You are on page 1of 2

General Education - Computer Science

Domain Ontology and Tour Information

Service based on Your Own Title

[A1]: Arial 17point

Heum Park1*

[A2]: Times New Roman 10.5 point

School of Engineering, Youngsan University, Yangsan-si Gyeongnam-do 626-790, R.O.Korea

[Email :]

[A3]: Times New Roman 9point

This paper presents introduction or story of you: domain ontology and tour information
service based on tourists generic activities for safety of oversea trip. There have been a lot
of risks on oversea trip: kidnapping, lost way, disease, injury, fire, flood, earthquake, local
war, etc. Thus, it needs information services to overcome and escape from the risks on
oversea trips. With the recent advances in SNS services, there is increasing use of tour
information services: attractions, accommodation, transportation, food, etc. using domain
ontology. However, there have been only a few studies undertaken from the perspective of
both domain ontology and tour information services for safe oversea trips. Thus, in this
paper, we propose 1) domain ontology that consists of concepts for risk, location, tourist
information, tourist activity and information of national security office, and 2) tour
information service based on tourists generic activities with the ontology for safe oversea
trip. With them, we can get information of risks on oversea trips and announces travelers
risk in real time.

Index Terms: Domain Ontology, Safe Oversea Trip, Tour Information Service, Tour Risk.

Recently, issues for VR and AR in the world, with advances in SNS technologies, we
can more readily find tour information on accommodations, transportation, shopping, food,
festivals and attractions, making trip and package tour planning for oversea trips. In
addition, the services have been designed mostly for the travel industry: tourist portals,
hotel brokers and travel agencies, and provided the integrated heterogeneous travel
information, recommended tourist attractions according to user profiles and travelers
preferences for pedestrian travelers using mobile systems. In addition, many studies on the
ontological approach to intelligent tourist information services have been introduced [1, 2].
However, most of the studies on these travel utilities have focused on domain ontologies
for tourist attractions travel agents, package tours or tour recommendations; contrastingly,
there have been relatively only a few studies treating based on travelers tasks. A few
studies have proceeded from the perspective of task ontology based on users generic
activities and tasks, and task-oriented tourist information service using them [3].
There have been a lot of risks on oversea trip: kidnapping, disease, injury, fire, flood,
earthquake, local war, etc. For individual travelers, they themselves may create problems
for their own safety and security. The causes may be: 1) excesses and dangerous practices
of tourists in sport, and leisure activities, driving, food and drink, 2) tourists previous

[A4]: Times New Roman 9.5point

General Education - Computer Science


[A5]: Arial 11point

We designed an domain ontology for the tour information domain. The ontology
consists of concepts and relations for 6 main classes for tour information of safe oversea
trip: 1) Risk, 2) Location, 3) Tourist Information, 4) Tourist Activity, 5) Information of
National Security Office, and 6) SNS Apps and Services. The class Risk has the
subclasses: Disaster, Conflagration, Injury, Traffic Accident, Incident of Sea, Ship Sinking,
Death, War, Isolation, Kidnapping, Disease, Loat Way, etc. The Location has the
subclasses: Latitude, Longitude, Country, City, Address, Street/Road, Highway, Building,
Hotel, attraction, etc. The Tourist Information comprehends 10 subclasses: Destination,
Transportation, Attraction, Food, Shopping, etc. [2], the Private Traveler Information,
and Schedule, Reservation and Agency.

Fig. 1. Subclasses, their instances and relations among them of Ontology

[A6]: Times 10point

[A7]: Arial 7point

Table 1. Travelers Generic Activities and their Objects on trip

Confront with

Accommodation, Goods, Transportation, Food, Movie, etc.
Hotel, Attraction, Lodgment, etc.
Train, Bus, Subway, Airplane, etc.
Earthquake, Flood, Conflagration, Injury, Traffic Accident, etc.
Risk, Situation, Location, Address, Text, Picture, Movie, etc.
Accommodation, Restaurant, Shop, Attraction, Somewhere, etc.

[A8]: Times New Roman 8point

[1] Toby H. W. Lam and Raymond S. T. Lee, iJADE FreeWalker: An Intelligent Ontology Agent-based
Tourist Guiding System, Springer, vol. 72, pp. 103-125, 2007.
[2] H. Park, S. Kwon and H-C Kwon, Ontology-based Approach to Intelligent Ubiquitous Tourist
Information System, Proceedings of 4th International Conference Ubiquitous Information
Technologies & Applications, ICUT 09, 2009.
[3] H. Park, Task Model and Task Ontology based on Mobile Users Generic Activities for Task-Oriented
Tourist Information Service, International Journal of Smart Home, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 33-44, 2013.

[A9]: Times New Roman 8point