You are on page 1of 104

MAKING

SENSE OF
PHRASAL
VERBS
MARTIN SHOVEL
SELF STUDY EDITION
WITH ANSWERS

TAKE AFTER

Making Sense of
Phrasal Verbs
Martin Shovel

ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING

Prentice Hall
New York

London

Toronto

Sydney

Tokyo

Singapore

To Martha
Published 1992 by
Prentice Hall International (UK) Limited
Campus 400. Maylands Avenue
Hemel Hempstead. Herts HP2 7EZ
a division of
Simon & Schuster International Group
© 1992 Prentice Hall International (UK) Limited
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted,
in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior
permission, in writing, from the publisher.
First published 1985 by Cassell Publishers Limited.
Printed and bound in Great Britain by The Bath Press, Avon.
Designed by Janet McCallum
Phototypset by Chapterhouse. The Cloisters. Formby
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data
Information available from the publisher on request.
ISBN 0-13-554833-0
3 4 5

96 95 94

look forward to. try out. look up. take up. put on give (oneself) up (1). own up. fall through. get round (1) break out in. think over. drop off (1). be over. speak up. pass away/pass on/pass over. make up (2) hold up (1). come up with. turn into. run out of. wear off. take off (2). tell off. burn down. come into. die out get away with. let down. give up (2). look round. put off (1). take in. fill in. put forward go off. go for. beat up. cheer up. go down. give up (3). carry out. get over work out. do up (1). go with. get away. catch on. make up (1). pick up. cut off. break off. look over. hold up (2). point out. look down on. grow up. run in. put up with soak up. go through. be off (2). see off. stand for break down (1). come across. give in look up to. set off call off. check in. look after. let out. take down take over. blow up (1). wear out (2) Reference section Answer key . break out get through (2). break up (2). be off (1). look back put through. bring up. break up (1). make up for. hold on. drop out. make out (1). drop off (2) get round (2). get through (1). look for. be taken aback. break into. brush up. blow up (2). pass out. make out (2). break down (2). give out try on.Introduction Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Unit 13 Unit 14 Unit 15 Unit 16 Unit 17 Unit 18 Unit 19 Unit 20 find out. wear out (1). put (someone) off (2). come round/come to. take off (1). cut down on. let off turn down. do up (2). look into take after. mistake for. calm down tear up. put out. run into. fall out drop in. lay off.

The learner is not expected to produce a dictionary-type definition. Students studying for the First Certificate Examination will find the book especially useful. All six phrasal verbs in the unit should be studied first before the practice section is done. for pairwork. each of which introduces and practises six separate phrasal verbs. The book contains twenty units. Instead. Making Sense of Phrasal Verbs can be used for self-study. It avoids the use of grammatical classifications because such classifications are often more complicated and difficult than the phrasal verbs they are used to teach.Introduction Making Sense of Phrasal Verbs presents a selection of the most useful and frequently used phrasal verbs in the English language.easy to read structural information showing the positioning of noun phrases and pronouns Practice section Each unit has a practice section consisting of a variety of exercises. the aim is to increase the learner's confidence by presenting phrasal verbs in a lively and straightforward way using illustrations and questionprompts. and as a reference book. The question-prompts are designed to focus the learner's attention and help him or her make an informed guess at the meaning of the phrasal verb.a list of words and phrases that can be used with the phrasal verb . for conventional class or group teaching.a clear definition . Each entry includes: . It is intended for intermediate students of English as a second or foreign language. . The exercises are very controlled to begin with and then gradually lead to freeproduction. The guess is expected to take the form of a paraphrase or synonym. At the back of the book there is a reference section in which the phrasal verbs are listed in alphabetical order. Illustrations and question-prompts Each phrasal verb is introduced using illustrations and question-prompts.a context sentence or sentences related to the introductory illustrations . Reference section The reference section contains an alphabetical listing of all the phrasal verbs presented in the book.

The difficulties begin when the combination is 'idiomatic': that is. The learner may.especially the spoken language.e. for example. Phrasal verbs are an essential part of the English language . know the meaning of the verb break and the meaning of the adverb down. . Simple combinations like sit down and stand up cause the learner few problems. when the meaning of the combination as a whole (i. the phrasal verb) is different from the meanings of its separate parts. All the phrasal verbs in this book are idiomatic.A NOTE ON PHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verb is a compound verb formed by one of the following combinations: (1) verb and adverb. but this knowledge will not help him or her to understand the different meanings of the phrasal verb break down. or (2) verb and preposition. and each different meaning is treated as a separate phrasal verb. or (3) verb with both adverb and preposition.

Think of another way of saying find out.Unit 1 find out Where is the man? What do you think he wants to do? Do you think he knows which platform to go to? Who is he talking to? Before he can catch his train he has to do something. Now turn to page 89 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying look for. Make a sentence describing what he is doing. look for Where is the man's right hand? Why? What is he thinking about? 6 Where is the man's hand now? Has he got a key? Can he find it? Make a sentence describing what he is doing. . Now turn to page 92 to check your answer.

Now turn to page 92 to check your answers. 7 . Now turn to page 92 to check your answer. look over Where is the man? Why do you think he is there? Do you think he wants to buy the car? What is he doing? Why? What is he doing now? Why? If the car is in good condition what is the man going to do? Make a sentence describing what he is doing to check the condition of the car. Think of another way of saying look over.Unit 1 look up What is the man doing? Do you think he understands what he is reading? What is he reading now? Why? In the first picture the man found a word he couldn't understand. Make a sentence describing what he is doing to find the meaning of the word. Think of another way of saying look up.

Think of another way of saying look round. Do you think they are married? Do you think it is their house? What is the man on the right doing? What's his job? Are they inside the house? What are they going to do if they like the house? Make a sentence describing what they are doing. 8 . look into What has happened to the man on the ground? Is he dead? Who are the men in uniform? Do they know what happened to the dead man? Do the police want more information about what has happened? Make a sentence describing what the police are doing. Think of another way of saying look into. Now turn to page 92 to check your answer.look round Look at the two people on the left. Now turn to page 92 to check your answer.

4 I want to know the time of the London train so I'll it in the timetable. Use each verb only once. 2 Where is the cat? I've been it all day. Complete the passage using look up/look over/look round. Complete these sentences with verbs from this unit. Each sentence has more than one possible answer. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jane looked up the date. (it) We are looking into it. What are you going to do about my complaint? (look into) 2 How can I get John's telephone number? (look up) 3 What are you doing under the table? (look for) 4 Will you sign this document now? (look over) 5 What did you do in town today? (look round) 6 Do you know who that man is? (find out) 9 . I it and decided to buy it. (look up) POSSIBLE REPLY Why don't you look it up in your dictionary. 2 Let's the house once more before we decide to buy it Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. The other day I was an antique shop when I found an old encyclopedia. (the report) Let's look round it. (the situation) Complete the passage using find out/look into/look for.Unit 1 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. 5 I'd like a few days to the report before I make a decision. 1 This gentleman thinks the service in our hotel is terrible. 1 The salesmen in your store are very rude. At the moment detectives are four men who escaped in a black getaway car. Change the word order if necessary. (it) We looked for the dog. 1 Pass me the address book and I'll the number of his house. When I got home I opened it and the capital of China. The police are yesterday's bank robbery. They are trying to how the robbers managed to open the safe. (the number) Bill found out the number. (the city) We found out the truth. EXAMPLE I don't know how to spell that word. (it) I'd like to look it over. EXAMPLE Bill found it out. We must his complaint immediately. 3 We can where he lives by looking at the map. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. 6 When we were in London we spent a few hours the British Museum. Give all possible answers.

Think of another way of saying take after. 10 . Think of another way of saying grow up. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. grow up What can you see in picture one? How old is he in picture two? Is he still a baby in picture three? Make a sentence describing what is happening to him in the three pictures between 1955 and 1985. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer.Unit 2 take after Do you think these two people are related? What do you think their relationship is? Do you think they look alike? Make a sentence describing the way the small boy looks compared to his father.

Now turn to page 87 to check your answer. bring up What is the year in picture one? What is the woman doing? How old is her little boy in picture two? What is his mother doing? What is happening in pictures three and four? Make a sentence describing what the woman did for her son between 1967 and 1985? Think of another way of saying bring up. Make a sentence describing what the mother is doing for her baby. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer. 11 . Think of another way of saying look after.Unit 2 look after Describe what is happening in each picture.

Unit 2 do up (l) Is this house in good condition? How many people can you see? What are they doing? What do you think they are going to do? Is the house in good condition now? Make a sentence describing what they did to the house. Now turn to page 92 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying do up. 12 . look back Are the two people on the left young or old? What do you think their relationship is? What are they looking at? Are they thinking about the future? Who do you think the couple in the photograph are? Make a sentence describing what the elderly couple are doing? Think of another way of saying look back. Now turn to page 88 to check your answer.

(her) Sandra takes after her. (look after) This flat is in a terrible state. 1 2 3 4 5 Aunt Jane brought up four children. Do not include the agent in your answer. at Complete the passage using look after/take after/do up.Unit 2 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. EXAMPLE Why did you buy that old car? (do up) POSSIBLE REPLY I bought it because I'm going to do it up and sell it. Change the word order if necessary. (his grandfather) You should look after them. Julia wants to be a teacher when she When I stayed in hospital the nurses me very well. When I his childhood it is funny to think he and became a policeman. 1 Jack's mother looked after him. 2 My parents brought me up to respect the law. Change these sentences into the passive. (them) Complete the passage using grow up/bring up/look back. (the lounge in our new flat) Mike takes after him. for instance. Ted was a badly-behaved child and very difficult to . Let's the flat before we try and sell it. Sam his father. (grow up) 13 . Children often their parents. Last week. (bring up) Alison is very clever. He is very careless and doesn't himself properly. (do up) Did you have a happy childhood? (look back) He's a very polite young man. 1 2 3 4 5 6 My aunt her family without any help from her husband. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Your car is in very good condition. 3 They did up the house before they sold it. Use each verb only once. (your new shoes) I enjoy looking back on the old times. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. EXAMPLE Sandra takes after Sue. We must stop and start thinking about the future. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. EXAMPLE John's parents brought him up in the country John was brought up in the country. he fell off a ladder while he was his new house. (take after) Last time I saw Sally she was just a little girl. (them) Let's do it up.

Now turn to page 94 to check your answer. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer.Unit 3 put through What is the man doing? Who is he speaking to? Why do you think he is speaking to her? Is the other telephone ringing? Is the other telephone ringing now? Make a sentence describing what the operator is doing to make the other telephone ring. . speak up Describe the two people. Think of another way of saying put through. What is the young man doing? Can the old man hear him? 14 Is the young man talking more quietly now? Why not? Can the old man hear him now? Make a sentence describing why the old man can hear the young man now. Think of another way of saying speak up.

Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying hold on. hold on What are they doing? What is the man on the right doing? Why do you think the other man is looking at his watch? Make a sentence describing what the man on the left is doing while the other man is getting some information.Unit 3 cut off What are they doing? Are they still talking? Why not? Make a sentence describing why they can't continue their conversation. 15 . Think of another way of saying cut off. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer.

Think of another way of saying get through. Think of another way of saying stand for. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. 16 .Unit 3 get through (1) What is the man doing? Why? Is the other number engaged? Is the other man at home? Is he answering the phone? Make a sentence describing what happens when you phone someone and they are at home and the line isn't engaged. stand for What are the letters on the door? What are the words the woman is thinking? Make a sentence describing the relationship between the letters and the words. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer.

3 The letters U. 4 Robert waited while the telephone operator _ _ _ _ _ the call he was waiting for. Use each verb only once. (speak up) POSSIBLE REPLY He'll have to speak up when he makes his speech. 1 The Gas Board have our gas supply because we haven't paid our bill. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. 2 The telephone operator asked me to while she dialled the number for me. I didn't know what the red cross so I decided to phone the Electricity Board and ask them. (Mrs Clarke) I'll put Mrs Clarke through now. Mr Ford's a bit deaf so you'll have to when I finish the call on the when you tell him. The Electricity Board sent me a card with a red cross on it.S. 6 The examiner asked Colin to because he couldn't hear him. Change the word order if necessary. Ask Mr Ford to and him other line. (John) Fill the space with a preposition where necessary. When I I was told the red cross meant that I would be if I didn't pay my bill immediately.A. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Look at this symbol. please. (it) 3 The chairman cut him off in the middle of his speech. 1 I was put through central office. (cut off) I'd like extension 20. EXAMPLE He's got a very soft voice. 1 The Water Board cut off our water supply.Unit 3 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. Complete the passage using cut off/stand for/get through. (stand for) Have you got your ticket? (hold on) I turned on the tap but there was no water. 5 Joan couldn't to her parents because the line was engaged. Complete the passage using speak up/put through/hold on. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. EXAMPLE I'll put her through now. 2 Mr Gunn's secretary put through his call to America. (put through) Why didn't you phone me last night? (get through) What did she say? (speak up) 17 . the United States of America. (it) 2 Please put through Mr Dodd's call. 3 I can't get through London.

Think of another way of saying break up. Think of another way of saying break down. Now turn to page 87 to check your answer.Unit 4 break down (1) What is happening? Does the man look happy? Is the car going well? Does the man look happy now? Is the car going well? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the car. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. . break up (1) Where do you think they are? What is happening? Do they look happy? 18 Do they look happy now? Why do you think the man is carrying suitcases? Make a sentence describing what has happened to their marriage.

Now turn to page 93 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying break off. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying make up.Unit 4 break off Where do the men come from? Where do you think they are? What are they doing? Why do you think they are having talks? What are they doing? Do you think they are going to continue their talks? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the talks. 19 . make up (1) What are they doing? Do you think they are happy? Are they still quarrelling? Make a sentence describing what they are doing.

Think of another way of saying make up for. Now turn to page 89 to check your answer.Unit 4 make up for Where is the woman in picture one? What is she doing? Who do you think she is waiting for? What time is it? Is she still waiting in picture two? How do you think she feels? What time is it? Who do you think she is with in picture three? What is he giving her? Make a sentence describing why he is giving her the bunch of flowers. . fall out What are the men doing? Do you think they are enjoying themselves? 20 What is happening? Do you think they are still enjoying themselves? Make a sentence describing what they have done? Think of another way of saying fall out. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer.

(their quarrel) They broke off peace talks.Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. Change the word order if necessary. (it) Complete the passage using make up/make up for/break off. 1 2 3 4 This book is mine not yours! (fall out) Howard and Jane are always quarrelling. 1 Julia decided that she was too young to get married so she engagement to Ian. EXAMPLE I'm sorry I shouted at you. (them) Alf fell out with his brother. She told him that she wanted to their engagement. his car Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. (break up) Do you want me to go away? (make up) I put twenty pence in the coffee machine but I didn't get any coffee. . Everything went wrong for Steve last month. 5 That new washing machine was a waste of money! It's always 6 Paul and his sister were always when they were young. (break down) 5 I'm sorry I forgot your birthday. (make up) POSSIBLE REPLY Why don't we make up and forget it. 3 George and Sam fell out money. 1 Jill made up her boyfriend. Complete the passage using break down/fall out/break up. 3 Why don't you two stop fighting and ! 4 Jim apologized to his boss for being late and promised to working an extra hour. His marriage and he with his boss. (him) My mother-in-law broke up my marriage. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. EXAMPLE Ron fell out with her. Neil apologized and told her he would forgetting her birthday by buying her a special gift. 2 Jill made up wasting time. (it) I'll make up for my mistake. (make up for) 6 Do you still want to marry me? (break off) 21 . 1 2 3 4 5 They made it up. Nina accepted his apology and they kissed and . (Sue) Ron fell out with Sue. Nina was very upset with Neil when he forgot her birthday. Use each verb only once. 2 Our family after our parents were divorced. her it by Fill the space with a preposition where necessary.

run into What are they doing? What do you think is going to happen next? 22 Do you think they know each other? Do you think they expected to see each other? Make a sentence describing what has just happened to them. Now turn to page 89 to check your answer. .Unit 5 drop in What is the woman doing? What is she doing now? What is her friend doing? Do you think her friend is expecting her? Is her friend pleased to see her? What do you think is going to happen next? Look at picture one and make a sentence describing what the woman decided to do. Think of another way of saying drop in. Think of another way of saying run into. Now turn to page 94 to check your answer.

Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Now turn to page 94 to check your answer. run in What is the man on the left doing? Where is he? What is he doing now? What is the speed limit? How fast is he driving? Is his car new? Make a sentence describing why he is driving his new car so slowly? Think of another way of saying run in. 23 . Think of another way of saying come into.come into What is happening in picture one? Does the man in bed look well? Why do you think the man with him looks so sad? What has the old man got next to his bed? What has happened to the old man in picture two? Where do you think the old man is in picture three? Why do you think both men look happy? What did the old man do for the young man? Make a sentence describing what happened to the young man when the old man died.

Unit 5 come across Describe the man. . Think of another way of saying get round. get round (1) What are they trying to do? Can they do it? 24 Can they move it now? How? Make a sentence describing what they did about their problem. Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying come across. What is happening? What can he see? What has he found? Did he expect to find it? Make a sentence describing how he found the wallet. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer.

I think I'll to see Paul on my way home. (Carol) He's running in his car. 1 2 3 4 5 6 We'd love to see you. Mike an old photograph as he was tidying the drawer. Complete the passage using come into/drop in/come across. EXAMPLE I came across it. (drop in) Where did you find that ring? (come across) Where did you see Ron? (run into) What's wrong with the car? (run in) The main road is blocked! (get round) Where did you get all this money? (come into) 25 . On his way to the station he the bride's parents.Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. There is more than one possible answer. On the day of the wedding he couldn't take his car because he was still it . Don was invited to his friend's wedding. Sarah a lot of money when her grandfather died. EXAMPLE Why are you driving so slowly? (run in) POSSIBLE REPLY Because I'm running in my new car. Give ail possible answers. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. (an old book) I came across an old book. Sam Tom while shopping in London. (him) How can we get round it? (the problem) Where did you come across the vase? (it) Complete the passage using run into/get round/run in. We could the problem by borrowing some money. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. Change the word order if necessary. but he didn't have a suit. see him. 1 2 3 4 5 6 I came into a million pounds. (it) Let's drop in on Alec. 1 2 3 4 5 6 You should drive slowly while you are your new car. I was looking at an old address book when I the address of a relative I hadn't seen for many years. I decided to on him and see how he was. (it) Norman ran into her. so he decided to go by train. He the problem by borrowing a suit from his brother. Complete this sentence with verbs from this unit. Fill the space with a suitable word. I an old friend at the cinema. 1 Why don't we drop in 2 Why don't we drop in Jack. When I arrived at his house I was told that he had died and I had _ _ _ _ _ all his possessions. Use each verb only once.

Think of another way of saying break out in. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying break down. Now turn to page 87 to check your answer. .Unit 6 break out in Describe this man. Do you think he looks well? Do you think he looks well now? Why not? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the man. break down (2) Does this man look happy? 26 Does he look happy now? What is he doing? Do you think he is in control of his emotions? Make a sentence describing what has happened to him.

Think of another way of saying go down.Unit 6 go down Do you think this man is happy? Why not? Why do you think his cheek is swollen? Is his cheek still swollen? Make a sentence describing what has happened to his swollen cheek. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. 27 . pass out Does this man look well? What do you think is wrong with him? Is he still standing? Is he still conscious? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the man. Think of another way of saying pass out.

. Think of another way of saying get over.Unit 6 come round/come to What do you think has happened to the man lying on the ground? Is he conscious? Is he still unconscious? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the man lying on the ground. Now turn to page 89 to check your answer. get over Where do you think they are? Why? Why do you think the man is in bed? Does he look well? 28 Is he still in bed? Does he look better? Where do you think he is going? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the man. Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying come round/come to.

My swollen ankle after I put some ice on it. When his mother heard what had happened to him she lost control of her emotions and wept. Complete the passage using get over/pass out/go down. Finally one of them hit me on the head and knocked me unconscious. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Alma took many years to the death of her husband. (go down) 29 . started having problems with his job. Last week I was attacked by two men. When I went to the shop to buy one I nearly when I discovered how expensive they were. His father was very worried and became covered by a nervous rash. When the other one punched me I and cried. The unconscious woman when we sprinkled some water on her face. I a cold sweat when one of them threatened me with a knife. Complete the passage using come round or come to/break out in/break down. 1 2 3 4 5 6 What happened when you hit your head on the wall? (pass out) How long were you away from work after your heart attack? (get over) How long were you unconscious? (come round/come to) What did she do when she heard the terrible news? (break down) How did you know he was frightened? (break out in) The bruise on your head looks painful. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. Nick because he couldn't cope with the pressure of his job. It is amazing how quickly people can recover from difficult periods in their lives. EXAMPLE What happens when you get measles? (break out in) POSSIBLE REPLY You break out in spots. The front tyre of my bicycle kept so I decided to the problem by buying a new one. Joan a pink rash all over her body after eating rhubarb pie.Unit 6 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. Eventually the pressure became too much for him and he became mentally ill and had to go into a psychiatric hospital. Fortunately Jack overcame his illness and was able to leave the hospital after a few weeks and return to his family. Jack. Peter when he heard that he had won a million pounds. Last year my friend. Use each verb only once. I didn't for at least five minutes. Replace the words in italics in the following passage with suitable verbs from this unit.

Unit 7 work out What subject do you think this boy is studying? Has he found the answer to his sum yet? Make a sentence describing what he is doing in order to find the answer. 30 . Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. point out What are they looking at? Do you think the man is trying to show the woman something? What do you think he is showing her? Make a sentence describing what the man is doing with his right hand. Think of another way of saying work out. Think of another way of saying point out. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer.

make out (1) What is the man holding? Why? Do you think he is looking at the thing on the horizon? Do you think he can see what it is? Do you think he can see what the thing is now? What is it? Can he see it clearly? Make a sentence describing what the man is trying to do with his binoculars in the two pictures. Think of another way of saying make out. think over What is the time? What game is the man playing? Do you think he is going to make a move? What is the time now? How long has the man been considering his next move? Make a sentence describing what the man has been doing for the last five hours. 31 . Now turn to page 92 to check your answer. Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying think over.

Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer.Unit 7 come up with Can the man and woman be together? What's the problem? Does the man know how to solve the problem? What is his idea? Make a sentence describing how the man found a solution to the problem. Think of another way of saying make up. make up (2) Is the alarm clock ringing? Is the man sleeping? 32 Is the man still sleeping? Why do you think he looks so worried? Do you think he is late for work? Is he telling his boss that he overslept? What is he telling her? Is it true? Make a sentence describing how the man got his excuse. Think of another way of saying come up with. .

1 2 3 4 5 6 Think it over. He poems and if you ask him what they mean he locks himself in his room to his reply. so we'll need some time to them However. Use each verb only once. Change the word order if necessary.Unit 7 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. EXAMPLE John worked out a plan. he's always stories! Why don't you my suggestion before you make a decision. I'm sure we'll be able to an acceptable compromise. (it) Complete the passage using think over/make out/make up. I made it up. Each sentence has more than one possible answer. (the story about the man in the red coat) She pointed out the man. (it) John worked it out. 1 I'm going to 2 I can't the problem. Give all possible answers. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. I can't him at all. 1 2 3 4 5 6 I find it difficult to original ideas. but what about the details? (work out) What did he just say? (make out) Did you see Buckingham Palace? (point out) Who made the suggestion? (come up with) I don't know whether to accept the offer. Our guide the Houses of Parliament on our trip down the Thames. (the proposal) She came up with a suggestion. silly Complete the passage using work out/come up with/point out. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The basic plan is good. EXAMPLE Where did you find that poem? (make up) POSSIBLE REPLY I didn't find it. where he is. (him) I can't make out the number. Jane used an electronic calculator to the maths problem. My solicitor has some difficulties in your proposal. (them) She made it up. Ben's a very strange man. You can't believe a word he says. Jeff couldn't the address because it was so badly written. Complete these sentences with verbs from this unit. (think over) Is your explanation true? (make up) 33 . (it) He worked out the details.

Think of another way of saying hold up. Now turn to page 94 to check your answer. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer.Unit 8 hold up (1) Is the traffic moving? Why not? Make a sentence describing what the accident is doing to the movement of traffic. see off Where are they? Why do you think they are there? 34 Where is the boy now? What is he doing? Make a sentence describing what his father is doing. . Think of another way of saying see off.

35 . Now turn to page 89 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying take off.Unit 8 drop off (1) Do you think the car is moving? What is the man doing? Is the car still moving? Are they still in the car? Make a sentence describing what the driver is doing for his passenger. take off (1) Is the aeroplane moving? Is it on the ground? Is the aeroplane still on the ground? Is the journey beginning or ending? Make a sentence describing what the aeroplane is doing. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying drop off.

Now turn to page 93 to check your answer. set off Why do you think the young man has a rucksack on his back? Do you think his journey is beginning or ending? Do you think his parents are going with him? Make a sentence describing what the young man is doing. Think of another way of saying set off. 36 .Unit 8 pick up What is the man by the roadside doing? Do you think the car is going to stop for him? Has the car stopped? Is the man going to get in? Make a sentence describing what the driver is doing for the hitchhiker. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying pick up.

m. The aeroplane and disappeared behind the clouds. (him) Jeff picked him up. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. Change the word order if necessary. 1 2 3 4 We saw him off. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. dawn. Use each verb only once. (Steve) Joe dropped them off. If you _ _ _ _ _ me them at the airport on your way to work. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Why are you going to the airport? (see off) What's that in the distance?(take off) When did Jim go to work? (set off) Why are you late? (hold up) How are you getting home? (pick up) Where do you want me to take you? (drop off) 37 . EXAMPLE The rescue boat picked up the shipwrecked sailors. Change these sentences into the passive. and then we'll together. tomorrow. I'll you at 7 a. (his daughter and her friend) The power failure held up the train. Italy. 1 2 3 4 We set off We set off We set off We set off our journey. I was in a traffic jam. 1 Bad weather held up the start of the race. I'm sorry I'm late.Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. Do all your packing tonight so that nothing us morning. Fill the space with a preposition where necessary. I'll be able to . EXAMPLE Jeff picked up the hitchhiker. 2 My father dropped me off. an hour ago. I'll _ _ _ _ _ you _ _ _ _ _ at the station and you can catch the London train. EXAMPLE What time are you leaving? (set off) POSSIBLE REPLY I'm going to set off at five. on our trip in the Complete the passage using see off/take off/drop off. (Jane) Complete the passage using hold up/pick up/set off. The shipwrecked sailors were picked up by the rescue boat. Their plane doesn't until lunchtime. 1 When my brother flew to France we drove him to the airport to 2 3 4 5 6 him We watched the expedition as it on its trip to China. (it) They picked her up. My father ______ me outside the station and drove me home.

put off (1) Where is the man? What can you see by the sink? Why do you think the man looks so unhappy? 38 Does he still look unhappy? Do you think he is going to wash the dishes now? Do you think he'll wash the dishes tomorrow? Make a sentence describing what he is doing about the washing-up today. Now turn to page 87 to check your answer.Unit 9 call off What is the poster advertising? Which teams are playing? What's the weather like? Make a sentence describing what the Football Association did to the match because of the bad weather. Think of another way of saying put off. Think of another way of saying call off. . Now turn to page 94 to check your answer.

be over Describe the weather.be taken aback What is he going to do? What is behind the door? Make a sentence describing the man's reaction to what he has found behind the door. Think of another way of saying be over. Think of another way of saying be taken aback. Is it still raining? Is it still windy? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the storm. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. 39 .

Think of another way of saying give out. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. give out Where are they? What is the teacher holding? Make a sentence describing what the teacher is doing with the books. Think of another way of saying be off. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. 40 .Unit 9 be off (1) What is the poster advertising? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the concert.

Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. 4 Julia and Fred are very young. 5 The nurse the tablets to the patients. so they have decided to their wedding for a few years. EXAMPLE They called off the concert. 1 The man gave out the pamphlets. (give out) People are leaving the cinema. 1 2 3 4 5 6 How did you feel when they told you the news? (be taken aback) Has the meeting been cancelled? (put off) The students have used all their paper. " the lecture "No. Do not include the agent in your answer. (be over) Why can't we go to the meeting tonight? (be off) What do you think we should do about the business deal? (call off) 41 . I when I saw a man money in the street to passersby. EXAMPLE What shall I do with these examination papers? (give out) POSSIBLE REPLY Give them out to the students. 6 The wedding because Deborah has decided not to marry Bill. 1 The audience is leaving the theatre because the play 2 My parents by my unexpectedly bad examination result. EXAMPLE They called the match off. (the sweets) 2 Jack put off the cleaning. (it) 3 Mr Smith called it off. his act of generosity because he didn't have any money left! Complete the passage using call off/put off/be off. 3 Dave and Sally had a terrible argument and decided to their wedding. Use each verb only once. They've just it until next week. (the meeting of the students' club) Complete the passage using give out/be over/be taken aback. By the time I reached him. Change the word order if necessary. it hasn't been ?" . 2 The chairperson put off the next meeting until after Christmas. (it) They called it off." Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following.Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. 1 Mother gave them out. Change these sentences into the passive. The match was called off. 3 The police called off the search.

Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying wear out.Unit 10 try on Where do you think this man is? What does he want to buy? Does the hat in picture one fit him? Does the hat in picture two fit him? Do you think he'll buy the hat in picture three? Why? Make a sentence describing what the man did in the three pictures to find a hat that fitted him. Think of another way of saying try on. . Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. wear out (1) When did Paul buy this jumper? Was it in good condition then? 42 How long has he had the jumper now? Is it still in good condition? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the jumper after ten years of use.

43 . Think of another way of saying do up. Now turn to page 88 to check your answer.Unit 10 do up (2) What is he wearing? Are there many buttons on it? Make a sentence describing what the man is doing to the buttons on his coat in the two pictures. Think of another way of saying take off. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. take off (2) Make a sentence describing what the man is doing with his jacket in these two pictures.

put on Make a sentence describing what the boy is doing with the sweater in these two pictures.Unit 10 go with Describe the man's jacket. Does the man look happy? Make a sentence describing the relationship between the jacket and trousers in this picture. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer. Now turn to page 94 to check your answer. Describe his trousers. Think of another way of saying put on. 44 . Think of another way of saying go with. Why do you think the man looks unhappy with them? Describe the trousers the man is wearing now.

(his trousers) Do your shoelace up. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The zip on my new jacket doesn't properly. 1 2 3 4 5 6 My jacket's full of holes. (do up) POSSIBLE REPLY You'll be warmer if you do up your jacket. Change the word order if necessary. You should always a new pair of shoes before you buy them. and when you put them on. the new suit or I Complete the passage using do up/take off/wear out. EXAMPLE Fred did up the zip. (it) Fred did it up. (my boots) Joan took off her cardigan. Don't wear your new shoes all the time! them you'll them . 1 2 3 4 5 6 I've worn them out. EXAMPLE It's very cold tonight. I'll have to my glasses won't be able to see if it before I the colour of my hair. (wear out) I really like your new skirt! (try on) Why are you wearing my new trousers! (take off) I can't reach the zip on the back of my dress. (it) Chris put them on. (it) Can I try it on? (your new watch) Complete the passage using try on/put on/go with. Every night I my clothes before I go to bed. (put on) What shall I wear with my pink hat? (go with) 45 . Every morning I get up and my clothes. properly. (do up) I've bought you a new pair of earrings. I'd (do up) I always have to help my little son to Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. Do you think this dress the colour of my eyes? Your shoes will quickly if you play football in them! Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets.Unit 10 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. (it) This hat goes with the dress. he (go with) This wallpaper (wear out) Cheap clothes (try on) Before I buy it. occasionally or them Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. 1 2 3 4 5 6 (put on) My hands are cold. Use each verb only once. so (take off) Before the doctor examined me.

Think of another way of saying give (oneself) up.Unit 11 give (oneself) up (1) Why do you think the police have surrounded this house? What kind of person do you think they are looking for? Is the person they want still inside the house? Do you think he is a policeman? Why do you think he has his hands in the air? Make a sentence describing what the man is doing. Think of another way of saying try out. try out What is the woman doing? What is on the television? 46 Where is the woman now? What is she buying? Make a sentence describing what the woman decided to do after she saw the advertisement for 'Zap'. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. .

Think of another way of saying give up. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. catch on Look at the boy on the left and describe his hairstyle. What do you think the other boys think of his hairstyle? What have the other boys done now? Do they look pleased about it? Do you think more boys will copy the hairstyle? Look at both pictures again and make a sentence describing what is happening to the new hairstyle.Unit 11 give up (2) What do you think the dog is trying to do in the first three pictures? Is it successful? How do you think the dog feels in picture four? Look at picture four and make a sentence describing what the dog has decided to do about trying to get the grapes. 47 . Now turn to page 87 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying catch on.

Think of another way of saying give up.Unit 11 give up (3) What has the man got in his mouth? What is he looking at? Why do you think he looks so unhappy? What is he doing with his cigarette now? Does he still look unhappy? Make a sentence describing what the man decided to do after he saw the poster. . Now turn to page 89 to check your answer. drop off (2) What is the man doing? Why? 48 What is he doing now? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the man. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying drop off.

EXAMPLE I can't swim any further. this maths problem is too difficult for me. in a big way. Use each word only once. themselves the trying playing to drinking 1 Don't give up. Jogging is beginning to and tennis. 5 It's a great new product and the sale's figures show that it's very quickly. 2 I . 1 2 3 4 5 6 What do you think of my idea? (catch on) What did the murderer do? (give oneself up (1)) What happens when grandfather sits in front of the television? (drop off) Did your expedition get to the top of the mountain? (give up (2)) Would you like a whisky? (give up (3)) Can I have the job? (try out) 49 . 5 Sam gave up the guitar when he broke his arm. 3 The Todd brothers gave up the authorities. so I've decided to it Complete the passage using drop off/give up (1)/give up (2). Complete the passage using give up (3)/catch on/try out. 2 Rachel gave up playing piano because she couldn't afford the lessons. (2) or (3). 1 The escaped convict himself to the police. After twenty hours. his Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. If the answer is give up say if it is (1). he had to struggle because he kept . but he still refused to himself . Use each verb only once. 6 Harry on the train and missed his station. 3 Peter eating sweets because the dentist told him they were bad for his teeth. The escaped prisoner was surrounded by the police. 4 Ben asked the salesman if he could the car before deciding whether to buy it. (give up (2)) POSSIBLE REPLY Don't give up yet. we're almost there.Unit 11 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. keep . 4 Colin wants to give up alcohol because it's bad for his health. however. Choose words from the box to fill the gaps.

Unit 12 get round (2) What do you think the boy wants? Do you think his father wants him to have them? What is happening now? Where are they going? Do you think the boy is going to get what he wants? Make a sentence describing what the boy did to his father in picture two. go through Where are they? What is happening? Why? 50 What is happening now? Why do you think the man on the right looks so unhappy? Make a sentence describing what the customs officer is doing to the suitcase and its contents. . Now turn to page 91 to check your answer. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying get round. Think of another way of saying go through.

51 .Unit 12 mistake for What time of the day do you think it is? What is the man holding? Is it switched on? What does he think he can see? Does he look happy? Is the torch switched on now? Can he see a snake or a piece of rope? Does he look frightened? Look at picture one and make a sentence describing how the man confused the piece of rope and the snake. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. be off (2) What is the man holding? What do you think he is going to do with it? What has he just done? Make a sentence describing the condition of the egg. Think of another way of saying be off. Think of another way of saying mistake for.

. Think of another way of saying take in. give in What are they doing? 52 Are they still fighting? Do you think they both wanted to stop fighting? Make a sentence describing why the fight stopped. Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying give in.Unit 12 take in What can you see in the picture? Are all the animals sheep? Do the sheep look frightened? Do you think they should be frightened? Why? Make a sentence describing what the wolf has done to the sheep with his disguise.

1 2 3 4 Jake got round his wife. Before I go out to eat again. The industrial dispute lasted for many months because neither side would Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets. I think it . Steve Alma's kindness love. Change the word order if necessary. (him) The salesman took him in with his lies. (get round) Do you think we should continue our struggle? (give in) Why don't you buy meat from that butcher? (be off) What are you going to do with those files? (go through) 53 . (her) The trick took them in. Harry was by the salesman's lies. but I know I can him. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Why did you give him all your money? (take in) Why did you say hello to that stranger? (mistake for) Roy refuses to lend us the money. The fish I had in that restaurant I was by the notice on the door which read. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. he kept asking her to be his wife. (take in) Terry's promises (get round) Stop trying to persuade me (be off) This chicken smells bad (go through) Your homework is full of mistakes. (mistake for) Colin was very drunk and he Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Howard doesn't want to drive us to the station. (the tourists) The police went through their records.Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. EXAMPLE Why are you throwing that pie away? (be off) POSSIBLE REPLY Because it's off. EXAMPLE The salesman took Fred in with his lies. I'd like you to these accounts and see if you can find any mistakes. 1 2 3 4 5 6 (give in) Keep fighting. (them) I mistook that man for my father. I her her sister because they're so much alike. This meat smells awful. but she refused to and marry him. 'Fresh fish daily'. I shall my restaurant guide book very carefully first! Complete the passage using give in/get round/mistake for. Use each verb only once. (him) Complete the passage using go through/be off/take in. However hard he tried he couldn't her.

. Think of another way of saying look up to.Unit 13 look up to What is the man's job? Does the boy look happy to see the man? Do you think the boy would like to be a professional footballer? Make a sentence describing how you think the boy feels about the man. Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying cheer up. cheer up Does he look happy? 54 Does he look happy now? Look at the two pictures and make a sentence describing the change in how the man is feeling. Now turn to page 92 to check your answer.

55 . Now turn to page 92 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying look down on. Now turn to page 94 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying put (someone) off. look down on Do you think the man on the left is rich? Why not? What about the other man? Do you think that the man on the right thinks he is better than the man on the left? Make a sentence describing what you think the man on the right thinks of the other man.Unit 13 put (someone) off (2) What is the man on the right trying to do? Why is he having problems? Make a sentence describing how the noise from the television is affecting him.

put up with What are the children doing? Do you think they are behaving well? Would you like to be the man? Why not? What would you do If you were the man? Make a sentence describing how the man is reacting to the children.Unit 13 look forward to Where is he? What is he thinking about? Is the thought making him happy? Make a sentence describing how the man is feeling about leaving prison. Think of another way of saying put up with. Now turn to page 94 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying look forward to. 56 . Now turn to page 92 to check your answer.

2 Last winter we had to a lot of discomfort when our central heating system stopped working. EXAMPLE How do you feel about the party? POSSIBLE REPLY I'm really looking forward to it. 3 My parents my boyfriend because he hasn't got a good job. 1 The bad newspaper reviews ______ me going to see the new film. (Terry) I don't know how you put up with all your troubles.Unit 13 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. (it) He put me off the idea. 5 Every year I my summer holiday. Complete the passage using cheer up/put up with/look forward to. 1 2 3 4 5 6 My father is looking forward to his retirement. (them) They look down on Peter. (cheer up) Why do you think Brian is a snob? (look down on) My father-in-law is very rude. I'm Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. (her) Tom cheered her up. All this has me the idea of becoming a dustman. him. Use each verb only once. EXAMPLE The noise put Ron off (read his book) The noise put Ron off reading his book. 6 I expect this present will her Complete these sentences using the 'ing' form of the verb in brackets. 1 I'm looking forward to 2 The bad weather put me off 3 We are looking forward to (meet him) (go for a walk) (gee him again) Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. (look forward to) Why do you want me to stop talking? (put off) What do you think of your father? (look up to) 57 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jeff looks very sad. Change the word order if necessary. (him) We look up to her. People Mr Price because he is a dustman and they ______ Mr Brown because he is a bank manager. (Sally) Complete the passage using put (someone) off/look up to/look down on. 4 Children should their parents. (it) The invitation cheered him up. I don't know how you really the day when he a bit. EXAMPLE Tom cheered his sister up. (put up with) It should be a very exciting football match. Your brother is always complaining.

Unit 14 soak up Is there a mess? Why do you think the man is holding a sponge? Is there still a mess? Make a sentence describing what the sponge did to the spilt milk. . Think of another way of saying break up. Now turn to page 87 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying soak up. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. break up (2) What are the boys doing? Does their headmaster look pleased with them? 58 Are they still fighting? Why not? Make a sentence describing what the headmaster did to their fight.

beat up Do you think the bearded man is hurt? Make a sentence describing what the other men are doing to the bearded man. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying tell off. Think of another way of saying beat up. 59 . Now turn to page 96 to check your answer.tell off Do you think the boy broke the window? How do you think he broke it? Does he look happy about it? Does the boy's father look pleased with him? Make a sentence describing what the man is doing to his son.

Now turn to page 90 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying go for. . Now turn to page 87 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying calm down.Unit 14 go for Does the dog look friendly? Make a sentence describing what the dog is doing to the man. calm down How do you think this man feels? 60 Do you think he is still as angry as he was in picture one? Is he angry now? Make a sentence describing what happened to the angry man in picture two and picture three.

(calm down) POSSIBLE REPLY Don't worry. Last week Roy had a fight with three older boys. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Your son was very rude to his teacher. (tell off) I'm really worried about my exam. The boys the old man and took his money. EXAMPLE They beat up my friend. Complete the passage using tell off/soak up/beat up. Last night's meeting in disorder when a man from the audience the chairman with a knife. EXAMPLE Sue is very upset. The carpet the wine. My boss me for being late. (it) The student soaked it up. He a lot of punishment as they him and he had to go to hospital. (Phillip) Complete the passage using go for/break up/calm down. (a lot of information) The dog went for the postman. The madman John with a knife. When his mother visited him she cried and him for fighting. there's nothing to worry about.Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. (George) The protesters broke up the meeting. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The meeting at ten o'clock. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. Change the word order if necessary. (him) This glass of whisky will calm him down. 1 2 3 4 5 6 I told her off. (Janet) Let's beat him up. (calm down) What happened when the police arrived at the party? (break up) How did Colin get that black eye? (beat up) Why are you looking so frightened? (go for) Why is this cloth damp? (soak up) 61 . (him) They beat him up. Complete these sentences using the 'ing' form of the verb in brackets. I'll calm her down. It took us twenty minutes to the man and take his knife from him. Use each verb only once. EXAMPLE I told him off for (not do his homework) I told him off for not doing his homework. 1 The teacher told her off for (be rude) 2 The teacher told him off for (eat in class) 3 I was told off for (not help my mother) Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets.

Think of another way of saying tear up. Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. check in What is the man carrying? Where is he going? Do you think he is leaving or arriving? 62 What is he holding? Make a sentence describing what the man is doing at the reception desk. Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying check in.Unit 15 tear up What is the man doing in picture one? Does he look happy? Make a sentence describing what he is doing to the letter in picture two and picture three. .

Now turn to page 95 to check your answer.Unit 15 make out (2) Who is holding the pen? Make a sentence describing what John Smith is doing with the cheque. 63 . Think of another way of saying take up. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer. take up What is the man reading? Where is the evening class? Does he look interested in the evening class? What is he holding? Do you think he is going to go into the College? Make a sentence describing what he is going to do inside the College. Think of another way of saying make out.

Think of another way of saying fill In.Unit 15 fill in Who is holding the pen? Make a sentence describing what Fred Bloggs is doing with the form. Think of another way of saying take down. take down What do you think has happened to the cars? What do you think the man on the left is doing? Make a sentence describing what the policeman is doing as the man is telling him about the accident. Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. 64 . Now turn to page 89 to check your answer.

(take up) POSSIBLE REPLY Why don't you take up squash instead. EXAMPLE I'm bored with playing tennis. (a cheque for forty pounds) I took down her telephone number. using the 'ing' form where necessary. so I had to buy another one. (it) She tore it up. (it) He tore it up. (the letter from her boyfriend) Complete the passage using take down/make out/take up. 1 2 3 4 5 He filled it in. I decided to the piano when I saw an advertisement outside the local music college. 1 2 3 4 Mike took up Sue took up Bill took up Sally took up (box) (knit) (woodwork) (tennis) Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. I details of the course in my diary and when I arrived home I a cheque to cover the cost of tuition and sent it to the college. They told me that the information was used to improve their service. (the questionnaire) I made it out. I the violin when I was seven years old. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Why are you in such a hurry to get to the airport? (check in) How much do you want? (make out) What's happened to my magazine? (tear up) I feel really unhealthy. Complete these sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Please the cheque to Bloggs Brothers Ltd. Complete the passage using tear up/fill in/check in. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. You'll have to this form before we give you the money. Change the word order if necessary. When I at the Airline International desk they gave me a questionnaire and asked me to it after my flight. EXAMPLE He tore up the piece of paper.Unit 15 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. I thought it was a waste of time. (take up) Why have you got that notebook? (take down) How can I get that job? (fill in) 65 . so I my questionnaire. EXAMPLE Jack took up (French) Jack took up French. Use each verb only once. The secretary what her boss said in the meeting. My little son my newspaper. It's a good idea to early so that you get a good seat on the plane. (it) My son took up stamp-collecting. EXAMPLE Jack took up (fish) Jack took up fishing.

Now turn to page 93 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying take over. Think of another way of saying pass away/pass on/pass over. 66 . Now turn to page 95 to check your answer. pass away/pass on/pass over What can you see in this picture? Make a sentence describing what happened to Fred Bloggs in 1985.Unit 16 take over What is the manager's name? Is he old or young? Is he talking to a young man? Is Mr Jones still sitting behind his desk? What is he doing? Is Mr Jones still the manager? Do you think he has retired? Why? Make a sentence describing what has happened to Mr Brown.

turn into What is the princess holding? What is she doing to it? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the frog. Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. Now turn to page 96 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying wear off. 67 . Think of another way of saying turn Into. wear off What is wrong with this man? What is he drinking? Is the pain in his foot as bad as it was in picture one? Make a sentence describing what is happening to the pain in the three pictures.

Unit 16
brush up

Where are they?
Where is the man on the right
from?
Where is the man on the left from?
Do you think the man on the left
knows any French?
Where do you think he learnt
French?

Do you think the Englishman's
French is good?
Do you think he can understand
what the Frenchman is saying to
him?
Do you think his visit to the
business conference is a
success?

Make a sentence describing what
the Englishman is doing now.
Think of another way of saying
brush up.
Now turn to page 87 to check your
answer.

die out

What can you see in the picture?

68

Make a sentence describing what happened to the
dinosaurs.
Think of another way of saying die out.
Now turn to page 88 to check your answer.

Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. Use each verb
only once.
1
2
3
4
5
6

I'm going to
my spare bedroom
a bathroom.
Paul wants to
his knowledge of modern history.
The government wants to
the country's computer industry.
The effects of the drug took some time to
.
These rare animals will
if people don't stop hunting them.
I'm sorry to hear that your grandmother
.

Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets.
1
2
3
4
5
6

(brush up) I'm taking private lessons
(pass away/on/over) How many years is it since
(wear off) The smell of the paint
(turn into) The magician took my handkerchief and
(take over) I'm going on holiday for three weeks so I'd like you to
(die out) If people were allowed to shoot as many elephants as they wanted

Complete the passage using die out/wear off/brush up.
Last week I decided to
my knowledge of natural history by going to the
library and borrowing a few books on the subject. In one of the books I learned
that many kinds of animals and birds are
because of the terrible things
people do to them. The shock of this discovery took a long time to
.
Complete the passage using turn into/pass away or pass on or pass
over/take over.
Young Eric
him

when his poor father
a much stronger person.

His father's death has

Use the words in brackets to reply to the following.
EXAMPLE What have they done to the old cinema? (turn into)
POSSIBLE REPLY They've turned it into a supermarket.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Why do you look so sad? (pass away/pass on/pass over)
Why did you buy that book? (brush up)
Who is going to be chairman when Tim leaves? (take over)
What has happened to that ancient custom? (die out)
What are you going to do with your old garage? (turn into)
Are you still feeling uncomfortable? (wear off)

69

Unit 17
get away with

Why do you think he is wearing a mask.
What do you think he has just done?
What do you think is in his sack?

Where is he now?
Do you think he is enjoying the money he stole?
Do you think he is lucky? Why?
Has he been punished for his crime?
Make a sentence describing what happened to him
after robbing the bank.
Think of another way of saying gat away with.
Now turn to page 89 to check your answer.

let down

What time is it?
What is the man holding?
Who do you think he is waiting for?

70

What time is it now?
How long has he been waiting?
Has his girlfriend arrived yet?
Does he look pleased?
Make a sentence describing what the woman has
done to the man.
Think of another way of saying let down.
Now turn to page 91 to check your answer.

71 . Now turn to page 89 to check your answer.get away What are the guards doing? What is the prisoner doing? Make a sentence describing what the prisoner is doing now. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying get away. own up Why is the teacher angry? Do you think he drew the picture on the board? Who do you think drew the picture? Make a sentence describing what you think the boy with the raised arm is going to do. Think of another way of saying own up.

Unit 17
let out

Make a sentence describing what the guard is doing for the prisoner.
Think of another way of saying let out.
Now turn to page 91 to check your answer.

let off

Where are they?
What does the man on the left do?
Why is the other man wearing handcuffs?
What do you think the criminal is talking about?

72

Is the judge sending him to prison?
Make a sentence describing what the judge is doing
to him.
Think of another way of saying let off.
Now turn to page 91 to check your answer.

Unit 17
Complete these sentences using each verb from this unit only once.
1 The police chased the robber, but he
2 Open the back door and
the cat
3 The headmaster was going to punish the boy, but decided to
him
with a warning.
4 That student never does any homework, I don't know how he
it.
5 Phil
to the crime.
6 My friend
me
by not helping me when I needed him.
Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. Change the word
order if necessary.
EXAMPLE The police let him out. (Joe)

The police let Joe out.
1
2
3
4

The boss let Sue off. (her)
I let my friend down. (him)
Who let the cat out? (it)
She got away with the crime. (it)

Complete these sentences, using the 'ing' form where necessary.
EXAMPLE Jack got away with
(the bank robbery)
Jack got away with the bank robbery.
EXAMPLE Jack got away with
(rob the bank)
Jack got away with robbing the bank.
1 Mother let me off
2 Sally owned up to
3 Dan got away with

(wash the dishes)
(the lie)
(tell a lie)

Complete the passage using let out/get away/let off.
On Friday afternoon my teacher
me
the last lesson so that I
could go fishing. I was really excited and felt like a man who had just been
of prison. Unfortunately, my fishing trip wasn't very successful because
all the fish I tried to catch managed to
.
Complete the passage using own up/get away with/let down.
You shouldn't have forged your father's signature on that cheque, you'll never
it. Don't
your father
, go to him now and
.
Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following.
EXAMPLE Are you going to punish me? (let off)
POSSIBLE REPLY

1
2
3
4
5
6

No, I'm going to let you off.

Where is the thief? (get away)
Why are you looking so unhappy? (let down)
How do you know that Howard stole the money? (own up)
Did the judge send Sam to prison? (let off)
Did the boss know you lied about being late? (get away with)
How did the dog get into the garden? (let out)

73

Unit 18
turn down

Who is the man waiting to see?
Why?

Where is he now?
Who is he talking to?
Do you think he wants the job?

Does he look pleased with his
interview?
Do you think he got the job?
Make a sentence describing what
the manager did to him.
Think of another way of saying
turn down.
Now turn to page 96 to check your
answer.

drop out

What are they doing?
Is the man on the right enjoying himself? Why not?
Is he still in the race?
Make a sentence describing what the man on the right has just done.
Think of another way of saying drop out.
Now turn to page 89 to check your answer.
74

fall through Where are they? What kind of holiday is the man on the right booking? What is happening? Did he hurt himself when he fell down the steps of the travel agency? What happened to him? Make a sentence describing what happened to his plan to go on a skiing holiday. 75 . Now turn to page 89 to check your answer. Now turn to page 87 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying fall through.Unit 18 carry out What orders is the sergeant giving the private? Make a sentence describing what the private is doing about the orders. Think of another way of saying carry out.

put forward Why is the man standing? Who is he talking to? What is he talking about? What is the problem? 76 Does the man have an idea of how to solve the traffic problem? What is his idea? Make a sentence describing what he is doing in front of the planning committee now. Think of another way of saying lay off. Now turn to page 93 to check your answer.Unit 18 lay off Why does the manager of Bloggs Ltd look so worried? What has happened to the profits of Bloggs Ltd? Is this good for business? Make a sentence describing what the manager has done to his workers. Think of another way of saying put forward. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer. .

Last week we had a committee meeting to organize a Christmas party in our office. The chairperson put forward a new proposal. so I decided to of the committee and let the others do all the work. 4 My boss my request for a pay rise. 3 The factory had to many employees because of a drop in sales. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. (it) The company laid them off. I some interesting suggestions but they were all . EXAMPLE The company laid off ten employees. The employees were very annoyed about this and they their threat to go on strike. 6 Paul of university because he found the work too difficult. My boss laid me off. (the offer of a new job) A soldier must carry out orders. Three months ago the company's plan to expand _ _ _ _ _ and it had to nearly half of its work force. EXAMPLE Why are you looking so unhappy? (turn down) POSSIBLE REPLY Because I asked my girlfriend to marry me. Do not include the agent in your answer. (them) Tom put forward an interesting plan. (carry out) Did you take the money your father offered you? (turn down) What happened at the meeting? (put forward) Are you enjoying university? (drop out) 77 . Change the word order if necessary. 1 2 3 4 A scientist is carrying out the tests now. 2 There was a loud explosion as the terrorists their threat to bomb the embassy. 1 The United Nation's Peace Committee ______ a very interesting plan for achieving world peace. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Did your scheme succeed? (fall through) Why isn't Jim at work today? (lay off) Why does the doctor want to take a sample of my blood. (hundreds of manual workers) Complete the passage using carry out/fall through/lay off. EXAMPLE The doctor carried out the tests. Use each verb only once. Complete the passage using turn down/drop out/put forward. She turned down their application. and she turned me down. Change these sentences into the passive. Ten employees were laid off.18 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. (them) The doctor carried them out. 5 Jane's plan to move to a bigger flat when she lost her job. 1 2 3 4 Henry turned it down. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following.

Now turn to page 94 to check your answer. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer.Unit 19 go off What can you see in the picture? What do you think is going to happen? Make a sentence describing what the bomb has done. . put out Is the light on? 78 Make a sentence describing what the man has done to the light. Think of another way of saying put out. Think of another way of saying go off.

Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. Now turn to page 88 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying cut down on. 79 .Unit 19 blow up (1) What do you think the man is going to do? Make a sentence describing what the man has done to the house. Think of another way of saying blow up. cut down on Did this man smoke a lot last year? Do you think it was good for his health? Why not? Has he stopped smoking this year? Is he smoking as much? Does he look healthier? Make a sentence describing what the man has done about smoking this year.

Unit 19 blow up (2) What is the man holding? Make a sentence describing what the man is doing to the balloon. Think of another way of saying break out. break out What kind of vehicle can you see in the picture? When are vehicles like this one used? What is the vehicle doing now? Why were tanks used between 1914-1918 and 1939-1945? Make a sentence describing what happened in 1914 and again in 1939. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. 80 . Think of another way of saying blow up. Now turn to page 86 to check your answer.

(it) James put it out. When I lost my job I had to my spending. Shop windows were smashed and many alarms . 1 2 3 4 5 6 (break out) A fight (blow up) The soldiers put explosives on the bridge and (go off) We lit the fireworks and (blow up) Give me the bicycle pump and (put out) If you don't want me to smoke I'll (cut down on) You're too fat. (the aeroplane) Please put it out. One of the gangs even tried to the supermarket with petrol bombs. (your cigar) Complete the passage using cut down on/put out/blow up. Change the word order if necessary. 1 How was that bridge destroyed? (blow up) 2 What are you going to do about your weight? (cut down on) 3 Didn't you see that 'no smoking' sign? (put out) 4 Your car tyres are flat. (blow up) 5 What was that noise? (go off) 6 What happened in 1914*? (break out) * World War 1 started in 1914. he asked me to my cigarette. Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets. First. Harry. Use each verb only once. Fighting between rival gangs after the big football match. The Great Fire of London in the year 1666. (put out) POSSIBLE REPLY Don't worry. EXAMPLE That light is too bright. 81 . (as many balloons as we could find) You must cut down on the number of telephone calls you make. Give me the pump and I'll the tyres on your bicycle. I'll put it out. Complete the passage using go off/break out/blow up. Last Christmas I was driving horse from a party when a policeman stopped my car. was killed when the gun he was cleaning suddenly The soldiers the enemy tank. The firemen the fire in the warehouse. EXAMPLE James put out the fire. (them) The terrorists blew it up. 1 2 3 4 We blew them up. Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. 1 2 3 4 5 6 My friend.Unit 19 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. After this he checked the bag and warned me that if I didn't my drinking I would lose my driving licence. you must Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. and then he told me to a plastic bag that measured the amount of alcohol in my blood.

Now turn to page 90 to check your answer.Unit 20 get through (2) What is the time? Has he got a lot of work to do? What is the time now? Is there a lot of work to do now? Make a sentence describing what he has done about the work. 82 . Think of another way of saying hold up. Now turn to page 91 to check your answer. hold up (2) Do you think the man on the left is a customer? Why do you think he is wearing a mask and holding a gun? Make a sentence describing what he is doing. Think of another way of saying get through.

break into Do you think this is the man's house? Why not? Why do you think he is wearing a mask and carrying a sack? Make a sentence describing what the man is doing. Think of another way of saying run out of. 83 . Now turn to page 86 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying break into. Now turn to page 94 to check your answer.run out of What is he thinking about? Why do you think he is opening the bread-bin? What do you think he is going to do? Why do you think he looks disappointed? Make a sentence describing what his problem is.

wear out (2) What is he doing? Do you think the box is heavy? Why? Do you think it is difficult for him to carry the box? 84 How does he look? Make a sentence describing what carrying the box has done to him. Now turn to page 87 to check your answer. Think of another way of saying burn down.Unit 20 burn down What is wrong with this house? Is the house still on fire? What condition is the house in? Make a sentence describing what has happened to the house. Think of another way of saying wear out. . Now turn to page 96 to check your answer.

Unit 20 Complete these sentences using the six verbs from this unit. (it) John got through his homework. It was such a good book that I it in one evening. EXAMPLE The robbers held up the train. (the nurses in the hospital) Three men held it up. Some men held up the van. I'm sorry you can't because I've run out of ice. My younger brother my money box and stole my savings. 1 2 3 4 5 Looking after the children wore them out. 1 2 3 4 5 6 I must go to the bank because I've cash. I was working at the bank trying to gunmen my office and the weekly accounts when some me . (it) The robbers held it up. Decorating the house all day has me . Unfortunately. I was held up by a mugger. Change these sentences into the passive. (part of the city) Complete the passage using run out of/wear out/bum down. the warehouse because the firemen water. Change the word order if necessary. Complete the passage using get through/hold up/break into. 1 2 3 4 A burglar broke into my flat. Bandits the bus and robbed the passengers. Use each verb only once. EXAMPLE Could I have a cold drink? (run out of) POSSIBLE REPLY No. Yesterday he helped fight a big fire in a warehouse. My father is a fireman. When he got home he was . Some terrorists burned down the embassy. A gang of terrorists the embassy with a petrol bomb. (it) They burned it down. Replace the words in italics by the words in brackets. EXAMPLE A mugger held me up. Cleaning the house wore him out. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Would you like to go dancing tonight? (wear out) What happened to the old cinema? (burn down) Why were you in such a hurry this morning? (run out of) How did you get all this money? (hold up) Why did you come home from work so early? (get through) Why did the police arrest you? (break into) 85 . Use the verbs in brackets to reply to the following. (my uncle's newspaper shop) Someone broke into our house.

Nick decided to have a fried egg for breakfast. to inflate. They beat up Fred. Last night a burglar broke into my house and stole my television set. break off talks / negotiations / an engagement / a relationship / an agreement etc. 1939. and the U.A. The lead singer of 'The Rolling Beatles' pop group is ill. They beat Fred up. break down (1) (of food) to have gone bad. wars. Two men beat Fred up and left him lying unconscious on the pavement.S.R.S. (of machinery) to stop working. Peace talks between the U. Uncle Joe blew them up. The U. 'I can't eat it. 'This egg is off.S.S. to enter somewhere (e. have broken off after three days of serious disagreement. They have broken off peace talks. be over break down (2) to be finished. The Second World War broke out on 3 September. Jeff was taken aback. In 1939 World War Two broke out. a house) illegally. have broken off. Jeff was taken aback by the discovery of an elephant. fires. The concert is off. The storm is over.A. to be surprised and confused. The storm is over. World War Two broke out on 3 September.g. to end. to (of an event/an arrangement etc. Mr Trent hated his house. break into a building / a bank/ a house etc. . Jeff was taken aback when he opened the door and discovered an elephant.g. and the U. epidemics. A burglar broke into it.S. The egg is off. has broken off peace talks with the U.) to start.R. especially by force. so tonight's concert is off.' Tom's car broke down on the way to the airport. Mr Trent blew it up. but there was a terrible smell when he cracked the egg. Uncle Joe blew up the balloons for the Christmas party. to interrupt.S. 1939. Mr Trent blew his house up. blow up (1) to destroy (something or someone) by explosion. World War Two broke out in 1939.' he thought.S.S.R. it has stopped raining and the sun is shining.S. be off (2) Uncle Joe blew up the balloons. so he blew it up with dynamite and built a new one instead. usually suddenly. His car broke down. Peace talks between the U. Mr Trent blew up his house. Uncle Joe blew the balloons up.) to be cancelled. to discontinue. to explode. be taken aback used in the passive Alec broke down. The house blew up.A. 86 break out (of unpleasant things e. beat up to hurt someone badly by hitting and punching. violence etc. and he had to get a taxi. They have broken them off.Reference Section be off (1) usually used in the present tense blow up (2) a balloon / a tyre / a football etc. A burglar broke into my house. Alec broke down and cried when his mother died. They beat him up. fill with air. to lose control emotionally or mentally.

Joe's mother brought him up well. Cyril broke out in spots this morning. He broke out in them. The Football Association called off the match between England and Greece because of bad weather. 87 . to fulfil or perform (something). She brought up Joe.Reference Section break out in spots / a rash / a cold sweat* burn down to become covered by (something). She loved him. call off an event / an arrangement / an activity etc. Frank's visit to the international business conference in Paris was a disaster because his French was so bad. but have now partly forgotten). The Greens' marriage broke up in 1985 after only two years. *to show signs of great fear. to separate. Frank must brush up his French. to train and prepare a child for adult life. The headmaster broke the fight up.’ catch on to become popular. calm down a person / a difficult situation etc. My father was very angry and it took him ten minutes to calm down. Someone burned it down. We calmed my father down. He carried them out. The Football Association called it off.) to end. His boss said. brush up to improve your knowledge. We calmed him down. or do. (passive) break up (2) an activity to stop. to abandon something that has already begun. The wagon was very heavy but Private Wilson carried out his orders without complaining. skill. all the young boys in the neighbourhood are copying it. often used in the passive to cancel something. carry out instructions / a duty / an order / a threat / a test etc. She brought Joe up. or memory of (something you used to know. to become less excited and tense. The headmaster broke up the fight. Now he is a polite young man and his mother is proud of him. The headmaster broke up the fight between Roger and Clive. bring up to take care of a child until it is fully grown and able to care for itself. We calmed down my father. Frank must brush it up. In the morning it was just a pile of ashes. David's new hair-style is catching on. Frank must brush his French up. David's strange new hair-style is really catching on. They broke up. The fight broke up. She brought him up. Note: Children are educated at school. Money trouble broke it up. The Football Association called the match off. to help someone (or a difficult situation) to become less excited and tense. The headmaster broke it up. Money trouble broke up their marriage. Their marriage broke up. ‘When you get back to England you must brush up your French by enrolling in an evening class. My house burned down last night. Someone burned my house down. He carried his orders out. break up (1) (of a marriage / a family / a relationship etc. He broke out in spots. The Football Association called off the match. The match was called off. He carried out his orders. (usually of buildings) to destroy by burning. My father calmed down. My house burned down. cared for him and taught him how to behave himself. Someone burned down my house. Sergeant Jones ordered Private Wilson to push the wagon across the field.

They did the house up. The good news cheered him up. Peter cut down on cigarettes. to disconnect. The operator cut off their call. Suddenly they couldn't hear each other. They were cut off. Last year Peter was very ill and his doctor told him to cut down on the number of cigarettes he smoked. He came across a wallet.' replied Paul. Peter came into it. 'We were cut off. interrupt or discontinue something or someone. This year Peter smokes much less and feels a lot better. James came round. The house looked beautiful by the time they finished. an airport etc. The great dinosaurs died out millions of years ago. Paul phoned Anna again immediately. to tie. Two of his colleagues took care of him until he came round (came to). Peter cut down on them. to report one's arrival. Eventually. Jack checked in to the hotel. to repair. Jack checked in. When Bob and Sally bought their house it was in a bad state. Arnold came up with the idea of cutting down a tree and using it as a bridge. but he cheered up when he heard that he had passed his exam. come round or come to to regain consciousness. to reduce In size or amount. to improve the condition and appearance of something. The good news cheered up Jack. to zip. Jack checked in at the hotel. to become extinct. Peter came into a fortune. James fainted when the air-conditioning stopped working. to receive something (usually money or property) after someone's death. They did up the house. James came to. He did up the buttons. Jack took a taxi to the hotel and checked in. do up (1) a house / a room / a flat / an old car etc. They did it up. It was a very cold day. Note: When Jack left the hotel he checked out.g. so Brian did up all the buttons on his overcoat. cut down on smoking / cigarettes / drinking / spending / production etc. come across something or someone to find or meet by chance. The good news cheered Jack up. water. The dinosaurs died out. or b) the person who is cut off. Arnold and his girlfriend were separated by a deep ravine. 88 to fasten. Peter came into a fortune when his father died. He came up with it. etc. He came across it. 'What happened?' Anna asked him. come into money/property/a fortune etc. so they spent six months doing It up. come up with an idea / a plan / a suggestion etc. (passive) die out to disappear completely. He came up with the idea.Reference Section check in at a hotel. cut off often used in the passive This verb can refer to either: a) the service or supply that is cut off e. . He did the buttons up. Jack was feeling unhappy. electricity. Peter cut down on smoking. He did them up. Paul was talking to Anna on the telephone. do up (2) a shoelace / a zip / a dress / a coat etc. cheer up to become happier. to button. to think of. to produce. A lucky tramp came across a wallet full of money as he was walking down the street. Jack cheered up. The operator cut them off.

Sue. a university. Sam dropped out of the race because he felt tired and ill. get away with to do something wrong or illegal without being punished (usually without even being discovered or caught). or stop taking part in (a competition. drop out to withdraw from. to recover from (something). a school. Last year Jack robbed a bank and got away with it. He didn't know which platform the train left from so he found out. George and Sam fell out. and decided to drop in and see her. Laura dropped in.). He dropped out. He didn't know the number of the platform so he found it out. Jack got away with robbing the bank. David dropped off his wife. Laura dropped in to see Lynn. find out the truth / a secret / an address / the time / when / what / why / where / who / which etc. drop off (1) something or someone to stop a vehicle and let someone get out. His plan fell through. schemes etc. Laura was shopping near her friend. The prisoner got away from his guards. Jack got away with it. the police didn't even find his fingerprints. Five minutes later. The prisoner got away from them. He dropped out of the race. 89 . George fell out with* Sam over** the bill. He found out which platform the train left from. Laura dropped in to see her. Eric's plan to go on a skiing holiday fell through because he broke his leg. drop off (2) Mr Jones wanted to catch the train to London. get over an illness / a failure / a difficulty / a shock etc. It took me an hour to fill in the form. Sam has got over his *fall out with a person operation and expects to leave ** fall out over something He has got over his operation. George and Sam went out for dinner together. arrangements. It took me an hour to fill in the application form. often without warning. his young son came into the room and woke him. Jack got away with the bank robbery. David dropped her off. to make an effort to discover or get to know (something). Laura dropped in on Lynn. He has got over it. into town and dropped her off at the cinema. to complete (a form). to escape. a job etc. fall through to fail to happen or be completed (of plans. fall out to quarrel. David drove his wife. It took me an hour to fill the form in.). Laura dropped in on her. The evening ended badly because they fell out over who should pay the bill. He dropped off. David dropped his wife off. Nowadays Jack lives a life of luxury on a beautiful tropical island. He found out which platform by asking a ticket collector. to take something (or someone) to a place and leave it there. get away to fall asleep (often unintentionally). a social group. to pay a short visit. The prisoner got away from his guards and ran into the forest. John sat in his favourite armchair and dropped off.Reference Section drop in fill in a form/a questionnaire etc. Lynn. The prisoner got away. He was late and he didn't know which platform the London train left from. It took me an hour to fill it in.

The dog gave up trying. Roger got through his work. give in to stop resisting. Roger got through it. They got round the problem. The teacher gave out the books. Brian and Dan couldn't move the wardrobe because it was too heavy. Jim. After ten frustrating minutes. Note: this verb is not used in the passive.Reference Section get round (1) a problem / a difficulty etc. Jim tried to get through. to attack. to surrender oneself (usually to someone). go down to become less swollen. The dog gave it up. Tom gave in. One day a hungry dog saw a bunch of juicy grapes hanging from a vine. Jim tried to get through to him. Howard gave up cigarettes. The teacher gave them out. give out books/examination papers / pills etc. After five minutes of persuasion. go for a person. to distribute. get round (2) someone give up (2) to persuade someone to do what you want. The police surrounded the criminal's house and ordered him to give himself up. The dentist treated his bad tooth and his swollen cheek soon went down. Howard gave cigarettes up. give up (3) (of an habitual activity. The dog went for him. After a few minutes he came out and they took him to the police station. Howard decided to give up cigarettes after seeing a poster on the dangers of smoking. to complete. The fight between Tom and Dick stopped when Tom hurt his hand and had to give in. Roger. The dog gave up trying to get the grapes. Jim tried to get through to Roger. 90 give (oneself) up (1) The dog gave up the attempt. His swollen cheek went down. Tim wanted some sweets. The criminal gave himself up to the police. Howard gave up smoking. . They got round the problem by putting the wardrobe on a trolley and pushing it. an animal. but he got through it all by five o'clock. to stop trying to do something (often because it is too difficult).) to stop doing or having (something). to solve or avoid a problem. The teacher gave the books out. Tim got round his father. get through (1) to contact someone (usually by telephone). so that the pupils could read the story. The dog gave up. to surrender. The criminal gave himself up. Tim got round him. I've been trying to get through to you for hours! Roger: Sorry. I had to make a lot of calls this morning. Tim managed to get round his father and they both went into the sweet shop. Howard gave them up. The dog tried very hard to get the grapes. The teacher gave out the books. the dog gave up the attempt and walked home angrily. The dog went for Joe. to give (something or things) to each person in a group of people. The dog went for Joe and hurt his arm. Phil's cheek became swollen because he had a bad toothache. but it couldn't jump high enough to reach them. Roger had a lot of work to do yesterday. to persuade someone to let you do what you want. to finish. get through (2) some work / a task / a book etc. but his father told him they were bad for his teeth. smoking / drinking / a job etc. The dog gave the attempt up. Jim (phoning his friend Roger): Hello. They got round it.

(of alarms or alarm clocks) to ring suddenly. look after someone or something to take care of someone or something. Joe has grown up into a fine young man. Joe has grown up. They were laid off. but she let him down. he looked in a mirror and thought they looked horrible together. bombs. but the judge decided to let him off so that he could stay out of prison and take care of his family. to excuse (someone) from (a punishment. They let Fred out of prison after five years. let off to develop from a child into an adult. 'Hold on a minute and I'll get it for you. They let Fred out of prison. or doing something). The accident held up the traffic. a duty. After trying a few other pairs of trousers he decided that striped trousers go with a striped jacket.' said his assistant. (passive) let down to disappoint someone (often by breaking a promise or an agreement). Last year the manager of Bloggs Ltd laid off a hundred workers because business was very bad. Many people were killed when the bomb went off. Striped trousers go with a striped jacket. A robber held the bank up.Reference Section go off (of explosive devices e. She looks after the baby. often for a short time because there is not enough work. You have to bath it. Looking after a baby is a full-time job. lay off go through often passive to examine (something). A robber held it up. to stop employing (a worker). guns etc. The judge let Bill off going to prison. grow up He laid off a hundred workers. Bill should have been sent to prison for six months. The traffic was held up. hold on to wait (especially on the telephone). especially using a weapon (e. Julia let him down. They let Fred out. He laid a hundred workers off. The accident held it up. Striped trousers go with it. a custom's officer went through his suitcase. Julia let Rick down.) to explode or fire. He waited for two hours and then he went home angrily. (passive) let out to allow (a person or an animal) to leave (a place). Earlier today a masked robber with a gun held up the bank and escaped with a hundred thousand pounds. a gun).g. A custom's officer went through it. A robber held up the bank. The judge let Bill off. His assistant asked him to hold on. to delay. go with to match or suit (something). They let him out. 91 . A custom's officer went through Ben's suitcase. to release. The traffic was held up for a few hours because of an accident that blocked the road. hold up (1) usually used in the passive to stop. The officer took all of Ben's clothes out of his suitcase and looked at them very carefully. The accident held the traffic up.g. The bomb went off. When Ben entered this country. He laid them off. dress it and feed it. to rob. hold up (2) a person / a bank / a vehicle etc. Julia promised to meet Rick outside the cinema at eight o'clock. George phoned his office because he wanted some information. She looks after it. Tom wanted to see if checked trousers go with a striped jacket. The judge let him off the punishment.

look for something or someone to try to find (something or someone). 'I'll look it up in the dictionary and see what it means.Reference Section look over some work / a car / a house / a document / a suggestion / an applicant etc. look back to remember and think about the past. He couldn't make the thing out. to carefully examine a situation or event and try to discover the reasons for it. look round a house / a shop / a town / a factory / an exhibition etc. Jimmy looks up to him. I'll buy it. Bob saw something on the horizon as he was looking through his binoculars. At first he couldn't make out what it was. They enjoy looking back (on / at / to) old times. They looked round it. to examine (someone or something) carefully and fully. to disapprove of (someone or something). The police are looking into it. Bill Bloggs has been in prison for the last ten years. to visit and tour round a place. He looked for his key. If it's in good condition. a telephone number) in a book (e. They enjoy looking back on them. They like talking about the past and looking back on old times. He looked over the car. but after a few minutes he could just make out the shape of a yacht. look up a word / a telephone number / an address / a train time / a date etc.' They looked round the house. At the moment they are looking at pictures of their wedding. Mr and Mrs Smith wanted to buy a house. 'Look round the house and see if it's what you want. make out (1) often used in the negative with can't and couldn’t to see. Bill is looking forward to leaving prison. The Blacks have been married for many years. hear. look into a situation / a crime / a problem / a complaint etc. Sir Douglas looks down on Fred. Fred is a very poor tramp. The estate agent took them to see a house in the centre of town and said. Jimmy looks up to Ted Ross. Joe wanted to buy a second-hand car. He couldn't make out the thing on the horizon. to admire (someone). They enjoy looking back. The police are looking Into the death of Mr James. look forward to a future event to think with pleasure about a future event that you expect to enjoy. to find (or try to find) something (e. 92 look up to someone Young Jimmy's favourite footballer is Ted Ross of Arsenal. 'It's in one of my pockets. They want to know how he was murdered. Bill is looking forward to next year. low or worthless.' he thought. often a thing or person that is lost. While Peter was reading he found a word that he didn't understand.' he thought.' He looked up the word.g. He looked it up. The police are looking into the murder of Mr James. Sir Douglas looks down on him. He couldn't make it out. look down on someone or something to think that someone (or something) is inferior. 'Give me some time to look it over. He looked for it.g. They went into the house and looked round. . Sir Douglas is a very rich aristocrat.' he said to the salesman. to investigate. or understand (something or someone). Jimmy looks up to Ted and he tries to be like him.' He looked the car over. They are looking at the evidence and asking lots of questions. often with difficulty. Sir Douglas thinks that he is a much better person than Fred . 'This is a difficult word. a telephone directory). Bill is looking forward to next year to respect (someone). They want to find the murderer. Fred wanted to open his front door but he couldn't find his key. He looked the word up. Next year he'll be released from prison and he'll be a free man. Bill is looking forward to it. He looked for it everywhere. He looked it over.he looks down on Fred. 'That one looks good.

to invent. He made it up.Reference Section make out (2) a cheque to write (a cheque). When the air-conditioning stopped working. so he decided to make up an excuse. Note: the object is very often it. make up for a mistake / doing or not doing something etc. It was the third time he had overslept that month. put forward a proposal / a plan / a suggestion / an idea etc. I made out a cheque. to offer (a proposal / a plan etc. He put the idea forward.30 p. point out something or someone to draw attention to something or someone. He pointed his office out. mistake for to think wrongly that (one thing or person) is (another thing or person). He made up for it. pass away pass on pass over (usually of a person) to die. James found it difficult to breathe and passed out. I saw a piece of old rope and I mistook it for a dangerous snake. I mistook a piece of old rope for a dangerous snake. Colin overslept and was late for work. He put it forward. I made out a cheque for ten pounds. I made a cheque out. He made an excuse up. make up (1) to become friends again after a quarrel. Joan and Jack made it up. 93 . He passed out. I made it out. pick up something or someone to give someone a ride in a vehicle. Ron made up for being late by apologizing to June and giving her a big bunch of flowers. Fred passed away. Mr Smith put forward the idea of introducing traffic lights at the crossroads as a way of preventing traffic jams. Earlier today they decided to forget their differences and make up. He made up for being late. make up (2) a story / a poem / an excuse / an explanation etc. He made up an excuse. He stopped the car and picked the hitchhiker up. to compensate for. Fred Bloggs passed away (passed on/passed over) in 1985 after a long illness. Jack made up with Joan. own up to tell (someone) that you have done something wrong or that you are at fault.m. I frightened myself last night when I mistook a piece of old rope for a dangerous snake. Jeff picked him up.) for consideration. Joan and Jack made up. Fred passed on. He told his boss that the engine of his car had exploded. Jeff picked the hitchhiker up. The planning committee thought his idea was very good. He put forward the idea. Yesterday Joan and Jack had a big argument about politics. Jack made (it) up with her. He owned up to the naughty trick. June and Ron arranged to meet outside the cinema at 7. James owned up to drawing a silly picture of his teacher on the board. Jeff was driving home when he saw a hitchhiker. He owned up. Jack made it up with Joan. Joan and Jack made up their quarrel. to collect someone or something (sometimes in a vehicle). Jeff picked up the hitchhiker. He pointed it out. sometimes with the purpose of deception. pass out to lose consciousness. He owned up to drawing the picture. June was very upset when Ron arrived an hour late. My uncle showed me the building he used to work in and he pointed out his old office on the sixth floor. Fred passed over. He pointed out his office.

George is running in his new car. to discourage. Uncle Mike puts up with it. so he can't drive fast. run out of coffee / sugar / money / patience / time etc. put (someone) off (2) Uncle Mike puts up with their bad behaviour. Martin put off doing the washing-up till the next day. He felt a little happier after deciding to put off the washing-up until the next day. The noise from the T. to delay an event or arrangement until a later date. but the noise from the television put him off and he had to stop. I ran into Jeremy. to dress oneself. Howard has run out of bread. Frank. put out a cigarette / a light / a fire etc.V. She put Mr Pratt through to Mr Gunn.V. to suffer (a difficult situation or person) without complaining. run in a motor cycle / a new car / a machine etc. They hit him. Perry put it on. George is running it in. When Uncle Mike comes to visit us. It was a lovely surprise because I hadn't seen him for a long time.V. If he wants a sandwich. put through to connect a telephone caller to the number he or she wants. Martin was very unhappy when he saw the huge pile of dirty dishes in the kitchen. Howard has run out of bread. Martin put the washing-up off till the next day. Bill arranged to go to Scotland to stay with his grandmother for a few days. Steve put it out. . the children behave very badly. Uncle Mike must love them very much because he puts up with everything they do. She put him through to Mr Gunn. put him off. Perry put on his new sweater because he wanted to wear it for work. The noise from the T.g. they play tricks on him and they make a lot of noise. (a notice sometimes seen on new cars) run into someone put on clothes /glasses / a ring / a necklace etc. airport. Ron was trying to read. Frank saw him off. (someone) from doing something. I was on my way to work when I ran into Jeremy Thomas. Perry put on his sweater.Reference Section put off (1) an event / doing something etc. Steve put the light out. to use a new (or reconditioned) engine carefully until it is ready for normal use. see off to say goodbye to someone who is going on a journey at the place (e. Martin put off washing up until the next day. Howard has run out of it. The noise from the T. Steve put out the light in the lounge before going upstairs to bed. Martin put off the washing-up until the next day. Steve put out the light. so he can't make himself a sandwich.V. to extinguish. put Ron off his book.' Mr Pratt replied. The noise from the T. Perry put his sweater on. 'Put me through to Mr Gunn please. His father. drove him to the railway station and saw him off. We ran into each other. Mr Pratt phoned the offices of Gunn and Company. 94 to meet by chance. Running in.) where the journey begins. put up with to delay doing something until a later date. he'll have to go to the baker's shop and buy some more bread. Frank saw Bill off. put Ron off reading his book. 'Who would you like to speak to?' asked the switchboard operator. station etc. George is running in his new car. I ran into him. or distract. please pass. put him off his book. She put through Mr Pratt's call. to use all of (something) and have no more left. and he never gets annoyed with them. Martin put it off until the next day.

(something or a situation) from someone else. Christopher takes after his father. The letters B. The hungry wolf had a problem: all the sheep in the neighbourhood knew him and ran away when they saw him. Barry set off on his camping holiday at six o'clock in the morning and reached the campsite. or do (something). Barry set off at six o'clock. ‘Speak up'. After some thought he decided to disguise himself as a sheep.Reference Section take in often used in the passive to deceive (someone). Simon took over. Simon took over the manager's job from Mr Jones. to record in writing. Nick took his jacket off. stand for the British Broadcasting Corporation. take up a hobby / a sport / a job / a habit etc. set off to start a journey.B. Simon took it over. He took it down. At the end of a journey an aeroplane lands. I The aeroplane took off. Little Christopher takes after his father. take off (1) (of an aeroplane) to rise from the ground. He took the statement down. in France. Barry set off on a camping holiday. Nick took off his jacket because he was feeling very hot. The sponge soaked up the milk. Grandfather said. The neighbourhood sheep were taken in by the wolf's clever disguise and he was able to walk up to them and catch one of them for his dinner. At the beginning of a journey an aeroplane takes off. He took it up. soak up a liquid / information / knowledge / punishment etc.' his grandfather said. The wolf's disguise took them in. He has black hair. to begin to study. at midday. stands for British Broadcasting Corporation. When the policeman arrived at the scene of the accident he took down the witness's statement. take down a statement / a telephone number / some Information etc. He took painting up. Tim wanted to take up painting. Nick took it off. stand for to represent or mean. Simon took the manager's job over. speak up often used in the imperative to speak louder. Barry set off for France.B. He took up a new hobby. He took up painting. (passive) The wolf's disguise took in the sheep. Terry was talking to his grandfather. Simon took over the manager's job. or control of.C. 'I'm a bit deaf and I can't hear you. Nick took off his jacket. The wolf's disguise took the sheep in. so he joined an evening class at the local College of Art. The sponge soaked it up.C. Terry. 'Speak up. Christopher takes after him. to become filled with (something). take over to assume responsibility for. B. Simon took over the manager's job from Mr Jones when he retired. The sponge soaked the milk up. practise.' Grandfather told Terry to speak up. to be a sign or short form of something else.C. to absorb. to cheat (someone). Barry set off. He took down the statement. 95 . The sheep were taken in by the wolf's disguise. take off (2) to remove anything that is worn on the body (especially clothes). What do the letters B. big feet and a bad temper just like his dad. stand for? take after someone to look or be like an older relative. The sponge soaked up the spilt milk.B.

Brian tore up the letter. Carrying the heavy box wore out Fred. turn down a request/an offer/an applicant/an application to destroy completely by tearing. Carrying the heavy box wore him out. He is working it out. They turned down Jeff. Paul wore it out. Jeff was interviewed for the job at Bloggs Ltd but they turned him down because he was too young. Brian tore it up. Paul wore out his favourite jumper after wearing it every day for ten years. wear out (2) often used in the passive to tire greatly. Carrying the heavy box wore Fred out. Howard told him off for breaking a window. He is thinking his next move over. letter angrily. Howard told his son off. to become. Fred was worn out by carrying the heavy box. to exhaust. turn into something or someone to change. The first hat was too big. wear off to disappear gradually. At the moment he is thinking over his next move. 96 . (passive) work out a sum / a problem / a plan / a method etc. Howard told off his son. I tried three hats on. I tried them on. He is thinking over his next move. The kiss turned the frog into a prince. When he got home he went straight to bed. to produce a way of dealing with a problem or situation by thinking. At the moment he is working out the answer to a sum. The beautiful princess kissed the frog and it turned into a handsome prince. Last week I went into a shop and tried on three hats. Carrying the heavy box across the street wore Fred out. Angela tried new 'Zap' out. tell off to speak angrily to someone who has done something wrong. He is working out the answer. to put on an article of clothing to see if it fits and how it looks. Paul wore out his jumper. so I bought it. think over a problem / a proposal / a situation etc. wear out (1) to use (something) until it becomes unfit for further use. I tried on three hats. Angela tried it out. to consider (something) carefully. to refuse or reject (something or someone). The jumper wore out. He is working the answer out. try on a hat / a new pair of shoes / a dress etc. Angela tried out new 'Zap'. to become unusable after excessive use. but the third one fitted me perfectly and looked good. He is thinking it over. Howard told his son off for breaking a window with his football. the second one was too small. Howard told him off. Owen is playing chess with a friend. Brian tore up the etc. They turned Jeff down.Reference Section tear up a piece of paper / a letter / a newspaper etc. The frog turned into a prince. Brian tore the letter up. to find fault with someone. to solve a problem by calculation or study. The pain in Jim's foot wore off after he look some painkiller. She decided to try it out because she wanted to see if it was better than her usual soap powder. They turned him down. Angela saw an advertisement for a new soap powder called 'Zap'. Paul wore his jumper out. try out something or someone to test something (or someone) by using it. The pain wore off. Jimmy is busy doing his homework.

2. cut off 5 hold on. 9) 1 1. 3. grew up 5 takes after. when I look back on it (etc) He was brought up very well by his parents (etc) That’s because she takes after her mother (etc) Well now she’s grown up and is a teacher (etc) Unit 3 (p. 2. 3. speak up 6 1. Unit 1 (p. 6. 3. 5. 5. 2. We'll look into it (etc) Why don't you look it up (in the telephone directory) (etc)? I'm looking for my pen (etc) I'll just look it over first (etc) I looked round the shops (etc) No. 4 looking into. just hold on while I buy one (etc) Had the water board cut you off (etc)? Wait a moment and I’ll put you through (etc) I tried. looking for 5 looking round. look back. but I couldn’t get through (etc) She asked you to speak up because she couldn’t hear you (etc) 97 . 6. 5. Where the suggested answer is one of many possibilities. looked up 6 1. 13) 1 1. 3. the more commonly heard spoken version is given first. 6. 2. 2. 2. 5. It stands for the British Broadcasting Corporation (etc) No. but I'll find out (who he is) (etc) Unit 2 (p. 4 bring up. 5. 5. 6. 6. 4. find out. 2. 4. brought up grows up looked after take after looking back do up 2 1. 2. 4. look up/for look round/look over 3 1.Answer Key Where an alternative answer is possible. I’ve always looked after it (etc) It’s going to be done up soon (etc) Yes. 3. got through. put (him) through. looked (it) over. 3. 3. Jack was looked after I was brought up to respect the law The house was done up before they sold it 3 1. doing up 6 1. look after. 3. 4. 3. to to 4 stood for. cut it off put it through cut John off 3 1. 4. 2. 2. 17) 1 1. 5. 3. look into looking for find out look (it) up look over looking round 2 1. brought them up do up the lounge in our new flat/do the lounge up in our new flat takes after his grandfather look after your new shoes looking back on them 2. 5. 6. 6. 4. looked it up looked for it look over the report look round the city found it out looking into the situation 4. cut off hold on stand for put through get through speak up 2 1. the answer given ends in ’etc’. 3. 4. 2.

5. 3. broke off broke up make (it) up make up for breaking down falling out 2 1. 3. 2. 2. running (it) in. fell out 6 1. 2. come up with/work out 98 . broke out in. broke down. broke down.Unit 4 (p. get over. 4. 5. came into it ran into Carol running it in drop in on him get round the problem come across it 5 got round. 6. 2. 3. drop in. 4. 3. passed out 5 1. 2. 2. 33) 1 1. 6. 4. I’m running it in (etc) We can get round that by taking another road (etc) I came into it when my father died (etc) Unit 6 (p. 4. 29) 1 1. We can work them out later (etc) I couldn't quite make it out either (etc) Yes. make up for. 3. 2. 5. come into 7 1. let’s make up and forget it (etc) It’s always breaking down (etc) You can make up for it by buying me lunch today (etc) No. made up made up their quarrel broke them off fell out with him broke it up make up for it 2. 4. 25) 1 1. think over/make up 5 pointed out/come up with. 2. come round/to 4 going down. 3. 3. I passed out I got over it in 6 weeks (etc) I came round/to after 2 hours (etc) She broke down and cried (etc) He broke out in a cold sweat (etc) I hope it'll go down soon (etc) 6 1. 5 broke up. 5. 3. OK. 5. broke down. 4. 6. ran into 6 came across. 5. 5. 6. 2. 6. 4. got over 3 broke out in. 6. 4. come up with workout making up think over pointed out make out 2 1. work (them) out/think (them) over. 6. 2. makes up. just don’t let’s fall over it (etc) Yes. 3 1. 21) 1 1. 4. 6. get over passed out broke out in came round/to went down broke down 2 get over. Drop in anytime (etc) I came across it in a flea market (etc) I ran into him at the station (etc) There’s nothing wrong with it. I want to break off our engagement (etc) Unit 5 (p. 2 dropped in on/ran into running in came across came into drop in get round ran into 3 1. 3. 5. 2. and now they’ve finally broken up (etc) No. think over/ workout make out/point out/ workout 3 1. 2. 6. I made it up (etc) Unit 7 (p. with for over 4 break off. 3. 4. Think the proposal over/think over the proposal came up with it worked them out made up the story about the man in the red coat/made the story about … up pointed him out make it out 4 make (him) out. 5. 5. 6. 4. on to/and 4 1. 3. broke down. 2. 3. 5. the guide pointed it out (etc) Lesley came up with it (etc) Think it over and tell me tomorrow (etc) No.

3. called off. 5. 2. 3. try (it) out. 5. 4. gave (himself) up (1) give up (2) gave up (3) try out catching on dropped off 2 1. take off 6 1. holds (us) up 5 drop (me) off. we gave up half-way up (etc) No. 5. 4. giving out. 5. see (them) off. 6. 3. set off. I'll put on my gloves/put my gloves on (etc) asked me to take off my clothes/take my clothes off (etc) goes with the carpet (etc) wear out quickly like to try it on (etc) do up his shoe laces (etc) 3 1. trying the themselves (up) to drinking playing 3 catch on. 6. thanks. 3. 4. worn my boots out/worn out my boots took it off goes with it put his trousers on/put on his trousers do it up try your new watch on/try on your new watch 4 put (my glasses) on. do up put on takeoff try on goes with wear out 2 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 4. 3. wear (them) out. 6. The pamphlets were given out The next meeting was put off until after Christmas The search was called off 3 1. 6. 4 was taken aback. 2. 5. 3. 5. 2. 4. 3. 6. do (them) up 6 1. give up. I was held up by the traffic (etc) 5. 3. 4. 2. 5. I've given up drinking alcohol (etc) Yes. 2. 3. goes with 5 Take (them) off. 5. 4. 6. 5. saw Steve off dropped off his daughter and her friend/dropped his daughter and … off held it up picked Jane up 3. 45) 1 1. To see Vesna and Keith off (etc) It's a plane taking off (etc) He set off early this morning (etc) 4. give up 4 give (himself) up. 4. 2. is over were taken aback call off/put off put off gave out is off 2 1. 2. 3. 4 pick (you) up. try on. 3. it looks worn out (etc) You Can try it on if you want (etc) I'll take them off now (etc) Can you help me do it up (etc)? How nice! Let me put them on (etc) Your black dress should go with it (etc) Unit 11 (p. dropping off 5 1. I was taken aback (etc) No. it's been put off until tomorrow (etc) The teacher will give (them) out some more (etc) The film must be over (etc) Because it's off (etc) We should call it off (etc) Unit 10 (p. 4. 2. see (him) off set off took off picked (me) up drop (you) off held up 2 1. 2. 3. but we'll try you out for a month first (etc) 99 . 4. 4. 5. 2. put (it) off 6 1.Unit 8 (p. Liz will pick me up (etc) Drop me off at the bank (etc) Unit 9 (p. I think it'll catch on (etc) He gave himself up (to the police) (etc) He always drops off (etc) No. on at – for 7 1. was over 5 is (the lecture) off. 6. gave the sweets out/gave out the sweets put it off called off the meeting of the students' club/called the meeting … off 2. 2. 2. Yes. 49) 1 1. 2. 3. 6. 6. 6. 37) 1 1. The start of the race was held up (by bad weather) I was dropped off (by my father) 3 1. 41) 1 1.

2. told Janet off/told off Janet beat George up/beat up George broke it up soaked up a lot of information/soaked a lot of information up went for him calm Phillip down 4 broke up. put (me) off 5 put up with. 2. we should give in (etc) Because his meat's always off (etc) I'm going to go through them this evening (etc) Unit 13 (p. 5. looking forward to it put me off it cheered Terry up put up with them look down on him look up to Sally 4 look down on. made out 5 checked in. 5. 2. Let's try and cheer him up (etc) Because he always looks down on people with no money (etc) Why do you put up with him (etc)? Yes. 6. 57) 1 1. 2. 4. 6. fill (it) in. took down. 4. 65) 1 1. give in. 2. don't give in (etc) always take people in (etc) you'll never manage to get round me (etc) it must be off (etc) go through it again (and correct it) (etc) mistook the policewoman for his wife (etc) 3. 3. told (him) off 6 1. 3. 4. meeting him going for a walk seeing him again 3 1. 2. look up to. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4 was off. beat (him) up. 3. 6. 3. 2. went for. broke up beat up told (me) off Calm down soaked up went for 2 1. 5.Unit 12 (p. 4. 3. 4. get round mistake/mistook (her) for is off go through taken in give in 2 1. 3. 5. 3. 2. 5. 4. 5. 2. 5. 6. 4. 5. 3. 2. 2. calm (the man) down 5 soaked up. go through got round her took the tourists in/took in the tourists went through them mistook him for my father 5 mistook (Alma's kindness) for. 6. 4. filled in the questionnaire/ filled the questionnaire in made out a cheque for forty pounds/made a cheque out for forty pounds took it down took it up tore up the letter from her boyfriend/tore the letter from her boyfriend up 4 take up. 2. 3. looking forward to. 3. 5. 3. cheers up 6 1. being rude eating in class not helping my mother 3 1. 5. You should tell him off (etc) Don't worry! Calm down (etc)! They broke it up (etc) Someone beat him up last night (etc) I'm worried in case that dog's going to go for me (etc) Because I used it to soak up the wine spilt on the carpet (etc) Unit 15 (p. put (me) off put up with look down on look up to look forward to cheer (her) up 2 1. 6. I'm really looking forward to it (etc) Because you're putting me off my work (etc) I've always looked up to him (etc) Unit 14 (p. make out took down check in tore up took up fill in 2 1. we'll never get round him (etc) No. tore up 6 1. 4. 3. taken in. 61) 1 1. Because I was taken in by his story (etc) I mistook him for my friend (etc) I know. 2. 2. 6. 6. 4. 6. 5. 4. 4. 6. 2. 3. 53) 1 1. 4. Because I want to check in early (etc) Make out the cheque for forty pounds (etc) I tore it up by mistake (etc) Why don't you take up swimming (etc)? To take down everything you say (etc) Just fill in this form (etc) 100 . 5. 6. get round (her) 6 1. 3 1. boxing knitting woodwork tennis 3 1.

2. 2. I got away with it (etc) Someone must have let him out (of the house) (etc) Unit 18 (p. layoff. 2. 4. own up 6 1. got away let (the cat) out let (him) off gets away with owned up let (me) down 2 1. 3. turned down. 5. washing the dishes the lie telling a lie 4 let (me) off. 4. 2. 2. turn (my spare bedroom) into brush up take over wear off die out passed away/on/ over 2. 2 1. 69) 1 1. 3. 4. passed away/on/over. 5. 6. 2. let (your father) down. 6. so I've decided to drop out (etc) 101 . 4. 6. 73) 1 1. wear off 4 took over. 4. get away 5 get away with. 3. let her off let him down let it out got away with it 3 1. 5. drop out 6 1. 5. 3. carried out 5 put forward. 2. 3. 2. No. 4. 3. dying out. 4. 2. 4. turned (him) into 5 1. 2. 3. 6.Unit 16 (p. 4. 77) 1 1. 3. he let him off (etc) No. 3. 5. it fell through because there wasn't enough time (etc) Because he's been laid off (etc) To carry out a test for diabetes (etc) No. 6. 3. 5. Because my uncle has just passed away/on/over (etc) To brush up my English (etc) Tom will take over (etc) It died out years ago (etc) I'm going to turn it into a spare bedroom (etc) No. 4. turned down the offer of a new job/turned the offer of a new job down carry them out put it forward laid off hundreds of manual workers/laid hundreds of manual workers off 4 fell through. let out. 6. to brush up my English (etc) she passed away/on/over (etc) hasn't worn off yet (etc) turned it into an egg (etc) take over my job (etc) they would soon all die out (etc) 3 brush up. He got away (etc) Because my girlfriend let me down (etc) Because he owned up (etc) No. 6. The tests are being earned out now I was laid off A new proposal was put forward Their application was turned down 3 1. put forward carried out lay off turned down fell through dropped out 2 1. 3. I turned it down (etc) We put forward some new proposals (etc) Not really. the pain's worn off now (etc) Unit 17 (p. 5.

2. 4. No. 3. ran out of 5 get through. 5.Unit 19 (p. 3. 5. 5. My flat was broken into (by a burglar) He was worn out cleaning the house The van was held up (by some men) The embassy was burned down (by some terrorists) 3 1. 5. burned down. 6. 2. 6. 2. 4. 2. 2. 4. 5. 3. cut down on 5 broke out. 4. blow up. 2. broke into. but I'll put my cigarette out now (etc) I know they need blowing up (etc) It sounded like a bomb going off (etc) World War I broke out in 1914 Unit 20 (p. 6. 2. 3. held (me) up 6 1. 3. It was blown up (etc) I'm going to cut down on chocolate (etc) No. 4. 6. blew up as many balloons as we could find/blew as many balloons up as cut down on them blew up the aeroplane/blew the aeroplane up put out your cigar/put your cigar out 4 put out. blow up 6 1. I'm completely worn out (etc) It burned down last year (etc) Because I ran out of time (etc) I held up a bank (etc) Because I got through my work quickly (etc) Because they thought I'd broken into my neighbour's house (etc) 102 . went off. 4. I didn't. 2. 3. 3. 81) 1 1. 6. 5. run out of burned down got through worn (me) out broke into held up 2 1. 4. 4. 3. wore out the nurses in the hospital/wore the nurses in the hospital out held up my uncle's newspaper shop/held my uncle's newspaper shop up broke into it got through it burned down part of the city/burned part of the city down 4 worn out. broke out (etc) blew it up they went off/watched them go off (etc) I'll blow up your tyres/blow your tyres up I'll put out my cigarette/put out my cigarette out (etc) cut down on your eating (etc) 3 1. went off blew up broke out blow up put out cut down on 2 1. 85) 1 1.

context sentences and collocations.Making Sense of Phrasal Verbs presents some of the most common verbs through lively cartoon illustrations and guides learners to an understanding of their meanings with carefully worded cue questions. A series of exercises offers first controlled. . helps to make this a clear. with its meaning check. Available in two editions: a self study edition with answers and an edition without answers for classroom use. and then freer practice of the newly-learned verbs. as well as a lively introduction to the subject. while the Reference Section at the back of the book.