CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION

:
PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Contents
OBJECTIVE...............................................................2
PROCEDURE............................................................2
PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM.......................................4
WORKBOOK............................................................5
QUESTION AND ANSWER........................................8
DISCUSSION............................................................9
CONCLUSION.........................................................10

1 | Page

three component was selected which are : a) Propylene oxides b) Water c) Propylene glycol 4. PROCEDURE A.000 L and liquid volume of 85%. 5. UNIQUAC fluid package was chose as thermodynamic model. 3. c) Pressure of reboiler and condenser are 1 bar d) Reflux ratio is 1. The reaction was set to kinetic 6. Then. c) The outlet temperature of CSTR is 60°C. Next. Procedure by using iCon software 2 | Page . Next. The forward reaction details was listed 7. CSTR and Tower was chose and dragged into the flow sheet. the CSTR details are filled in into the box as shown below The details are: a) To produce a final product containing 99. The details for stream 1 which is propylene oxides and stream 2 which is water are filled in 10. b) Assume a CSTR with a volume of 8. The simulation are run B. All stream between components are connected 9.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL OBJECTIVE To simulate the production of propylene glycol by using different software. The mixer. Hysys software was clicked. New project was clicked. 2. we add details for tower The details are: a) The distillation columns have 10 stages b) Feed inlet at stage 5. 8. 12. Hysys and Icon. Procedure by using Hysys Software 1. 11.5% propylene glycol.

add the stages in the distillation column. 4) The units involved in simulation such as mixer.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL 1) The software iCon on the desktop was clicked. 12)The feed stage was set. 6) Double clicked on mixer. 13)The reflux ratio and mole fraction were inserted. the following information given were inserted for : 7) Double clicked on E-1. 9) Next . 10)Clicked on “kinetics”. CSTR reactor and distillation column were dragged into the main flow sheet. 8) Double click on CSTR-1. and the components were searched and selected. 15)The simulation of a propylene glycol was solved. 2) Clicked on new project  select thermodynamic model  UNIQUAC 3) Then the component button was clicked. clicked on “reaction” filled the information. all the following information was inserted. 14)The pressure for the each stage was inserted. 11) Double clicked on distillation column. 3 | Page . 5) All the units were connected by stream as in shown in process flow diagram. the information needed were filled. A and E forward values were inserted.

Process flow diagram for Hysys Software Figure 2: Production of Propylene Glycol A.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM A. Process flow diagram for iCon software 4 | Page .

CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL Figure 2 : Production of Propylene Glycol WORKBOOK A. Summary table for Hysys Software 5 | Page .

798 90.0000 0.00 0.05 1.2-PROPYLENE GLYCOL 0.00 P [kPa] MoleFlow/Composition Fraction kgmole/h Fraction kgmole/h Fraction kgmole/h Fraction kgmole/h WATER 0.00 1.00 0.2-PROPYLENE OXIDE 1.11 1.92 1.833 89.0000 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 1.00 4990.00 3952.Out CSTR-1.0 60.0 25.In0 M-1.201 6 | Page .00 100.00 8942.00 0.00 0.0000 3952.00 T [C] 25.55804 4990. Stream summary table for iCon Software Name 1 2 3 4 M-1.00 4150.822 249.25 319425.18436 765.44196 3952.165 368.00022 0.00 0.961 114954.00 0.644 Std Liq Volume Flow [m3/hr] 274.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL B.00 1.In VapFrac 0.46 Volume Flow [m3/hr] 278.0000 0.00 100.In1 CSTR-1.76 89896.Vap Description Upstream Op Downstream Op M-1.989 364.81542 3384.01 210396.00 0.0000 4990.00 1.0 100.0 25.0000 0.0000 0.08 Total Mass Flow [kg/h] 229528.00 100.00 0.

8303 130.02 0.0017 1.2-PROPYLENE OXIDE 0.614 58.00 4100.00 0.041 27.82 Volume Flow [m3/hr] 113.05005 222.6072 0.Feed_4_feed VapFrac 0.9 111.652 85.0148 865.472 69.0182 3.08 18.9950 344.3313E+6 1.00 T [C] 60.02 35.0 100.70 823.018 0.0 42.540 0.55 82787.LiquidDraw_9_reboilerL Description Upstream Op Downstream Op C-1.0000 0.05428 222.9682E+5 Std Gas Volume Flow [SCMD] 7 | Page .44 1.804 86.1710 0.51 0.8372E+6 5.73 26240.2555 0.00 0.071 0.625 78.00 4446.4 16142.699 0.0028 0.LiquidDraw_0_condenserL C1.411 25.00 100.37 1.57 0.87248 3879.7430 1.2810 997.551 96.00001 0.57 0.3596E+6 Energy [W] -1.07747 344.155E+7 1.Liq0 C1.005 43.0004E-5 0.630 29.5577E-4 1.5282E+6 2.72 50.544 Std Liq Volume Flow [m3/hr] 110.2 -24778.17 Total Mass Flow [kg/h] 109028.476 70.861E+7 H [kJ/kmol] -13233.5 185.702E+7 -6.0000 S [kJ/kmol-K] MW Mass Density [kg/m3] Cp [kJ/kmol-K] Thermal Conductivity [W/m-K] Viscosity [Pa-s] Molar Volume [m3/kmol] Z Factor Surface Tension Speed of Sound Name 5 6 7 CSTR-1.00 100.2-PROPYLENE GLYCOL 0.9008E-4 5.240 2.0050 1.247E+6 2.124 213.46 0.94571 3877.0007 0.0841E+6 2.54 1.0154E-4 8.73 1.00 346.00 P [kPa] MoleFlow/Composition Fraction kgmole/h Fraction kgmole/h Fraction kgmole/h WATER 0.00 1.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL Std Gas Volume Flow [SCMD] 2.0 -33922.453E+7 -4.78 0.

0022 S [kJ/kmol-K] MW Mass Density [kg/m3] Viscosity [Pa-s] Molar Volume [m3/kmol] Z Factor Surface Tension Speed of Sound QUESTION AND ANSWER 1.52 20.588E+7 -1.80 958.977E+6 H [kJ/kmol] -31792.5309E-4 5.5208 0.9992 0.0009 0.478 61.026 0.0000 WATER 0.50% conversion 50 % conversion 2. What is the mole fraction for each component in the final product stream? Hysys Software iCon Software COMPONENT VAPOR LIQUID VAPOR (V OUT) LIQUID (L OUT) PROPYLENE OXIDES 0.94571 0.05428 0.1910 8.342 Thermal Conductivity [W/m-K] 0. What is the phase of the final product obtained?  The phase for top product is vapor and liquid for the bottom product.0050 8 | Page . What is the conversion of propylene glycol after reaction in CSTR? Hysys Software iCon Software 19.572 75.021 0.9298E-4 5.215 100.2065 Cp [kJ/kmol-K] 88.1404E-4 0.6509 888.00500 0.1 -31501.0360 955.013 24.00000 .00080 0.19 75.6 66.085 0.2 -20556.0008 0.927E+7 -3. 3.313 280.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL Energy [W] -3.4221 0.

how to achieve the desired purity?  The purity of the final product for both software is 99.5%.0000 0.9950 4.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL PROPYLENE GLYCOL 0. 9 | Page .00001 0.5%? If not. Is the purity of the final product 99.99500 0.

The temperature increased after pass through CSTR due to reaction 10 | P a g e . It is used produced via the hydrolysis of propylene oxide which is usually accelerated by acid or base catalysis. the component is feed into the Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) where it is labeled as CSTR-1. The simulation begins with combination together stream 1 and stream 2 in mixer equipment where is labeled as M-1 as shown in figure above. This experiment is about the production of propylene glycol by using propylene oxides and water as a reactant to synthesis propylene glycol.54 kg/h with 7.747% mol propylene glycol.248% mol water with temperature 60°C and constant pressure. The liquid volume inside CSTR is around 85% with together 8000 L. the component output from CSTR is 4446. Both stream 1 and stream 2 was set up at temperature and pressure feed is 25°C and 1 bar. The main objective of this experiment is in order to install and converged a conversion reactor. In this process.81% water and 44. The function of introduced of CSTR in order to convert reactant that is propylene oxide to propylene glycol with side product water. In this reaction involving between phase liquid and liquid. It is used as an oil dispersant. 5. After conversion takes places.005% mol propylene oxides and 87. The reason of this experiment using CSTR because CSTR have a good control. The properties package list used is UNIQUAC fluid package. a solvent in pharmaceuticals. an antifreeze and as a moisture and many others applications. The function of using mixer is in order to combine or mixed together the component of reactant used.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL DISCUSSION Propylene Glycol is a very common organic compound that is used in many applications.19% propylene oxide. to stimulate a process involving reaction and separation by using Icon software and compare it with Hysys Software. After that. low operating cost and easy to clean. Then. we used propylene oxide feed stream of 3592kg/h as a stream 1 and water feed stream of 4990kg/h as a stream 2. the output component from M-1 is water and propylene oxides with mass flow 8942 kg/h and consists of 55.

the bottom product is 346.CPE 613 PROJECT SIMULATION : PRODUCTION OF PROPYLENE GLYCOL takes placed is involved Arrhenius Law. Mostly at the top product where can reused back water by recycle in order to prevent is waste. The component at top product is 99.5% mol water at L-out.0018% mol propylene oxide. The separation column takes placed by inlet feed stage 5 and have 10 stages.428 mole% propylene oxide at 42. 0. and propylene glycol is 99. From the data obtained in stream summary table by using Hysys Software.5% 11 | P a g e .5mole %. Then. But. the purity of production of propylene glycol is 99. The pressure of reboiler and condenser are 1 bar while reflux ratio is 1. However. From the data obtained in stream summary table by using iCon software. this production is successful. the bottom product does not exist of propylene oxides. Energy used in CSTR is 75362 KJ/Kmol in order to convert propylene oxide to propylene glycol and water.001 mole% propylene glycol and 5. For the top product that is V-out there is no output propylene glycol due to have been separated at the bottom product.5% mol at the bottom product together with 0.571mole % water. the output component from CSTR need to be separated by using distillation column T-1 into 2 product component at the top and bottom product.5 mole%. The top product is labeled as Stream 6 meanwhile for bottom product is labeled as stream 7. CONCLUSION In a nutshell. the flow rate of the overhead product is 4100.17 kmol/h and the component composition of water is 0. The conversion was also successful with purity of propylene glycol is 99.20% mol water and 0.50C and 100 kPa.37 kmol/h with each component composition of 94.