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HSE- Health & safety Environment.




Absents of illness




Absents of risk





Environment: - Purpose of environmental study is to mainly control the emission and pollution to
protect the environment.
Accidents: - Accident is an unexpected, unplanned & uncontrolled event. This can be result in injury to
person and damage to property.
Incident: - An event or chain of events, which has caused or could have caused personal injury,
damage to property or environment
(A dangerous occurrence includes both accident and Near miss cases. In other words all accidents
and near miss cases are incidents.)
Duties of a safety officer:- Identify the hazards & take or recommend preventive measures.
Root cause for the Accidents:Substandard act

(Unsafe act)

Substandard condition

(Unsafe condition)

Unsafe Act: - A human error or an act that can lead to an accident. Tool miss use
Unsafe condition: - The condition which can lead to an accident. Excavation with shoring shielding
Hazard: - Something that can cause harm to people or property.
Purpose of safety: - The purpose of safety is to save the life and protect the property.
Risk: - Risk means something low or high potential of hazard can cause harm to people or property.
Near miss: - An incident happened which results no human injury &No property Damage.
Common work place Hazard.

How can we prevent/control Accidents?
There are three types of control.

1. Engineering Control,
. Design or Redesigning, Quality of materials
2. Administrative control,
.Planning, Control, Organization
3. Proper PPE (Personnel protective equipments)
. PPE is working as barrier between human & accident.
Fire:Fire is chemical reaction between fuel, oxygen & heat producing light, heat and smoke. The fire
Triangle identifies 3 elements of a fire.



Classification of Fire.
Class APlastics

Flammable solids


Wood, Paper, Cloth , Rubber,

Class B-

Flammable Liquids


Petrol, Kerosene, Gases

Class C-

Electrical Fire

Class DMetals.

Metal Fire


Energized Electrical Equipments

Magnesium, Other Flammable

Prevention is based on eliminating or minimizing one of the components of the “Fire Triangle”
Fire Extinguisher:

Extinguishing agent eliminates one of the vital elements of the fire by
Removing heat by cooling (or)
Breaking the chain reaction by smothering

Types of Fire Extinguisher
. Class A – wood, paper, cloth, Rubber, plastics
. Extinguishes by cooling material below the ignition point
. Class B or C- Petrol, Kerosene, Gases, And Energized Electrical Equipment’s
. Extinguishes by Smothering burning materials
. Effectiveness decreases as temperature of burning material increases.


. Class “A,” ”B,” or “c”. Fires.
. Extinguishes by smothering burning materials.

. Class “A”, “B”, or “c” Fires
. Extinguishes by smothering burning material
. Class “A”,”B”, and “K” fire
. On Class “K” fires, don’t use until after fixed extinguishing system has activated.

Cold permit - Chances for fire or ignition. Check: Validity & Authorization. Work permit is only a system to control the work. This includes vehicles and use of portable battery operated instruments. drains Vents or any other gas escaping points within 15 meters (Radius) use flame retardant tarpaulin for barricading 3 . but only valid for a shift. Less or no chances for fire or ignitions. Extinguishes by cooling and forming foam blanket to prevent re-ignition WORKING PERMIT:Work permit is a written document. communicated and controlled safe system of work. 2. Other permits 1. we can renew every shift. Flammable gas test (LEL) within 15 Meters (Radius) is compulsory prior to any hot work. No work shall be performed without work permit. Excavation Notification 2. Mainly there are two types 1. Confined space Authorization Note: .All permits is issued for 7 days. Ensure that the work permit shall be approved by the approving authority and available at the jobsite. 3. Ensure that the work permit shall be approved by the approving authority and available at the jobsite. only Excavation Authorization is valid for 90 days Special Precaution for Hot work 1. Vehicle Entry permits Electrical permits Radiography Hydro test Additional Documents 1. Risk Assessment 3. 4. TYPES OF PERMITS.. which shall be carried out in Hazardous or nonhazardous area That is issued by the authorized person giving an authoring to do something in his controlled area . Cover and seal sewers. What is the purpose of work permit? Purpose of the work permit is to control the system. Hot permit 2. Who is controlling permit? The authorized person of the area is controlling the permits. 2. The purpose of the work permit is to provide a coordinated.

Welder the welding machine.0% H2S 4. Issuer must check safety certificates for mobile equipments and vehicles WELDERS:10. do not use unit extinguishers. Vehicle entry allowed only for loading and unloading and not for remaining in hazardous area or passenger transport ISSUER:8.8% Propane 2. Welder must wear leather or flame resistant gauntlets/ gloves.0% 4 .3. Positively isolate the line// equipment by blinding for welding.0% - 15. Welder and helper must wear eye protection. cable laying start of work 14. 9. apron and high safety boots. which can be fitted to the helmet. terminal.5% Acetylene 4.0% - 75.3% - 46. 11. 12. 7. Field operator must guide the drivers on which route to follow when entering a unit.2% - 9.5% Ethane 3. Ensure two fire extinguishers are available within 8 meter radius.3% - 92.2% - 12. Carry out all possible fabrication and welding outside unit area. cables and cable laying start of work provide adequate ventilation or preparatory protection against welding fumes.5% - 74. Issuer must check the hot tapping Authorization from approved by all parties before authorizing hot tapping patch work on live lines and work on corroded tank roof.2% - 7. Clear combustible material and heavy oil deposits within 8 meters (Radius) 5. Welder must use face shield .0% Carbon 12. Personnel engaged in the job must know how to use fire extinguishers. 6. LEL - Lower explosive limit (LEL is the minimum concentration of gas in air that can be ignited) UEL - Upper explosive limit (UEL Is the maximum concentration of gas in air that can be ignited) LEL% Vol in Air UEL % Vol In Air Benzene 1.0% Hydrogen 5. Limit site weld to minimum. 13. 4. terminal. Closing valve alone is not acceptable.0% Methane 5. Check he welding machine. cutting or grinding.

DO &DONOTS:1. Filed operator must check site and singed the permit before start of the work. Executor must not start before getting permit or an incomplete work permit. 2. 5. 3. Issuing division and safety personnel have the right to stop the job any time on safety reasons. 4. 4. 4.Expected Residual Hazards 1. Keeping file for All tools and equipments shall be secured and personnel protected from falling objects. Heat/ Steam/ Frost. 2. Lock of Oxygen(O2) Corrosive Chemicals. Executor must review the permit if the work is stopped or not stopped FILED OPERATR 1. Inform critical work and road closures to ECCC ( Safety or Emergency Communication Control Center) 4. Issuer may authorize work only if the gas test results are within the permissible range. 10. 7. 3. Issuer must fill or tick all relevant items from sections 2 or 4 . Filed operator shall monitor permit conditions and site conditions frequently. Combustible gas / or Liquid. Executor must ensure providing all recommended protective before starting work and compliance to all permit conditions. 3. Only field operators / contractors with work “permit Awareness Training “ Can sign respective columns 5. He must ensure his people are wearing appropriate PPE. Display the permit at work site with associated authorizations.Specify additional requirements under remarks. Executor must provide adequate supervision and must be always present during critical work for cover 2 HRS. 2. Pyrophoric iron/ Scales 9. Suspend all work in case of plant emergency or accident . 6. Do not use scaffolds without valid green scaffolds Do not use anchor to or suspend loads on process piping Do not use wooden planks in running units . Issuer 1. 2. 5. General Conditions of permit 1. 3. Mention clear description of the work issuer or executor may fill section – 1. 3.. Separate permits are required for different maintenance crafts and jobs Only authorized personnel holding valid “ Work permit issuer / Executer” card can sign permit. EXECUTOR 1. Close the permit by completing section – 6 of original and field operator copy. Electricity / Static High / Humidity 6. Operation issuer is responsibilities for safe handling over of equipment to maintenance. Only authorized gas testers holding valid certification for gas test can sign gas test. Ionizing Radiation. 5 . 4. Fire and explosions. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S ) / Toxic Gases 8. 2. 2. 5.

7. Any exemptions shall be with prior approval of KNPC safety WELDING . MSDS . CUTTING & GRINDING Welding:. HAZARDS:    Burning Fatal Error Injury Fire & Explosions Combustible material should be removed from the Hot work in area.Similar metals joining together are called WELLDING.Material safety data sheet Risk Evaluations:Safety Officer should be capable of evaluate the risk according to the situations HIGH MEDIUM LOW     Restricted Area Hazardous Area Critical Area Risky Area Extreme Risky Area SAFE WORK PROCEDURES for    Toxic Liquid Chemical Oil Field    Gas Flammable Liquid Gas Field   Gas Flammable Gases Risk Assessment:6 .

A sheet of radiographic film is placed behind the object. 2. The set up will usually take 1-10 minutes Radio Active Materials:. Indentify the hazards associated with each steps. Moderate . Follow up & Revise it if necessary. 3. Risk Rating (Likelihood) H – Extremely likely to occur. 2. Perform the job. The principle is that the source of radiation is directed towards the inspected object. major damage. Major injury. Evaluate existing precautions.Frequently / often / likely to occur. Identify the method to eliminate or control the hazard Identify in each basic steps.Slightly chance to occur. Look at the hazards Who might be harmed and how. L. 5. 4. Remember to apply safety methods and precautions as you proceed HAZARD RATE:1. 3.Risk Assessment is a process of hazard evaluation at work Extreme Risk – Critical / /critical – Extreme Risk Risk Assessment steps:1. Job Safety Analysis:JSA process of hazard evaluations for particular job JSA is a tool to analysis each job by breaking down into sequence of steps takes identifying potential hazards JSA is breaking down the job into sequence of steps to identifying the potential hazards.any material that spontaneously emit ionizing radiation and have a specific activity greater than 0. Radiography:Radiography is the most commonly used nondestructive testing method (NDT) for pipe line inspection. or loss to property/ equipment. Select a job to be analyzed Separate the job into basic steps. damaged to property/equipment. Minor Injury. Decide whether more precaution is required Record the findings & Review assessment. Evaluate the risks. 6. JSA Involves 5 basic steps 1. 4. 5. M. 2.002 Micro curies per Gram 7 .. 7. Major – Death. Minor Damage to property/ equipment. 3.Over three day injury.

Other Hazards              Falling Tripping Slipping Hitting Electrical equipment hazards Mechanical Equipment Hazards Visibility Lighting Ventilation Bio Hazard Claustrophobia – Fear of confined space Noise Hazards Temperature Hazards Humidity PRECAUTIONS Gas test Gas test is an inspection /examination The purpose of gas test is to identify the hazardous gas from the location /area. Commutation with adjacent operation Radiographer:1. 8 . 2. Radiographer should be certified. mainly effect kidney PERECAUTION:          Radiographer should be certified (ministry) Proper cordon ( Barricading distance according to the MR) Measure the radiation by MR( Millirems). Radiations.Purpose:The purpose of radiography is to identify the defect of the welding. HAZARDS:1. We need to isolate the area Unauthorized persons should not enter inside the cordon. Millirems should not be exceed 0.25 MR Do the radiography only after working hours. Radiographer should have badge 3. Provide sign board “ RADIOGRAPHY IS IN PROOGRESS KEEP A WAY” Obtain work permit Conduct tool box meeting Required PPE shall be used. it is a health hazard. Radiographer should have survey meter. if we have to do .

3. For cold work should be less than 10% 5. 2.Enrichment . 6. 2.Deficiency level .There are different types of gas monitors are available Eg:- Multi gas detector. There are four display points in the detector 1) 2) 3) 4) LEL O2 CO H2S - Lower explosive limit. For hot work should be less than 0 % 4. When the LEL Level 10 and above alarm will start. CO – CARBON MONOXIDE ( 0 – 400 PPM) 1. Hydrogen sulphide. LEL (Lower Explosive limit). 4. 6. Oxygen Carbon Monoxide. LEL is measured by % 2. 5. All types of flammable gas are detected by LEL sensor (Methane. Propane. Mini Gas detector. Oxygen is measured by %. 4.5% . 3.Suffocation / Breathing Problem. It is very important for life Normal Oxygen level is 20.8% Maximum oxygen level is 23. (0.5% .100%) 1. Threshold limit value of LEL for cold work below 10 and for hot work 0 % O2 OXYGEN 1. Measured by PPM (PARTS PER MILLION) It is a toxic gas It is a silent killer It is a health hazards gas International level of carbon monoxide is 25 PPM Alarm will starts when CO level goes above 25PPM H2S (HYDROGEN SHULPHED) 9 . LPG etc0 3. 5.Chances for fire Minimum oxygen level is 19.

The person should wear identifying jacket. 5. 6. 2.1. 3. 5. 2. 3. 6. 4. 4. Duties & Responsibility of Confined Space ATTENDED 1. 7. 10 . The person should be trained & certificated 2.10 to 1000PPM up to 10ppm we are able to work ( Eye will be reddish color) When it will become 20ppm ( may be throat pain) When it is more than 50 to 100 ppm ( may be abdominal pain) When it is more than 150 to 200 ppm ( may be giddiness) When it is more than 200 to 250 ppm ( may be skin irritation) When it is more than 500ppm ( WILL NOT ABLE TO SENCE THE SMELL ) Finally when it is reaching 1000 ppm ( wiil not to survive) PRECAUTIONS    Evacuate to the assembly point Observe the wind and move across the wind Don’t panic The person who is entering the confined space is called ENTRANT The person who is standing outside confined space to watch / monitoring the work inside is called ATTENDANT. H2S is measured by PPM It is hazards gas Nature of H2S is toxic and flammable It is soluble in water It is a byproduct of crude oil H2S is a giant gas If the PPM is 10 a person can work for 8 hrs (Threshold limit value) If the PPM is above 15 stop the work and evacuate The densely is more than air so it will accumulated at lower level The smell of H2S is like rotten egg and it is color less H2S LIMT 1. .

Attendant should have attendance sheet of entrances 8. Entrant should write the name on the attendance sheet before entry 6. Risk assessment. Entrant should watch each other 16. Without confined space attendants presence no entrant should stay inside any confined space. He should ensure the entrant reach safety in confined space 17. Attendant should monitor continuously to ensure that the entrant is safe inside and communicate with entrant 18. Should be proper PPE as required ( Gas mask . Inspect the access before going and while going 12. 5. He shold know the hazardous inside 11. Respirator like SCABA) 9. Entrant should aware of PULL CODE SYSTEM ( COMMUNICATION) 11. CSE should train to use SCABA and escape mask 10. Should access / identify changes inside the confined space ( atmosphere conditions in a confined space can be change greatly with in a fraction of seconds) 4. In emergency attended shoud not enter into confined space if he is not trained for rescue 21. Once reach inside confined space observe evaluate the hazards inside 13. Should be able to identify hazard inside the confined space 3. In case of emergency he should have a plan for evacuation and should not be panic 15. Attended should check the authorization card 14. ISOLATION 11 . Ensure that proper exit sing board 7. Duties & Responsibility of Confined Space ENTRANT 1. In case of emergency he should know the emergency no and location of phone and alarm 19. He should ensure proper sing board 6. Attended should have aware of PULL CODE SYSTEM ( COMMUNICATION) 9. Entrant should know how to evaluate hazards 5.He should ensure that all the documentation is available (work permit. He should know the confined space is ready to enter 10.3 . Ensure that the proper access to confined space 16. Ensure that the entrants are medically fit 15. He should ensure proper barricading is provided and display board. Ensure that the confined space is safe to enter 13. Should know how to evaluate during emergency 8. PYROPHORIC MATERIALS: . While doing the job inside the confined space entrant should evaluate the change inside the confined space 14. The attended should not leave the place without certified / authorized replacement. Should inspect the access before entry 7. He should able to communicate properly 20. Confined space entrant should be trained authorized and medically fit 2. Ensure the gas test are done before entering in to confined space 12. confined space authorization) process line or line equipment exposed to H2S atmosphere iron react with sulphur and iron sulphide compound this compound when exposed to normal atmosphere this materials will burn or exposed these materials is said to be pyrophoric materials.

then the line will be partially isolated . Remove from the source (ELECTRICAL) Partial isolation Positive isolation Passing Blinding . For isolating we need to close the valves.ISOLATION – Separation.insert nitrogen into a line Inerting – purpose of inerting is to displace the oxygen from the line Oxygen level needs to be below – LEL LEVEL 5 % LEL LEVEL 14 % WILL STARTS FIRE LEL LEVEL 23% ENRICHMENT LEVEL TIE IN: . ISOLATE:We can do TIE in by isolating the pipe line. If it is large line we need to isolate the contents into a tank and make sure the line is empty FLUSHING & STEAMING:12 . We need to insert spade between flanges for blinding.The purpose of TIE IN to replace a damaged part or add a new connection on existing pipe line. Once the line is totally blinded it is positively isolated. DRAINING:We need to drain the contents in the pipe line through the drain valve. still there is chances for passing through the valves even it is closed .process of inserting in a line is called blinding Spade Flushed – Inert – Purge -.

grinding. HOT WORK:Before starting any hot work we need to check the gas level and make sure it is in the permissible range.Flush water through the pipe line and wash out the sledge deposit in the pipeline. INERTING NITROGEN GAS:The purpose of inerting nitrogen is to remove or displace oxygen from the container. Once the nitrogen purging into the pipe line. Use high pressure steam for clean out the pipe line. again we need to do the gas test. LEL should be 0 or bellow 1. We need to do the gas test again and once the level goes below 5 % we start cold cutting COLD CUTTING :We can do the cold cutting by pouring water continuously on the cutting point and we can remove the damaged part and get ready for hot work. Then we can do the hot work like beveling. it will reduce the oxygen % . We need to do purging. welding and complete the TIE job PIGGING :The purpose of pigging is to remove wastes and sledge from the pipe line in fact cleaning we can do the pigging by using the balloons by pneumatic pressure the balloon to other end while moving the balloon will swipe the sludge and wastes to the other side of pipe line which is open Education - Gaining New Knowledge 13 . And the length of pipe is long the gas level Will be vary in this condition we need to do use the PLUGGING PLUGGING :We can do the plugging method by using the fire retardant balloons and we can isolate the gas contents in th long pipe line while doing the hot work. GAS TEST:We can do the gas test through the vent pipe or there is no vent pipe near the tie in area we need to drill a small hole and insert the probe Multi Gas Detectors and check the LEL & Oxygen level inside the pipe line. Otherwise if there is still gas above the required level. If the Oxygen level below 5% and LEL level below 10% we can do the cold cutting.

Base Lift (Kick Lift) 4. Tube Scaffolds. Base plate 3. Fixed Coupler STANDARDS 14 . Bearer (Transform) 7. System scaffolds 2. Independent Scaffolds 8. Suspended Scaffolds 10. Bracket Scaffolds 7. Tower Scaffold 6. 3. Planks 8. Cantilever Scaffolds 9. Coupler Scaffolds 4. Swivel Coupler 17. Transverse Brazing 15. Drop Bar 13. Mobile Scaffolds. Runner (Ledger) 6. Longitudinal Brazing 16. Toe Board 9. Standard (post) 5. Top Rail 12. False Up right 10. Ladder clamps 14. Sole Board (sill) 2. Mid Rail 11. 5.Training - Improve the skills Documentation:Scaffolding is a temporary platform to work on height Types of Scaffolds 1. Birdcage Scaffolds HAZARDS       Collapse Falling Slipping Tripping Hitting Moving Equipments PRECAUTIONS  Brazing with permanent or adjacent structure Parts of Scaffolding 1.

Less than 300 V – 1 Meter (3 feet) 300V to 50 KV – 3 METER (10 Feet) More than 50 KV – 3 M+4”per KV Red tag – Do not use scaffold Green tag – Scaffolding passed inspection Yellow tag – Full body harness required SAFETY HARNESS: . CONFINED SPACE 15 . waist. lanyard. chest & shoulders with means for attaching it to other components of a personnel fall arrest system. Specification for steel Couplers BS 1139 B. Code of practice for scaffold BS 5973                    Ladder should be above I meter above the platform (planks) Ladder slope Ratio is 4:1 Mid Rail height is -50cm (Half of the top rail) Top rail height should be 0. Specification for Scaffold Boards BS 2482 B. pelvis.7 meter Radio b between width and height of the scaffolding is 4:1 Distance between width lift is – not more than 2 meters Transverse & longitudinal bracing angle – 35 degree – 55 degree ( normally 45 degree) Scaffold capacity must design to hold :”dead load + 4 time than intended load” Life line equipment have a withstanding capacity of 5000lbs ( 2300kg) Electrical distance between scaffold and charged line.15m Base lift should be –(6) 15cm above ground Base of the scaffold in near Excavation shall way minimum 1. Specification for steel Tube BS 1139 B. life line.s.ANSI –American National Standards Institute ANSI A10.S.s.5 times of the depth Height of the Toe Board -10cm(4’) 6 Toe board can withstand A force of 20kg (50lbs) Guard rail can withstand a force of 90kg (200lbs) Maximum distance between each scaffolding planks is 1 (2. overhead structural anchorage) – 2300 kg (5000ibs) Length of lanyard is – 1.54cm) Personal fall arrest system ( full harness.(1999 or Later) B.80 M Bay length depending upon the height and type of scaffold normally buy length is means a design of straps which may be secured on body of employee in a manner to distribute the fall arrest forces over at least the thighs.95m – 1.s.

What is confined space . Major Hazards    Toxicity Flammability Oxygen Deficiency Hazardous Area Classification ZONE – 0 –An area where explosive gas atmosphere is continuously present. Ventilation Natural   Open air Wind Mechanical    Air conditioner Blower Exhaust fan 16 . 2. tanks. boilers More than 1. Do not carry any work without a confined space entry permit and proper work permit A confined space entry permit must be completed authorized prior to entering.Confined space is an enclosed area having restricted access & entry. large pits. 7.2 m depth trench Diesel tankers Sewage pipe tanks Roof of floating tanks Underground shell of floating tanks ETC. 6. ZONE – 2 –An area where explosive gas atmosphere is not likely to occur during normal operations. Vessels. 5. The area is not designed for continuous human occupancy (not for long time work) So shaped and large enough that one can bodily enter and perform work Space where we can accept potential hazard like flammable explosive gas vapor or mist Examples of confined space 1. 3. 4. large diameter pipes Manhole. ZONE –1 –An area where explosive gas atmosphere is likely to occur during normal operations. FLASH POINT Minimum temperature required for producing a flammable vapors which could ignite momentarily. In hazardous area zone o only use battery operated intrinsically safe equipments should be used to avoid any spark generation in the hazardous atmosphere.

Ear plug.purpose of inspection is to make sure the system is implementing as per the procedure at site. Training the people Educating the people Conducting tool box meeting Monitoring the site Sharply observing the site We cant stop accident but we can minimize accident.flow of liquid through the specified path Combustibles materials .almost all flammable materials How can we improve safety? We have an organization in our organization we have regulations based on regulations we are implementing the procedure / system at site by. Audit – the purpose of audit is to inspect things are going smoothly or as per system / regulations and as per procedures. Regulation e-g-don’t park vehicle here Procedure if the vehicle park here police will charge you so park on parking area Observation      Looking Big / small Difficult / easy High / low Evaluation Inspection . The purpose of audit is to find the faults The purpose of the audit is to develop the system Noise measured by decibel – 85 decibel PPE .Sewage – dirty / waste thing flowing through specified path Drain . Ear muff EXCAVATION 17 .

TYPES OF EXCAVATIONS 1. Shoring with Aluminum sheet        Barricades Hand signals Mechanical / light signals Stop Logs Exit for persons working in large excavation at every 7. trench or removal of soil from earths surfaces. Shoring with metal sheets 4. Shoring with jack 6. Shoring with wood 2. 4. 4.5 meters. Manual excavation & 2. Stable Rock Vertical Type – A (Compacted Gravel ) Type –B ( Average Soil ) Type –C (Loose Soil) 90 Degree ¾:1 53 Degree 1:1 45 Degree 1 ½:1 34 Degree SAFE WORK PRACTICE Camera:18 .  Collapse of soil  Falling  Cave in  Damage to Underground Utilities  Accumulation of water  Oxygen deficiency  Mechanical Hazards Slipping Tripping Hitting Moving Equipments Over Head Electrical Lines PRECAUTION    Stepping/ Benching Slopping Shoring 1. 5. 3. 5. Shoring with metal box with pipes. 2.Excavation means any man made cut. cavity. Mechanical Excavation PUPROSE OF EXCAVATION 1. Shoring with pilling ( Putting the planks in between) 3. 3. Ladders should be positioned 1 meter above the edge of the excavation Mechanical equipments need to be used awaya 3 meter from the edge of the trench Soil Classification 1. 2.

4.  Hydraulic leaks. Trained & Authorized (Approved by Third party agency ) 1. 8.  Sling Wares. 3. 3. Keep the recommended distance from the electricity line & excavated area 5.. 6. Belts. Inspect the equipments  Condition of crane  Crane & lifting tools shall be inspected. Etc. 2.. Pit shall be provide to install the camera. Know the Rating Capacity. Operator and rigger shall be Qualified . Know the Weight. Overload Etc.. Documentation  Valid third party inspection certificates. Rigger should wear fluorescent jacket.  Damages to boom. 3. 7. 2. Caught In between. hydraulic leaks. Know the Load. 2. Shackles. boom leak. Swinging Stuck in & stuck against. Operator should know safe work load (SWL). 2. 3. 6. PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES:1. Basic Rigging Rule:1. Base shall be strong and the out riggers shall be extended properly. Burea veritos. LIFTING Purpose:The purpose of Lifting is to shifting the material on place to place TAGE LINE - Control the Load.g.1. Contact with energized line (Electrocution) ETC The equipment will collapse because of equipment malfunction. Proper signal to operator.E. 4. HAZARDS:1. 3. Proper barricading and sign boards should be provided around the swinging area. 7. Use proper vehicle to transport the camera. Camera a Calibration certificate shall be available 2. Collapse (Lifting Equipment).  Suitable belt shall be used for suspended load. Falling. wire rope broke.  Obtain work permit. Moving Equipment. 5. Lyords. LMI (Load Moving Indicator) should be installed and working condition 19 .  Daily inspection check list should be maintained  Lifting plan & procedures shall be available. hook broke.

Tires properly inflated. Operator shall not leave the equipment while lifting. Tower Crane. 2. Check fluid leaks & load chart Inspect the firefighting equipments. Wire rope clips. Inspect all lifting tackles. Retain the capacity RIGGERS PPE:Hard Hat . 5. Full Body Harness . 11. 3. 5. 2. 12. 7. 4.8. 4. Mobile crane Hydraulic crane. Eye bolts. Spreader beams. 3. 6. 6. RIGGING DEVICES :1. TYPES OF CARNE:1. Check the fluid leaks & load chart. 2. Safety Glasses. 10. 3. Check Out riggers. Fluorescent Vest. 5. Never ride with the load. Hooks. Clearance for tail swing. 4. Overhead Crane. BASIC RIGGING RULES:1. 2. 9. Hand Gloves & Safety Shoes. 3. Slings. 4. Proper PPE shall be used CRANE INSPECTION:1. Retain the load. Know the weight Know the Capacity. LIFTING ANGLE:60 Degree – Safest angle (Most Recommended) 45 Degree – Minimum 90 Degree – Maximum WIRE ROPE :20 . While lifting tackles. Correct air pressure and no leaks. Gantry Crane. Shackles. 7. Wedge sockets.

Workers should wear suitable PPE. Hand . Obtain work permit 2. Proper barricading and display boards shall be provided 6. Pressure measurement tools are calibrated and valid 8. UN authorized person are not allowed to enter 7. Make sure the supports are in good condition and inspected 10. Communicate with adjacent operations 12. Valves. HYDOTEST:PURPOSE :Hydro test is pressure testing of pipe line. Foot & Eye Hazards PRECAUTION 1.Before doing any electrical work we need to isolate the live line by disconnecting the line and tag it. 2. The hydrostatic pressurizing pump having safety relief valve 5. Do not works on energized line should be de – energized 3. Need continuous supervision. Check the existing line and equipments 11. All test equipments and tools shall be inspected and in good condition (Pump. Mention the PSI (Pressure per square inch) 13.Each wire rope contains 6 strands and 1 core – each strand contains 31 wires. The person should be competent person trained person qualified person and experienced person 4. Lock out while completing the job 21 . Maintain good housekeeping in the work area 16. Authorized and experienced person shall carry out HYDOTEST 3. Tool box talk should conduct 15. HAZARD:Explosion . hose leak 4. Slowly increase the pressure 14. Pressure gauge should have enough capacity and installed in proper location 9. monitoring and observation 5. Moving Equipments PURPOSE HAZARD PRECAUTION ELECTRICAL WORKS PURPOSE 1 .

Use rubber hand gloves which should be approved PPE 2. ELCB (Earth Leak Circuit Breaker ) should be provided and should be 0. 22 . 7. Lifting 2. Welding. Purpose:Purpose of pipe line is transferring liquid or gas from one point to another point.death Precaution:1. shock 2. and experienced person 6. injuries 5. Need continuous supervision. Use only proper tools a. Process Line. .The person of lock out is to control the energy Hazard 1. 4. Cutting . Flammable Precaution:PIPE LINE Type of pipe line:1. INSTRUMENTATION:Purpose:The purpose of instrumentation is to control the system on plant. Grinding. burn 3. trained person. For doing any underground utility use cable detector for identifying the energy.03 amp 5. Live Line. gas testing and observation. c. qualified person. Toxic. 2. fire 4. Activity in pipe line job 1. risk assessment. Proper documents like work permit. Use Double insulated tools b. Assign only competent person. 3. Hazard:1. Use firefighting equipments CO2 extinguishers (carbon dioxide ). monitoring . 2. Tools should be inspected before starting the work.

Gas test need to be done before doing hot tapping. trained person . All compostable material should be removed from the area. 16. . 6. The Thickness Of the well should be minimum 4. trained person. Hydro Test Radiography Cold cutting. Know the details by the documents.It is the minimum temperature that a flammable mixture of gas in air will momentarily flashes when a there is source of ignition Fire Point:. SCABA:. Inspect any gas leaks from any nearby existing utilities. Firefighting equipments should be available nearby 13. 15. Fire person should be competent person. Precaution:HOT TAPPING:Major dangerous job . qualified person. 6. 11. 2. 2. 4. Hazard:Depending upon the job the hazards can be explained. 14. 3. Provide sign board” UN AUTHORIESED PERSON ARE NOT ALLOWED” Hot Tapping machine:1. Inspect the condition of the machine. risk assessment. 5. and experienced person. Monitor the pressure gauge.5 mm or more. Used for firefighting.3. The person should be competent person. Maintenance and rescue operation for up to 30 minutes 23 . 10. Need continuously. qualified person. Because while welding the heat should penetrate inside. 12. 8. 9. certified person. 4.It is the minimum temperature that a flammable mixture of gas in air which is capable to enable combustion continuously. Mark the exact location from the drawings 5. certified person . monitoring .It is self-contained Breathing Apparatus. 3. The design of the pressure shall be monitored with the documents 7. Fire watch shall be available with firefighting equipments. Prepare documents like work permit. Use required appropriate PPE 5. Need continuous supervision. Flow should be minimum in the line. Escape mask should be used. Should do UT test (Ultra thickness) before they doing any hot tapping on live line. Excavation. Flash Point:. and continuous observation. gas testing and observation. 4. Purpose:1.

Know your transfer points and gathering points. Know the siren for the emergency evacuation. Know your group leader & zone leader.. 8) Don’t smoke 9) Keep noise minimum. Essential operating staff shall remaining at their respective stations until further their supervisor. proceed directly to the gathering point & try to carry maximum persons. (Refinery & Civil Defense siren) 5) On hearing the emergency siren. stop it and secure it. remain alert and wait for further instructions. properly secured at site in such a way that they don’t obstruct the emergency operation or hamper the evacuation .Water Pollution Solid Waste:. NOTES:1. Designated emergency routes & Gathering points may not be safest on all occasions in case of suspect hazards. 15) Park the vehicle near the assigned parking. reach your respective work places.Air Pollution Effluent:. 11) No panic driving & No over speeding .Land Pollution Emergency Evacuation procedure:1) 2) 3) 4) Familiar with emergency evacuation routes.Cylinder pressure should Be 200 – 300 Bar. 18) Don’t enter the site until “ALL CLELAR” sirens is sounded. 6) If you are working on equipment or machinery. Warning whistle comes at 60 bar. 7) Don’t be panic and keep calm. 16) Heavy equipments shall be left out. so that instruction can be easily heard. 14) Give the priority to ambulance and fire truck. near the gathering points or as directed. 17) On reaching the gathering point. Don’t run push or overtake. 13) No panic driving & No over speeding. 4. 3. Visitors shall follow their escorts. report to your group leader for head counts. Emission:. The group leader should contact ECCC for advice & Alternate routes ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION :98% Accidents is happen due to human errors (88 % by Unsafe Act+ 10% Unsafe Condition=98%) 24 . 10) In case of evacuation declared in your area.Undesirable state of natural environment is being contaminated with harful substances as a consequence of human and some natural activity. 2. Then immediately move from the hazardous area POLLUTION. 12) Personnel having vehicles shall proceed directly to the gathering point & try to carry maximum persons.

2.C Sequence of Job Components & Tasks 1.Disconnect the power while changing the disc 25 .wear welding PPE (Welding Hood. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION:Gather Information 1. face shield Helmet. gas Monitors. Hot work (Welding. Prevent recurrence. Fire Extinguishers.How…..Proper Grounding . Leather Jacket) . CRITICAL TASKS:1. Glasses. 6. HOT WORK Personnel protective Equipment Required: Other safety/ Emergency Equipment Required: Fire watch. Develop the correct actions.Collect The Fact About What Happened Analyze the facts 3. Accident Investigation is to obtain accurate information about what happened. Welding hood. When….. Accident Investigation is a process of gathering all information about the factors leading to an accident. Develop the sequence of the vent. Hand Gloves E. What….T. Leather Apron. Concerns Safe Practice/ Procedure -Fire -Electrical shock -Explosion -Inhaling problems -Injury to body parts Effect to Eyes -Improper condition of the tools & -Remove all combustible items .Why……Who…….The purpose of Accident Investigation is to 1.Where….Write and submit the report. What events led up to the accident: Who was involved with the work : did any one fail to follow procedures or did a piece of material or equipment fail? That information will be used to develop a conclusion regarding the physical cause of the accident. Maintain Employee Awareness. shoes. Secure the accident area. Gas Cutting & Grinding) Positional Hazards. 4.Determine the surface and root causes Implement the solution 5. 2.

toxic gases and vapors positive isolation (Mechanical . 26 .natural or artificial ventilation with explosion proof exhaust fan or blowers to be used) Remember ventilation must be continuous during entry.Keep Fire extinguisher on site. -Heat stress or Radiation skin Burns -Welding Helmets. -Ultraviolet light rays from electric Maintain all cables in good welding. condition. . Gas Test – Test for oxygen content. -Oxygen or gas from welding equipments leaking into confined space. peprsonnel. Face shield (Infrared Radiation). Confined space entrance area should be barricaded with sign board (Danger – Confined Space – Keep out – Authorized person only ) Confined space entry and no entry board shall be provided Ensure all required PPE to the working ENTRANT    Entry Supervisor Attendant Entrant Supervisor :. Flammable gases.Improper hoses & Gauges. Normally found in oil & coals Because of an organic. Electrical.Equipment.Authorized and technically competent person who is responsible to prepare and execute the job NAPHTHALENE:Naphthalene is a organic compound. -Accumulation of flammable vapor or gas -Ignition of fire blankets or Tarpaulins. Helper) -Ignition of flammable materials from or -Barriers Between welding and containment basins or separators. Instrumentation ETC Lock outage out Provide illumination for proper visibility ( Only explosion proof light with armored cables to be used ) Proper ventilation. . or goggles for personnel in close -Flying particles during chipping and proximity (Including welders slag removal. Carbon monoxide. -Improper securing oxy-Acetylene bottles.008 PPM In mass. TLV is 0.

Kuwait ministry of defiance EMS ______________ Environment management system 27 .It is an Aromatics hydrocarbon ABBREVIATION LMI ------ Load moving indicator SWL --------- Safe working load Millirems ---.Random Equipment for man BBS _______ Behavior basic safety EOD ________ Explosive ordinance disposal GFCI _______ Ground fault circuit interrupter ELCB _______Earth leakage circuit breaker INDI ________ Industrial non disable injury IDI __________ Industrial disable injury LWC ________ Lost workday case RWC _________ Restricted workday case MTOC _______ Medical treatment only case MCP _____ Manual calling point CSP _________ Construction safety plan STEL ________ Short team exposure limit LOTO __________ Logo out & tag out TWA _________ Time weighed average TLV ______________ Threshold limit value IDLH ____________ Immediate danger life & health AIT ________________ Auto ignition temperature MSDS ______________ Material safety data sheet KEPA _______________ Kuwait environment public authority KMOD ----------------------.

Safety integrity level JSA ---------.ANSI __________________ American national standard institute OH&S _____Occupational health & safety BS _________ British standard SIL -------------.job safety analysis FAC _____ First aid case LTI ____________ Lost time incident LTIFR ______Lost time incident frequency rate KPI ___________ Key performance indicators ACM ______ Asbestos containing materials EIA __________ Environment impact assessment HAZID _____ Hazards identification study HAZAN ___________ Hazards analysis HAZOP __________ Hazard and operability study CPR ___ Cardio pulmonary resuscitation PDCA ______ Plan do check act PASS ________ Pull aim squeeze sweep AAAA ________ Airways alert avoid accidents 28 .