CHEMISTRY PROJECT FILE

SUMBIT BY: ARCHIT GUPTA CLASS: 12TH SCIENCE ROLL NO.:

CERTIFICATE
Certified that Archit Gupta of class 12th has done the project of “Finding the percentage of caffeine in various tea leaves”, in chemistry during the academic year 2007-2008 under my guidance & supervision.

Teacher signature

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
It gives me pleasure in expressing a deep sense of gratitude to my respected teacher MISS SHALINI for his inspiring and cooperation throughout the preparation Of the project. This project could not have taken the present shape without her valuable guidance.

Archit Gupta
CLASS- XII (Science) ROLL NO.-

A Project On Finding The Percentage Of Caffeine In Various Tea Leaves

By: Archit Gupta Roll no:

INDEX
EXPERIMENT
(1). (2). (3). (4). (5). (6). (7). (8). (9). INTRODUCTION AIM APPARATUS REQUIRED CHEMICAL REQUIRED THEORY PROCEDURE OBSERVATION INFERENCE BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTRODUCTION
Tea is the most widely used substance in household for easing tension & tiredness. It is also used for relaxing and for lowering the body temperature. The main principle, which is responsible .For all these characteristics of tea is caffeine. The amount of caffeine in different samples & Varieties of tea are different and on this basis their strength varies.

EXPERIMENT
Aim:
To compare the caffeine content of the various samples of tea. Apparatus required: Round bottom flask, Water condenser beakers & Bunsen burner. Chemical required: Different samples of tealeaves, basic lead acetate, litharge, chloroform & distilled water. Theory: Caffeine is the main active principle of tealeaves. It is white crystalline solid & has m.p. of 13.2°C. It is presents in tealeaves up to 30% & can be extracted by first boiling the tealeaves with water which dissolves many glycosides compounds in addition to caffeine. The clear solution is then treated with lead acetate to precipitate the glycosides compounds in the form of lead complexes. The clear filtrate is then extracted with chloroform, which extracts caffeine because it is more soluble in it than in water.

Procedure:

Take 4 different samples of tealeaves from different brands of tea. Take 100 gms of any sample in 250 ml if distilled water in a round bottle flask & boil it for one hour taking care that the volume of water remains almost same. This can be maintained by addition from time to time water lost by evaporation or using water condenser fixed to flask. After heating filter the brown coloured tea solution hot into a beaker. In a separated beaker, dissolves 25 gms of litharge to it with constant stirring. Filter this solution & add it drop wise to the hot tea extract till no more precipitate is formed. Filter the precipitate & extract the filtrate several times with 20 ml of chloroform. Combine the chloroform extract & remove the solvent. Dry the residue (caffeine) left behind &weight. Repeat the same procedure by taking other samples & find out the amount of caffeine obtained in each case.

Observation table
S.NO TEA BAGS BRANDS 1. 2. 3. 4. WEIGHT OF SAMPL CAFFINE E TEA OBTAINED (g) (g) TATATEA 100 2 TEA CITY 100 3 LIPTON TEA 100 2.5 TAJ MAHAL 100 3.5 % OF CAFFINE 2 3 2.5 3.5

Inference:

The amount of caffeine in different samples of tea is different. Tea in which the caffeine content is more gives a better flavour.

Result: In the above experiment, TAJ MAHAL
TEA has got more caffeine content hence it can give the better flavour. Additional note: Caffeine obtained above can be crystallized from hot water as white Crystalline substance.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. PRADEEP’S NEW COURSE OF CHEMISTRY 2. JUNIOR SCIENCE REFRESHER 3. INTERENT WEBSITE (GOOGLE)

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