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# Ref.

Calculation

output

SPECIFICATION
N

Column size : 300×300mm
Axial Force, N
Permanent, Gk
= 600 kN
Variable, Qk
= 450 Kn
Design life 50 Years (Table 2.1 EN 1990)
Exposure classes
= XC2
Materials:
Concrete, fck
= 25 N/mm2
Reinforcement, fyk
= 500 N/mm2
= 25 kN/mm3
= 200 kN/mm2
= 16mm

Unit weight of concrete
Soil bearing capacity
Assumed : øbar

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4.1.3 4. Δcdev Nominal cover.DURABILITY & BOND REQUIREMENTS Table 4.4.4N 4.1(2) Min. cover with regard to bond.2 Table 4. dur Cnom = 25 = + Δcdev + 10 35mm 10 = 16 mm = 25 mm = 10 mm use: Cnom = 35mm . cover with regard to durability. b Min. cmin. Cnom = cmin. cmin.1. dur Allowance in design for deviation.

B × H Area Selfweight concrete × h = = = = Ok! 2.4 m B H Assume square footing.25 ˃ 5. N = 1050 kN Assume footing selfweight 10% of service load.45 6.78 6.5 × 0.25 × 0.78 = 2.45 × 25 70 kN < 105kN 11 Ok! Unit weight . w = 105 kN 1050 × 10/100 =105kN Area of footing required. = (N + W)/ Soil bearing capacity = (1050 + 105) / 200 = 5.SIZE h Footing selfweight Service load.78 m2 Try = √5.5 × 2.

M = wʅ2/2 ʅ = B – column size / 2 = 2.5 фbar 12 .4 Calculation Output ANALYSIS Ultimate axial force.5 = 594 kNm Maximum moment at column face.3 / 2 = 1.25 = 2.5 x 450) = 1485 kN Soil pressure at ultimate load. 9. d = h – cnom – 1.10 m M = 594 x 1.35Gk + 1.38 kN/m2 Soil pressure per m length.5Qk = (1.5 – 0. w = P x B w = 238 x 2. P = Ned / A = 1485 / 6. Ned = 1.Ref.102 / 2 = 359 kNm MAIN REINFORCEMENT Effective depth.35 x 600) + (1.

95 x 391)) = 2221 mm2 Table 3.d = 450 – 35 – (1.26(fctm /fyk) bd = 0.04 x 2500 x 450 = 45000 mm2 13 . min = 0.25 – K / 1.0013 x 2500 x 391 = 1271 2 mm As.26 x (2.1 Minimum and maximum reinforcement area.5 x 16) = 391 mm 2.038 < Kbal = 0.0013 bd = 0.97 d > Table A Main bar : 12 H16 0.167 Compression reinforcement is not required Z = d [0.87 fyk z = 359 x 106 / (0.134)] = 0.5 + √ (0. M = 359 kNm K = M / bd2 fck = 359 x 106 / (2500 x 3912 x 25) = 0.2.87 x 500 (0.04 Ac = 0.6 Bending Moment. As.95 d bar area (2413mm2) As = M / 0.56 / 500) x bd = 0. max = 0.

0 x 391 ) = 709m Design shear force. Calculations Output SHEAR (i) Vertical Shear : Critical at 1.12 k ( 100p1 fck )1/3 ] bd m/s 85 14 .0d from column face.0d ) = 1100 – (1.Ref.( 1. VEd = W x l2 x H = 238 x ( 0.2.2 VRd.5m 238 KN / m2 L2 = L1 . 709 2.709 x 2. 6.c = [ 0.5 ) = 421.8 KN Design shear resistance.

7mm P1 = As1/ bd ≤ 0.2 KN > VEd 6.035 x 1.0d from column face.2 KN So.0062 x 25 ) 1/3 x 2500 x 391 = 497192. m/s 99 2.12 x 1.0mm = 1 + (200/391)1/2 = 1.K = 1 + (200/d)1/2 ≤ 2.96 N @ 379.7 x ( 100 x 0.2.8KN 6.0062 VRd.0d 300 2.04 N @ 497.02 =2413 / ( 2500 x 391 ) = 0. VRdc = 497.0d 15 .4 (ii) Punching Shear at perimeter 2.7 3/2 x 25 ½ x 2500 x 391 = 379164.2KN VEd : 421.035k fck ] bd OK ! = 0.c = 0.2 m/s 86 3/2 ½ Vmin = [ 0.

05 ) = 761 KN 16 .05 m2 Punching shear force.Cnom – Ø = 450 – 35 -16 = 399 mm 2d2 = 2.798x 0.30 ) 2 + ( 4 x 0.98 mm Area within perimeter = ( c ) 2 + ( 4 x 2d x C ) + ( (π)(2d2) 2 ) = ( 0.52 – 3.Average d2 = h . VEd = W ( b2 – Awp ) = 238 x (2.798) 2 ) = 3.30 ) + ( (π)(0.0 ( 399 ) = 798 mm Control perimeter. U = 4C + 2π ( 2d2) = 4 ( 300 ) + 2 π ( 798 ) = 6213.

Maximum shear resistance.c / ( bd ) = 497.5 = 2154 KN > Ned. max = 1485 KN 17 .5ud2 [ 0.6 ( 1.98 x 399 ) = 0.25 / 250 ) ] 25 / 1.Punching shear stress.5 = 0.6 ( 1.3 m/s 101 VEd = VEd / Ud2 = 761 x 103 / ( 6213.49 N/mm2 ( iii ) Maximum Punching Shear : Critical at column perimeter.5 ( 4 x 300 ) ( 399 ) [ 0.4. VRd.fck / 250 ) ] fck / 1. 6.2 x 103 / ( 2500 x 399 ) = 0. VRd.c = VRd.31 N/mm2 Shear resistance. max = 0.

Ref Calculations 18 Output .

35 Gk + 1.3 mm Max.922 = 200 N/mm2 For design crack width = 0.15 )x (735/1485) x 0. bar spacing = ( b – 2 ( Cnom) – bil bar (Øbar) ) / 12-1 ) [ 2500 – 2 (35) – 16 ] / 12 = 206 mm < 200 mm 19 Ok ! .5 Qk)] x (Asreq / Asprove ) Gk + 0.2N Max.3 CRACKING h = 450mm > 200mm Steel stress under the action of quasi-permanent loading fs =[ f yk ( Gk + 0.35Gk + 1.3 Qk ) /1. allowable bar spacing = 225 mm Table 7.922 fs = (500 / 1.5Qk) = 735 Kn = 1485 Kn Asreq / Asprove ) = 2224/2413 = 0.15 ( 1.3 Qk = 600 + (0.3.7.30 x 450 ) ( 1.

DETAILING h B Dimensian : 02 H B= 2500 mm H= 2500 mm h = 450 mm 01 Cover. Cnom= 35 mm Reinforcement : 01: 12H 16 02: 12H’ 16 20 .

3.45 = 2.8m3 Besi tetulang ( lapisan 1 ) = Panjang tetulang x Bilangan besi = 2.43 x 12 = 29.32m Saiz Tetulang yang digunakan = 16mm Bilangan tetulang = 58.16m Besi tetulang ( lapisan 2 ) = Panjang tetulang x Bilangan besi = 2.16m Jumlah Besi Tetulang yang digunakan = 29.86 batang 21 .43 x 12 = 29.5 x 2.5 x 0.16 =58.32/12 = 4.16 + 29.1 ANGGARAN BAHAN Jumlah konkrit yang digunakan pada asas = B X H X h = 2.

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