Students nowadays are experiencing an education system which rapidly changes

from time to time through implementation of many educational technologies.
Learning strategies, teaching processes and roles of teachers, students, parents and
administrators. have been upgrading continually in accordance with the demands of
21st century education. 21st century education doesn’t just require good grades, it
helps students to become independent learners. It also has a set of skills which we
can call as, “21st century skills”.

Let’s have a glance at the list of 21st century skills:
1) Creativity
2) Critical thinking
3) Cultural Awareness
4) Problem solving
5) Innovation
6) Civic engagement
7) Communication
8) Productivity
9) Collaboration
11) Exploration

In addition to the above mentioned skills, there are many more skills that 21st
century students are required to have. It’s difficult to cover the information about all
the 21st century skills in one guide so I’m writing this guide with focus more on two
important 21st century skills, Critical thinking and Problem solving. As we know 21st
century students will have the jobs that don’t even exist yet, students must have
problem solving and critical thinking skills. Let’s learn about them.

Critical thinking:
Critical thinking is a way of deciding whether a claim is true, partially true, or false.
21st century education’s main objective is to help students think critically and not just
take in things like a parrot. Critical thinking leads to skills that can be learned,
mastered and used. It is the rational examination of ideas, inferences, assumptions,
principles, arguments, conclusions, issues, statements, beliefs & actions.

Problem solving:

Despite having many educational technologies. analysis. overcome challenges. etc. evaluation. This is because they’re not being selective in thetechnologies they use. Similarity between Critical thinking & Problem solving: Critical thinking is defined as meaningful.Problem solving. Critical thinking differs from student to student as they have different interpretations. From students to professionals. Both critical thinking and problem solving (creative problem solving) involves the following procedure: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Identify an objective Conduct research Generate ideas Develop solutions Check whether or not the solutions are appropriate. Why 21st century students need Critical thinking and Problem solving skills and how educators can improve these skills: Critical thinking: Many students have access to technology as well as technological devices and most of them know how to blog. unbiased decisions or judgments based on the use of interpretation. Problem solving is the ability to find solutions to problems. everyone experiences problems from time to time. the term itself indicates that it’s an approach of solving problems or finding solutions to problems. Some problems are complicated while many others are easily solved. education or life. students still find it difficult to reach higher learning standards. and many do not understand the concept of a digital foot-print. Students nowadays still lack the ability to critically decipher through the “hits” they find on a Google search. Both critical thinking and problem solving are similar as their design is to approach and tackle different challenges. there are many challenges and issues that make it difficult to complete. 21st century education involves teaching approaches that help students become capable to solve problems that arise in their job. completing difficult tasks through techniques. has shared a practice that is being . Jules. and explanations of information as it relates to the evidence applied to a specific discipline. connect and collaborate with others through social media. explore and exchange knowledge about any concept. inferences. an English teacher. micro blog. etc. For every task or work we perform.

how to differentiate primary and secondary sources. history. Thanks for posting.Gary Strickland . I teach mostly seniors and find that most do question the validity of blogs versus articles citing expert opinion. the word or the question “Why” is a great sign of “Critical thinking”. Math Department Head -Okanagan Mission Secondary & Instructional Designer . I’d like to provide you with a link on which Paul Solarz has shared his experience of using #MysterySkype. or any digital sources. “Many students do not think critically about the sources they select from online sites. . Mystery Skype is an educational game.” says Jules. It's suitable for all age groups and can be used to teach subjects like geography. says Graham Johnson .Thinkable Institute “Learning stops at an answer . mathematics and science. ““Why” is always a great question” . #MysterySkype improves Critical thinking & Collaboration skills among students: Many educators find MysterySkype as a great tool to promote collaboration among students and improve critical thinking skills. The aim of the game is to guess the location of the other classroom by asking each other questions. books. “In Math. languages. played by two classrooms on Skype. critical thinking usually comes when students ask why.implemented in her school to improve creative thinking of students. determining the sources credibility. etc. but that does not translate necessarily to them choosing better sources or seeking to find answers that aren’t already provided for them in some way. checking how often the material is updated (if ever). invented by teachers. Let’s learn about it. rather than taking what we learn at face value”. We designed and implemented a four year research strategy at my high school that includes Boolean logic. This enthusiastic nature makes them special from the rest of the world. searching for sources. HS physics and IPC teacher.thinking happens during questioning. But few students try to learn about what it is and ask why it is being followed. Most of the students just follow what they’ve learnt from teachers. “Why” can make students think critically: According to me. The need and ability of youth to critically think about the media in which they daily engage is increasingly necessary.

the questioning model. Please share with us in the comment box. Read this blog post to know more about it. if you failed to answer a Math problem. they’ll experience many challenges and they need to tackle different situations. there are many more important things to know about Critical thinking and also numerous teaching practices to implement it. Let me explain the basic model of this approach: Students: For example. Which is exactly opposite of what the vast majority of executives today would do. once shared “When asked how he would spend his time if he was given an hour to solve a thorny problem. his ways of finding partners to play the game. and etc. (Einstein) said he'd spend 55 minutes defining the problem and alternatives and 5 minutes solving it. an author and an innovation consultant. We’d like to have your views on this. Problem solving: Einstein's problem-solving formula: Jeffrey Phillips. ‘Asking “Why” 5 times’ can find the root of any problem: When students learn at higher pace.” Educational institutions must realize the fact that thinking of different alternatives helps student improves his problem solving skills rather than teaching him a unique procedure to tackle a problem. In addition. ask these questions. Why didn’t I answer the question? ( Because I didn’t get sufficient time ) Why it took longer time? (Because the concept was very difficult for me) Why it was difficult only for me? (Because I got stuck at a certain step) Why I got stuck particularly at that step? (Because I didn’t practice it) Why didn’t I practice it? ( Because I thought I could do it easily without practice) Teaching them “How to Code” improves problem solving skills: .Solarz has written the whole procedure of the Mystery Skype.

Time / 20 Minutes Tools/Items required: Colored sheets of A4 paper . give each group 10 sheets of A4 papers (Each group gets a different color of A4 paper sheets). answer each and every query of them clearly with patience. because it teaches how to think.” The main reason why young students should be encouraged to learn coding is because it’s a basic computer literacy which helps them understand the logic and challenges behind this digital world. Students should get all their questions clarified. Use the masking tape to create a start line where all groups will need to stand behind and a finish line (Distance between the start and finish lines is 1. “Everybody in this country should learn how to program a computer. suggests other educators to encourage students to ask questions. this is the best way to improve their problem solving and critical thinking skills.Bill Gates once said. a Math educator. ACTIVITY FOR CRITICAL THINKING PAPER AERO PLANES Overview : This is a quick fun activity that is often used to prompt participants to think creatively and come up with out of the box ideas to accomplish this simple fun task in a competitive exciting simple activity. LeighMarburyNichols . Masking tape Directions and Set up : Split participants into equal groups of 4 or 5 per group.5 to 2 Meters) Rules : • The winning team will get the most paper airplanes across the taped line • Each team has a different color paper .

the 8 blocks are: 1.• You will have 3 minutes to strategize without your paper • You will have 5 minutes to build your airplanes and get them across the taped line What's the point from this activity ? : The main point of this activity is to focus on the fact that we tend to stick too much to the rules even though there were too few rules in this activity and how making too many assumptions greatly hinders our ability to think creatively and come up with new. Avoiding risks or being wrong is bad 6. out of the box solutions to solve problems Discussion & Debrief : When running this activity. There are 8 famous blocks that prevent us from thinking creatively . instead they rush to get to the construction phase and most of the groups spend the 5 minutes they get for construction to create as many paper aero planes (aero planes with wings and tail ) and the result is usually that most of the aero plains do not make it to the finish line because the designs are usually not very aerodynamic. Thinking there is only one solution 8. ask the groups what assumptions did they make and what rules did they stick to that caused them to design the aero planes the way they did ? . Making judgments too quickly If we apply the 8 blocks to what happened . Making assumptions 3. Believing you aren’t creative 2. most groups do not use the 3 minutes to build a good strategy and brainstorm possible ways to make the largest number of aero planes out of their 10 sheets of paper and make sure they can fly the short distance from the start to the finish line . Always staying with your routines/habits 7. Being serious 5. Following the rules too strictly 4.

What other creative groups have done in the past is that they simply created their Aero planes and put them together in one stack with a rubber band so that the combined weight of all the paper aero planes will ensure they will pass the finish line. most groups will stick very strictly (Literally) to them . These were some examples of what other groups did who decided to think differently and challenge the 8 blocks to creative thinking . Other groups simply put all their planes on one of the office chairs with wheels and they simply pushed the chair from the start to the finish line ensuring all their planes passed the finish line safely. . while they can be more creative and simply just crumple each sheet of paper into a ball that becomes heavier and call that a new design or a futuristic aero plan and then each "Aero plane " will be heavier in weight and it will be very easy for them to fly or throw them over the finish line.Despite having very few rules in this activity . they will mostly assume that an aero plan must have wings and tail to qualify as an aero plane .