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# Glossary

Arithmetic series

## A series whose consecutive terms have a common difference

Asymptote

A straight line that a curve approaches more and more closely but never
reaches

Chord

Coefficient

## A numerical factor multiplying a term in an algebraic equation

Common difference

preceding term

Constant

Constant term

## The term in an expression which has no variable component,

e.g. 3 in x3 2x + 3

Coordinate

reference system

Critical values

## The values of a variable in an inequality at which the inequality

becomes true/false

Cubic equation

## A polynomial in which the highest power of the unknown is the third

power, e.g. x3 + 2x 7

Definite integral

## An integral with finite upper and lower limits

Denominator

The number below the line in a fraction, showing the number of equal
parts in the whole

Derivative

variable

Differentiation

## The process of obtaining the derivative of a function

Discriminant (of a
quadratic equation)

Function

## A mathematical relationship between two values called the input and

the output, such that for each input there is precisely one output

General term

Gradient

## The rate of change of a function

Indefinite integral

## Superscript numbers used to indicate powers; the number of times a

number is multiplied by itself

Inequality

Integer

## A relationship between two quantities indicating that one is strictly less

than (<), strictly greater than (>), less than or equal to () or greater
than or equal to () the other
A positive or negative whole number or zero

Integration

Intercept

## The point at which a line intersects a coordinate axis

Irrational number

LHS

## Left-hand side, for example, of an equation

Normal at a point

## A line which is perpendicular to a curve at the given point

Numerator

The number above the line in a fraction, showing the number of parts
being referred to

Perfect square

## An algebraic expression that can be factored as the square of some other

expression, e.g. a2 + 2ab + b2 = (a + b)2 or a2 2ab + b2 = (a b)2

Perpendicular

When two lines or line segments intersect and form right angles

Point of contact

Polynomial

Power

## A product formed by multiplying a number by itself a certain number of

times, e.g. 34 is 3 to the power of 4

Prime number

## A positive integer which is only divisible by itself and 1

Quadratic equation

## An equation in which the highest power of an unknown quantity is a

square (second power), e.g. x2 + 5

Rational number

## A number which can be expressed as an exact fraction with the

denominator and numerator being integers

Real numbers

Reciprocal

RHS

## Root (of an equation)

A solution of an equation

Scale factor

Sequence

Series

Sigma ()

## Symbol indicating summation

Simultaneous equations

Solution

Surd

## Tangent (at a point)

A straight line that touches a curve at a point, but does not cut it

Term (expression)

## A value (variable or constant) or expression separated from another

term by an operating sign (+, , , ) in an overall expression

Unknown

Variable

2 or