VEHICLE EMISSION INVENTORY

FOR SRI LANKA
By
L.U.Preethika , Saman Bandara
Department of Civil Engineering
University of Moratuwa

Sources of air Pollution
• Energy Production
• Industrial Processes

•Transport



Agriculture
Land use changes
Waste disposal
Other

road & off-road mobile sources for specified time period .Vehicle Emission Inventory is an accounting of the pollutants attributable to both on.

Air pollutants Substances which adversely affect the health of life forms & their functionality • Particulate Matter (PM2.5 & PM 10) • Carbon monoxide (CO) • Oxides of Nitrogen (NO x) • Lead (Pb ) • Sulfer Dioxide (SO2) • Volatile Organic Compounds(VOC) .

Parameters Affecting Vehicle Emissions • Vehicle type or engine capacity • Fuel type used • Driving Environment • Operating characteristics • Age & the accumulated mileage • Maintenance procedure • Emission control .

Uses of Emission Inventory • Assess the level of Pollution released to the air from various sources • Air quality planning • Local & Regional scale modeling • Assess total emission due to new highway design • Assess increase of emission due to signalization .

Emission estimation methods • Continuous emission monitor • Source testing • Material Balance • Emission Factors • Fuel Analysis’ • Emission Estimation models • Engineering judgment .

Important parameters • • • Geographic distribution of vehicles by vehicle type Time distribution of vehicles Relevant emission factors Relationship • Emissions (g) =Emissions Factor (g/km)*Vehicle kilometers traveled (km) .

Data used for prepare the Inventory • Travel Demand model (TRANSPLAN) • Manual Classified Count Data (MCC) • Vehicle Registration Statistics • Vehicle Emission Factors .

“Transplan” • Average vehicle flow estimates by road links • Estimation based on Traffic demand estimation model • Calibrated using traffic flow counts at selected locations • Information on origin – destination surveys • Socio – economic data by Divisional Secretariat Division level .

vehikm .NOx. Motorbike Three wheeler Passn.PM.SOx. Motorbike Three wheeler Passn. Vehicle distribution with time DSNO. HC emissions (g/km) . Vehicle Distribution with vehicle type DSNO. Emissions Vehicle kilometers traveled With fuel type Emission factors . etc MCC data Vehicle kilometer distribution with vehicle type . Vehicle Registration Statistics Percentages of Diesel & Petrol vehicles registered .Socio-Economic data Transplan data base DSNO.CO2. Car Utility. Amounts of CO. DS name Area. etc MCC data Vehicle kilometers traveled . Car Utility. population.

98 0.74 3.57 2.00 7.91 1.56 0.00-12.55 6.62 10.00 .00-8.36 6.00 1.15 2.67 13.11 0.66 1.00-2.00-13.38 2.06 3.97 0.43 6.64 2.05 9.00-10.86 11.31 1.86 1.77 4.00-11.00-5.48 7.96 1.68 4.00 7.74 6.23 1.76 7.00-9.23 6.00 3.09 1.62 1.80 5.08 2.41 3.41 5.27 2.31 4.91 2.76 3.24 6.99 5.68 2.00 7.21 3.84 3.84 3.84 0.61 2.35 6.00-3.41 9.32 3.14 8.31 3.05 7.63 2.00 10.60 0.86 10.00 5.55 7.00 0.00 8.96 1.16 3.54 0.64 0.49 8.59 0.99 6.00-4.99 3.00 2.07 6.96 2.32 4.85 6.00-1.60 8.34 6.62 0.26 2.00 4.52 12.39 3.45 1.59 0.77 7.57 3.00-7.13 2.85 10.00 8.20 5.99 6.10 0.10 9.36 8.94 1.59 1.56 4.83 0.69 1.36 1.00 6.78 7.47 2.69 0.49 2.67 9.49 6.27 1.04 6.79 1.36 6.10 1.96 9.00 5.26 0.00 7.00-6.82 5.Vehicle Classification with time Time Motor Cycle% 3wheeler% Car% Utility % Light Goods Vehicle% Multi Axle Goods Vehicle% Mini Bus% Large Bus% Medium Goods Vehicle% 0.54 4.00 9.97 5.68 6.89 12.47 6.40 1.56 7.

0 2. 00 -1 .0 023 .0 011 .0 015 .0 0 8.0 0 0 0.0 4.0 021 .0 percentage of vehicle 14 Time .0 019 .0 013 .0 0 18 . 00 -3 . 00 -7 .0 6.0 0 14 .24 hr 12 Motor Cycle% 10 3wheeler% Car/saloon% 8 Utility (Pickup/Jeep/Van)% Mini Bus% 6 Large Bus% 4 Medium Goods Veh% 2 0 0 0 0 10 . 00 -5 .0 0 20 .0 0 12 .0 0 16 .0 0 22 . 00 -9 .0 017 .Vehicle distribution with time.

05 1.00 <.50 3.00 60 0.50 0.50 200 1.10 Van Diesel 1.1 0.001 0.50 800 45.50 275 2.50 3.50 175 1.02 1.032 3.67 0.00 285 Land vehicle Diesel Taxi(3-Wheeler Petrol) Lorry Petrol 1.25 0.7 0.70 Lorry/Truck Diesel 2.27 0.30 Medium Bus Diesel 8.01 0.04 <.1 0.20 0.50 6.10 0.01 0.70 0.70 0.73 113 0.33 30.01 0.00 Motor cycle Petrol 26.7 0.16 0.026 2.01 <.25 2.20 0.00 285 2.40 Cars Petrol 32.06 <.06 2.10 Cars Gas 0.032 5.02 <.Emission Factors used in Sri Lanka(g/km) CO CO2 NO x HC CH 4 NMV PM Pb SO x N2O Vehicle Type Cars Diesel 1.02 0.30 0.63 Bus Diesel 2.06 2.80 400 3.70 3.10 <.70 0.65 4.00 130 0.014 1.40 4.10 .01 0.1 0.93 788 10.11 6.00 Vans Petrol 45.01 <.50 800 5.00 2.07 4.75 0.80 <.62 1.003 <.74 0.50 6.10 0.20 0.

00-8.72 57.98 19.31 0.01 2.03 110100 M008-070 7.14 59.82 110100 M030-010 7.07 0.83 110100 M023-010 7.30 4.00 68.20 57.06 17.00 3.78 5.15 45.36 4.44 0.00-8.09 5.07 21.14 0.00 2.00 16.48 12.73 4.76 0.74 147.00 2.58 110100 M031-010 7.69 110100 A002-070 7.97 110100 M029-020 7.00-8.03 7.53 13.61 4.61 0.40 75.20 58.16 0.07 0.91 3.98 1.00-8.46 1.07 21.68 110100 A202-032 7.75 10.71 110100 M044-020 7.82 21.00 35.54 56.87 0.00 4.79 0.08 110100 M016-010 7.07 5.40 44.47 1.62 4.04 12.00-8.00-8.14 0.20 0.00 13.79 50.51 0.49 24.00-8.09 2.02 6.91 28.00 7.38 111.00-8.69 110100 M008-060 7.77 8.81 124.68 110100 A002-050 7.76 3.49 24.00-8.08 23.18 0.84 0.36 26.61 0.86 10.51 4.43 110100 A004-130 7.65 110100 A004-120 7.24 0.29 76.33 26.71 13.20 0.34 64.20 0.83 23.91 0.00 2.00-8.00-8.23 4.00-8.00-8.86 3.01 3.66 0.00 14.49 11.98 0.62 .84 21.09 26.84 35.02 5.00-8.31 30.55 0.01 3.04 10.00-8.00 13.00 10.20 7.18 0.09 2.00-8.00 1.52 16.90 65.58 110100 A202-010 7.03 1.CO emissions along links (Diesel vehicles) DSNO car Light goods vehicle utility Heavy Goods vehicle Minibus large bus medium goods vehicle Link No Time 110100 M008-050 7.77 2.40 110100 A004-150 7.00 6.76 3.00-8.06 110.53 29.47 17.00 27.90 28.01 4.40 2.04 0.68 110100 A004-140 7.68 23.38 0.00 35.

64 61.46 1559.05 1157.29 110100 20.28 1988.72 401.42 2268.61 110100 7.00-22.41 6148.55 14935.74 7.00 2277.47 110100 6.74 3660.49 3198.26 10216.00-24.00 2573.27 10660.92 1194.96 2733.84 1927.15 6182.00 110100 17.41 15419.00 702.71 387.00 3573.63 15486.00 812.00 110100 16.83 15844.83 15853.06 519.91 242.25 0.46 7699.00 6564.00 1995.10 80.59 0.65 110100 18.00 2711.19 5316.95 8992.37 6775.Total emissions within DSD DSNO Time Sum Of car Sum Of utility Sum of Light Goods vehicle Sum Of Heavy goods vehicle Sum Of Minibus Sum Of large bus Sum Of Medium Goods vehicle Sum Of Tractors 110100 0.95 1040.51 3082.00-21.00 779.17 772.75 823.87 4655.78 8371.20 62.88 19840.45 22.88 8466.44 485.65 110100 12.46 18380.65 10554.62 328.77 15142.00-4.82 110100 19.00 110100 14.80 22210.00 110100 13.14 396.96 4484.28 1146.53 2485.00-13.46 7914.00 7976.62 8130.03 3652.55 69.86 25.63 390.71 2926.86 25.00-23.30 7914.55 0.00-20.93 572.15 11872.00 2573.02 14935.00 3578.79 367.00 373.80 11905.19 364.34 15379.05 1157.67 1817.74 6736.86 572.76 110100 1.50 2820.83 14530.00-16.00-19.00 1183.32 779.64 404.64 859.71 1535.97 6918.29 4231.47 488.00-8.80 3061.42 2268.88 6380.00-14.93 143.48 4746.54 9100.00 1589.37 80.00-9.89 8123.00 483.00 3774.00 110100 8.68 2504.19 6151.03 10068.87 347.88 1870.71 387.04 2042.00 2674.62 8130.12 110100 21.61 8817.44 13050.76 110100 3.00-11.59 14.54 242.30 3.54 1599.87 14030.33 623.68 7776.00 3224.70 308.26 2298.00 373.49 39.00 594.11 36.86 5535.17 788.15 11.73 3652.17 772.57 4117.35 84.00-5.00 9117.00-15.38 9989.75 680.35 859.08 110100 22.00 1887.52 7255.82 429.26 9968.00 2401.23 5832.29 54.15 1194.35 3824.55 80.98 1247.03 80.00-3.41 110100 2.58 12181.00 1349.54 98.00-6.47 110100 11.00-2.02 2927.00 2906.00-17.00 2805.00-12.21 219.78 1870.68 0.93 3614.80 5695.02 8570.79 110100 23.63 19675.89 9472.39 46.82 .00 2632.35 84.89 4588.21 393.22 407.09 0.74 25682.01 18.44 5351.06 353.68 110100 4.00 12694.03 43.08 110100 5.61 8237.00-7.15 110100 10.57 4877.82 110100 15.45 76.00-18.00-1.

Vehicle Distribution by vehicle type -year 2004 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 8% Motor cycles 10% 37% Motor cars Motor Tricycle 1% Buses-Hiring Dual purpose vehicles Lorry-Proper Lorry-Tractors Lorry-Trailers Ambulances Land Vehicles-Tractors 26% 16% Land Vehicles-Trailers .

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m. .Total NOx emissions from utility at 7-8 a.

Emission distribution along the links .