[CAT]  

 

 

CAT VOCABULARY QUESTIONS: 1999—2006
TYPE 1: FILL IN THE BLANKS
Directions for Questions 1 to 10: Fill up the blanks, numbered [1], [2] ...up to [10], in the two passages below with the most
appropriate word from the options given for each blank.
At that time the White House was as serene as a resort hotel out of season. The corridors were [1]. In the various offices, [2] gray
men in waistcoats talked to one another in low-pitched voices. The only color, or choler, curiously enough, was provided by
President Eisenhower himself. Apparently, his [3] was easily set off; he scowled when he [4] the corridors.
1.
2.
3.
4.

1.
1.
1.
1.

striking
quiet
laughter
paced

2.
2.
2.
2.

hollow
faded
curiosity
strolled

3.
3.
3.
3.

empty
loud
humour
stormed

4.
4.
4.
4.

white
stentorian
temper
prowled

“Between the year 1946 and the year 1955, I did not file any income tax returns.” With that [5] statement, Ramesh embarked on an
account of his encounter with the Income Tax Department. “I originally owed Rs 20,000 in unpaid taxes. With [6] and [7], the
20,000 became 60,000. The Income Tax Department then went into action, and I learned first hand just how much power the Tax
Department wields. Royalties and trust funds can be [8]; automobiles may be [9], and auctioned off. Nothing belongs to the [10]
until the case is settled.”
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

1.
1.
1.
1.
1.
1.

devious
interest
sanctions
closed
smashed
purchaser

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

blunt
taxes
refunds
detached
seized
victim

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

tactful
principal
fees
attached
dismantled
investor

4.
4.
4.
4.
4.
4.

pretentious
returns
fines
impounded
frozen
offender

Directions for Questions 11 to 16: Fill the gaps in the passages below with the most appropriate word from the options given for
each gap. The right words are the ones used by the author. Be guided by the author’s overall style and meaning when you choose
the answers.
Von Nuemann and Morgenstern assume a decision framework in which all options are thoroughly considered, each option being
independent of the others, with a numerical value derived for the utility of each possible outcome (these outcomes reflecting, in
turn, all possible combinations of choices). The decision is then made to maximize the expected utility.
(11)..............., such a model reflects major simplifications of the way decisions are made in the real world. Humans are not able to
process information as quickly and effectively as the model assumes: they tend not to think (12)............as easily as the model calls
for; they often deal with a particular option without really assessing its (13).............., and when they do assess alternatives, they
may be extremely nebulous about their criteria of evaluation.
11.
12.
13.

1. Regrettably
1. quantitatively
1. implications

2. Firstly
2. systematically
2. disadvantages

3. Obviously
3. scientifically
3. utility

4. Apparently
4. analytically
4. alternatives

In a large company, (14)............people is about as common as using a gun or a switch-blade to (15)..............an argument. As a
result, most managers have little or no experience of firing people, and they find it emotionally traumatic: as a result, they often
delay the act interminably, much as an unhappy spouse will prolong a bad marriage. And when the firing is done, it’s often done
clumsily, with far worse side effects than are necessary.

 

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1. 3. The situation is getting out of hand here! 2 Byju’s  Classes|  India’s  Most  Liked  Education  Company  with  2.. followed by three. 1.. he would leave not one stone of their city. Or there is the most fingummy diplomatic note on record: when Philip of Macedon wrote to the Spartans that.. It is klang to a sensitive traveler who walks through this great town. thwart 2. 18. numbered 1 to 4. Paley was the populariser of the famous watchmaker analogy. 1. The minister visited the jail to see the breach at first hand. 16. and professionally. close 4. 14. 4.     [CAT]       Do the world-class software organizations have a different way of firing people? No. four. 3. or six children. supplicants and yes. beside huge piles of limp fodder and blunk oil lamps. 1. shining bright sputtering effulgent TYPE 2: INAPPROPRIATE USAGE Directions for questions 1 to 16: In each question. dismissing 1. when he sees the streets... admonishing 4. 3. The key point here is to view the fired employee as a “failed product” and to ask how the process (16). 2.75  lakh+  likes  on      |  98800  31619   . William Paley. amusing irritating disgusting distressing destroying testing resurrecting questioning Women squat. 3.. Proponents of intelligent design are crupping Paley’s argument with a new gloss from molecular biology. 1. 1. if he came within their borders. produced 4. defeat 3. punishing 2. resolve 1. 17. witty rude simple terse Intelligent design derives from an early 19th-century explanation of the natural world given by an English clergyman. 4. I have my hand full. and just about all the cows in the three towns converge upon this spot. they wrote back the one word—“If”. engineered 3. 15. the word at the top is used in four different ways. humanely. all in rags and importuning every passenger for alms. even scallywags hand over a few coins a crack at redemption and a handful of grass. 2. 3.. Choose the most appropriate replacement for that word from the options given below the paragraph. mostly women. firing 3. 2. 4. 20. heads covered. 19. 4. allowed Directions for Questions 17 to 20: Each of the following questions has a paragraph with one italicized word that does not make sense. but they do the deed swiftly.such a phenomenon in the first place.   HAND 1. 2. Choose the option in which the usage of the word is INCORRECT or INAPPROPRIATE. the roads. Sinners.. derived 2. and cabin doors crowded with beggars. 2.. I cannot do it today.

The distinct strains of Ravi’s violin could be heard above the general din. People believed that the political fallout of the scandal would be insignificant. 3. The newborn baby was a bundle of joy for the family. 3. 3. 3. It couldn’t be done for ever. Nagasaki suffered from the fallout of nuclear radiation. He has a great eye for detail. by implication. This letter will lead to the implication of several industrialists in the share market scam. FOR 1. Ghoshbabu’s is a distinct case of water rising above its own level. 2. Mars became distinct on the horizon in the month of August. 4. Ranchi will play the host to the next national film festival. 2. 2. PASSING 1. 7. BUNDLE 1. Let’s sort these boys into four groups.75  lakh+  likes  on      |  98800  31619   . he made a bolt for the gate. He is distinct about what is right and what is wrong. IMPLICATION 1. 2. I got there just after you left—a near miss. 10. Death. If you host the party. 4. The mad woman was cursing everybody passing her on the road.   When the roof of my house was blown away. 4.     [CAT]     4. 4. 9. 3. 3. BOLT 1. 5. I can’t bear for her to be angry. Everyone appreciated the headmaster’s implication in raising flood relief in the village. 4. The shopkeeper showed us a bolt of fine silk. The thief was arrested before he could bolt from the scene of the crime. 3.   3 Byju’s  Classes|  India’s  Most  Liked  Education  Company  with  2. 6. She did not have passing marks in mathematics. who will foot the bill? 2. Farmers of all sort attended the rally. 3. We are waiting for the day. Several members of the audience missed the implication of the minister’s promise. They came near to tears seeing the plight of the victims. FALLOUT 1. As he could not move. The war led to a near doubling of oil prices. HOST 1. SORT 1. 4. 3. he was willing to lend me a hand. 4. A passing taxi was stopped to rush the accident victim to the hospital. 4. 3. The headmaster could not understand the fallout of several of his good students at the public examination. 2. She and her near friend left early. Who can predict the environmental fallout of the WTO agreements? 4. A virus has infected the host computer. What sort of cheese do you use in pizza? 2. DISTINCT 1. 8. NEAR 1. Could you please bolt the door? 4. They serve tea of a sort on these trains. 2. 11. is the only solution the poem offers the reader. At the birthday party all the children enjoyed a game of passing the parcel. 2. Kerala’s forests are host to a range of snakes. 2.

He made a bundle in the share market. 1. or lack of it. How do you deal with a friend who doesn’t listen to reason. 3. distinct 4. 2. My wife runs profitable business in this suburb. 12. different. complicated 4. it is usually because it ______ . Jyoti’s husband has been on active service for three months. Ranjit may help himself with the beer in the fridge. It was sheer luck that brought a bundle of boy-scouts to where I was lying wounded. but are absolutely impractical. competing 3. 2. 3. facilitated 3. 16. 4. Early _________ of maladjustment to college culture is _________ by the tendency to develop friendship networks outside college which mask signals of maladjustment. Your suggestions look great on the paper. There is little reason in your pompous advice. recedes 4. 4. PAPER 1. detection.     [CAT]     2. The argument that the need for a looser fiscal policy to ________ demand outweighs the need to ____ budget deficits is persuasive. From the pairs of words given. distinct. conceals. Customers have to service themselves at the canteen. discrete 2. enjoins. counts 4. divergent. 2. The best punctuation is that of which the reader is least conscious. for when punctuation. but the ________ views within each region make the issue of an acceptable common language of instruction an even more contentious one. 3. 3.   4 Byju’s  Classes|  India’s  Most  Liked  Education  Company  with  2. help 2. If we advertise we will get twice as much business as we have now. I can’t help the colour of my skin. The _________ regions of Spain all have unique cultures. BUSINESS 1. prevention. choose the one that fills the gaps most appropriately. TYPE 3: SENTENCE COMPLETION Directions for Questions 1 to 23: There are two gaps in each of the following sentences. obtrudes. I want to do an MBA before going into business. The first word in the pair should fill the first gap. I’m not making enough even to service the loan. offends 2. 4. This syrup will help your cold. 4. 1. don’t get into it. It’s a service lift. So far I have been able to paper over the disagreements among my brothers. Do you really expect me to help you out with cash? 14. effaces. compounded 2. 4. fails 3. Has she given you any reason for her resignation? 3. How you spend your money is as much my business as yours. HELP 1. Your stand is beyond all reason. identification. 15.75  lakh+  likes  on      |  98800  31619   .   Mobile operators are offering a bundle of additional benefits. 2. SERVICE 1. different. REASON 1. 1. disparate 3. 1. treatment. Malek will read a paper on criminalization of politics. Do you know how many trees are felled to make a truckload of paper? 3. 2. 4. ______ itself. 13. Dr.

soaring 4. 1. understand. theme   5 Byju’s  Classes|  India’s  Most  Liked  Education  Company  with  2.   outstrip. make out. ignore 3. not all of which seem to be ________ away. ascending. who care neither for the ________. booming 3. fading 6. admiration. escalating. dying 4. the government. 1. emerges. contempt 3. middlemen. figures 2. But ________ are now regularly written not just for tools. 1. popular 9. books. 1. impertinence. 4. understand 12. nor for the masses. future. spiralling. assess. a lot to cheer about. ascertain 3. combines 4. Since her face was free of ________ there was no way to ________ if she appreciated what had happened. ability. indifference. suffer 4. leisure. even if it grows on one’s own land. reconcile. reports. morals. 1. popular 4. present. Indians. In these bleak and depressing times of ________ prices. this legal provision leads to a rip-roaring business for ________. resist. challenging 3. market. story 3. they had _______ to sit at home and think about the universe and dispute with Socrates. 1. theme 4.75  lakh+  likes  on      |  98800  31619   . replacing 2. organizations and institutions. diagnose 4. 1. 1. arrogance. arises. non-performing governments and ________ crime rates. time. control 2. but well-established practices. Sourav Ganguly has given us. style. Though one eye is kept firmly on the _______. wealth. without prior permission from the government. every man she had met had groveled before her and she had acquired a mental attitude toward the other sex which was a blend of ________ and ________. fidelity 10. experimental 2. It will take some time for many South Koreans to _________ the conflicting images of North Korea. minimize stimulate. The Athenians on the whole were peaceful and prosperous. are. realize 2. assisting 4. eliminate restrain. comes. popular 3. 3. decide 4. present. scars. temerity. understand 11. appeared. clarify 3. withering 2. obituaries. welcome. reconcile. the company now promotes ________contemporary art. expression. understand 8. decide 2. From the time she had put her hair up. make-up. poor 14. spiraling. trading 3. rich 2. tolerance 2. resent. adds 3. 1. supplanting 13. As poor people cannot deal with the government. The manners and ________ of the nouveau riche is a recurrent ________ in literature. 1. stories. The law prohibits a person from felling a sandalwood tree. temperance 4. explore 2. let alone to ________ what to make of their northern cousins. conceal 5. increasing 2. motif 2. morals. rich 4. The Darwin who ________ is most remarkable for the way in which he ________ the attributes of the world class thinker and head of the household. poor 3.     [CAT]     1. 1. combines 7. A growing number of these expert professionals _________ having to train foreigners as the students end up _________ the teachers who have to then unhappily contend with no jobs at all or new jobs with drastically reduced pay packets. touts. touts. debilitating 15. emotion. or to travel abroad and _______ the world.

of being ________ to the most elitist among the intellectual ________ of the world. heir. cliques 3. 1. fostering 20. if they are so inclined. The Internet is a medium where users have nearly ________ choices and ________ constraints about where to go and what to do. ancestors. Physicians may soon have ________ to help paralyzed people move their limbs by bypassing the ________ nerves that once controlled their muscles. societies 4. Fallacious 3. discouraging 2. significant 4. trivial 21. instruments. DISUSE: Some words fall into disuse as technology makes objects obsolete. tract. Deceptive 2. 1. unimportant. 1. impediments. or professional decisions. unbalanced. Forestall 3. sometimes it is even called ________. a contextual usage is provided. admitted. influential 3. the ________ of the British labour movement is particularly ________. nonexistent 2. In this context. Indian intellectuals may boast. conferring. OBVIATE: The new mass transit system may obviate the need for the use of personal cars. 1. The British retailer. Prevent 2. enacting 3. today formally ________ defeat in its attempt to ________ King’s. discrediting 4. no 3. acquire 2. atmosphere. affair. seeking 2. giving. This simplified ________ to the decision-making process is a must read for anyone ________ important real estate. since no potential purchasers were ready to cough up the necessary cash.75  lakh+  likes  on      |  98800  31619   . shocking TYPE 4: ANTONYMS Directions for questions 1 to 5: For each of the words below. Deceitful 2. under 4. gloomy 17. paltry 4. magnificent. 1. activity. facing 22. 1. Credible 4. primer. weird 2. complex 23. ratified. heirs. introduction. moving 3. 1. damaged 3. Companies that try to improve employee’s performance by ________ rewards encourage negative kinds of behaviour instead of ________ a genuine interest in doing the work well. dispose 4. maximizing 2. bestowing. Preclude 4. offload 3. 1. SPECIOUS: A specious argument is not simply a false one but one that has the ring of truth. insignificant. reason. M&S. traditions 2. minimal 4. detrimental 2. choking. withholding. traditions 18. ways. announced.       [CAT]     16. subordinate. auction 19. irresponsible 2. unlimited. embarrassing. conceded. Pick the word from the alternatives given that is most inappropriate in the given context. 1. guide. Their achievement in the field of literature is described as ________. personal. involuntary 4. Bolster 3. significant.   6 Byju’s  Classes|  India’s  Most  Liked  Education  Company  with  2. experience. 1. 1. its US subsidiary.

FACETIOUS: When I suggested that war is a method of controlling population. RESTIVE : The crowd became restive when the minister failed to appear even by 10 pm.B-G.C-E. Apparent 2. Stark oppressiveness 7. Penurious 3. Insidious TYPE 6: ONE WORD—MANY MEANINGS Directions for questions 1 to 3: For the word given at the top. Throwing a tantrum 9. 1. H. 1. Buffeted by contradictory forces he was bound to lose his mind. 6. F. Distressed 10. Out of the four possibilities given. Obliterated   4.D-G 2. A-E. she started prevaricating. G. Move in a specified direction D. Thrifty 4. A-E. Limiting value C. 1. Prevalent 2.     [CAT]     1.B-F.B-H.B.B-G. CATCH A. OSTENSIBLE : Manohar’s ostensible job was to guard the building at night. 1.D-E 7 Byju’s  Classes|  India’s  Most  Liked  Education  Company  with  2. OPPROBRIUM : The police officer appears oblivious to the opprobrium generated by his blatantly partisan conduct. Angry 3. BOUND A. 1. Jovial 3. Capture B. Grasp with senses or mind C. Frugal 2. Acute distrust 3. A-G. Joking TYPE 5: SYNONYMS Directions for questions 1 to 5: For each of the words below a context is provided. Deception D.B-H.D-G 4. Dinesh felt bound to walk out when the discussion turned to kickbacks. Jovian 2. PREVARICATE : When a videotape of her meeting was played back to her and she was asked to explain her presence there. Speaking evasively 2.D-H 2.75  lakh+  likes  on      |  98800  31619   . Bitter enmity 4. Speaking violently 3. Sorry. 1.C-G. Altruistic 5. From the alternatives given pick the word or phrase that is closest in meaning in the given context. Evokes 3. Introduces 2. Bodes 8.D-H 4. Thing/person worth trapping E. Obliged.D-F 3. G.B-G. Lying furiously 4. Bound for a career in law. 1.D-H   3.H). A-F. match the dictionary definitions on the left (A.C-E. Blatant 3. A-G.B-H. I couldn’t catch you. Vidya’s story strains the bounds of credulity. A-F. Violent 2.G. Destined or certain to be E. Restless 4.D-E 2. F. my father remarked that I was being facetious. H. Jocular 4. PORTEND : It appears to many that the US “war on terrorism” portends trouble in the Gulf.C. select the one that has all the definitions and their usages most closely matched. PARSIMONIOUS: The evidence was constructed from very parsimonious scraps of evidence. Unfashionable 4. 1.C-E. The proposal sounds very good but where is the catch.C-E. Spells 4. 1. A-H.F.B-F. 1. All her friends agreed that Prasad was a good catch.C-F. Hussain tries to catch the spirit of India in his paintings. Ostentatious 4.C-H. A-F.C-F. constrained B.D) with their corresponding usage on the right (E. Harsh criticism 2. Jyoti was reluctant to study Milton. Discarded 3.

(4) (2) (4) (4) 5. (3) 14. (3) 4. 15. 16. 7. 6.D-H 2.D-F 4. (2) TYPE 3: Sentence Completion 1.D-H 3. 10. (2) 2. (4) 8.75  lakh+  likes  on      |  98800  31619   .B-F. (1) 17. (1) 3. (3) 19.B-E. 13.C-F. The tones of the old violin were mellow. (4) 12. 6. (3) (2) (3) (1) 5. 16. 11.B-G. A-E. A-G. 10. (1) 15. H. (4) 12. (1) 9. MELLOW A. (3) 5. 14. G. 6. (3) (1) 2. He has mellowed with age. (1) (4) (4) (2) 2. 11. 19. (3) 13. (3) (3) (1) (3) (4) 2. (1) (1) TYPE 4 & 5: Antonyms & Synonyms 1. 22. 6. F. (2) 9. A-H. 8. (1) 10. (2) 14. (2) (4) (1) (3) TYPE 2: Inappropriate Usage 1. (3) _____________________________________________________________________________________________________   8 Byju’s  Classes|  India’s  Most  Liked  Education  Company  with  2. (1) (1) 4. Some wines are mellow.D-E ANSWER KEY TYPE 1: Fill in the Blanks 1. (4) 3. Adequately and properly aged so as to be free of harshness B. 10. 11. (1) (2) (4) (2) (3) 4. 21. 1. Rich and full but free from stridency   E. (4) (3) TYPE 6: One Word—Many Meanings 1. Freed from the rashness of youth C. (4) 7.C-G.B-G.C-H. (4) (4) 3. (3) (1) (3) (4) 2. 9. 16. (2) (1) (1) (4) (2) 3. (1) 7. (4) 18. (1) 13. 23. Of soft and loamy consistency D. 20. 7. 20. 18. 12. 17. (1) 5. A-E. Mellow soil is found in the Gangetic plains.     [CAT]     3. 8. (2) 8.C-F. (4) 4. (4) 3. 9. 15.