Tutorial 1

Introduction to Statistics

What is the technique that used to summarize or describe numeric data?


Briefly explain types of quantitative variables.



Identify the population and sample for this statement.
“A survey of 2625 elementary school children found that 28% of the
children could be classified as obese.”
Briefly explain the four scales of measurement.


State whether each of the following describes a study measuring
qualitative variable or quantitative variable data.
a. A researcher distributed open-ended questions to participants
asking how they feel when they are in love.
b. A researcher records the blood pressure of participants during a task meant to
induce stress.
c. A psychologist interested in drug addiction injects rats with an attention-inducing
drug and then measures the rate of lever pressing.
d. A witness to a crime gives a description of the suspect to the police.

State whether each of the following is true or false.
a. Quantitative variables can be continuous variables.
b. Data gathered by someone else for a purpose other than current
project is called primary data.
c. Descriptive statistics is making an inference and prediction about a
population based on a sample of data taken from the population.
d. Quantitative variables can be discrete variables.
e. Categorical variables can be continuous variables.


Briefly explain the definition of statistics.


Distinguish between primary data and secondary data.


Describe about population and sample.



Identify the data set's level of measurement.
Hair colour of women on a high school tennis team.
Ages of students in a statistic class.
Temperatures of 12 selected refrigerators.
The ratings of a movie ranging from "poor" to "good" to "excellent".
The final grades (A, B, C, D, and F) for students in a statistics class.

Determine whether the data are qualitative or quantitative.
a. The colors of automobiles on a used car lot.

The number of complaint letters received by Pos Malaysia in a given day.b. The number of seats in a movie theater. c. 12. The state of birth of the students in Logistics class. Which scale of measurement is the most informative? . State the four scales of measurement. d.