You are on page 1of 32

University of the
Philippines

IMPROVING THE LOCAL
PLANNING PROCESS:
Focus on the
CLUP & CDP

School of Urban and
Regional Planning

December 2005

UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page
Number

List of Tables and Figures
Foreword

ii
iii

1.

Introduction

1

2.

Objectives of the Paper

1

3. A Review of the Current Local Planning Process followed in the
1
Preparation of the CLUP, CDP and the ELA
1
3.1 The HLURB Process
7
3.2 DILG’s Executive-Legislative Agenda
10
10
14
15

4. Critical Issues in the Local Planning Process
4.1 The CLUP and CDP Process
4.2 Timeframes of CLUP and CDP
4.3 Agencies involved in the CDP and CLUP Preparation

5. Recommended Definitions of Planning Terms Commonly Used 19
19
in the CLUP and CDP Preparation
19
5.1 Land Use Planning
20
5.2 Comprehensive Land Use Plan
21
5.3 Comprehensive Development Plan
22
5.4 Zoning
22
5.5 Zoning Ordinance
23
5.6 Local Development Investment Program
23
5.7 Annual Investment Program
5.8 Executive-Legislative Agenda
6.

Conclusion

24

Bibliography

25
List of Tables

Page Number
Table 1. Components of the Strategic Planning Process
Table 2. Basic Steps of Strategic Planning Process in the
Preparation or Revision of CLUP

1
U.P. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP)

6
6

Matrix of the Roles of Various Agencies in Planning (for Metro Manila) Based on Legal Issuances 14 18 18 List of Figures Page Number Figure 1. National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). recommended definitions of important planning terms and existing roles played by agencies concerned with local planning. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB). The CLUP Process 3 Figure 2. These documents are referred to in practice as Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP). the League of Local Planners. Matrix of the Roles of Various Agencies in Planning (Outside of Metro Manila) Based on Legal Issuances Table 5.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Table 3. University of the Philippines School of Urban and Regional Planning (UP SURP). Timeframes of CLUP and CDP Table 4. It is worth mentioning that this position paper represents the unanimous views of the faculty of UP SURP. It was noted that existing guidelines pertaining to the production of the CLUP. In an inter-agency meeting on local planning attended by representatives from the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG). it was decided that UP SURP would take the lead in coming up with a position paper on the local planning process. Department of Budget and Management (DBM). School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . CDP and LDIP contain conflicting provisions that would confuse preparers of these documents. The Relationship of the ELA to the other LGU Plans 9 FOREWORD All cities and municipalities are mandated by law to formulate their respective comprehensive land use plan. It also shows their relationships with the Executive Legislative Agenda (ELA) and the LDIP.P. and public investment program. 2 U. Preparation of Strategic CLUP 5 Figure 3. and the Local Government Support Project (LGSP) held on 14 June 2005. Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) and Local Development Investment Program (LDIP). comprehensive multi-sectoral development plan. This paper presents the output of UP SURP. Other contents of the paper include time frames of the various planning documents. The importance of these documents cannot be overemphasized as they provide guidance and specific courses of action for the sustainable development of the subject city or municipality. It outlines a planning process that underlines the interactive and iterative nature of CLUP and CDP.

Zenaida A. Yap and Prof. Charlie Singer for facilitating and supporting inter-agency coordination meetings.U. Dr. David Leonides T. Carino. Rabinder Dickton S. who all belong to the core group. Manalo. Zenaida A. Let me acknowledge the works of the SURP CLUP-CDP Committee and its core group. UP SURP 3 U.E. Rye. particularly Assistant Secretary Austere Panadero. the publication of this paper is handled by the Research and Publications Division of UP SURP under the directorship of Dr. chaired by the undersigned. Cyd B. Leoneil C. Jose Edgardo A. CAL Dean.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process The production of this paper would not have been possible without the hard work and dedication of many people and institutions. Prof. Thanks are extended to Ms. who drafted and deliberated on the paper to succinctly embody the views of the entire SURP faculty. PRIMITIVO C. Special mention also goes to the DILG. Gomez Jr. Inc. and Deputy Director General Marcelina E.. LozaAvendaño and Mr. Finally. Ernesto M. Prof. Bacani for their assistance and cooperation in the preparation of this paper. Divina Luz Lopez and Mr. Manalo and financially supported by the UP Planning and Development Research Foundation. Dagnalan. The members of the committee are Dr. Maranan for providing administrative support and to the LGSP through Ms. Benjamin V. HLURB and NEDA representatives. Serote. as well as Dr. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .P. Liwag and Prof. Commissioner Francis L. Carmelita R.

HLURB. 1993. and 2. 2. 1986. the relationship between these plans and the Executive-Legislative Agenda (ELA) and the time frames for these plans. and the roles played by agencies concerned with local development planning. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .2 Array the key definitions given to the planning terms commonly used in the preparation of the CLUP and the CDP with the intent of reaching a consensus as to the definitions that can be accepted by all national and local planning agencies concerned. 1978. 2. DILG. EO 72 s. RA 7160. This UP SURP position paper will specifically address the following issues: the relationship between the CLUP and the CDP and their timeframes. Objectives of the Paper The objectives of this paper are: 2. League of Planners and the LGSP. 1981 as amended by EO 90 s. UP SURP and the LGSP held last 14 June 2005. composed of the HLURB. DBM. 2. 3. Introduction In an Inter-agency meeting on local planning attended by representatives from DILG. the acceptable definitions of vital planning terms. and RA 7279). DBM. NEDA.3 Address critical issues in planning specifically the relationship between the CLUP and the CDP. The HLURB’s functions are comprehensive and include: 1 U. it was decided that UP SURP would take the lead in coming up with a position paper on the local planning process.P.4 Generate recommendations on the above for consideration by the Technical Working Group. EO 648 s. NEDA.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process IMPROVING THE LOCAL PLANNING PROCESS: FOCUS ON THE CLUP AND THE CDP 1. A Review of the Current Local Planning Process followed in the Preparation of the CLUP. PD 1396. PD 933. for the enhancement of local planning. CDP and the ELA 3. the League of Local Planners.1 The HLURB Process The Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB) is the government’s regulatory body responsible for land use and housing and in the land use planning of local communities (LOI 729 s. the content of the CLUP.1 Present a review of the current local planning process followed in the preparation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and the Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) as well as a review of the legal mandates that defined the roles of national and local agencies with respect to the local planning process.

which are enacted through zoning ordinances and stand as the primary and dominant bases for the use of land resources in the respective localities. which shall be in harmony with prescribed national. and.. 3. Monitor the implementation of these plans. V Land Use and Environmental Management. Its latest publication series came out in 1998. strategies and programs in pursuit of identified goals and objectives.1. maps. independent component cities. the tool is not prescriptive. Extend technical and related forms of planning assistance to the local government units (LGUs). and Sectoral plan proposals inclusive of policies. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .e. Adjudicate and settle disputes over the same. Formulation of goals (broad and general statements) and objectives (specific intentions and tangible details) of development. provinces and the cities and municipalities of Metro Manila. this set of guidelines comes in ten volumes. 2 U. Identification of problems and analysis of existing and projected scenario with attendant procedures/methodologies. This ten-volume publication series is intended to be a ready reference for planners and other technical and/or administrative personnel who are involved in the formulation and/or revision of the CLUP as well as the preparation of training courses for the planner and development staff of LGUs.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process • • • • • Prescribe the standards and guidelines governing the preparation of land use plans. tables. II Economic Sector. charts and graphs) and analysis. As such. This ten-volume guidebook is intended to be used as a reference document in the preparation of the CLUP as illustrated in the process flow chart in Figure 1 on the next page. III Social Sector. the HLURB has promulgated updated/revised planning and zoning guidelines and standards.g. I Demography.P. Review and approve the comprehensive land use plan (CLUP) of highly urbanized cities. Entitled “Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of A Comprehensive Land Use Plan”. IV Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. and VI Local Administration). it encourages flexibility and innovativeness especially in communities with unique characteristics and special problems. regional and provincial intentions.1 The “Old” Ten-Volume Guidelines In pursuit of its mandate. Presentation and discussion for each sector proceed sequentially as follows: • • • • Gathering of data specifying the set of requirements and its corresponding organization (e. The guidelines suggest a sectoral approach to planning with the first six volumes dedicated to a detailed discussion on each of the sectors constituting the CLUP (i.

UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Figure 1. The CLUP Process 3 U.P. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .

HLURB entered into an activity agreement with the AusAID’s Philippine-Australia Governance Facility (PAGF). Report Writing Guidelines. 714. presents principal elements generally included in the preparation of a comprehensive land use plan report. Adoption and Approval Process. Strategy. the HLURB Board of Commissioners passed Resolution No. It focuses on basic instruction for map preparation and its application in land use planning. do not adequately cater for the special land use demands. Mapping Guidelines. as mentioned above. Guidelines for Plan Review. Figure 2. Volume VIII. It serves as decision and reference document for local government and other uses. The project included the preparation of guidelines to assist city LGUs in revising/formulating a more responsive CLUP with respect to strategic planning anchored on genuine community participation and the enhancement of the planning skills of HLURB staff. 714 approving the guidelines specifically entitled “Planning Strategically: Guidelines for the Application of the Strategic Planning Process in the Preparation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and Important Urban Area Issues and Problems”.1. issues and opportunities faced by the country’s larger and rapidly expanding cities. It seeks to ensure a consistent review process and an expeditious and subsequent approval of the CLUP and zoning ordinance. This “new” set of guidelines came about in HLURB’s recognition of the following issues: • • • the existing ten-volume guidelines. and Monitoring. is intended to enlighten the local planners and all concerned parties on the plan review. In addressing these issues and problems which. on the project entitled “Guidelines for Strategic Planning in Urban Areas Project”. is indicated as a 10-step process addressing the four major components of Vision. and. Volume IX. and is described in greater detail in Tables 1 and 2. including a short overview of GIS and its usefulness in land use planning. culminated in the passage of Resolution No. Volume X. 4 U. presents the revised model of a zoning ordinance which serves to legally translate the CLUP. Model Zoning Ordinance. another problem that needs to be addressed in the context of good governance is the absence of guidelines on the conduct of public consultation. The Strategic Planning Process. the “New” Set of Guidelines In 2001. Existing Conditions. presents the methodology of mapping as used in land use planning. as it is being used for cities and municipalities. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Volume VII.P.2 Planning Strategically. one of the problems confronting the governance of major urban areas is the inadequacy of existing HLURB guidelines as they relate to the challenges of strategic planning and urban management. 3. adoption and approval process.

School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . Preparation of Strategic CLUP 5 U.P.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Figure 2.

). ordinances.g. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .policies and actions to achieve the vision based on analysis of opportunities and constraints and the analysis of projections and scenarios for the future HOW IS THE STRATEGY PERFORMING HAVING REGARD TO CHANGING CIRCUMSTANCES? monitoring and review Table 2. resource allocation and planning periods. Implementing the strategy This will establish a detailed implementation program for the prioritized PPPs in the adopted CLUP and undertaking necessary amendments or changes to existing statutory or legal provisions of the LGU (e.P. Setting the Vision This enables the community to articulate the kind of future it prefers. Evaluating options and selecting a preferred strategy This will identify the preferred strategy or development option and include justification of the chosen option. Basic Steps of Strategic Planning Process in the Preparation or Revision of CLUP Getting Organized This is to be initiated by the planning office (PO) to ensure that planning activities have the proper administrative. 6 U.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Table 1. Components of the Strategic Planning Process COMPONENT VISION EXISTING CONDITION STRATEGY MONITORING Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4 Step 5 Step 6 Step 7 Step 8 DESCRIPTION WHERE DO YOU WANT TO BE IN A PARTICULAR TIME? the preferred future environment WHERE ARE YOU NOW? the existing/current environment/situation HOW DO YOU ACHIEVE YOUR VISION? . technical and financial support. Generating options for policies and actions This stage identifies policies and PPPs. Consultation and refining the preferred option This will refine or identify the preferred strategic option or develop other strategies that are achievable based on the documented projections. policies. Formulating achievable objectives: essential and discriminatory This process will identify essential and discriminatory objectives consistent with the vision formulated in Step 2. LGU Executive Orders. Determining/establishing existing conditions This step leads to documentation and understanding of existing conditions prevailing within and adjacent to the planning area. etc.

The TWG. and The long-term social. and even on local preferences or customs. if actions taken are consistent with the policies of the adopted CLUP. the CLUP. verify or confirm the extent of actual implementation. How.e.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Step 9 Monitoring and review This will evaluate. 7 U. These can in turn become priorities for future resolution. the process will also identify LGU data shortages and other issues. the steps are used will depend on the complexity of the sector or the theme being examined. other committee. The preparation of forecasts or projections in Step 3 (Defining Existing Conditions) should reduce the need for too much additional analysis in Step 5 (Generating Options for Policy and Actions).P. How Strategic Planning Helps Make the CLUP More Responsive to Community Needs: • • • • • • Its emphasis on genuine proactive participatory consultation can provide the level of community ownership and legitimacy that will force apolitical (bipartisan or multi-party) commitment from the LGUs’ elected members irrespective of political changes. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . environmental and financial costs to the community will be minimized. a good strategic CLUP provide the “planning certainty” that the community and stakeholders need for confident and predictable decisionmaking. Importantly. Step Revision of strategy This ensures that the CLUP or a particular strategic plan is 10 dynamic or remains relevant in a constantly evolving environment. A well planned and strongly administered CLUP will limit the worst excesses of speculation and the Strategic Planning process will enable the updating or revision of CLUPs without the need for substantial data gathering. or any other planning issue) is also expected to consider the steps required to undertake it. The Strategic Planning approach provides for rational horizontal and vertical integration of the separate sector sub-strategies of the CLUP. Steps 2 and 3 (Setting the Vision and Defining Existing Conditions) are always interchangeable. or task force established to undertake or manage the preparation of the project (i. and hence the more relevant disbursement of budgets to meet community expectations. projects. and whether adjustments are needed due to changing circumstances. The strategic CLUP also provides the basis for the most rational and effective use of the nation’s scarcest resource – land. and to what extent. its partial update. Usefully. It is the community’s and stakeholders’ belief (ownership) in the strategically based CLUP that will ensure the realization of its objectives and projects and demand political and administrative accountability for its implementation. Integration enables a more valid prioritization of programs. and plans (PPPs) and other identified issues. A strategically prepared CLUP provides a comprehensive overall development framework to guide the LGU towards the achievement of the community and stakeholder vision and a better quality of life. Some Notes in Considering the Strategic Planning Process: • • • • Planners/users should remember though that the process is flexible and the “steps” can be interchangeable. The order of application will vary from place to place and applicable circumstances.

helps unite the broader LGU community. thus encouraging greater accountability for results. helps identify results that will contribute to the LGU’s long-term vision. and . identifies priority programs and projects that will help accomplish these results.helps rally support from stakeholders. The ELA is defined as an integrated plan that is mutually developed and agreed upon by the Executive and Legislative departments of the LGUs. The document contains major development thrusts and priorities of both departments for their 3-year term of office consistent with the development vision and mission of the locality.2 DILG’s Executive-Legislative Agenda (ELA) Another development in the field of local planning is the coming about of the ELA.helps set performance targets to the various departments of the LGU. - • A social mobilization tool which: promotes active and quality participation of the community in local development planning. and the LCE in particular. - • A transparency and accountability tool which: informs the constituents of the LGU’s medium-term development priorities for which the local chief executive (LCE) and the other elective officials make themselves accountable. The following is from the Manual entitled “How to Formulate an Executive and Legislative Agenda (ELA) for Local Governance and Development”. and .organizes and allocates local resources in a rational and results-oriented manner. - • A convergence tool which: 8 U. The ELA is envisioned to be many things. . School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . This was published in 2004 by the Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program (LGSP). and .stakeholders.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process 3.creates opportunities for the community to give feedback and voice out their issues and concerns to the LGU. - • A communication tool which: allows elective officials to present and articulate their political agenda and seek its integration in the ELA. . These are summarized below: • A planning and budgetary tool which: provides a development roadmap for the LGU. - • A performance management tool which: provides a basis for ensuring that LGU plans are implemented and are producing the desired impact.P.allows for elected officials to report back their accomplishments and achievements. and .encourages closer interface between the executive and legislative officials. . and .facilitates the consultation process between the LCE and the various .

P. 9 U. the manual asserts that the ELA does not replace or supplant the existing plans of the LGU. goals and objectives. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . the ELA preparation. to increase the chances for implementation of priority programs of the Executive department if the Legislative branch formulates ordinances in support of the LCE program of government. the Local Development Council. the vision. and to speed up the implementation of priority projects. it builds on the existing plans which LGUs are mandated to prepare. mission. the CDP. Sanggunian members. In the ELA preparation. LGU personnel and local planning professionals. Figure 3 shows the relationship of the ELA to the CLUP. In the ELA implementation. Long-Term Framework Plan Medium-Term Development Plan Implementation Instruments Zoning Plan/ Ordinance Comprehensive Land Use Plan Barangay Development Plans and Other Sectoral Plans Comprehensive Development Plan EXECUTIVE LEGISLATIVE AGENDA (ELA) Local Development Investment Program Regulatory Measures Annual Investment Plan Figure 3. The ELA process is described to be practical. to enable the Executive and Legislative branches to agree to priority problems and issues. needs-based. the Barangay Development Plans and other sectoral plans. priority programs and projects. The ELA is considered as an implementing instrument of the Comprehensive Development Plan. the priority programs and projects are carried out while in the ELA performance management. and provides avenues for consensus among diverse stakeholders in pursuing a set of unified actions designed to bring about the desired changes in the local community. The ELA targets the following as its main users: Local Chief Executives. capacities needed and the supporting policy and legislative measures are set in consultation with the various stakeholders. The Relationship of the ELA to the Other LGU Plans The ELA process is a cyclical process made up of three (3) stages. to help the LGU focus on a set of interventions towards the attainment of a common set of goals and objectives. and the community giving back feedback to the LGUs on a regular basis. the zoning plan and ordinance. goals. the ELA implementation and the ELA performance management. But rather. namely. With respect to the relationship of the ELA to the other LGU plans. The principal uses of the ELA are as follows: to lead the Executive and Legislative branches towards a unified vision. a two-way feedback mechanism is established which involves the Local Chief Executive reporting back the ELA to the community.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process - encourages collaboration between the executive and legislative departments. mission.

School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .P. consulting with stakeholders. It may be noted that the preparation of CLUP and the CDP is basically divided into two parts. 4. In carrying out the ELA process. defining/revisiting the LGU vision and mission. securing endorsement and approval. prioritizing programs. 10 U.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process action-oriented and participatory resulting in broad-based support from critical stakeholders. is aimed at coming out with a preferred spatial strategy that serves as the backbone for both plans. determining legislative requirements. The first part. which is common to both plan preparation. moving the ELA to action. The second part takes off from the first part and adopts a process that is specific to each plan.1 The CLUP and CDP Process The recommended CLUP and CDP interactive and iterative planning process is depicted in Figure 4. formulating goals and objectives. prioritizing issues. popularizing the ELA. building commitment. projects and capacity development needs. managing and sustaining ELA implementation. Critical Issues in the Local Planning Process 4. The broad steps are described below. the following steps are suggested: planning to plan.

In determining the preferred spatial strategy. CITY/MUNICIPALITY CLUP AND CDP PROCESS 4. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . Also referred to as Situational Analysis. it is important to remember that the supply of scarce land and other physical resources and their existing uses as well as the demand for land to accommodate prospective uses in pursuance of the city’s vision should be carefully considered. it aims to obtain all relevant information needed to gain a better understanding of the study area.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Figure 4.1 Formulation of Alternative Spatial Strategies and Selection of the Preferred Spatial Strategy The formulation of Alternative Spatial Strategies and Selection of the Preferred Spatial Strategy are vital stages in the local development planning process and are concerned specifically with the physical aspects of planning.P.1. As shown in Figure 4. data collection and analysis is first carried out. The output of the Situational 11 U.

policies. Land use policies will be developed in support of the chosen spatial strategy.P. More details will be added into each land use classification. Other tools implementing the CLUP will also be formulated such as the Investment Incentives Code. medium-term. The Ecological Profile containing both sectoral and physical data. all the stakeholders in the City/Municipality proceed to formulate the Vision. the Overall Development Goals and Objectives. together with the multistakeholder-generated Vision. Ecological Profile. results of detailed sectoral studies that have physical implications are fed into the CLUP preparation. Gender and Development Code to name a few. the Environmental Code. the consultative process is observed to the fullest with participation from the POs.3 CDP Preparation As previously defined.1. 4. namely short-term.1. Traffic and Transportation Code. the more recent term.2 CLUP Preparation and Detailing Using the preferred spatial strategy as the backbone. the results of the detailed sectoral studies particularly the physical requirements of the proposed programs and projects of the various sectors as well as the indicative financial implications of such become main considerations in deciding on the preferred spatial strategy. strategies. With the Ecological Profile as the background. These in turn become inputs to the formulation of Alternative Spatial Strategies. The Vision embodies where the City/Municipality wants to be in the future. This step is done in close coordination with the CDP preparation especially in providing spatial dimensions to each of the sectors. Overall Development Goals and Objectives. It is proposed that three (3) CDPs will be prepared. NGOs and the private sector with the LGU as main facilitator inasmuch as the resulting physical configuration of the City/Municipality and the future use of its land and physical resources have tremendous implications on both the present and future generations. The plan is a complete document that includes even projects of the national government. In the same manner. the CLUP is developed for a 15-year planning period. This may not necessarily mean 3 separate documents but one CDP divided into 3 timeframes. This document will be the basis for the formulation of the zoning ordinance. Health and Sanitation Code and. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . Overall Development Goals and Objectives are the general and specific direction and quality of development desired by a community and its population. 4. and longterm. Like the spatial strategy. Needless to say. a CLUP will be prepared and detailed. 12 U. In this stage of the process and in the subsequent testing and evaluation of such strategies.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Analysis is called Socio-Economic-Physical Profile or. short-medium-long term programs and projects for the growth and development of the city/municipality”. which is a local legal measure which embodies regulations affecting land use. provide the preliminary basis for forecasting the future situation. the CDP is “a document embodying the vision. one each for three planning periods. sectoral goals and objectives.

use of mathematical models for option testing. national agencies and the provincial government might have initiated projects that had not been originally anticipated. The ELA as a “score card” can definitely be a good basis for a well informed and intelligent choice by the voters in the local community during the succeeding elections. 4. etc) to the programs and projects programmed for the 3-year timeframe. It will be an agenda that local elective officials can commit to within their 3-year term of office and for which they can be held accountable for by their local constituents. This will guarantee that only the most qualified. the ELA should contain the short-term CDP plus the legislative measures proposed by the City/Municipal Council in order to provide all the needed support (technical. and full evaluation of each option.1.4 The ELA The ELA. as described in Section 3. It is possible that some plan components that are under the jurisdiction of other agencies are not approved or are delayed in implementation. Plans are seldom implemented to the letter. The shorter the term of the plans. Basically. It is proposed that the relationships depicted in Figure 4 should be adopted.2 of this paper. At best and if formulated properly. is adopted with a slight modification on the relationship between the CLUP and the CDP. Detailed sectoral studies will be carried out in producing the long-term CDP (15-year plan). School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . Moreover. goals and objectives that have been set. such as funding surpluses or shortages. financial. This step of the process will still be guided by the overall vision and sectoral goals and objectives. The frequency of updates is not the same for all plans. this could entail the formulation of options. 13 U. while ensuring consistency with the overall vision.5 Updating of Plans Plans are updated periodically to take into account changing circumstances. Updating puts the plans back on track or takes into account new developments. the ELA can be a good governance tool inasmuch as it can effectively measure the performance of local executives. The production of the medium-term would not anymore entail full evaluation as such has already been done for the long-term planning horizon. the more frequent the plans are to be updated.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process The short-term CDP could be developed immediately after data collection and analysis and would provide immediate solutions to identified problems. A number of programs and projects in the short-term CDP are those already committed and in the pipeline. The medium-term CDP is derived by operational interpolation between the long-term and short-term CDP’s. For some sectors. institutional. dedicated and developmentoriented candidates are elected to office. 4. the time period for the long-term CDP is also 15 years. To ensure consistency with the CLUP.P. Operational interpolation means arriving at the 6-year plan through programming of intervention between the two periods.1.

At the end of the term of the second medium-term CDP or a total of 12 years from the start. The CLUP It is suggested that the CLUP is updated only once to be done during the formulation of second medium-term CDP. Table 3. 4. The LGU has three years to undertake this study. However. a new round of full blown CLUP-CDP study should be initiated. As for the long-term CDP. updates of the short-term CDP. the second volume the CDP and the third volume the CLUP. of course.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process a. a 2004-2007 CDP becomes a 2005-2007 CDP and not 20052008 CDP. 4. The CDPs and ELA The short-term CDP and the ELA should be updated annually. ELA and medium-term CDP may be presented as separate documents. b. The term remains the same and not rolled.6 Reports The first round of CLUP and CDP preparation is best presented in one document. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) Rationale . Timeframes of CLUP and CDP Plan Timeframe 14 U. As in the short-term CDP. One of the products of such a study is.e.1. At the end of their term. The one and only update of the CLUP and CDP (after 6 years) may also be reported under one document. This will ensure that both documents remain consistent with each other. although with appropriate references to the CLUP and long-term CDP. The first volume may contain the Ecological Profile of the study area. For example. The medium-term CDP is updated only once to be done during the formulation of the second short-term CDP. This is also true for the ELA. i. A new medium-term CDP is prepared after the expiration of the first medium-term CDP.P. a new CLUP. to properly reflect the interactive process that has been employed. twice during their term. new short-term CDP and ELA are prepared based on the medium-term and long-term CDPs. it is updated at the same that the CLUP is being updated. albeit with more than volume. the updated medium-term CDP will have the same term and not rolled.2 Timeframes of CLUP and CDP Table 3 below provides the recommended timeframes for the CLUP and the CDP.

targets.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process CLUP 15 years It is presumed that the physical landscape will not be drastically altered within the next 15 years unless devastated with severe natural calamities such as earthquakes. Regional planning replicates the planning objectives at the national level. 4. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . causing a greater stability in the use of land. The plan formulation process starts when the national government mandates the NEDA Board to prepare a set of guidelines for the preparation of plans at the various levels. The Regional Development Council (RDC) serves as the counterpart of the NEDA 15 U. the country has long-range planning. The highest level of planning agency is the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). With declining population growth.P. The proposed updating of the plan after six years will take into account rapid changes as may occur in large urban areas. policies and strategies as well as programs and projects. and will thus spillover beyond the shortor even the medium-term. Population growth is projected to be below 2.0 percent for the next 10-15 years. There are programs/projects particularly large infrastructure ones that have longer implementation periods.3 Agencies involved in the CDP and CLUP Preparation There are various levels of planning in the Philippines. Other agencies provide inputs in terms of sectoral development goals. objectives. tsunamis and other natural calamities. massive landslides. At the national level. CDP Short-term : 3 years Medium-term: 6 years Long-term : 15 years The timeframes of the CDP are made to coincide with the terms of office of local officials to be able to pinpoint responsibilities for specific local development initiatives as well as establish accountability. the medium-term planning and sectoral planning. pressure on the land as measured by the man/land ratio is expected to decrease as well. Having a term longer than 15 years is impractical because we cannot really predict with some accuracy what will happen beyond 15 years.

Sectoral Committees are put in place to handle social. For this purpose. formulation of local investment incentives. The Code mandates that each local government unit (LGU) shall have a comprehensive multi-sectoral development plan to be initiated by its development council (the local executive body) and approved by its sanggunian (the local legislative body). 16 U. or Barangay level shall assist the corresponding Sanggunian in setting the direction of economic and social development. The local planning and development office headed by the MPDC/CPDC serves as the technical arm of the MDC/CDC. as mandated by the Local Government Code.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Board at the regional level. otherwise known as the Local Government Code. the Local Development Council (LDC) is the planning body of the local government units. training. review and prioritization of socio-economic development plans. city. The municipal mayor is to direct the formulation of the municipal development plan. implement the same. projects and activities in the LGU in accordance with the approved development Plan. Section 106. municipal. 4. economic and infrastructure development and development administration matters. the formulation of long term. and coordinating development efforts within its territorial jurisdiction. policies and investment programs and their implementation. assists and supports the Council in discharging its functions. The legal mandates of various agencies in relation to the formulation. the development council of the province at the provincial. medium term and annual socio-economic development plans and policies.P. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . and upon approval thereof by the sangguniang bayan (municipal legislative body). Apart from the Executive Committee which acts for and in behalf of the Council when it is not in session. the regional line agencies and the private sector. It is composed of representatives from the local government units. Its functions include the coordination. approval and monitoring of CLUP and CDP are given below. Land use plans are to be prepared through zoning ordinances which shall be the primary and dominant basis for the future use of land resources. prioritization and implementation of plans and programs. It performs the tasks relating to planning research. budgeting and implementation of development programs. the integration. Title 6 of the Local Government Code (LGC) stipulates that each local government unit shall have a comprehensive multi-sectoral development plan to be initiated by its development council and approved by its Sanggunian.1 Formulation The formulation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plans and Comprehensive Development Plans falls under the mandate of Republic Act 7160. The functions of the MDC/CDC include the review of the proposed development programs and projects that will form part of the LDIP and subsequent AIP. At the Provincial and Municipal level. It also has an Advisory Committee that advises.3. with the assistance of the municipal development council.

compile and compare projects for extra-local agencies and organizations to identify complementary projects so that such projects can be jointly conducted and implemented. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . with due consideration of what are recurring and what are not. as amended by EO 90. Internal Revenue Allotment. S. The Local Finance Committee (LFC) in close coordination with the Local (municipal) Development Council (MDC) are tasked to determine and project fund available for these projects as determined by analysis of appropriate revenue data from real property taxes. 72 of 1993 – delineates the power and responsibilities of the LGUs and the HLURB in the preparation and implementation of comprehensive land use plans under a decentralized framework of local governance viz: Section 1 – Plan formulation or updating – (a) Cities and municipalities shall continue to formulate or update their respective comprehensive land use plans. Such cities and municipalities shall likewise be responsible for the institution of other actions in the enforcement of the provisions thereof.2 Evaluation/Approval Presidential Decree 933 and Executive Order 648.3. project fund-determination. or both. 4. business fees and licenses. of 1981. Section 2 – Plan review and approval – (a) pursuant to section 468 (a2-vii) of the LGC. of 1986 – empower the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB) to review. Section 3 – Plan Implementation – (a) the authority of the HLURB to issue location clearances for locally-significant projects is hereby devolved to cities and municipalities with comprehensive land use plans reviewed and approved in accordance with this Order. and approve or disapprove land use plans of cities and municipalities. evaluate. In the event of the shortage of funds LGUs can guide private investment through incentives such as tax breaks after it has properly determined its priority programs and projects. project prioritization. Executive Order No. and project fund allocation.P. Such powers shall be exercised by the sangguniang panlalawigan. For this 17 U.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process The Local Government Code (LGC) has already established provisions and guidelines for LGUs to be guided in project identification. If it has been determined that the actual funds available do not match the programs and projects for implementation the LGU can choose to improve fiscal management. other taxes. the powers of the HLURB to review and approve the implementation of the comprehensive land use plans of the component cities and municipalities are hereby devolved to the province. service operations income. project fund-sourcing. subject to national standards and guidelines. incur public debt of credit financing. in conformity with the land use planning and zoning standards and guidelines prescribed to the HLURB pursuant to national policies. The Local Planning and Development Office is tasked to screen and match. S.

DILG acts as the monitoring body on how each LGU manages their own municipalities. 4. The Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG).3 Prescribe the standards and guidelines governing the preparation of land use plans. requires each local government unit (LGU) to identify projects and programs to address the needs of the different sectors. These projects are included in the LGUs’ Comprehensive Development Plan.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process purpose. The land use committees at various levels – national. Table 4. Several national agencies play institutional roles in terms of a national land use classification and allocation system adopted by the inter-agency National Land Use Committee (NLUC).3. provinces and the cities and municipalities of Metro Manila (which are enacted through zoning ordinances and stand as the primary and dominant bases for the use of land resources in the respective localities). they may call on the HLURB and such other NGA’s for any legal and technical assistance. The HLURB’s functions are comprehensive and include: • • • • 4.3. Matrix of the Roles of Various Agencies in Planning (Outside of Metro Manila) Based on Legal Issuances AGENCIES CLUP I Formulation II Review/Approval III Monitoring CDP I Formulation II Review/Approval III Monitoring Legend: *** City/Mun Province1 HLURB DILG *** * *** ** *** *** * *** *** *** Principal Role 18 U.4 Summary The mandates of various agencies in each stage of the CLUP/CDP process are summarized in Table 4. 92-41 dated July 6. regional and provincial are now using these land use planning categories with their corresponding national sectoral agencies. Review and approve the comprehensive land use plan (CLUP) of highly urbanized cities. Monitoring DILG Memorandum Circular No.P. and Adjudicate and settle disputes over the same. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) * *** 1 ** *** *** Applies to municipalities and component cities NEDA & Other NGAs * **/* . Extend technical and related forms of planning assistance to the local government units (LGUs). as a minimum requirement. annual investment programs. 1992 mandates the local government units to prepare. • Monitor the implementation of these plans. independent component cities.

utilization. These are based on the Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of Comprehensive Land Use Plan. Labor. Congressmen. flooding (DPWH). 19 U. PO.1 The act of defining the allocation. Academe and Church Representatives from Local Government: Members of the Sangguniang Panlungsod. economic. development and management of all lands within a given territory or jurisdiction according to the inherent qualities of the land itself and supportive of sustainable. Key City Officials Representatives from the National Agency Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB) Concerned Agencies on Traffic (DOTC). solid waste disposal (DOH & MMDA). Series of 1996 issued by the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB). Members of the City Development Council. informal settlements (NHA & HUDCC) Metro Manila Council Sangguniang Panglungsod Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB) 5. Environmental Organization. Women’s Group. Table 5.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process ** * Major Supporting Role Supporting Role The activities and agencies involved for cities/municipalities located in Metro Manila are depicted in Table 5. the UP SURP position paper puts forward a recommended definition for each term.1. 5. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . Matrix of the Roles of Various Agencies in Planning (for Metro Manila) Based on Legal Issuances Activities Public Exhibition/ Information Dissemination Formation of Hearing Board Public Hearing Review of CLUP/ZO Approval of CLUP/ZO Agencies/Groups Involved LGU Civic Groups City Mayors as Chairman City Urban Planning and Development Coordinator HLURB Technical Representative Sangguniang Panglungsod Representative Local Sector Experts General Public Representatives from private sector consisting of business (such as private investors and developers) and Professional Organizations Representatives from Civil Society consisting of NGO. Recommended Definitions of Planning Terms Commonly Used in the CLUP and CDP Preparation The following arrays the various definitions for each planning term as taken from a number of references. In this section.P.1 Land Use Planning 5.

al. et.241). p. p.2. development and management of all lands within a given territory or jurisdiction according to the inherent qualities of the land itself and supportive of sustainable. economic. 5. p.126). 5. 5. p..3 A translation into spatial dimensions and allocation of the various sectoral land requirements of the socio-economic development plan (Serote. utilization.al.. 2004. 2004.241). Property. 2004. Local Administration and Land (1997 HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan: Model Zoning Ordinance.4 The long-term guide for the management of local territories. p. UP-PLANADES. socio-cultural and environmental objectives as an aid to decision-making and legislation (1997 RA 8435 in Endriga. Settlement areas.126.al. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .1 A document embodying specific proposals for guiding and regulating growth and/or development. i. 5. Demography.al. Guides the formulation of programs and projects of local officials to ensure continuity. demographic.2. et.9).e. Dolores.The act of defining the allocation. 5. in Endriga. 2004). 347).2004. 2004 DILG Local Legislators’ Toolkit. 2004. (Serote. Infrastructure areas.4 A policy guide for the regulation of land uses throughout the LGU’s territorial jurisdiction and as such covers 4 land use policy areas: Protected areas.al.3 The rational and judicious development.126.al. Dolores. et. and Production areas (Serote. p.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process demographic.2 A long-term (10-30 years) guide for the development of the local area. Ernesto M. 2004. socio-cultural and environmental objectives as an aid to decision-making and legislation (1997 RA 8435 in Endriga. 1997 DENR Guidebook on the Preparation of a Sustainable Land Use Plan in Endriga. Patrimony & Territory: Foundations of Land Use Planning in the Philippines.2.1. It contains policies on settlements. 20 U.2. 347). Infrastructure and Utilities. How to Formulate an Executive and Legislative Agenda for Local Governance and Development. 5. 2004.P. p. protected areas.. production areas and infrastructure (DILG. ownership.126).2 A political act of crafting public policy whereby the state regulates the acquisition. Socio-Economic. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. 126. et. QC: UP-SURP & UP-PLANADES. Vol V in Endriga. UP-PLANADES.1. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. utilization of land resources in a sustainable manner (1997 HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan: Land Use.2 Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) 5. 5. QC: UPSURP. p. et. Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Land Use Planning . The main components of the CLUP in this usage are the sectoral studies.1. p. p. 2004 DILG Local Legislators’ Toolkit. rationality and stability in local development efforts down through the generations. QC: UP-SURP. p. Vol X. use and disposition of property to promote the common good or general welfare (1987 Philippine Constitution in Endriga. 2004. et.126).

5.6 The document/s including maps. concerns and challenges to LGU development It contains plans and programs on social. standards and strategies for the growth and development of the community (Universal Glossary of Land Use Terms and Phrases in the 1998 Land use Law Center Pace University of Law.(UP School of Urban and Regional Planning). such as the socio-economic.3 A document embodying specific proposals for guiding. physical. land acquisition and disposition programs and capital improvement programs. including area phasing. DILG and HLURB Memorandum Circular Prescribing Guidelines to Implement MC 54). economic and environmental development of the Urban Zone as outlined in the Concept Plan. p. As a comprehensive plan. DILG and HLURB Memorandum Circular Prescribing Guidelines to Implement MC 54). 5.3.3. among others.P. 40). policies. 2004. the factors indicating the socially desired mix of land uses and a set of policies to guide future development.2 A written document that identifies the vision.) so that it can serve as their program of government (Serote. the factors indicating the socially desired mix of land uses and a set of policies to guide future development (Joint DAR. Its main components are the sector plans. DA. including maps specifying the nature of future physical. Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP– A document embodying specific proposals for guiding and regulating growth and/or development. institutional. 5.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process 5. it covers such sectors as social. 2004. and Alcalde. 5. (Endriga.1 A medium– to short-term action plan to implement projects identified in the Sustainable Land Use Plan (SLUP) and other programs and projects designed to realize the objectives of the SLUP. physical and infrastructure development. policy guidelines strategies and proposals for over-all socio-economic growth and development of the area. Yap. Elum. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . economic.4 An action plan and an implementing instrument of the CLUP. charts and other materials embodying goals and objectives. and administration and financial development (DILG. 2004. local administration and land use plan (Joint DAR. environmental management. It is also a translation into spatial dimensions and allocation of the various sectoral land requirements and includes a land use map.3. goals. infrastructure.2. et. guidelines. DA. economic.3 Comprehensive Development Plan (CDP) 5. p. 5.3.5 A medium-term (5-10 years) plan of action for implementing the CLUP. environmental and institutional (1997 DENR Guidebook on the Preparation of a Sustainable Land Use Plan in Endriga. 5. sectoral programs. It provides an overview of key aspirations.9). Its time frame should only cover the tenure of local officials (3 yrs. social. p.al. It has also been defined as an integrated series of decision documents.3. principles.5 A plan which includes a land use map.3. consisting of. The Laguage of 21 U. regulating growth and/or development. 156). a land use plan. objectives. How to Formulate an Executive and Legislative Agenda for Local Governance and Development.

UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Environmental Planning in the Philippines School of Urban and Regional Planning. p.4.p. 2004. 5. It directs and regulates the use of all in the community in accordance with an approved and 0adopted land use plan for the municipality. Vol V in Endriga. 22 U.55) Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Comprehensive Development Plan – A document embodying the vision.The division of a city/municipality into zones or districts according to the present and potential uses of land to maximize.2 The delineation or division of a Municipality into a functional zone where only specific land uses are allowed. 2004.3 The division of a community into zones or districts according to the present and potential uses of land to maximize. defines and designates different land uses in the municipality. subject to the limitations imposed by law or competent authority (l997 DENR Guidebooks on Sustainable Land Use Planning and Management-Institutional Development Concepts on Land Use Planning and Management. regulate and direct their use and development in accordance with the comprehensive land use plan of the city/municipality (HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan.5. Model Zoning Ordinance. 242).238). 5. Volume 10). 5. 242). policies.al. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . Volume 10).al.2 The principal and legal instrument for enforcing the locational policies and performance standards of the CLUP (Serote. It regulates land uses and prescribes limitations on structures and infrastructures thereon (DILG Local Legislators’ Toolkit.3 An ordinance which classifies. 2004. 1983. Endriga. Quezon City.P. 5.4. strategies.4. p. University of the Philippines. short-medium-long term programs and projects for the growth and development of the city/municipality (UP School of Urban and Regional Planning). 2004. et. 2004.1 The legislative act of delineating areas or districts within the territorial jurisdictions of cities and municipalities that may be put to specific uses and their regulation. Local Legislators’ Toolkit. 5. Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Zoning . et. p. 2004. requiring fees and imposing penalties (DILG.239).5 Zoning Ordinance 5.5. p.1 An ordinance or local legal measure which embodies regulations affecting land use (HSRC.5. 5.p.4 Zoning 5. delineates.4. p. regulate and direct their use and development in accordance with the comprehensive land use plan of the community (HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan.154). sectoral goals and objectives.

Model Zoning Ordinance.239).6. et. et. Vol.5.5.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process 5.3 A prioritized list of programs and projects requisite in the achievement of the local government unit’s development objectives (Philippines.4. 5. Model Zoning Ordinance. p. et. Vol. 1996). X. (Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. as a separate document (Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board.6.6. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. 23 U.al. 2003. Volume 5) Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Zoning Ordinance . the boundary description of the various zoning districts and the allowable or permitted uses per zoning district. 5.1 A document that translates the Comprehensive Development Plan into programs and projects and selects those that will be picked up by the municipal government for funding in the annual general fund budget or through special fund generation schemes (Guidebook on the Preparation of a Sustainable Land Use Plan in Endriga. 1997) 5..6. Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan: A Report Writing. 5.7 Defines the different land use districts of the city or municipality. 5. 2004. Administration Order 6 (1998) Implementing Rules and Regulations Pursuant to Republic Act 8435 (AFMA. Vol X. p. 133). 5.5 A compendium of the capital investment proposals of all government agencies operating in the municipality (The Ministry of Human Settlements. 133). Endriga..An ordinance or local legal measure which embodies regulations affecting land use (HSRC. VI in Endriga. It is a translation of the priority projects as indicated in the CLUP (HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan. 4th Revised Edition.. Such ordinance shall be presented in its full context. Volume 5). (HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan. 5.5. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan: Model Zoning Ordinance.6 Refers to a local legislation approving the development/land use plan and providing for the regulations and other conditions on the uses of land including the limitation on the infrastructure that may be placed within the territorial jurisdiction of a city or municipality. Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan: Local Administration. 2004. (Department of Agriculture.p.al. 5.6 Local Development Investment Program (LDIP) 5.2 A document that contains the identified programs and projects that will have a long-term impact on the physical character of the city or municipality (Philippines.al. et. p.133).5 A law by local or regional authority (government) that sets parameters for the uses of a property.P.4 A local legal measure which embodies regulations affecting land use.5.6. Vol. 1997). 2004.al.4 An implementing tool of the comprehensive land use plan. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . VIII in Endriga. Quezon City : HLURB. p. The preparation of a zoning ordinance is based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan and is enacted by the Local Sangguniang through a resolution. 1983.

2 An integral part of the annual local government planning and budgeting process. School of Urban & Regional Planning). Municipalities and Cities. 2. Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Executive Legislative Agenda (ELA) . 5. The document contains major development thrusts and priorities of both departments for their 3-year term of office consistent with the development vision and mission of the locality (2004 Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program Manual on How to Formulate an Executive and Legislative Agenda (ELA) for Local Governance and Development). and Liga ng mga Barangay.1 The annual component of plans and programs (Serote. 3 for Annual Investment Programming. p. 5.164). 2004. 1994. 6. Conclusion 24 U.8. Guidebook No. April 1985) Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Local Development Investment Program – A 3-year document that translates the Comprehensive Development Plan into programs and projects that will be implemented by the city/municipal government for funding (U.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process “Town Planning Under the Inter-Agency Local Planning Assistance Program”. NEDA. The document contains major development thrusts and priorities of both departments for their 3-year term of office consistent with the development vision and mission of the locality (2004 PhilippinesCanada Local Government Support Program Manual on How to Formulate an Executive and Legislative Agenda (ELA) for Local Governance and Development).P.1 An integrated plan that is mutually developed and agreed upon by the Executive and Legislative departments of the LGUs.8 Executive Legislative Agenda (ELA) 5. p.7 Annual Investment Program (AIP) 5. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) .P. Recommended Definition: (Note: Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005) Annual Investment Program – The current year’s component of the LDIP (UP School of Urban and Regional Planning). Leagues of Provinces. 5. Philippine Planning Journal Vol XVI.An integrated plan that is mutually developed and agreed upon by the Executive and Legislative departments of the LGUs. No.7). it is a tool by which a local government unit annually manages and financially supports its 3-10 year sectoral plan and its LDIP (DILG.7.7. Basically.

A Report Writing. Vol.R. Cited by Endriga. Dolores. this could be done through membership of these agencies in the LDC concerned and/or through the NEDA. Quezon City: UP-SURP and UP-PLANADES. LM. Land Use. Local Administration. H. Cited by Endriga. The key points of this paper may be summarized as follows: - The CLUP and CDP are separate plans but they are the products of one integrated process. BIBLIOGRAPHY Books 1987 Philippine Constitution. VIII. H.R.L. Pulumbarit-Elum. D. and Alcalde.P. produces the CLUP and the CDP as separate volumes under one document. with the DILG providing technical assistance.. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. Quezon City: UP-SURP and UP-PLANADES.. The process. Quezon City: UP-SURP and UP-PLANADES. Moreover. Dolores. as well as extends technical assistance in its preparation. - The DILG provides technical assistance to the LGU’s in the preparation of both the CLUP and the CDP.L. p. - The HLURB has regulatory functions over the CLUP. Yap. 1997 HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. LM. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . Dolores. considering that approval and monitoring of these documents lie with different agencies. D. p. however. 1 Approved by the Inter-Agency Technical Working Group on Improving the Local Planning Process on 14 November 2005. majority of the data used are common to both plans. Cited by Endriga. the CLUP is covered by the regulatory function of the HLURB whereas the CDP is basically within the domain of the LGU’s. Pulumbarit-Elum. H.. LM. 2004. vol. - The CDP includes programs and projects of national line agencies therefore its preparation should be coordinated with these agencies. and Alcalde. the updating of the two plans should also be properly synchronized. It is mainly for this reason that the preparation of the CLUP and the CDP should be done at the same time with the CDP providing the sectoral demand for such resources. Cited by Endriga.. so it is economical to undertake the preparation of both plans simultaneously. p. 126. 2004.. and Alcalde. The CLUP is derived taking into account the supply of and demand for land and other physical resources. Likewise. 133. D. Dolores. 5..L. 126... The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. Yap. 25 U. 2004. Pulumbarit-Elum.. Pulumbarit-Elum. VI. Vol. Yap. In particular.R.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process The paper is proposing an interactive and iterative CLUP-CDP process that integrates the preparation of CLUP and CDP1. 1997 HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan. This process has been adopted for technical and practical reasons. 1997 HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan.

LGSP.L. Cited by Endriga. 1997. Pulumbarit-Elum. Yap. D. Land Use.P. DILG Local Legislators’ Philippines.. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. Dolores. Quezon City: UP-SURP and UPPLANADES. Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan: Land Use Plan. and Liga ng mga Barangay. 2001. 133. Yap. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. Yap. Leagues of Provinces. and Alcalde. 3 for Annual Investment Programming. D.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process LM. DILG. 1997. 2004. 1994. Quezon City: HLURB.. Guidebook No. X. 2004 Guidebooks. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines..R... Dolores. Endriga.L. p. Pulumbarit-Elum. Quezon City: HLURB. H. Department of the Interior and Local Government. and Alcalde. Yap.L. Manuals. Patrimony and Territory: Foundations of Land Use Planning in the Philippines.L.. and Alcalde. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . H. 2004. Quezon City: UP-SURP and UP-PLANADES. Serote. Quezon City: UP-SURP and UP-PLANADES.. Property. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. Planning Strategically: Guidelines for the Application of the Strategic Planning Process in the Preparation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) and Important Urban Area Issues and Problems. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. The Language of Environmental Planning in the Philippines. Quezon City: UP-SURP and UP-PLANADES. H. D. pp. D. Philippines. D. H. Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan: Model Zoning Ordinance. Philippines. Vol.. Philippines. Quezon City: HLURB. Yap.R. Journals Philippines. QC: UP-SURP and UP-PLANADES. Toolkit. Municipalities and Cities. Philippines-Canada Local Government Support Program. 133. p. Vol. Dolores. Pamphlets. Cited by Endriga. 238. DENR Guidebook on the Preparation of a Sustainable Land Use Plan. Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board. Dolores. Philippines.. LM. 1996 and1998. 2004. 126.R.. 1997 HLURB Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan... LM. Philippines. X. Quezon City: HLURB. 126. Vol. LM. and Alcalde. Quezon City: UPSURP and UP-PLANADES. Republic Act 8435 (1997). 2004. Ernesto M. Philippines. 2004. Department of the Interior and Local Government. 2004. National Economic and Development Authority. 26 U. p.. Cited by Endriga.. H. V. Guidelines for the Formulation/Revision of a Comprehensive Land Use Plan. How to Formulate an Executive and Legislative Agenda (ELA) for Local Governance and Development. 126.R. 2004.R. and Alcalde. Pulumbarit-Elum. LM. Pulumbarit-Elum.L.

Administrative Order 6 . (May 13.P.1993. 92-41 – Guidelines for preparation of Local Development Plans and Annual Investment Programs as basis for 1993 budget preparation. Legal Issuances Department of Agriculture.” Philippine Planning Journal Vol XVI. 1976) RA 7279 – Urban Development and Housing Act of 1992. How to Formulate an Executive and Legislative Agenda for Local Governance and Development. HLURB Resolution No. 72 – Providing for the Preparation and Implementation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plans of Local Government Units Pursuant to the Local Government Code of 1991 and Other Pertinent Laws. No. (December 17. Pace University of Law. Department of the Interior and Local Government. Republic Act 7160 . 1992) 27 U. 714 – Approving the Guidelines on the Application of Strategic Planning Process to the Preparation of Comprehensive Land Use Plans (Planning Strategically) (2001) HSRC Model Zoning Ordinance. 2004. The Ministry of Human Settlements. March 25. School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP) . (1983) Joint DAR.Local Government Code of 1991 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations. DILG and HLURB Memorandum Circular Prescribing Guidelines to Implement MC 54 Letter of Instruction 729. “Town Planning Under the Inter-Agency Local Planning Assistance Program. Universal Glossary of Land Use Terms and Phrases in the 1998 Land Use Law Center. (1978) Presidential Decree 933 – Creating the Human Settlements Commission.UP SURP Position Paper on the Improvement of the Local Planning Process Philippines.2 (April 1985): 1-20. 1992) EO 648 – Reorganizing the Human Settlements Regulatory Commissions. DA. (1998) Republic Act 8435 – Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act.Implementing Rules and Regulations of RA 8435. (1997) Department of the Interior and Local Government Memorandum Circular No. (June 1. 1986) Executive Order No. DILG. (1981) EO 90 – Abolishing the Ministry of Human Settlements and Creating the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council. (July 6.