There are two arudha lords, when an arudha is placed in the
signs of Scorpio or Aquarius. Both lords will have an effect. Sometimes just the stronger/most influential
planet will give effect. Other times the weaker planet gives its results first, then the stronger planet gives its

The strength of the UL itself will often determine if the relationship turns into a legal marriage or not.
Some serious relationships fail to fructify into a marriage due to lack of strength shown by the UL. Weak
placements such as 6th, 8th, or 12th from the UL, curses, bhadak and bad positions can hurt the UL.
In the next chart (4th October 1971 @1PM in Townsville, Queensland, Australia), Marriage Refusal, a
Hindu woman was going to marry a Muslim but was refused with religion as the reasoning. The UL lord is
vargottama and debilitated (which makes it extra debilitated), it is also Venus in the 8 th house of the
navamsa (which hurts the significations of marriage), it is also the AK which insures it gives the results
indicated. The lord of the UL is not only neecha but it is 12th from the UL itself, indicating loss. The lord of
UL positioned 6th, 8th, or 12th from the UL is not good and weakens its significations. Combined with the
other factors of Venus, the woman was refused marriage. The Arudha Lagna is 12th from the Upapada
Lagna, so the UL rejected her. The Lord of the Upapada is 12th from the UL so the family also rejected the

Though the chart shows she was refused legal marriage, the relationship was a UL because the individuals
had real intent to marry. The social planets denied social acceptance of the relationship; the Moon is 6th
from the UL and Venus and Mercury are 12th from it. The UL is broken even though there was not a legal
marriage, and eighth from it will indicate the next marriage partner. Being that it technically was a UL, the
lord of the second, Mars, has raja banga yoga (debilitated in nava) showing not enough resources to
support the relationship. Jupiter placed in the second from UL helped cause the break as well. Jupiter
significates religion, and Jupiter is in the badhakasthna from the lagna showing it causes her obstacles in
life, Jupiter in badhaka often indicates religious significations as obstacles.
How do we see the longevity of relationship from the Upapada Lagna?though there was not a
legal marriage, and 8th from it will indicate the next marriage partner. Being that it technically was a UL,
the lord of the second, Mars, has raja banga yoga (debilitated in navamsa) showing not enough resources
to support the relationship. Jupiter placed in the 2nd from UL helped cause the break as well. Jupiter
significates religion, and Jupiter is in badhak sthana from the lagna showing it causes her obstacles in life,
Jupiter in badhak often indicates religious significations as obstacles. Jupiter is also marana karaka sthana
from the AL showing she is perceived as hurting religion.
The second house from the UL is one of the most crucial houses for relationship. This section will talk
briefly about classical reference to the second house from the UL, and the remedial measures will go into
greater detail. It is the most crucial house as it is the sustenance of the relationship, it feeds the
relationship. The second house is a natural maraka house and it shows the longevity of the relationship.
Strong lord of the second from UL and Benefics conjunct and aspecting it will support marriage. Weak
lords of the second and malefic association will destroy marriage. Rishi Parasara teaches:

The 2nd house from the UL will show the sustanence of relationship/marriage. If the 2nd is strong, even if
the UL has malefics (giving a negative relationship) the 2nd house will hold the relationship together. In
the opposite case, if there is malefic association in the 2 nd house from UL, it will break the relationship
even if it is with a good person and good situation (strong UL). The UL is evaluated to see the situation of
the relationship. The 2nd from the UL is evaluated to see if the relationship will last.
The next few verses from Rishi Parasaras Upapada Chapter show this concept in more depth. The amount
of verses devoted to the UL is representative of its importance, and with in that is is worth noting the large
number of verses on the 2nd house from UL as well.

[sanskrit from here down has not been turned into image files yet]
%paFe itIye=ip SvSvaimhs<yute, Sv]Rge tTptaE vaip y kaip Usur. 11.
ySy jNmin yaegae=y< s nrae ijsm, %rayui; indaRrae vTyev n s<zy>. 12.

Oh excellent of Brahmins, if the UL or the 2nd therefrom be occupied by its own lord or if the
said lord is in his own house, the death of wife will be at an advanced age. If a planet is being
constant indicator of wife and is in its own house, there will be a loss of wife only at a later
Jaimini says the same thing in slightly different words,

If the second is conjoined by its lord or its lord is placed elsewhere in own sign or in exaltation,
loss of spouse, if at all, will be only in an advanced age. 1.4.8
These verses are speaking of the wife as if she dies, but this is in a culture not overly using divorce (though
they did have it). These indications for age of the wife are to be used for age of the relationship. Longevity
relative to the UL is then to be taken as not how long the spouse will live, but how long they will live in your
house. Malefics hurt the longevity of a marriage/relationship. A well placed/strong lord of the second from
UL will make the relationship last. The sustenance for the relationship will be strong and therefore the
union will stay together. Dynamics within that relationship are seen from synestry, but whether the people
stay together or not is seen from the 2 nd house from the UL.
Parasara gives another shloka, saying what was mentioned later by Jaimini, but adding the 2nd house. He
says that a benefic will make the wife sundar (beautiful) placed in the UL or 2nd house from it. Jaimini said
the same thing relative to the UL only, Parasara speaks of Sundari (beauty) relative to the UL and the
sustenance of the relationship.
%paFe itIye va zusMbxtae ij, jatSy suNdrI ayaR Vya pgu[aiNvta. 15.

Oh Brahmin, if the UL or 2 nd from the UL is related to a benefic, the wife will be beautiful,
fortunate and virtous.

There are often only slight differences between what Parasara taught and Jaiminis upadesa (commentary).
After giving the results of benefics in the 2 nd from UL, Jaimini mentions some of the results of malefics.

If the 2 nd from Upapada has malefic aspects or conjunctions the native loses his wife or
renounces the world. 1.4.2
If the 2nd from UL has beneficial conjunction/aspect, pravrajya/loss of spouse may not occur.

Malefics in the 2nd from the UL will show a relationship not lasting and ending negatively. Indications
associated with the UL and the 7th lord will show why and how the relationship is breaking. This leaves an
individual with a bad taste for relationship and often they do not wish to get involved again, hence the
statement that the individual renounces the world (they give everything to the spouse and run away).
Malefics second from UL alone will not make a renunciate. The indications must already be present in the
chart for sanyas. When the indications for sanyas are present but the UL is strong the person will get
married. If the 2nd house from UL is strong, the person will not be able to get out of marriage, so they are
not able to take sanyas. If the UL and its second are afflicted, then the native cannot keep marriage and
then marriage cannot stand in the way of renouncing. If the indication for Sanyas is not indicated in other
ways, the person will continue with relationship but with another UL, calculated 8th from the previous UL.
Early death of the UL partner is indicated by combinations for death of spouse seen from the 7th lord and
in the navamsa, and the 2nd house from the UL should be connected to the 3rd house from the sthira
karaka for spouse (Venus for men, Jupiter for women). This shows that their death is the reason for the
ending of relationship.
In the example chart is very straight case where the woman has had 2 husbands die early. When the ninth
and eighth lord have association it is a combination for early death of spouse. She has the eighth lord
Saturn aspecting 9 th lord Jupiter (so a yoga for early death of spouse is fulfilled). The sthira karaka Jupiter
is in the 2nd house from lagna and the UL is in the 3rd house. The 2 nd house from the UL is also the 3rd
house from Jupiter. So the end of relationship is also the end of the partners life. Sometimes this is only
seen from aspects or other type of associations. For example, in OJ Simpsons chart, the lord of the 2nd
house from the UL is aspecting the lord of the 3rd house from Venus. So this shows the end of relationship
is the end of life, but not as easily predictable.

Jaimini reiterates what Parasara said previously, that and an uccha planet 2 nd from the UL will give many

If the planet in this second is exalted

there will be many wives. 1.4.6
This is again a concept coming from a society were divorce was very uncommon and multiple wives was
common. The uccha planet is showing the first marriage will not break, and so if another person comes
along, the native marries them as well without breaking the first marriage. In Western society, this will
have to be interpreted slightly different depending on the belief system of the person, as well as their
sexuality (in the Rasi, 2 nd house in navamsa, navamsa trines, and Somanath drekkana). It was believed in
Vedic times that either a man or a woman could have multiple spouses, it was not limited to only men. In
the Vedas, there are marriage hyms where the prayers are to more than one husband. Later only men could
have multiple wives and presently in the westernized world monogamy is the most socially accepted type of
Indications for a sustained relationship are always nice to share with people during a reading. Other times
there are malefic combinations that promise a tough end to the relationship. Parasara teaches that the
malefic associations on the 2nd house from the UL show the causes and situation of the relationship end.
%paFad itIye c zinra iSwtaE yid,
%pvadat! iySTyagae nazae va jayte ij. 16.

Should Saturn and Rahu be in the 2 nd from the UL, the native will desert or lose his wife on
account of calamity/scandal or through death.
Jaimini gives upadesa, he first states the same thing but he adds that benefic aspects can mitigate the evil

Beneficial aspects on the conjunctions given in the previous stanza mitigate the negative
results. 1.4.22

When the 2nd from UL is weak, the relationship will break. When malefics are present they are showing
harsh reasons and circumstances breaking the relationship. Saturn and Rahu in the 2nd from UL will show
death or scandal, calamity or deserting the wife (relative to other indications in the chart). If a benefic is
there but the lord is neecha, the relationship may break but the situation will not be as bad. When the
relationship breaks the negative indication of the graha will come into the natives life. When the astrologer
sees the negative indications of the planets 2nd from UL coming into the life through dasas, they can also
predict that those indications will end the relationship.
It is important to take into account the teaching of Jaimini relative to this situation. The problems will exist
as the malefics will be in the 2nd house from the UL, but the aspects of benefics will help improve the
situation, it will give the partners the ability to work through the situation. This will be very important in
showing if a remedial measure to the relationship is possible, and also indicate what that remedy may be.
On the other hand, it shows that benefic combinations can be severely hurt by the aspect of malefics. Rasi
drishti will show circumstances that are a problem, while graha dristhi will show more the mental issues
The sign of the UL is important as well as the sign of the 2nd house from the UL. When these two signs are
inimical, there will be a want to break the relationship. These relationships are already predetermined to

be more difficult. Whether they break or not will depend on the condition of the 2nd house from UL. There
is an example where of a man who had a Sagittarius lagna, Rahu was conjunct the UL in Aquarius, and
Jupiter was in Pisces with the AL. As the planet conj AL and the planet conj UL are inimical, they will want
to break up. But as Jupiter is in his own sign in the second from UL he will be unable to break the
marriage. The mans marriage lasted one night, he left her after that, seeing her Rahu nature. But it took 13
years in court to legally end the marriage. Finally the judge just asked the wife if money was the issue and
told her the max she could get, the husband then agreed and the marriage was finally absolved.
How do we time relationship with the UL?
The Marriage should be timed from the Upapada and the 7th house in Rasi and Navamsa. For this
information read the paper Sanjay Rath and presented at the New York City Lectures in 2003.
What is the situation when a relationship breaks?
When the second house from the UL breaks the signifcations of that house will break. If the UL is in the
9th and the 2nd from that is the 10th house. When the relationship breaks the 2nd house from UL will
break and all significations of the tenth will be hurt, so the person may also suffer job problems or loss, loss
of fame, and status due to the relationship break. If the UL is in the 3 rd, the person may lose their home
and all happiness when the relationship breaks. If the UL is in the 4th house, the person may lose the
stability of their chitta when relationship breaks, or may lose the bhakti of the 5th house. Some
significations will be damaged.
If there are planets in the 2nd from the UL, they will show damaged significations with situations related
negative significations of those planets at the time of the relationship break. If Saturn and Moon are second
from the UL, the person will experience great depression at the time of relationship break. If Mercury is
2nd from the UL, the persons memory, studies, or business will be severely afflicted. If the lagna lord is in
the 2nd from UL, the health will be damaged and the person will fall sick out the time a relationship break.
The fundamental concept is that when the relationship breaks, the 2nd house from it is afflicted and any
significations related to that house will also show affliction.

In the example chart, the native was on his second serious relationship. The first UL was in Taurus, and the
2nd UL was in Sagittarius. In the 2nd house from the Sagittarius UL was Mercury, the lagna lord. When
the relationship broke, the native fell sick for some time, this is because the lagna lord had to break when
the 2nd house from UL broke. When the relationship breaks, it is because of a weakness of that house and
everything there is afflicted. The 2nd house from the UL is also the chitta, the mental state, and the native
was very unbalanced for some time after the relationship break.
This will help determine Upapadas and also help predict the end of relationship. Benefics placed here
sustain relationship, but if heavily aspected by malefics will first give good results that slowly deteriorate. If
there are malefics 2nd from UL, it shows negative experiences in the relationship and will make the UL
break. If aspected by benefics it will show the ability to overcome these negative experiences and therefore
experiences and emotions related to those aspects should be strengthened. If Moon is aspecting a Saturn
second from the UL then the person needs to be more nurturing in relationship to help it be sustained.
Remember that Sun and Ketu are benefics relative to relationship. Ketu will indicate the need to be more
spiritual and indicate bringing spiritual practice into the relationship. The Sun will show Dharma, and the
following of a Dharmic path is very important. If the Sun is 2nd from the UL, and the relationship breaks,
be sure the person has followed some adharmic path which is helping to break the relationship.
An exalted planet generally has more sattva to it. So an exalted Saturn will not break the relationship.
Instead it will hold the relationship together with an iron fist, it will not allow the relationship to break.
Sometimes a person is trying to leave a relationship but unable to. This is often because of the strength of
the 2nd from the UL. If it is strong, the person cannot leave the relationship even if they want to. If the 2nd

from the UL is weak the person cannot sustain the relationship even if they want to. When a person wants
to break a relationship and cannot, there are various harsh tantric remedies to break the 2nd house from
UL. When a person wants to improve a relationship they should strengthen the UL and its second house.

How does one match Upapadas for determining a good

The Upapada of the native should fall into trines or the opposite sign from the lagna of the spouse for good
compatibility as a marriage partner. The Lagna of the native should fall into trines or the opposite sign
from the Upapada of the spouse to be compatible. This gives 4 signs which are compatible for any nativity.
If the UL was in Cancer, then Cancer, the other water signs in trine (Scorpio and Pisces) or the opposite
(Capricorn) would be compatible lagnas for the spouse. Both the native and the partner should have UL
and Lagna compatibility.
The planets strongly connected to the UL of the native should match planets strongly connected to the
partners lagna to show a karmic connection in the compatibility. For example, if the UL is in Leo, with a
strong Sun, the partner should have a strong Sun in lagna or trines to it. Some similarity between these
points will show a karmic bond that will make the relationship compatible, so that the partners perceive
each other as marriage partners. The Arudha Lagna represents externalities, and when the Upapada is
trines with the AL it shows the marriage is based on externalities like beauty, position or money of the
spouse. It does not show a deep connection, or a happy long term relationship. When the Upapada Lagnas
are the same it often indicates an arranged marriage.
Sources other than Classics
Larsen, Visti. Kalatrakaraka, Article presented in West Coast Conference, Sunnyvalle California August
Rath, Sanjay. Crux of Vedic Astrology, Sagar Publications, New Delhi, 1999
Rath, Sanjay. Lectures from 2001-2004. Jagananth Puri, India