LEMBAR KERJA SISWA 1.

2
Mata Pelajaran : Matematika
Kelas/Semester : VII/Satu
Materi Pokok : Diagram Venn, Kardinalitas Himpuanan, dan Himpunan
Bagian.
Nama Anggota : 1. ……………….
4. ……………….
2. ……………….
5. ……………….
3. ……………….
6. ……………….
7. ……………….
INFORMASI :
Kardinalitas Himpunan adalah bilangan yang menyatakan banyaknya anggota dari suatu
himpunan dan dinotasikan dengan n(A).
Contoh : M = {1, 2, 3,4 ,5,6,7,8,9}
Maka n(M) = 9
Misalnya P = {a, i, e, o, u} dan Q = {a, i}, R = {n, o, u}, maka :
– Himpunan Q adalah himpunan bagian dari himpunan P, karena setiap anggota Q juga
merupakan anggota Q, ditulis Q  P.
– Tidak semua anggota R merupakan anggota P, yaitu n ditulis n P. Jadi, himpunan R
bukan merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan P, ditulis R  P.
Dari uraian-uraian di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa:
Untuk dua buah himpunan P dan Q maka :
1. Himpunan P merupakan himpunan bagian dari Q, ditulis P  Q, jika setiap anggota P
merupakan anggota Q.
2. Himpunan P bukan merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan Q, ditulis P  Q, jika
setiap anggota P bukan merupakan anggota Q.
Himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian (subset) dari himpunan B atau B superset dari A
jika dan hanya jika setiap anggota himpunan A merupakan anggota himpunan B,
dilambangkan dengan A  B atau B  A.
Kegiatan 1.2 :
1 Diketahui anggota himpunan N = {-7, -6, -5, -4, -3, -2, -1}. Maka n(N) adalah?
Jawab :
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..........................7... .............................................................................................................................................. 3 Diketahui anggota himpunan A...................................................................................5...................... n(B) dan n(S) dari diagram Venn diatas? Jawab : .......................................................................4.... ............................ .................................... Apakah himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan S? Mengapa? Jawab : ......................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................. .............................................................................3} C = {6............................... .............................................................................................. ...4...................... b................................................ .......................2....................................................................................5} B = {1.............. Himpunan mana yang memiliki kardinalitas himpunan lebih banyak dari himpunan lainnya? Mengapa? Jawab : ...............2.....................................2............................................................................7.....3........... b.......................................... C dan S adalah sebagai berikut ! S = {1......................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................... ................................................................ .............................................................. Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan S? Mengapa? Jawab : ...... .......................................................................3............... Berapa n(A).....9} A = {1............................................................................................................8} a................... B....... ..............6.............................................................................8.....................................................................................................2 Perhatikan diagram Venn berikut ini! a............................................. ....

............................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................. ...... Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan S? Mengapa? Jawab : ......................................................................................................... ....................................................................................... Apakah himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa? Jawab : .................................................................................................................. ............................................................. Apakah himpunan C merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa? Jawab : .................................................................................................................................................................................. ................ .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. g..................................................................................... ............................................................... h......................................................................................... ........... ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................... e.................................................................................................................................. d...................................................................... ................................. ........ ................................................................................................. ........................ ...................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................ Apakah himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan C? Mengapa? Jawab : ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................... c...................... f............................. ............................................................................................................................................. Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa? Jawab : ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................... ................................ .......................................... Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa? Jawab : ..........................................................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................2.......................... .......................................... ... k............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ .................................... .....................................................................................4} Apakah himpunan A termasuk himpunan bagian dari himpunan B? Mengapa? Jawab : ......... ..... j........ i..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3......................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................. ..................................... Apa kesimpulan dari jawaban nomor h dan i? Jawab : ............................................................ Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan B? Mengapa? Jawab : ................... ........................................ ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ................................................................. Diketahui himpunan A = { } dan himpunan B = {1..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......... ...............................................................................