# Engineering Material

Stress
-scientific area of applied mechanics
for study of strength material
-internal resistance applied by unit
area
Strain
-change per unit length in linear
direction
-deformation caused by stress
Stress
Simple Stress
-stress is constant
Bearing Stress
– Forces acting perpendicular to the
area
Shearing Stress
-force acting parallel to the area
-also called modulus of rigidity
Proof Stress
-stress caused permanent deformation
Bending Stress
-perpendicular to its long axis
Ultimate Stress
-highest ordinate in stress strain curve
Mechanical Properties
Shear Strength
-maximum shear stress before rupture
Yield Strength
-plastic deformation of tensile test
Fatigue Strength
-can withstand stress in body
Bearing Strength
-pressure soil can withstand
(perpendicular)
Specific Strength
-ratio of ultimate strength to specific
wait
Creep Strength
-cause a specified quantity of creep in
a given time of constant temperature
Creep
-occurs over period of time w/
constant stress and temp

Modulus
Poisson Ratio
-ratio of unit lateral deformation to the
unit longitude deformation
-range 0.25 to 0.35
-theoretical max value ½
Modulus of Elasticity
-ratio of stress over strain
-measure of stiffness
-also called tensile modulus
Bulk Modulus
-volumetric strain is proportional to
hydrostatic
-shape of elasticity of material
Modulus of Resilience
-limit of material is reached
Secant Modulus
-average ratio of stress and strain at
nonlinear region
Johnson Modulus
-point which natural tangent equal to

Dimensional Property
Camber - edge straightness
Out of Flat – surface from a flat plane
Lay – direction of predominating
surface pattern
Roughness - surface irregularities
Surface Finish - macro and
microscopic that describe the surface
Waviness – wavelike variation
Stress Strain Diagram
Yield Point
-stress increases without
accompanying increase in stress
-yielding of material
-significant increase w/ little or no
stress
Elastic Limit
-stress without causing permanent
deformation
-without returning to original shape