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KEYS ES HW#10
Student Notes Section 2.1 Matter
Name__________________________
Section 2.1 discusses the relationship between minerals and elements. It explains
the parts of an atom and defines ions, isotopes, compounds, and chemical bonds.
Student Notes: Use the Cornell notes table below to take notes on this section.
Concept/ Questions

Notes- Definitions, important ideas, diagrams. Use and
underline these terms as you take your notes:
element; atomic number; energy level; isotope; mass
number; compound; chemical bond; ion; ionic bond;
covalent bond; metallic bond

What is an element?

Atoms

Protons

Neutrons

Electrons

Periodic Table

How are electrons,
protons, and
neutrons alike and
how are they
different?

Definition; 3 main types of sub-atomic particles;
relationship to elements

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Read over your notes and complete the following as a self-check quiz. If you cannot
remember something, look it up in your notes. Not in your notes? You know what to
do…..
Section Quiz:
1. A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances is called
a(n) ____________________.
2. The document in which elements are organized by their properties is known
as the ___________________________.
3. The smallest particle of matter that contains the characteristics of an element
is called a(n) ___________________________.
4. The atomic number of boron is 5. What does this tell you about an atom of
boron?
________________________________________________________________________
5. Name the three main types of particles in an atom.
_________________________________
6. True or False? Isotopes of carbon have the same number of neutrons and
different numbers of protons.
7. True or False? The total mass of an atom of nitrogen is known as the atom’s
mass number.
The illustration below is included for your convenience.

Why Atoms Bond Notes
Compounds – or what happens
when two or more atoms
react?

What turns an atom into a
“party animal”, that is an
atom who is trying to form
chemical bonds?

3 Types of Chemical Bonds

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How do ionic bonds form?
What are some properties of
ionic compounds?

How do covalent bonds form?

How do metallic bonds form?

Read over your notes and complete the following as a self-check quiz. If you cannot
remember something, look it up in your notes. Not in your notes? You know what to
do…..
1. What does a compound consist of?

2. What is likely to happen to an atom of oxygen because it does not contain the
maximum number of electrons in its outermost energy level?
Match each description with its type of chemical bond.
Covalent

ionic metallic

_________________________3. When one metal ion shares electrons with another
metal ion
_________________________4. When a positive ion is attracted to a negative ion
_________________________5. When one atom shares electrons with another atom