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Area

Normal Curve Areas
Standard normal probability
in right-hand tail
0

.00

Second decimal place of z
.03
.04
.05
.06

.01

.02

0.0 .5000
0.1 .4602
0.2 .4207
0.3 .3821
0.4 .3446

.4960
.4562
.4168
.3783
.3409

.4920
.4522
.4129
.3745
.3372

.4880
.4483
.4090
.3707
.3336

.4840
.4443
.4052
.3669
.3300

.4801
.4404
.4013
.3632
.3264

0.5 .3085
0.6 .2743
0.7 .2420
0.8 .2119
0.9 .1841

.3050
.2709
.2389
.2090
.1814

.3015
.2676
.2358
.2061
.1788

.2981
.2643
.2327
.2033
.1762

.2946
.2611
.2296
.2005
.1736

1.0 .1587
1.1 .1357
1.2 .1151
1.3 .0968
1.4 .0808

.1562
.1335
.1131
.0951
.0793

.1539
.1314
.1112
.0934
.0778

.1515
.1292
.1093
.0918
.0764

1.5 .0668
1.6 .0548
1.7 .0446
1.8 .0359
1.9 .0287

.0655
.0537
.0436
.0351
.0281

.0643
.0526
.0427
.0344
.0274

2.0 .0228
2.1 .0179
2.2 .0139
2.3 .0107
2.4 .0082

.0222
.0174
.0136
.0104
.0080

2.5 .0062
2.6 .0047
2.7 .0035
2.8 .0026
2.9 .0019

.0060
.0045
.0034
.0025
.0018

z

z

.07

.08

.09

.4761
.4364
.3974
.3594
.3228

.4721
.4325
.3936
.3557
.3192

.4681
.4286
.3897
.3520
.3156

.4641
.4247
.3859
.3483
.3121

.2912
.2578
.2266
.1977
.1711

.2877
.2546
.2236
.1949
.1685

.2843
.2514
.2206
.1922
.1660

.2810
.2483
.2177
.1894
.1635

.2776
.2451
.2148
.1867
.1611

.1492
.1271
.1075
.0901
.0749

.1469
.1251
.1056
.0885
.0735

.1446
.1230
.1038
.0869
.0721

.1423
.1210
.1020
.0853
.0708

.1401
.1190
.1003
.0838
.0694

.1379
.1170
.0985
.0823
.0681

.0630
.0516
.0418
.0336
.0268

.0618
.0505
.0409
.0329
.0262

.0606
.0495
.0401
.0322
.0256

.0594
.0485
.0392
.0314
.0250

.0582
.0475
.0384
.0307
.0244

.0571
.0465
.0375
.0301
.0239

.0559
.0455
.0367
.0294
.0233

.0217
.0170
.0132
.0102
.0078

.0212
.0166
.0129
.0099
.0075

.0207
.0162
.0125
.0096
.0073

.0202
.0158
.0122
.0094
.0071

.0197
.0154
.0119
.0091
.0069

.0192
.0150
.0116
.0089
.0068

.0188
.0146
.0113
.0087
.0066

.0183
.0143
.0110
.0084
.0064

.0059
.0044
.0033
.0024
.0018

.0057
.0043
.0032
.0023
.0017

.0055
1
.0041
.0031
.0023
.0016

.0054
.0040
.0030
.0022
.0016

.0052
.0039
.0029
.0021
.0015

.0051
.0038
.0028
.0021
.0015

.0049
.0037
.0027
.0020
.0014

.0048
.0036
.0026
.0019
.0014

851 0.091 3.922 3.898 2.109 2.984 1.746 1.677 0.074 1.567 2.704 2.611 3.849 3.314 2.041 4.676 1.528 2..228 2.697 1.779 2.866 0.708 1.081 2.012 2.252 3.205 2.390 3.896 2.055 1.056 2.071 1.990 1.496 3.060 1.001 .009 2.365 2.727 0.055 1.067 1.841 1.353 2.816 0.093 1.0005 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 60 80 100 1000 z∗ 1.169 3.250 3. Inc.330 2.740 1.920 0.482 2.385 3.311 1.076 1.364 2.819 3.750 2.479 2.684 1.813 2.088 2.21 7.960 15.078 3.450 3.000 1.576 127.807 2.119 1.197 3.499 3.473 2.683 0.123 2.860 1.174 3.321 1.689 0.971 2.Integre Technical Publishing Co.833 3.552 3.646 3.965 3.539 2.541 3.300 3.787 3.604 4.863 0.700 0.684 0.962 1.685 0.069 2.453 5. 2007 1:29 p.518 2.303 2. Moore/McCabe November 16.363 1.865 0.172 2.221 4.581 2.078 1.861 2.326 3.144 4.249 2.683 0.855 0.685 0.345 1.859 0.645 12.447 2.776 2. • T-11 Probability p t* TABLE D t distribution critical values Upper-tail probability p df .846 0.303 3.781 4.674 1.310 1.729 1.686 3.086 2.05 .963 1.457 2.947 2.437 4.678 0.073 4.690 3.134 1.167 2.318 4.879 0.132 2.773 4.71 4.326 63.706 0.282 1.854 0.856 0.697 0.33 10.376 1.015 3.416 3.10 .119 3.833 1.140 4.714 1.397 1.058 1.887 2.612 2.153 3.3 22.660 2.067 3.120 2.074 2.761 1.787 2.330 1.02 .717 1.886 1.056 1.091 636.318 1.745 3.214 2.626 2.174 3.296 1.021 2.145 2.845 2.190 1.978 0.861 0.893 5.831 2.183 2.182 2.692 0.135 3.733 3.208 4.703 1.82 6.189 2.868 0.92 8.602 2.292 1.m.093 2.587 4.341 1.328 2.372 1.876 0.930 3.408 3.061 1.551 3.707 3.852 3.871 2.359 2.055 3.415 1.675 0.037 1.047 3.467 3.8% 99.313 1.858 0.664 1.921 2.435 3.064 1.303 1.099 2.179 2.01 .895 1.398 2.158 2.054 31.045 2.807 318.856 0.408 5.059 1.080 2.925 5.9% Confidence level C .015 1.686 0.695 0.517 2.869 5.659 3.965 4.066 1.325 1.571 2.098 3.501 4.365 3.297 4.757 2.681 0.307 3.959 5.703 0.108 1.09 7.383 1.374 2.043 1.691 0.873 0.403 2.038 3.104 3.042 2.421 3.177 2.937 2.941 0.264 2.057 3.396 3.147 2.771 1.319 1.915 2.0025 .025 3.678 2.671 1.048 2.943 1.624 2.356 1.355 3.845 0.063 1.711 0.850 3.690 3.505 3.977 2.20 .337 1.821 2.686 0.154 2.497 3.763 2.639 2.741 0.782 1.316 1.768 3.906 0.711 1.734 1.317 4.883 0.527 3.131 2.201 2.878 2.694 0.690 0.036 3.079 1.058 1.579 3.581 3.756 2.725 1.747 3.306 2.232 3.056 2.707 3.688 0.687 0.052 2.467 2.106 3.583 2.699 1.5% 99.100 1.156 1.796 1.235 2.3 14.785 4.386 1.889 0.683 0.000 0.025 .315 1.005 .462 2.646 3.6 31.650 2.350 1.423 2.842 0.333 1.819 2.706 1.045 1.088 1.855 0.812 1.069 1.862 0.999 2.110 2.050 1.261 3.870 0.282 6.841 4.701 1.998 2.061 0.029 3.485 2.25 .533 1.485 3.262 2.721 1.15 .848 0.299 1.492 2.047 1.032 3.718 2.89 4.860 0.684 0.476 1.042 1.896 0.500 2.857 0.920 2.552 2.858 0.328 1.195 3.440 1.282 2.173 5.150 2.030 2.286 3.765 0.60 12.66 9.792 3.674 3.679 0. moore page T-11 Tables Table entry for p and C is the critical value t ∗ with probability p lying to its right and probability C lying between −t ∗ and t ∗ .679 0.060 2.610 6.854 0.197 2.390 2.449 2.638 1.083 1.646 1.598 4.849 0.160 2.718 0.222 3.883 3.688 0.753 1.143 2.681 2.291 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 95% 96% 98% 99% 99.323 1.162 2.250 1.725 3.660 1.314 1.372 3.428 3.508 2.684 0.101 2.460 3.771 2.224 2.064 2.290 1.797 2.764 2.057 1.