There are three demonstratives in Swahili
Position of the word /pia/ 'also'
Position of the word /tu/ 'only'
In sentences that have to do with location, one of the
locative stems /-ko/ or /-po/ is used, and not /ni/
The four points of the compass take the same concordial agreements as /nchi/
The words /kati/ and /karibu/ take those same concords.
The negative counterparts of the locative (e.g. /iko/) are
formed with the negative prefix /ha/ (e.g. /haiko/)
The word /mbali/ 'far' is followed by /na/ which corresponds to 'from' in the
English equivalents.
The third person singular personal subject prefix is /a/, and /na/ is a present tense
The negative of the present tense of verbs
The interrogative word /upi/ 'which?' consists of the stem /pi/
and the prefix /u/, in concord with the class 3 noun /m ji/
The word /ipi/ 'which?' has the prefix /i/, in concord with the class 4
noun /miji/.
The word /gani/ 'what?' does not change its form to agree with nouns
Infinitives and subjunctives
Strong adjectives
The plurals of nouns
Comparisons of equality and inequality
'What time is it now?'
Telling time: hours
The interrogative words /nani/ 'who?' and 6 /nini/ 'what?'
An important use of the infinitive in Swahili
Larger numbers
'There is'
The /li/ tense
The possessive stems
'There was', 'I had'
Object prefixes for the inanimate classes

which has' Some subjunctive forms The relative of the /ta/ tense The relative prefix /po/ The element /an/ has reciprocal meaning Concords which are used with names for animals. and fish Nouns which are related to verbs . with. The /ki/ tense Notes on adjectives Further notes on prefixes The relative prefixes The stem extension /w/ used with passive verbs The /amba/ relative construction Further illustrations of the /ki/ tense The word /pana/ 'there is' The stem /enye/ 'having.2 Past negative More on infinitives The /ta/ tense The word /ndiyo/ is an emphatic counterpart of the copula /ni/. birds.

3 The locative enclitic /ni/ One-word negative relative form in the present tense Further examples of nouns related to verbs Further examples of nouns which are related to verbs Ordinal numbers Specification of time relationships The applicative extension .

4 .