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# 2

2.1

a.
U.S.
Sieve
No.
4
10
20
40
60
100
200
Pan

Mass of soil
retained on
each sieve (g)
0.0
21.6
49.5
102.6
89.1
95.6
60.4
31.2
450 g

Percent
retained on
each sieve
0.0
4.8
11.0
22.8
19.8
21.2
13.4
7.0

Percent
finer
100.0
95.2
84.2
61.4
41.6
20.4
7.0
---

## The grain-size distribution is shown.

b.

From the figure, D60 = 0.41 mm, D30 = 0.185 mm, D10 = 0.09 mm

2.2

2.3

2.4

D60 0.41

4.56
D10 0.09

c.

Cu

d.

2
D30
0.1852
Cc

0.928
( D60 )( D10 ) (0.41)(0.09)

Cu

D60 0.62

6.2
D10
0.1

Cc

2
D30
0.412

2.71
( D60 )( D10 ) (0.62)(0.1)

Cu

D60
0.51

6.22
D10 0.082

Cc

2
D30
0.29 2

2.01
( D60 )( D10 ) (0.51)( 0.082)

a.
U.S.
Sieve
No.
4
6
10
20
40
60
100
200
Pan

Mass of soil
retained on
each sieve (g)
0.0
30.0
48.7
127.3
96.8
76.6
55.2
43.4
22.0
500 g

Percent
retained on
each sieve
0.00
6.00
9.74
25.46
19.36
15.32
11.04
8.68
4.40

Percent
finer
100.00
94.00
84.26
58.80
39.44
24.12
13.08
4.40
0.00

## The grain-size distribution is shown in the figure on the next page.

b.

From the figure, D60 = 0.82 mm, D30 = 0.31 mm, D10 = 0.12 mm

2.5

c.

Cu

D60 0.82

6.83
D10 0.12

d.

Cc

2
D30
0.312

0.98
( D60 )( D10 ) (0.82)( 0.12)

a.
U.S.
Sieve
No.
4
6
10
20
40
60
100
200
Pan

Mass of soil
retained on
each sieve (g)
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.1
249.4
179.8
22.7
15.5
23.5
500 g

Percent
retained on
each sieve
0.00
0.00
0.00
1.82
49.88
35.96
4.54
3.10
4.70

Percent
finer
100.00
100.00
100.00
98.18
48.30
12.34
7.80
4.70
0.00

## The grain-size distribution is shown in the figure on the next page.

2.6

b.

From the figure, D60 = 0.48 mm, D30 = 0.33 mm, D10 = 0.23 mm

c,

Cu

0.48
2.09
0.23

d.

Cc

0.332
0.99
(0.48)( 0.23)

## The grain-size distribution is shown

From the figure, percent passing 2 mm = 100%; percent passing 0.06 mm = 58%;
4

## percent passing 0.002 mm = 23%. See Table 2.1, so

Gravel
Sand
Silt
Clay
2.7

Refer to the figure for Problem 2.6. From the figure, percent passing 2 mm = 100%;
percent passing 0.05 mm = 54%; percent passing 0.002 mm = 23%.
Gravel
Sand
Silt
Clay

2.8

:
0%
: 100 54 = 46%
: 54 23 = 31%
:
23 0 = 23%

Refer to the figure for Problem 2.6 and Table 2.1. From the figure, percent passing 2 mm
= 100%; percent passing 0.075 mm = 31%; percent passing 0.002 mm = 23%.
Gravel
Sand
Silt
Clay

2.9

:
0%
: 100 58 = 42%
: 58 23 = 35%
:
23 0 = 23%

:
0%
: 100 31 = 69%
: 31 23 = 8%
:
23 0 = 23%

The grain-size distribution curve is shown. From the figure, percent passing 2 mm =
100%; percent passing 0.06 mm = 30%; percent passing 0.002 mm = 14%.

Gravel :

0%
5

Sand
Silt
Clay
2.10

Refer to the Figure for Problem 2.9. Percent passing 2 mm = 100%; percent passing 0.05
mm = 29%; percent passing 0.002 mm = 14%.
Gravel
Sand
Silt
Clay

2.11

:
0%
: 100 29 = 71%
: 29 14 = 15%
:
14 0 = 14%

Refer to the Figure for Problem 2.9. Percent passing 2 mm = 100%; percent passing
0.075 mm = 34%; percent passing 0.002 mm = 14%.
Gravel
Sand
Silt
Clay

2.12

: 100 30 = 70%
: 30 14 = 16%
:
14 0 = 14%

:
0%
: 100 34 = 66%
: 34 14 = 20%
:
14 0 = 14%

Gs = 2.6; temperature = 24; hydrometer reading = 43; time = 60 min. Referring to Table
2.5, L = 9.2 cm
Eq. (2.5): D (mm) = K

L (cm)
t (min)

## From Table 2.4, for Gs = 2.6 and temperature = 24, K = 0.0132

D = 0.0132

2.13

For Gs = 2.7 and temperature = 23, K = 0.013 (Table 2.4); hydrometer reading = 25; L =
12.2 cm (Table 2.5)
D (mm) = K

9.2
= 0.0052 mm
60

L (cm)
= 0.013
t (min)

12.2
= 0.0059 mm
60