FOUNDATION

SCIENCE
FOR ENGINEERS

B. fourth edition K. Simonson Understanding Hydraulics Les Hamill Understanding Structures Derek Seward .G.E. Widden Foundation Mathematics for Engineers John Berry and Patrick Wainwright Structural Mechanics J . Drabble Electric Circuits P.A.Other titles of interest to engineers Dynamics G.R. Hulse Thermodynamics J.A. Cain and R. Powell Engineering Mathematics. Silvester Electromagnetism R. Stroud Fluid Mechanics M.

Watson Second Edition .FOUNDATION SCIENCE FOR ENGINEERS Keith L.

1007/978-1-349-14714-4 ISBN 978-1-349-14714-4 (eBook) A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced. or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. 90 Tottenham Court Road. copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. London W1P 9HE. The author has asserted his right to be identified as the author of this work in accordance with the Copyright. 1998 All rights reserved. Basingstoke. No reproduction. copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright. This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fully managed and sustained forest sources. Hampshire RG21 6XS and London Companies and representatives throughout the world ISBN 978-0-333-72545-0 DOI 10. 10 9 07 06 8 05 7 6 04 03 5 4 02 01 3 00 2 99 1 98 . First edition 1993 Reprinted 1994 Second edition 1998 Published by MACMILLAN PRESS LTD Houndmills. Any person who does any unauthorised act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. Designs and Patents Act 1988.© Keith L. Watson 1993. Designs and Patents Act 1988.

Energy and Power Motion in a Circle Rotation of Solids Simple Harmonic Motion Mechanical Waves 13 Electromagnetic Waves 1 9 19 28 37 47 54 60 68 78 86 96 108 PART 2: STRUCTURE AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER Topic 14 Atomic Structure and the Elements Topic 15 The Nucleus Topic 16 Chemical Bonding Topic 17 Heat and Temperature Topic 18 Heat Transfer Topic 19 Gases Topic 20 Liquids Topic 21 Solids Topic 22 Structure of Solids Topic 23 The Nature of Ceramics Topic 24 The Nature of Metals Topic 25 The Nature of Polymers Further Questions 118 129 141 151 163 174 184 197 206 221 230 241 252 Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 26 27 28 29 PART 3: ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM Electric Charge Electric Field Capacitance Electric Current 256 261 270 279 v . MATTER AND MOTION Quantities Forces and Matter Equilibrium Pressure and Upthrust Displacement.CONTENTS Preface Vll PART 1: FORCE. Velocity and Acceleration Force and Motion Momentum and Impulse W Ofk.

vi Contents Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic Topic 30 31 32 33 34 35 Resistance Some Simple Circuits Magnetic Fields Electromagnetic Induction Magnetic Behaviour of Materials Alternating Current Appendix: Calculation Technique Answers to Questions Index 287 302 316 324 333 338 347 365 373 .

and Topics 22-25. who reviewed the material and made many useful suggestions. particularly Michael Devane. I am indebted to colleagues here at Portsmouth for their advice and comments on the new material. extend the materials content into the first year degree and diploma context. also to Elizabeth Brookfield of Coventry University and to Mary Stewart and Dr Tony Smith of Loughborough University. the data supplied are approximate and for illustrative purposes only. and practical work has not been included.furthermore. together with a selection of descriptive questions. I would like to thank Malcolm Stewart and his colleagues at Macmillan Press Ltd for their valuable support. the needs of individual courses and the resources of individual institutions tend to determine their particular selection of practical work.PREFACE This second edition includes five new topics: Topic 15 deals with the nucleus. Again. 1998 KLW vii . An appendix on calculation technique has been included for the benefit of readers who wish to improve their confidence and fluency in solving numerical problems. Simonne Mason and Dr John Tsibouklis. with emphasis on clarity and crispness of presentation. Dr. The same general approach has been adopted with the new material as with the first edition. The inclusion of safe and effective laboratory exercises over the whole range of topics covered by the book would have made it too long . Portsmouth.