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2.

Thin and Thick Cylinder

A cylinder of hydraulic jack has diameter
150mm operated with internal pressure
13.8Mpa. Determine thickness of the
cylinder wall if maximum tensile stress
that can be afford by the cylinder
material is 41.4MPa.
Also sketch the distribution of hoop
stress and radial stress along the
cylinder wall and determine maximum
shear stress of the cylinder.
(21.97mm,27.6MPa)
Solution
Boundary condition,
r  0

r  0.075m

At

,

At

At

,
rR

where R is internal

,
 r  30MPa

At

,
60  A 

0  A

B
0.0752

Therefore,

……….(2)
Solve the 2 equations,

……………..(2)

A  6.0

B
41.4  A  2
R

R  0.05303m

,

 h  6 

a)

t  75mm  53.03mm  21.97mm

At

 h 2  13.8 

Radial stress,

0.07763
 27.6 MPa
0.0752

b)

At
 h  6 

0.54
 28.56 MPa
0.1252

 r  6 

0.54
 40.56 MPa
0.1252

,
 h1  13.8 

 r1  13.8

r  0.053m

,

0.07763
 41.4MPa
0.053032

,

r  0.10m

c)

41.4

At

,

 r  60MPa

h

r  0.15m

27.6

At

53

r

75

r (mm)

 h  6 

0.54
 48MPa
0.102

 h  6 

0.54
 18MPa
0.152

,
,

 r  30MPa
0

0.54
r2

r  0.125m

 r2  0

,

0.54
r2

Hoop stress,
 r  6 

 Wall thickness,
r  0.075m

B  0.54

,

……………….(3)
Solve the 3 equations,
,

……….(1)
B
30  A 
0.152

……………...(1)

B  0.07763

B
0.10 2

Therefore,

B
13.8  A  2
R

At
 h , r

 r  60MPa

r  0.15m

 h  41.4 MPa

At
,
radius

A  13.8

Solution
Boundary condition,
r  0.10m

 r  13.8MPa

rR

A thick cylinder has inside diameter
of 200mm and outside diameter 300mm
was pressurized internally 60Mpa and
externally 30Mpa. Define
a)
hoop
stress
and radial stress on internal and
external surface of the cylinder, and
b)
hoop
stress
and radial stress radius r=125mm,
and
(28.56Mpa, -40.56Mpa)
c)
maximum and
minimum shear stresses.
(54MPa,24MPa)

,
Therefore,
 max 

48   60 
 54 MPa
2

 min 

18   30 
 24 MPa
2

-13.8

Solution 3 Solution 5 .4 .

83P 10.012  .42 P  20.205 P cos 2  124 …….83P t 0. p What is the air pressure in the tank? (6.25 P  10. A cylindrical tank containing compressed air has wall thickness t  12mm r  250mm and inside radius 28MPa(see figure).205P cos 2  82 ………(2) P  6.83 P  cos 2  0 2 2 15.(1) 10. The stresses in the wall of the tank acting on an inclined element 124MPa have the values shown in the figure.625P  5.83 P 10.6MPa Solve equation (1) and (2).42 P  20. . Pr 0.83P  y  82   cos 2  0 2 2 ' 15.012  xy  0 .625 P  5.82MPa 6.6MPa) Solution x  Pr 0.  x '  124  10.42 P  20.42 P  20.25 y  P  20.42 P 2t 2  0.