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Don't‘ove‘o‘
‘that‘
o‘over oo‘te ta e‘ n‘‘
earn‘to‘e‘
or‘ene‘of‘e ‘a‘e ‘a‘
or‘ ht‘and‘hearn ‘‘
Don't‘t‘oberve‘the‘tra‘nterpret‘hat‘the
‘ean‘‘ 
et‘to‘no‘
or‘ene 
‘td
‘the‘terrort'‘operatn ‘proedre‘habt‘and‘
epent‘‘ 
‘ e‘pertent‘don't‘ oe‘the‘ ‘to‘n‘hen‘
o‘ oe‘the‘poor/tra ‘r
‘to‘fnd‘t‘a an‘‘
‘‘‘
‘‘
‘‘
Y Y 
‘

Yraer‘et‘the‘pae‘ 
eord‘the‘tart‘pont‘
a 
‘no‘
or‘poton‘

onfr‘on‘aera ‘poor‘
eep‘n‘va ‘ontat‘
dentf
‘the‘orret‘tra‘
ever‘a ‘on‘ rond‘poor‘ 
et‘nto‘the‘arr
'‘nd‘  
Y  Y  ‘
Davd‘ott-Done an‘  

YY 
Y
‘
ÿ   
   ‘ 

eat‘tn ‘tred‘dt-f ed‘e
e‘drena ne‘throb‘ e‘an‘e etr‘rver‘thro h‘
or‘bod
‘a‘
o‘earh‘the‘near‘
b
‘bh‘ver
‘nerve‘fee ‘for‘the‘ene
‘
o‘no‘‘there‘‰‘oehere‘‘ 
or‘nt‘ha‘been‘abhed‘and‘the‘ err a‘have‘broen‘ontat‘and‘f ed‘t‘ eat‘that¶‘hat‘
o‘thn‘f‘
or‘ 
nt‘‘ 
‘or‘e -traned‘or‘both‘
o‘a
‘have‘fe‘or‘no‘aa te‘and‘
or‘b ood‘‘p‘to‘ et‘the‘batard‘‘ 
he‘prob e‘ho‘to‘tra‘
or‘ene 
‘‘ 
oda
¶‘erenar
‘o der‘‘a
‘the‘prodt‘of‘-t
ed‘tehno o a
-orented‘are‘and‘a‘h‘ha‘had‘ tt e‘
experene‘n‘tran ‘peop e‘e‘‘a
‘a‘fore ner‘bro ht‘n‘to‘tab  e‘a‘deperate‘taton‘or‘to‘ba ‘ot‘oe‘e hee ed‘b  ‘and‘‘operatn ‘on‘tran e‘terran‘nder‘dff t‘ondton‘th‘ar na ‘troop‘‘

!erhap‘
o‘ho d‘thn‘ba‘to‘a‘fe‘onth‘ear er‘hen‘
o‘frt‘be an‘th‘operaton‘and‘ et¶‘ae‘
o‘are‘
operatn ‘on‘a‘far
‘ on -ter‘ontrat‘‘ 
or‘frt‘onern‘‘the‘terran‘o‘an¶t‘tra‘n‘t‘f‘
o‘don¶t‘have‘a‘rdentar
‘no ed e‘of‘the‘ a
‘of‘the‘
and‘!ror‘to‘operatn ‘n‘the‘area‘
o‘ho d‘dea 
‘have‘pent‘a‘fe‘da 
‘a atn ‘
or‘troop‘f‘the
‘are‘
not‘ oa ‘bo 
‘Drn ‘th‘perod‘thoro h‘ap‘tde‘th‘ava ab e‘ap‘ar‘photo‘and‘even‘torn ‘ de‘ 
an‘be‘he pf ‘xtrat‘deta ed‘brefn ‘fro‘the‘ oa ‘po e‘ tar
‘offa ‘and‘pop aton‘a ‘to‘ oa ‘
farer‘natve‘an
one‘ho‘ha‘been‘n‘the‘area‘n‘hh‘
o‘ ‘be‘operatn ‘‘ 
or‘epent‘ho d‘be‘or an ed‘drn ‘th‘perod‘a‘e ‘and‘an
‘reeda ‘trann ‘neear
‘ondted‘!a
‘pea ‘
attenton‘to‘aof a e‘ere‘a ‘
or‘ ear‘dard‘the‘neenta ‘and‘npet‘the‘troop‘for‘the‘ae‘"arr
‘food‘ater‘and‘
anton‘and‘ o‘a‘  ht‘a‘pob e‘oe‘traer‘dre‘ e‘the‘ene
‘and‘e‘aptred‘eapon‘h‘‘he pf ‘f‘
o‘are‘
tran ‘otde‘
or‘on‘ontr
‘and‘nto‘ene
-donated‘ontre‘‘ 

xere‘aton‘‘ ar e‘nber‘of‘peop e‘dreed‘n‘the‘orret‘nfor‘have‘
been‘hot‘n‘error‘b
‘ther‘on‘troop‘#e h‘the‘pro‘and‘on‘aref 
‘ o‘
tr
‘to‘ earn‘a‘h‘abot‘natve‘fe draft‘a‘pob e‘o‘do‘the
‘e‘the‘
terran‘to‘rvve?‘#here‘do‘the
‘ et‘food‘and‘ater‘and‘hat‘do‘the
‘e‘for‘
expedent‘too ‘and‘eapon?‘‘ 
td
‘a ‘nforaton‘on‘ oa ‘eather‘t‘ ‘have‘a‘defnte‘effet‘on‘
or‘
operaton‘and‘hene‘
or‘tran ‘
‘en tn ‘the‘natve‘f‘pob e‘to‘teah‘

o‘abot‘ oa ‘ve etaton‘
o‘ ‘ an‘exe ent‘rvva ‘nforaton‘hh‘a
‘he p‘
o‘ae‘deon‘a‘to‘
ene
‘oveent‘f‘he‘‘far‘fro‘h‘pp
‘bae‘he‘ ‘attept‘to‘ ve‘off‘the‘ and‘to‘tan‘or‘even‘expand‘
h‘operaton‘epea
‘f‘natve‘atane‘‘dened‘h‘‘ 
o‘ever‘do‘not‘ae‘that‘the‘ene
‘‘an‘exe ent‘bhan‘t‘beae‘he‘‘nd eno‘to‘that‘ontnent‘n‘
$hodea‘n o a‘and‘%o abe‘terrort‘have‘been‘fond‘andern ‘ ot‘and‘tarvn ‘beae‘the
‘ere‘
a o‘tran er‘‘
%
‘tran ‘ntrtor‘n‘e o‘ot‘one‘re ated‘that‘he‘o d‘tra‘and‘ ve‘ot‘an 
here‘bt‘that‘h‘effetvene‘o d‘
be‘ reat
‘reded‘otde‘h‘natve‘area‘and‘oneent
‘h‘onfdene‘n‘h‘ab t
‘o d‘ffer‘nd‘he‘a‘ondered‘to‘
be‘the‘bet‘traer‘n‘$hodea‘f‘
o‘no‘the‘ rond‘and‘are‘ofortab e‘n‘t‘
o‘a read
‘have‘a‘&‘perent‘ed e‘on‘the‘
ene 
‘‘ 
o‘drn ‘
or‘terran‘td 
‘note‘natve‘to‘and‘attept‘to‘ earn‘oe‘of‘the‘ an a e‘and‘fo  ore‘h‘tae‘te‘and‘
effort‘and‘on‘hort-ter‘ob‘ ‘be‘near
‘pob e‘bt‘f‘
o‘have‘the‘te‘t‘ ‘pa
‘b ‘dvdend‘t‘a
‘ ve‘
o‘the‘
neear
‘ed e‘to‘oe‘ot‘of‘the‘next‘ontat‘a‘the‘'hap´‘rather‘than‘the‘'hp´‘‘ 

ean‘a‘h‘nforaton‘a‘pob e‘abot‘ana ‘ d fe‘n‘the‘area‘t‘ ‘be‘nva ab e‘n‘tran ‘and‘f‘
or‘
next‘pp
‘o n‘‘abhed‘or‘the‘arterater‘e ‘t‘and‘retre‘to‘the‘oth‘of‘(rane‘
o‘an‘t ‘feed‘

or‘troop‘‘ 

Y  ‘ 
eond 
‘no‘
or‘ene 
‘he‘better‘
o‘ndertand‘h‘h‘otve‘apraton‘trat‘habt‘tat‘and‘
atttde‘the‘ reater‘
or‘tata ‘ed e‘on‘h‘‘a‘re t‘
o‘ ‘be‘ab e‘to‘rn‘h‘to‘ rond‘ooner‘ne‘
o‘ 
ndertand‘the‘ene 
‘
or‘ta‘ ‘beoe‘h‘eaer‘‘ 
f‘pob e‘eep‘note‘on‘tat‘ep o
ed‘a ant‘
or‘nt‘and‘other‘po e‘and‘para- tar
‘ rop‘ oo‘for‘
pattern‘of‘the‘ene
‘n‘ enera ‘and‘pef‘oander‘n‘part ar‘#ath‘h‘tandard‘operatn ‘proedre‘
and‘reord‘h‘repone‘to‘
or‘tat‘nte  ene‘‘a
‘extree
‘ ted‘to‘a‘erenar 
‘o‘be‘
or‘on‘ ‘borb‘ever
‘pee‘of‘nforaton‘ava ab e‘to‘
o‘‘ 
o‘that‘
o‘have‘oe‘dea‘a‘to‘the‘ene
‘and‘the‘taton‘
o‘a
‘nvet ate‘the‘feab t
‘of‘n ‘natve‘
traer‘ee‘ot‘ oa ‘athorte‘a‘to‘ho‘the‘headan‘ oa ‘hef‘or‘Ô head‘‘and‘h‘ oaton‘hen‘th‘
one‘of‘the‘offa ‘ho‘‘non‘to‘the‘hef‘approah‘h‘for‘the‘atane‘of‘the‘ot‘re ab e‘effent‘traer‘ 
n‘the‘area‘o‘a
‘have‘dff t
‘ne‘he‘a
‘be‘n‘ 
path
‘th‘the‘ err a‘or‘t‘p an‘ared‘ a
‘h‘
fear‘f‘pob e‘and‘be‘prepared‘to‘offer‘top‘a e‘and‘proteton‘for‘the‘traer‘and‘ther‘fa e‘h‘‘the‘
on
‘a
‘to‘are‘oe‘eb ane‘of‘ o
a t 
‘nvet ate‘an
‘natve‘a e‘of‘ tar
‘a e‘ho‘ ht‘be‘een ‘
reven e‘a ant‘the‘terrort‘)e‘th‘to‘
or‘advanta e‘‘
#hen‘dea n ‘th‘natve‘troop‘be‘fr‘far‘and‘honet‘e‘frend
‘bt‘not‘fa ar‘and‘treat‘the‘th‘repet‘and‘aord‘
the‘the‘d nt
‘de‘ther‘taton‘n‘the‘trbe;‘reat‘the‘e ‘bt‘not‘ avh 
‘%ae‘re‘the
‘ndertand‘exat
‘hat‘‘
expeted‘of‘the‘and‘ de‘the‘adeate
‘n‘the‘fe d‘ever‘ae‘an
thn ‘and‘a a 
‘be‘deve‘ever‘proe‘the‘
an
thn ‘n e‘
o‘an‘de ver‘edate
‘and‘never‘ e‘to‘the‘n‘an
‘taton‘on
‘ta ‘trt‘and‘repet‘ ‘eep‘
the‘ o
a ‘to‘
o‘‘ 

ne‘
o‘have‘ep o
ed‘
or‘traer‘
o‘a
‘be‘p ed‘a‘to‘ho‘to‘ a e‘ther‘effetvene‘!robab
‘the‘ 
ot‘potve‘a
‘‘to‘ee‘ho‘often‘the
‘tra‘nto‘ontat‘f‘the
‘are‘ontant
‘ben ‘fred‘on‘frt‘then‘
or‘
troop‘are‘on
‘ar na ‘t
pe‘ood‘traer‘ ‘be‘ab e‘to‘te ‘ho‘far‘ahead‘the‘ene
‘‘and‘a ert‘
o‘to‘th‘
fat‘o‘
o‘an‘reet‘ar‘over‘or‘ore‘fo o-p‘troop‘to‘renfore‘
or‘patro ‘‘ 
ne‘of‘the‘preer‘traer‘n‘$hodea‘an‘fran‘"‘n‘e o‘ot‘ha‘perona
‘traed‘nto‘and‘ ed‘
*&-p ‘terrort‘ne‘the‘ar‘be an‘#hat‘‘even‘ore‘rearab e‘and‘ ear
‘deontrate‘h‘proe‘‘the‘
fat‘that‘he‘ha‘traed‘and‘ oated‘te‘that‘nber‘of‘terrort‘thot‘the‘ene
‘rea  n ‘h‘preene‘nt ‘the‘
fo o-p‘troop‘attaed‘e‘‘o‘va ab e‘that‘he‘‘no‘reponb e‘for‘trann ‘tran ‘peronne ‘for‘the‘entre‘
$hodean‘r
‘and‘‘on
‘a ed‘ot‘hen‘pef‘terrort‘oander‘are‘peted‘of‘operatn ‘n‘the‘area‘‘ 
h‘art e‘ha‘been‘rtten‘to‘he p‘
o‘f‘
o‘h‘to‘beoe‘a‘better‘traer‘or‘to‘no‘eno h‘to‘proper
‘
ep o
‘and‘oand‘tran ‘tea‘h‘no ed e‘ ‘not‘ae‘
o‘a‘traer‘n
‘prate‘prate‘and‘ 
ore‘prate‘nder‘expert‘pervon‘ ‘do‘that‘‘
‘‘‘ 
YY 
‘ 
o‘for‘the‘ot‘portant‘apet‘o‘to‘tra‘(rt‘p 
ho o a
‘and‘ph 
a
‘prepare‘for‘the‘hnt‘o‘ho d‘be‘n‘
ood‘ph 
a ‘ondton‘th‘exe ent‘reerve‘of‘tana‘a ert‘reaonab
‘e ‘fed‘and‘above‘a ‘onfdent‘n‘
ore f‘and‘

or‘en‘o‘a
‘be‘fored‘to‘trave ‘for‘da 
‘nder‘advere‘ondton‘thot‘food‘and‘th‘ tt e‘ater‘at‘a‘fat‘pae‘and‘
tnder‘treendo‘enta ‘tre‘ran ‘rere‘ntene‘onentraton‘tana‘and‘an‘e
e‘for‘deta ‘‘ 

eond 
‘
o‘t‘no‘hat‘to‘ oo‘for‘hen‘readn ‘poor‘+tra,‘#hen‘
o‘be n‘tran ‘tr
‘poorn ‘ ar e‘
rop‘n‘ea
‘terran‘for‘hort‘dtane‘)a
‘oft‘ rond‘th‘nee-h h‘ ra‘‘bet‘end‘ot‘three‘or‘for‘
peop e‘th‘ntrton‘to‘a ‘for‘abot‘fve‘to‘ &‘nte‘dependn ‘on‘the‘bh‘ roth‘and‘then‘ret‘nt ‘
o‘
fnd‘the‘or‘attenton‘pan‘at‘frt‘ ‘be‘hort‘and‘
o‘ ‘tend‘to‘dora e‘ 
‘o‘ ‘ oe‘the‘poor‘
often‘bt‘don¶t‘orr 
‘o-one‘‘a‘born‘bhan‘e‘patent‘and‘onentrate‘on‘the‘poor‘‘
o‘beoe‘ore‘

aare‘of‘hat‘to‘ oo‘for‘the‘ e ‘of‘poor‘an‘be‘ en thened‘nt ‘
or‘poor‘ a
er‘are‘ ven‘a‘&-nte‘head‘ 
tart‘h‘an‘be‘extended‘to‘hor‘nt ‘the
‘are‘ a 
n ‘poor‘n‘the‘ornn ‘and‘
o‘are‘tran ‘ ater‘n‘the‘da 
‘‘ 
‘
o‘are‘tran ‘ oo‘for‘evdene‘+tra‘ n,‘of‘dtrbed‘ ra;‘bent‘b ade‘ ‘revea ‘the‘dreton‘of‘trave ‘ 
he‘top‘of‘the‘ ra‘ ‘pont‘n‘the‘dreton‘the‘peron‘‘a n ‘f‘the‘ene
‘ha‘paed‘thro h‘after‘nre‘
the‘de‘ ‘be‘dtrbed‘and‘a‘fant‘darened‘area‘ ‘revea ‘h‘tra ‘#ath‘for‘broen‘pder‘eb‘or‘obeb‘
#hen‘exann ‘poor‘a a 
‘eep‘
or‘head‘  ht
‘p‘and‘ oo‘ ‘to‘ &‘
ard‘ahead‘of‘
o‘t‘ ‘enab e‘
o‘
to‘ee‘the‘poor‘better‘deterne‘the‘dreton‘of‘oveent‘and‘eep‘a ert‘for‘ e
‘abh‘area‘f‘the‘terrort‘ 
no‘or‘pet‘he‘‘ben ‘fo oed‘he‘ ‘tr
‘to‘et‘
o‘p‘‘ 
e‘a ert‘patent‘and‘aref ‘#ath‘for‘ro‘that‘have‘been‘overtrned‘he‘dar‘de‘ ‘be‘p‘or‘
o‘ ‘ee‘the‘ 
preon‘on‘the‘ rond‘here‘t‘one‘reted‘ tho h‘d-da
‘heat‘ ‘dr
‘the‘ro‘ 
‘t‘te ‘
o‘the‘
terrort‘‘on
‘hor‘ahead‘of‘
o‘f‘
o‘fnd‘t‘n‘the‘ornn ‘then‘he‘ha‘been‘ovn ‘pror‘to‘nre‘he‘
darer‘and‘etter‘the‘ro‘the‘ oer‘
or‘arr 
‘‘
%h‘of¶‘tran ‘ean‘notn ‘hat‘‘ot‘of‘ontext‘n‘natre‘and‘rea  n ‘the‘ae‘%ove‘fro‘ n‘to‘ n‘and‘a a 
‘be‘ 
re‘of‘
or‘ at‘onfred‘ n‘before‘
o‘ove‘on‘to‘the‘next‘here‘are‘of‘ore‘the‘obvo‘footprnt‘n‘the‘d‘near‘ 
trea‘and‘ater‘ho e‘and‘a on ‘and
‘rver;‘ eave‘on‘p ant‘that‘have‘been‘broen‘noed‘off‘or‘trned‘o‘that‘the‘  ht‘ 
nderde‘ontrat‘th‘the‘rrondn ;‘ffed‘tree‘bar‘or‘d‘raped‘fro‘pan ‘boot‘and‘the‘preon‘of‘rf e‘btt‘
ben ‘ed‘a‘rthe‘or‘ane‘p‘teep‘ ope‘f‘ore‘there‘‘the‘o d‘favorte‘b ood‘on‘the‘ve etaton‘and‘tra ‘
#ath‘for‘darded‘raton‘paa e‘food‘tn‘and‘even‘dropped‘or‘darded‘doent‘)‘troop‘n‘-etna‘ere‘ea
‘
traed‘not‘b
‘reent
‘t‘n e‘fo a e‘bt‘b
‘ther‘nevtab e‘tra ‘of‘.oo -d‘paa e‘ne‘
o‘have‘dentfed‘the‘poor‘
tr
‘to‘dentf
‘the‘t
pe‘of‘foot‘ ear‘ften‘dfferent‘ err a‘ rop‘ear‘dfferent‘t
pe‘boot‘errort‘n‘$hodea‘have‘been‘ 
ed‘and‘aptred‘arr 
n ‘to‘or‘three‘t
pe‘of‘hoe‘and‘earn ‘to‘or‘three‘hrt‘and‘pant‘at‘the‘ae‘te!‘%ae‘re‘
the‘prnt‘‘not‘one‘of‘
or‘on‘peop e‘or‘ert
‘fore‘and‘eep‘a‘reord‘of‘the‘dfferent‘t
pe‘prnt‘
o‘enonter‘! ater‘ 
preon‘dran ‘photo‘or‘even‘a‘op
‘of‘the‘o e‘thee ve‘ho d‘be‘on‘reord‘th‘ oa ‘nte  ene‘peop e‘he‘
$hodean‘and‘oth‘fran‘ae‘ope‘of‘a ‘terrort‘footear‘and‘dtrbte‘thee‘dran ‘to‘the‘ oa ‘pop aton‘- a e‘
po e‘hnter‘and‘farer‘a n ‘n‘the‘bh‘have‘often‘dovered‘the‘tra ‘of‘terrort‘ an ‘ho‘have‘roed‘fro‘/aba‘
or‘%o abe‘and‘have‘a erted‘the‘ert
‘fore‘‘ 

he‘depth‘and‘pae‘of‘the‘tra‘ ‘a o‘te ‘
o‘oethn ‘abot‘
or‘foe‘#oen‘tae‘a er‘tep‘a‘do‘
heav
‘ aden‘en‘!eop e‘rnnn ‘ ‘ eave‘ore‘pae‘beteen‘tra‘and‘en‘a n ‘n‘eah‘other¶‘tra‘ ‘ 
ae‘deeper‘preon‘ o‘the
‘ ‘ae‘the‘ed e‘of‘the‘tra‘to‘be‘ e‘dtnt‘Dra ‘ar‘o d‘ndate‘ 
onded‘ne‘
o‘have‘dentfed‘
or‘part ar‘tra‘fo o‘t‘even‘f‘the‘ rop‘p t‘oete‘ err a‘ ‘ 
p t‘p‘or‘bobhe ‘nt ‘
o‘are‘ eft‘fo on ‘one‘et‘of‘tra‘‘
Y 
‘Y ‘ 

o‘have‘the‘peronne ‘
o‘an‘a n‘tran ‘tea‘to‘eah‘et‘of‘tra‘f‘not‘p‘one‘and‘rn‘h‘to‘
rond‘then‘p‘another‘r
‘to‘ta
‘th‘the‘an‘bod 
‘f‘pob e‘o‘a
‘ et‘ 
‘and‘na ‘the‘oander‘
or‘po ta ‘offer‘or‘
o‘a
‘end‘p‘fo on ‘the‘poor‘to‘the‘$-‘pont‘here‘
o‘an‘abh‘the‘entre‘ an ‘‘ 
n  ht‘ ‘a o‘have‘oe‘effet‘on‘readn ‘poor‘f‘
o‘are‘tran ‘nto‘the‘n‘and‘are‘experenn ‘dff t
‘ 
n‘een ‘the‘ n‘ oo‘ba‘over‘
or‘ho der‘ever
‘fe‘
ard‘to‘onfr‘
or‘poor‘ever‘a ‘on‘
or‘poor‘
and‘aton‘the‘fo o-p‘troop‘behnd‘
o‘a o‘to‘a ‘to‘one‘de‘of‘the‘tra‘‘ 

o‘ oe‘the‘poor‘t‘‘peratve‘that‘
o‘ o‘ba‘to‘the‘ at‘potve‘ n‘onfr‘t‘and‘then‘be n‘a‘earh‘
pattern‘to‘re oate‘the‘tra‘#ath‘for‘the‘abene‘of‘net‘or‘ d fe‘%ot‘ d‘reatre‘are‘h
‘of‘an‘and‘ 
‘ee‘he ter‘f‘he‘ha‘been‘n‘the‘area‘rd‘are‘ reat‘ndator‘of‘en‘a‘are‘baboon‘pa a‘and‘an
‘t
pe‘
of‘deer‘ ten‘for‘ana ‘nortn ‘or‘rnnn ‘and‘note‘the‘dreton‘oethn ‘‘there‘‘ 

o‘ oe‘the‘tra ‘there‘are‘a‘nber‘of‘earh‘pattern‘ed‘to‘re oate‘poor‘he‘ot‘oon‘are‘the‘ro‘ ran‘the‘box‘ 
earh‘and‘the‘0&-de ree‘eep‘o‘ba‘to‘the‘ at‘potve‘poor‘and‘ar‘t‘hen‘ oo‘p‘to‘abot‘ ‘to‘&‘eter‘n‘front‘of‘

o‘and‘eep‘fro‘enter‘to‘ eft‘ot‘abot‘to‘£ de ree‘and‘then‘eep‘ba‘to‘enter‘$epeat‘the‘proe‘to‘the‘r ht‘eah‘

te‘on ‘ba‘to‘
or‘feet‘and‘the‘ at‘onfred‘poor‘ oo‘aref
‘and‘ o
‘and‘ot‘te‘
o‘ ‘p‘p‘the‘poor‘
a an‘‘ 

f‘not‘bref‘the‘troop‘oander‘to‘a ert‘h‘en‘to‘the‘fat‘that‘
or‘traer‘ ‘be‘r n ‘to‘the‘front‘and‘f an‘
and‘pob
‘to‘the‘rear‘‘ 

Y ‘ 
o‘e‘the‘ro‘ ran‘ethod‘the‘traer‘ove‘ atera
‘fro‘the‘poor‘ether‘ eft‘or‘r ht‘abot‘ &&‘eter‘and‘then‘dob e‘
ba‘toard‘h‘or na ‘ ne‘of‘arh‘ah‘te‘he‘trn‘the‘traer‘ho d‘advane‘abot‘&‘to‘1‘eter‘forard‘before‘
dob n ‘ba‘+ee‘the‘aopan 
n ‘da ra,‘f‘
o‘have‘oved‘approxate
‘&&‘eter‘ahead‘of‘the‘ at‘poor‘and‘t ‘ 
annot‘fnd‘the‘tra‘reort‘to‘the‘0&-de ree‘ethod‘ rada
‘expandn ‘
or‘r e‘nt ‘
o‘fnd‘
or‘poor‘‘ 

Y ‘ 
n‘the‘0&-de ree‘ethod‘the‘traer‘ae‘ever‘nrean ‘r e‘fro‘h‘ at‘onfred‘tra‘ba‘to‘h‘pont‘
of‘or n‘#hen‘
o‘ oe‘poor‘be‘patent‘and‘eep‘ oon ‘oe‘traer‘have‘been‘non‘to‘r e‘a‘far‘a‘fve‘ 
oeter‘fro‘the‘ at‘onfred‘poor‘nt ‘the
‘t‘the‘tra ‘of‘ther‘pre 
‘+ee‘aopan 
n ‘da ra,‘‘ 
Y ‘ 
oete‘ed‘‘the‘box‘ethod‘of‘earh‘n‘hh‘eah‘ha f‘of‘the‘area‘‘boxed‘off‘and‘exaned‘on‘the‘to‘ 
de‘of‘the‘poor‘h‘te-onn ‘ethod‘‘onfn ‘and‘‘not‘freent
‘ed‘toda 
‘+ee‘aopan 
n ‘
da ra,‘‘ 
nother‘portant‘pont‘‘to‘deterne‘the‘a e‘of‘the‘poor‘and‘the‘nber‘of‘peronne ‘nvo ved‘o‘deterne‘
a e‘note‘the‘a
‘n‘hh‘ve etaton‘‘dtrbed‘ra‘b ade‘ ‘rean‘ reen‘for‘abot‘a‘da
‘after‘ben ‘
broen‘!rnt‘n‘d‘ ‘a
‘tae‘abot‘an‘hor‘to‘f ‘th‘ater‘dependn ‘on‘the‘aont‘of‘otre‘n‘the‘
earth‘Dtrbed‘de‘drop‘on‘ ra‘and‘p ant‘ ‘ndate‘paa e‘of‘oethn ‘thn‘the‘ at‘fe‘hor‘De‘ 
a
‘ta 
‘on‘for‘abot‘for‘hor‘after‘nre‘vertrned‘ro‘tae‘a‘op e‘of‘hor‘to‘dr
‘n‘dret‘n‘
"obeb‘and‘pder‘eb‘a
‘tae‘abot‘an‘hor‘to‘be‘rep aed‘b
‘the‘net‘‘
$an‘an‘a o‘be‘ed‘to‘
or‘advanta e‘to‘ndate‘a e‘of‘poor‘f‘
o‘no‘the‘ at‘te‘t‘raned‘n‘the‘area‘
o‘an‘te ‘ho‘
o d‘tra‘are‘na ‘prnt‘perpoed‘on‘the‘poor‘ ‘te ‘
o‘that‘the‘poor‘a‘ade‘pror‘to‘n htfa ‘ne‘ot‘
ana ‘ove‘at‘n ht‘he‘revere‘‘app ab e‘f‘
o‘ee‘the‘poor‘on‘the‘ana ‘prnt‘the‘poor‘a‘ade‘oete‘after‘ 
nre‘‘ 

roen‘t ‘and‘vne‘are‘a o‘ ood‘ a e‘of‘te‘ne‘t‘rere‘abot‘ &‘hor‘for‘the‘p p‘nde‘to‘be n‘to‘
trn‘bron‘f‘
o‘dover‘a‘retn ‘area‘he‘the‘apfre¶‘heat‘ oo‘for‘ arette‘btt‘raton‘tn‘
doent‘ etter‘or‘dare‘f‘
or‘terrort‘‘ont‘orented‘he‘ ‘a
‘be‘arr 
n ‘a‘dar 
‘ oo‘for‘
han‘fee‘near‘the‘ap‘nterro ate‘a ‘the‘ oa ‘
o‘eet‘he
‘a
‘be‘hdn ‘the‘ err a‘feedn ‘the‘or‘ 
no‘here‘the
‘are‘aped‘he‘tra ‘te f‘an‘be‘ed‘to‘te ‘a e‘f‘t‘‘errat‘or‘rto‘
or‘ene
‘a
‘be‘ 
a n ‘n‘the‘dar‘‘
‘‘‘ 
  
 
Y‘ 

he‘eond‘ot‘portant‘fator‘‘the‘nber‘of‘peop e‘
o‘are‘tran ‘here‘are‘to‘ethod‘‘have‘een‘ed‘ 
he‘frt‘‘ta ht‘to‘pea ‘(ore‘and‘$an er‘ radate‘and‘‘ed‘b
‘the‘)‘r
;‘the‘other‘‘pop ar‘th‘
$hodean‘and‘oth‘fran‘Defene‘(ore‘n‘the‘)‘ethod‘tae‘the‘ en th‘of‘an‘avera e‘pae‘and‘eare‘t‘
on‘the‘ rond‘next‘to‘the‘tra‘o‘ a
‘ot‘a‘pae‘abot‘ *‘nhe‘de‘aro‘the‘tra‘o‘that‘the‘prnt‘are‘
en oed‘n‘a‘box‘that‘‘0‘nhe‘b
‘ *‘nhe‘"ont‘a ‘the‘ho e‘and‘parta ‘prnt‘n‘th‘box‘and‘then‘dvde‘b
‘
a‘ontant‘of‘to‘f‘
o‘ont‘ &‘prnt‘nde‘the‘box‘
or‘aner‘‘fve‘peop e‘‘ 

he‘$hodean‘ethod‘e‘the‘ en th‘of‘the‘(‘rf e‘or‘-‘rf e‘and‘the‘ae‘ *‘nh‘+,‘dth‘)n ‘th‘ethod‘ont‘
on
‘the‘wholeprnt‘
o‘ee‘nde‘the‘box‘f‘the‘aner‘‘for‘or‘ e‘that‘‘hat‘
o‘report‘to‘the‘tea‘ eader‘or‘
headarter‘f‘the‘aner‘‘fve‘prnt‘then‘add‘to‘to‘the‘nber‘and‘report‘that‘nber‘f‘
o‘read‘x‘add‘to‘and‘report‘
e ht‘h‘‘a‘afet
‘fator‘that‘ee‘to‘be‘r ht‘ot‘of‘the‘te‘‘ 

ho d‘
o‘dover‘a‘retn ‘p ae‘ont‘the‘p ae‘on‘the‘ rond‘and‘no‘atter‘hat‘the‘nber‘add‘to‘and‘
report‘that‘nber‘ho d‘
o‘be‘operatn ‘ore‘onventona 
‘a ‘n‘perod‘tran ‘report‘to‘
or‘
headarter‘hee‘an‘be‘p otted‘on‘a‘ap‘and‘a‘ enera ‘pattern‘deterned‘t‘ ‘a o‘a o‘dfferent‘terrort‘
rop‘to‘be‘p otted‘to ether‘to‘deterne‘f‘th‘‘oe‘ort‘of‘oordnated‘aton‘t‘ ‘a o‘etab h‘hat‘rote‘
are‘ben ‘ed‘to‘fnne ‘ene
‘troop‘nto‘and‘ot‘of‘the‘area‘‘ 
‘ap e‘of‘a‘tran ‘report‘ ht‘fo o‘the‘fo on ‘forat‘)e‘the‘ode‘ord‘D‘(rt‘ ve‘
or‘ oaton‘n ‘the‘ 
tandard‘ tar
‘ rd‘ 
te‘he‘'´‘‘the‘er
o‘be eve‘to‘be‘n‘the‘ene
‘nt‘a‘deterned‘b
‘
or‘prnt‘ont‘'D´‘ 
‘the‘ enera ‘dreton‘of‘poor‘expreed‘b
‘a net‘bearn ‘'´‘‘a e‘of‘poor‘f‘pob e‘nd‘'´‘ea ‘t
pe‘of‘poor‘
fo oed‘boot‘hoe‘bare‘feet‘et‘‘

Y 
Y ‘ 
ext‘ et¶‘d‘tran ‘tea‘a nent‘and‘dte‘(rt‘the‘tea‘ eader‘e‘‘reponb e‘for‘the‘ontro ‘of‘
the‘tea‘and‘a ‘fo o-p‘troop‘nt ‘the‘te‘of‘ontat‘hen‘ontro ‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘nt‘revert‘to‘the‘ rond‘ 
oander‘ne‘the‘traer‘have‘fond‘the‘ene 
‘onventona ‘tat‘an‘be‘ed‘to‘ oe‘th‘and‘ ‘h‘ 
he‘tea‘ eader‘re a 
‘nforaton‘to‘the‘"‘fo o-p‘troop‘and‘the‘next‘h her‘headarter‘e‘‘reponb e‘
for‘brefn ‘the‘troop‘n‘the‘tea‘operaton‘and‘hat‘dte‘he‘ ‘expet‘of‘the‘ rond‘fo o-p‘nt‘n‘ontat‘
he‘extrat‘the‘tea‘f‘pob e‘and‘a o‘the‘nfantr
‘to‘en a e‘the‘ene 
‘raer‘are‘too‘va ab e‘to‘r‘n‘a‘
fre‘f ht‘and‘ho d‘not‘en a e‘n e‘there‘‘a‘ero‘anpoer‘horta e‘e‘‘a o‘the‘ta ‘ nner‘f‘the‘tea‘‘ 
orn ‘a one‘‘ 
he‘traer‘e‘‘reponb e‘for‘readn ‘the‘poor‘and‘nterpretn ‘t‘to‘the‘tea‘ eader‘‘ 
he‘f aner‘hee‘to‘en‘ho‘are‘a o‘traned‘traer‘are‘reponb e‘for‘the‘forard‘and‘f an‘ert
‘of‘the‘
traer‘‘the‘traer‘beoe‘fat ed‘the
‘rotate‘dte‘th‘h‘o‘that‘a ‘the‘traer‘rean‘freh‘and‘a ert‘ 
he‘tea‘ eader‘doe‘not‘p ‘traer‘or‘f aner‘dt 
‘he‘f aner¶‘fnton‘‘ot‘portant;‘he‘ ‘probab
‘ee‘
and‘en a e‘the‘ene
‘frt‘e‘t‘be‘a ert‘and‘read
‘for‘ntant‘aton‘‘
(o o-p‘troop‘hee‘en‘are‘nder‘the‘ontro ‘of‘the‘tea‘ eader‘nt ‘ontat‘‘ade‘or‘the‘ene
‘ponted‘ot‘
to‘the‘"‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘nt‘(o o-p‘troop‘ho d‘be‘n‘ oe‘proxt
‘to‘the‘traer‘a tho h‘
renforeent‘an‘be‘veh e‘or‘arborne‘and‘on‘a ‘‘ 
‘ 
o‘for‘ enera ‘r e‘onernn ‘tran ‘tea‘‘ 
‘‘ ‘eber‘of‘the‘tran ‘tea‘ho d‘be‘traned‘experened‘traer‘‘ 
‘‘(or‘en‘ee‘to‘be‘the‘bet‘nber‘for‘tea‘ e‘‘ 
‘‘f‘pob e‘never‘eparate‘a‘tea‘one‘fored‘eaor‘ave‘ ve‘and‘ et‘re t‘‘ 
‘‘et‘the‘traer‘on‘the‘poor‘a‘oon‘a‘pob e‘‘
c ne‘the‘tran ‘tea‘oander‘‘on‘the‘ rond‘be‘he‘prvate‘ ane‘orpora ‘or‘ enera ‘he‘‘n‘har e‘%ore‘
tran ‘ene‘have‘been‘b on‘b
‘operaton-roo‘ na ‘offer‘and‘he opter‘p ot‘th‘apo eon‘op exe‘than‘‘an‘ 
ont‘)nt ‘ontat‘th‘the‘ene
‘‘ade‘or‘poor‘‘ ot‘the‘tea‘ eader‘‘f‘th‘r e‘annot‘be‘adhered‘to‘have‘no‘ 
a ‘abot‘pan ‘p‘and‘ on ‘hoe‘‘ 

$otate‘traer‘and‘f aner‘often‘ran ‘rere‘exatn ‘onentraton‘and‘the‘prere‘‘terrf‘he‘tea‘ eader‘ 
ho d‘ath‘for‘thee‘ n‘a a 
‘‘ 
#hen‘operatn ‘e‘hand‘ na ‘at‘a ‘te‘f‘
o‘t‘onfer‘tae‘over‘and‘hper‘o‘‘an‘deve‘
or‘on‘ na ‘
bt‘e‘the‘ae‘one‘ontent 
‘‘

‘‘‘‘*‘$et‘
or‘tea‘a‘often‘a‘pob e‘ne‘on‘the‘poor‘the
‘a
‘be‘fored‘to‘trave ‘for‘an
‘da 
‘red‘
peop e‘ae‘tae‘‘
‘‘‘‘2‘f‘a‘ enera ‘pattern‘‘dernb e‘b
‘the‘nte ‘hap‘
o‘a
‘h‘to‘tr
‘to‘ eap-fro ‘to‘ et‘ahead‘of‘the‘ 
err a‘#h e‘one‘tea‘‘tran ‘have‘another‘he‘a‘fe‘ oeter‘ahead‘for‘the‘ae‘poor‘f‘fond‘p ft‘
or‘tea‘and‘ontne‘the‘tra ‘there‘)e‘th‘tehne‘aref
‘and‘don¶t‘tr
‘to‘hrr 
‘‘
‘‘ &‘f‘
o‘have‘the‘tea‘
o‘an‘atrate‘the‘area‘ben ‘traed‘‘‘
3t‘abot‘a ‘tandard‘nfantr
‘tat‘app
‘to‘tran ‘tea‘th‘the‘exepton‘of‘the‘ron ‘of‘obta e‘h‘a‘rver‘ 
trea‘road‘tra ‘or‘ra ‘ ne‘ntead‘of‘the‘f aner‘ron ‘to‘reon‘the‘other‘de‘and‘then‘a n ‘the‘ret‘of‘the‘nt‘over‘
the‘tea‘after‘aref
‘obervn ‘the‘far‘de‘roe‘to ether‘nder‘the‘over‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘troop‘h‘‘done‘to‘eep‘an
‘ 
poor‘on‘the‘other‘de‘ntat‘and‘ndtrbed‘he‘r‘poed‘pon‘the‘tea‘b
‘e‘of‘th‘tat‘‘ e‘portant‘than‘ta 
n ‘
on‘the‘tra‘of‘hat‘o d‘prove‘to‘be‘an‘portant‘ err a‘ eader‘‘
‘‘ Y  ‘ 
he‘tandard‘tran ‘foraton‘‘‘haped‘th‘the‘f aner‘forn ‘the‘open‘ e ‘of‘the‘‘and‘the‘traer‘at‘the‘nton‘ 
th‘the‘tea‘ eader‘dret
‘behnd‘h‘he‘tea‘ eader‘rean‘abot‘fve‘eter‘behnd‘the‘traer‘and‘the‘f aner‘rean‘
forard‘of‘the‘traer‘and‘to‘the‘de‘a‘h‘a‘terran‘and‘ve etaton‘ ‘a o‘+ee‘da ra‘,‘)a
‘the‘fo o-p‘troop‘ 
‘be‘n‘f e‘behnd‘the‘tea;‘hoever‘‘atta on‘he‘$hodea‘$e ent‘ha‘deve oped‘a‘ne‘foraton‘that‘ee‘to‘ 
or‘e ‘n‘fran‘bh‘+ee‘da ra‘  ‘ 

ne‘ontat‘‘nent‘troop‘an‘ove‘to‘a‘rh‘ ne‘behnd‘and‘to‘the‘f an‘of‘the‘tran ‘tea‘h‘
a o‘the‘troop‘to‘ove‘forard‘at‘one‘and‘ eave‘the‘traer‘a‘ ap‘to‘fa ‘ba‘thro h‘f‘
o‘are‘hort‘of‘en‘
the‘traer‘an‘antan‘ther‘p ae‘n‘the‘eep‘ ne‘and‘renfore‘the‘nfantr
‘+the‘traer‘ee‘to‘prefer‘th‘dea‘ 
o‘the
‘an‘ et‘a‘fe‘hot‘off‘a‘e ,‘‘ 
‘have‘a o‘een‘an‘'off-et´‘foraton‘ed‘a‘e ‘n‘ontat‘the‘troop‘n ‘ot‘and‘p‘on‘the‘f an‘nt ‘
o‘
have‘a‘op ete‘eep‘ ne‘and‘then‘a ‘ove‘forard‘to ether‘+ee‘da ra‘0,‘‘
‘‘‘
Y Y 
‘ 
he‘tehne‘for‘ant-tran ‘are‘a‘vared‘a‘
or‘a naton‘o‘a
‘be‘the‘one‘ben ‘traed‘oe‘da 
‘o‘ 
ve‘oe‘tho ht‘to‘overn ‘
or‘tra ‘ere‘are‘oe‘pob te‘‘ 
‘‘#ear‘the‘ae‘boot‘a‘the‘ene 
‘f‘
o‘are‘operatn ‘n‘h‘terrtor 
‘f‘he‘ oe‘barefoot‘
o‘o d‘be‘n‘for‘oe‘to h‘
on ‘‘ 
‘‘)e‘ana ‘or‘att e‘to‘over‘
or‘tra‘‘ 

‘‘%ove‘n‘the‘ran‘f‘pob e‘‘ 
‘‘)e‘trea‘and‘rver‘road‘and‘ra a 
‘to‘over‘
or‘poor‘‘ 
#a ‘on‘ro
‘or‘hard‘ rond‘‘

0‘‘%ove‘thro h‘v a e‘to‘ et‘ ot‘n‘the‘tra‘+ote‘f‘
o‘are‘deperate‘eno h‘to‘tr
‘to‘penetrate‘a‘v a e‘do‘o‘ver
‘ 
aref
‘at‘n ht‘and‘on
‘a‘a‘ at‘reort,‘‘
1‘‘p t‘p‘or‘bobhe ‘and‘r e‘ba‘and‘$-‘+rende vo,‘‘
*‘‘rh‘ot‘
or‘tra‘th‘bhe‘hat‘or‘ne‘arve‘‘
2‘‘f‘do ‘are‘after‘
o‘tr
‘n ‘"‘or‘tear‘ a‘poder‘or‘pepper‘ aed‘th‘aona‘on‘
or‘tra‘‘
&‘f‘
o‘an‘boob
‘trap‘and‘abh‘
or‘tra ‘‘  

YY ‘
(na 
‘e‘oe‘to‘an‘apet‘of‘tran ‘that‘ha‘been‘ed‘extenve
‘b
‘-t
e‘are‘n‘rope‘and‘a‘‘ 
ot‘do ‘tea‘‘ 

o‘have‘the‘e‘of‘ot‘do ‘tea‘b
‘a ‘ean‘º‘ep o
‘the‘he
‘are‘there‘to‘pport‘the‘ rond‘troop‘n‘ oatn ‘the‘
ene
‘and‘to‘provde‘ ent‘arnn ‘he
‘a
‘a o‘be‘ed‘a‘ tenn ‘and‘obervaton‘pot‘ne‘
o‘no‘
o‘are‘ on ‘to‘ 
e‘do ‘have‘the‘a ned‘to‘the‘nt‘a‘far‘ahead‘of‘the‘on‘a‘pob e‘h‘ ve‘the‘tea‘and‘the‘do ‘te‘to‘adt‘to‘
eah‘other‘he‘hand er‘ho d‘ et‘eah‘eber‘of‘the‘patro ‘toh‘the‘do ‘to‘e nate‘fear‘the‘en‘ ht‘have‘ot‘do ‘
have‘ taton‘hh‘ho d‘be‘borne‘n‘nd‘Do ‘have‘ate‘ene‘of‘e ‘ ood‘hearn ‘and‘are‘attrated‘
‘to‘ 
oveent‘Do ‘are‘bet‘to‘perod‘retrann ‘and‘are‘a‘entve‘to‘the‘e eent‘a‘han‘‘

‘‘ he‘ bet‘ poton‘ for‘ the‘ do ‘ tea‘ ‘ dret
‘ n‘ front‘ of‘ the‘ patro ‘ #nd‘ ondton‘ a
‘ rere‘ that‘ the‘ tea‘ 
ove‘to‘ndard‘to‘tae‘advanta e‘of‘the‘do ¶‘ene‘of‘e ‘oe‘do ‘an‘dependn ‘on‘eather‘and‘nd‘ 
ene‘the‘ene
‘ &&‘eter‘aa 
‘‘ 
he‘do ‘an‘be‘ed‘to‘ oate‘entre‘and‘deterne‘the‘extent‘of‘poton‘and‘ep aeent‘and‘a
‘at‘the‘
patro ‘ eader‘n‘ettn ‘p‘h‘en‘thot‘ben ‘deteted‘b
‘the‘ene 
‘‘ 
he‘fo on ‘are‘oe‘ enera ‘r e‘for‘do ‘tea‘‘ 

‘‘f‘the‘hand er‘‘ ed‘ eave‘the‘do ‘th‘h‘and‘report‘t‘to‘
or‘4‘‘ 
‘‘f‘the‘hand er‘‘a‘aa t 
‘tr
‘to‘ re‘the‘do ‘aa
‘o‘
o‘an‘treat‘h‘f‘
o‘t‘evaate‘one‘end‘the‘
other‘a‘e ‘‘ 
‘‘reat‘the‘tea‘a‘one‘of‘the‘nt‘pport‘the‘and‘eep‘the‘hand er‘nfored‘of‘a ‘tata ‘ove‘‘ 
‘‘ et‘the‘hand er‘e et‘the‘do ¶‘poton‘n‘the‘ ne‘of‘arh‘‘
c ee‘the‘hand er¶‘adve‘n‘ep o 
n ‘the‘tea‘‘

0‘‘Do‘not‘expet‘the‘tea‘to‘perfor‘ra e‘and‘do‘not‘re ax‘
or‘a ertne‘beae‘the
‘are‘th‘
o‘‘
1‘‘Do‘not‘feed‘or‘p a
‘th‘the‘do ‘‘ 
tho h‘the‘nforaton‘n‘th‘art e‘   
ae‘
o‘an‘'ae´‘traer‘t‘ ‘ ve‘
o‘a‘better‘aarene‘of‘
tran ‘and‘the‘tat‘ep o
ed‘b
‘tran ‘tea‘and‘the‘e o‘ot‘‘ 

he‘on
‘a
‘to‘beoe‘a‘opetent‘re ab e‘traer‘‘to‘e‘the‘ethod‘of‘the‘natve‘prate‘prate‘prate‘ 
t‘‘a‘ ‘that‘an‘tand‘
o‘n‘ ood‘tead‘on‘
or‘next‘operaton‘enhane‘
or‘obat‘effetvene‘and‘perhap‘ 
ave‘
or‘ fe‘‘‘
+› ‘‘

Y 
 
YY 
‘

‘ 

   
 
YY 
‘
#th‘oon‘ene‘and‘a‘de ree‘of‘experene‘
o‘an‘tra‘terrort‘o‘t‘
deve op‘the‘fo on ‘trat‘and‘a te‘to‘be‘ef ‘and‘to‘ ead‘
or‘t‘to‘ 
ontat‘‘
-‘‘‘‘‘e‘patent‘and‘tead 
‘‘
-‘‘‘‘‘e‘ab e‘to‘ove‘ o
‘and‘et 
‘
et‘tead 
‘h e‘detetn ‘and‘nterpretn ‘ 

n‘‘
-‘‘‘‘‘vod‘fat‘oveent‘that‘a
‘ae‘
o‘to‘over oo‘ n‘ oe‘the‘poor‘or‘b nder‘ 

nto‘a‘terrort‘nt‘that‘‘onter‘tran ‘‘
-‘‘‘‘‘e‘pertent‘and‘have‘the‘ ‘and‘dere‘to‘ontne‘the‘on‘even‘tho h‘ n‘

are‘are‘or‘bad‘eather‘or‘terran‘‘detro 
n ‘the‘poor‘‘
-‘‘‘‘‘e‘deterned‘and‘pertent‘hen‘tr 
n ‘to‘fnd‘a‘poor‘
o‘have‘ ot‘‘

-‘‘‘‘‘e‘obervant‘and‘tr
‘to‘ee‘thn ‘that‘are‘not‘obvo‘at‘frt‘ ane‘ ‘
-‘‘‘‘‘)e‘
or‘ene‘of‘e ‘and‘hearn ‘to‘pp eent‘
or‘ ht‘and‘ntton‘‘
-‘‘‘‘‘Deve op‘a‘fee ‘for‘thn ‘that‘do‘not‘ oo‘r ht‘t‘a
‘he p‘
o‘re an‘a‘ ot‘tra ‘or‘

dover‘addtona ‘poor‘‘
-‘‘‘‘‘Ô 

‘‘terrort‘h‘habt‘epent‘and‘apab t 
‘‘

-‘‘‘rt‘
or‘t‘to‘ba‘
o‘p‘and‘
or‘other‘troop‘to‘protet‘
o‘‘ 

Y
‘ 
he‘ab t
‘to‘tra‘a‘terrort‘after‘he‘ha‘broen‘ontat‘a o‘he p‘
o‘re an‘ontat‘ 
th‘h‘hh‘‘ore‘portant‘n‘the‘fran‘bh‘than‘n‘an
‘other‘theater‘of‘ar‘‘
-a ‘tran ‘‘fo on ‘the‘path‘of‘en‘or‘ana ‘b
‘the‘ n‘the
‘ eave‘
prar
‘on‘the‘ rond‘or‘ve etaton‘ent‘tran ‘‘fo on ‘en‘or‘ana ‘b
‘
ther‘e ‘‘ 
ran ‘‘a‘pree‘art‘o‘need‘a‘ ot‘of‘prate‘to‘aheve‘and‘antan‘a‘h h‘ eve ‘
of‘tran ‘ ‘o‘ho d‘be‘fa ar‘th‘the‘ enera ‘tehne‘of‘tran ‘to‘enab e‘

o‘to‘detet‘the‘preene‘of‘a‘hdden‘ene
‘and‘to‘fo o‘h‘to‘fnd‘and‘avod‘ne‘
or‘boob
‘trap‘and‘to‘ ve‘ear
‘arnn ‘of‘abh‘‘
!erhap‘
o‘ho d‘thn‘ba‘to‘hen‘
o‘frt‘be an‘th‘operaton‘ et¶‘ae‘
o‘
are‘operatn ‘on‘a‘far
‘ on -ter‘ontrat‘‘ 
or‘frt‘onern‘‘the‘terran‘o‘an¶t‘tra‘n‘t‘f‘
o‘don¶t‘have‘a‘rdentar
‘ 
no ed e‘of‘the‘ a
‘of‘the‘ and‘!ror‘to‘operatn ‘n‘the‘area‘
o‘ho d‘dea
‘have‘ 
pent‘a‘fe‘da 
‘a atn ‘
or‘troop‘f‘the
‘are‘not‘ oa ‘v an‘Drn ‘th‘
perod‘thoro h‘td
‘of‘ava ab e‘ap‘ar‘photo‘and‘even‘tor‘ de‘an‘be‘he pf ‘ 
xtrat‘deta ed‘brefn ‘fro‘the‘ oa ‘po e‘ tar
‘offa ‘and‘pop aton‘a ‘to‘
oa ‘farer‘natve‘po e‘nt‘an
one‘ho‘ha‘been‘n‘the‘area‘n‘hh‘
o‘ ‘be‘
operatn ‘‘ 
or‘epent‘ho d‘be‘or an ed‘drn ‘th‘perod‘a‘e ‘ and‘an
‘reeda ‘trann ‘ 
ondted‘!a
‘pea ‘attenton‘to‘aof a e‘ere‘a ‘
or‘ ear‘dard‘neenta ‘
and‘npet‘the‘troop‘for‘the‘ae‘"arr
‘food‘ater‘and‘anton‘and‘ o‘a‘  ht‘a‘
pob e‘oe‘traer‘dre‘ e‘the‘terrort‘and‘e‘aptred‘eapon‘h‘‘he pf ‘ 

o‘are‘tran ‘otde‘
or‘on‘ontr
‘nto‘ene
-donated‘ontre‘‘
º‘ 

xere‘aton‘‘ ar e‘nber‘of‘peop e‘dreed‘n‘the‘orret‘nfor‘have‘been‘ 
hot‘n‘error‘b
‘ther‘on‘troop‘#e h‘the‘pro‘and‘on‘aref 
‘ o‘tr
‘to‘ earn‘a‘ 

h‘abot‘natve‘fe draft‘a‘pob e‘o‘do‘the
‘e‘the‘terran‘to‘rvve?‘#here‘
do‘the
‘ et‘food‘and‘ater‘and‘hat‘do‘the
‘e‘for‘expedent‘too ‘and‘eapon?‘‘ 
td
‘a ‘nforaton‘on‘ oa ‘eather‘t‘ ‘have‘a‘defnte‘effet‘on‘
or‘operaton‘
and‘hene‘
or‘tran ‘
‘en tn ‘the‘natve‘f‘pob e‘to‘teah‘
o‘abot‘ oa ‘
ve etaton‘
o‘ ‘ an‘exe ent‘rvva ‘nforaton‘hh‘a
‘he p‘
o‘ae‘
deon‘abot‘terrort‘oveent‘f‘he‘‘far‘fro‘h‘pp
‘bae‘he‘ ‘attept‘to‘
ve‘off‘the‘ and‘to‘tan‘or‘even‘expand‘h‘operaton‘epea
‘f‘natve‘atane‘‘
dened‘h‘‘ 
oever‘do‘not‘ae‘that‘the‘ene
‘‘an‘exe ent‘bhan‘t‘beae‘he‘‘ 
nd eno‘to‘that‘ontnent‘n‘$hodea‘n o a‘and‘%o abe‘terrort‘have‘been‘
fond‘andern ‘ ot‘and‘tarvn ‘beae‘the
‘ere‘a o‘tran er‘f‘
o‘no‘the‘
rond‘and‘are‘ofortab e‘n‘t‘
o‘a read
‘have‘a‘&-perent‘ed e‘on‘the‘ene 
‘‘ 
o‘drn ‘
or‘terran‘td 
‘note‘natve‘to‘and‘attept‘to‘ earn‘oe‘of‘the‘
an a e‘and‘fo  ore‘h‘tae‘te‘and‘effort‘and‘on‘hort-ter‘ob‘ ‘be‘near
‘ 
pob e‘bt‘f‘
o‘have‘the‘te‘t‘ ‘pa
‘b ‘dvdend‘t‘a
‘ ve‘
o‘the‘
neear
‘ed e‘to‘oe‘ot‘of‘the‘next‘ontat‘tandn ‘p‘ntead‘of‘ 
n ‘don‘‘
earn‘a‘h‘nforaton‘a‘pob e‘abot‘ d fe‘n‘the‘area‘t‘ ‘be‘nva ab e‘n‘
tran ‘‘
#hen‘tran ‘a‘terrort‘
o‘ho d‘b d‘a‘ptre‘of‘h‘n‘
or‘nd‘‘
ore f‘
'o‘an
‘peron‘a‘‘fo on ?‘o‘e ‘are‘the
‘traned?‘o‘are‘the
‘epped?‘ 
re‘the
‘hea th
?‘o‘‘ther‘ora e?‘Do‘the
‘no‘the
‘are‘ben ‘fo oed?´‘o‘ 
ho d‘a‘eton‘of‘the‘rvvor‘of‘a‘terrort‘atta‘and‘fnd‘ot‘a‘h‘abot‘the‘
eader‘a‘pob e‘and‘ho‘he‘thn‘‘
.no‘the‘terrort‘he‘better‘
o‘ndertand‘h‘h‘otve‘apraton‘trat‘habt‘
tat‘and‘atttde‘the‘ reater‘
or‘tata ‘ed e‘‘a‘re t‘
o‘ ‘be‘ab e‘to‘rn‘
h‘to‘ rond‘ooner‘ne‘
o‘ndertand‘the‘terrort‘
or‘ta‘ ‘beoe‘h‘
eaer‘‘ 
f‘pob e‘eep‘note‘on‘tat‘ep o
ed‘a ant‘
or‘t‘and‘other‘po e‘and‘
para tar
‘ rop‘ oo‘for‘pattern‘of‘the‘terrort‘ rop‘n‘ enera ‘and‘of‘pef‘ 
oander‘n‘part ar‘#ath‘h‘tandard‘operatn ‘proedre‘and‘reord‘h‘
repone‘to‘
or‘tat‘nte  ene‘‘a
‘extree
‘ ted‘to‘a‘erenar 
‘o‘be‘

or‘on‘eond‘n‘har e‘+ ‘",‘borb‘ever
‘pee‘of‘nforaton‘ava ab e‘to‘
o‘‘ 
o‘that‘
o‘have‘oe‘dea‘a‘to‘the‘terrort‘ rop‘and‘the‘taton‘
o‘a
‘ 
nvet ate‘the‘feab t
‘of‘n ‘natve‘traer‘‘ oa ‘athorte‘ho‘the‘headan‘
oa ‘hef‘or‘raa ‘head‘‘and‘h‘ oaton‘hen‘th‘one‘of‘the‘offa ‘ho‘‘non‘

to‘the‘hef‘approah‘h‘for‘the‘atane‘of‘the‘ot‘re ab e‘effent‘traer‘n‘the‘
area‘o‘a
‘have‘dff t
‘ne‘he‘a
‘be‘n‘ 
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born‘hnter‘or‘ha‘pent‘ot‘of‘h‘ fe‘herdn ‘and‘tran ‘don‘ veto‘h‘ 
ntnt‘ha‘hoever‘ ot‘to‘be‘otvated‘and‘then‘arred‘to‘oon‘ tar
‘tat‘
and‘t‘‘th‘th‘a‘n‘nd‘that‘th‘nt‘ha‘aref
‘for ated‘a 
‘and‘ean‘of‘
prootn ‘th‘portant‘ax ar
‘+oando‘nt,‘of‘the‘re  ar‘ar
‘fore‘avn ‘ 
ad‘th‘t‘annot‘be‘epha ed‘eno h‘that‘
o‘a‘the‘oando‘ho d‘both‘ 
ndertand‘and‘appreate‘the‘prtve‘vo ntar
‘natre‘of‘h‘erve‘hen‘dea n ‘ 
th‘h‘and‘t‘‘eenta ‘that‘
o‘do‘not‘overhe ‘h‘th‘ophtated‘ tar
‘
re entaton‘ o‘h‘to‘do‘h‘ob‘Don¶t‘bnd‘n‘n e‘dp ne‘‘neear 
‘e‘
pree‘n‘here‘he‘tand‘ et‘h‘'do‘the‘ob´‘or‘
o‘ ‘fnd‘oeone‘e e‘‘ 
he‘traer‘retan‘v an‘tat‘drn ‘erve‘bt‘‘rered‘to‘op ete‘ter‘of‘ 
erve‘n e‘fond‘ntab e‘hen‘he‘‘retrned‘to‘bae‘raer‘are‘nder‘f ‘ar
‘
re  aton‘h e‘on‘dt
‘and‘arr
‘an‘dentt
‘ard‘raer‘do‘not‘expet‘pea ‘food‘
on‘erve‘bt‘f‘ava ab e‘h‘tradtona ‘det‘‘t  ed‘he‘en‘are‘dran‘fro‘varo‘
trbe‘and‘f ‘t‘+for‘en,‘are‘ade‘p‘of‘one‘trba ‘to‘to‘avod‘frton‘h‘ 
t‘are‘ep o
ed‘on
‘n‘area‘of‘dfferent‘trba ‘to‘than‘ther‘on‘to‘nre‘ther‘
aff aton‘doen¶t‘dapen‘ther‘ ea ‘h‘traer‘or‘harder‘to‘nre‘defeat‘of‘
terrort‘of‘other‘ ^ ‘     ‘
‘ ‘^‘‘  
‘‘   ‘^‘ 

  ton‘t‘an
‘ta e‘extree‘are‘t‘be‘antaned‘‘ 
‘    ‘ 
dentt
‘ne‘th‘o d‘ae‘reova ‘fro‘dt
‘and‘r‘that‘the‘pree‘pre‘of‘
ben ‘tered‘a‘'e ot´‘o d‘be‘a‘fata ‘oneene‘‘ 

ther‘"onderaton‘‘ 
  ‘^ ‘ ‘
‘n‘addton‘to‘ther‘nora ‘h h‘pa
‘hh‘t‘rean‘ 
onfdenta ‘one‘are‘pad‘for‘onfred‘terrort‘+"har e
‘an o,‘ ‘ ‘ ‘  
‘ 
‘‘ ‘ ‘
‘for‘ottandn ‘perforane‘e ‘exeptona ‘fo op‘n‘hh‘depte‘the‘traer¶‘ ‘the‘exere‘re ted‘n‘no‘"‘ ‘ontat‘or‘
dover
‘of‘ar‘ahe‘$eport‘are‘f ed‘ot‘b
‘the‘t‘ eader‘ho‘aee‘the‘
traer¶‘perforane‘at‘end‘of‘ap‘hee‘are‘ana
ed‘b
‘the‘nt‘oander‘and‘a‘
pa
ot‘‘ade‘on‘th‘ba‘aordn ‘to‘ overnent‘a e‘f‘a‘reard‘‘offa
‘
offered‘‘ 
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nber‘to‘are‘ ven‘orpora ‘trpe‘raer‘are‘nora
‘ed‘on‘three-da
‘patro ‘to‘

enre‘that‘one‘t‘of‘the‘tea‘‘at‘bae‘at‘a ‘te‘reted‘read 
‘and‘a ert‘o‘a‘to‘
reat‘ntant
‘n‘eer ene‘ne‘ther‘an‘fnton‘‘to‘fo o‘and‘ oate‘poor‘
thee‘en‘are‘not‘tron
‘traned‘or‘depended‘pon‘for‘obat‘or‘ enera ‘o dern ‘
and‘one‘ther‘effort‘re t‘n‘a‘ontat‘the
‘nora
‘fade‘nto‘the‘ba rond‘ 
oever‘thee‘en‘drn ‘ther‘erve‘have‘beoe‘ottandn ‘f htn ‘en‘n‘ 
an
‘ae‘th‘ottandn ‘ee‘drn ‘ontat‘th‘terrort‘ rop‘‘ 
o‘t‘of‘three‘traer‘eah‘an‘be‘ed‘th‘one‘oando‘t‘ eader‘a‘ 
ontro er‘attahed‘to‘eah‘eton‘n‘th‘ae‘one‘traer‘fo o‘poor‘and‘the‘other‘
f an‘h‘for‘h‘proteton‘and‘to‘t‘for‘ ot‘poor‘hree‘ rop‘of‘‘ ‘ ‘
‘^‘
‘ ‘‘  
‘ ‘  
‘‘ ‘   ‘ne‘trooper‘‘ 
ontro er‘and‘the‘other‘at‘n‘a‘f ann ‘ro e‘‘ 
hee‘oando‘troop‘ho d‘be‘experened‘and‘o‘te‘n‘ontr
‘th‘ oe‘ 
no ed e‘of‘both‘the‘bh‘and‘the‘fran‘h‘ an a e‘and‘to‘are‘portant‘ 
h‘vta
‘neear
‘ oe‘onaton‘eep‘effen
‘fro‘ben ‘ ot‘n‘addton‘
the‘t‘ eader‘t‘ta
‘th‘h‘t‘o‘the‘traer‘ et‘to‘no‘repet‘and‘ 
ndertand‘h‘raer‘are‘a o‘not‘ep o
ed‘for‘ ard‘dt
‘or‘'hot n‘rdn ´‘
exept‘n‘extree‘eer ene‘raer‘are‘oete‘ed‘n‘the‘ro e‘of‘nterro ator‘
after‘aptre‘of‘  
‘ ^ ‘‘ º‘bt‘ontro er‘t‘eep‘a‘ ood‘ rp‘
on‘the‘to‘prevent‘re t
‘or‘heav
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obetve‘n‘the‘nd‘of‘a ‘at‘a ‘te‘Do‘not‘d re‘nto‘an
‘re t
‘at‘a ‘or‘a o‘t‘ 
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the
‘vo nteer‘and‘are‘ ven‘adeate‘proteton‘fro‘oproe‘and‘retrbton‘‘ 
t‘ eader‘t‘have‘the‘traer¶‘f ‘onfdene‘and‘fee ‘free‘to‘d‘prob e‘ 
th‘the‘hether‘perona ‘or‘ tar
‘n‘natre‘to‘pre de‘an‘nforaton‘ ap‘ 
ee‘the‘t‘ eader‘ho d‘be‘aare‘of‘the‘prtve‘natre‘of‘h‘pedo-terrort‘
or‘traer‘and‘have‘ther‘ert
‘and‘e fare‘frt‘n‘h‘nd‘e‘t‘enre‘that‘
bap‘‘ava ab e‘hen‘ontat‘‘ade‘and‘that‘traer‘t‘not‘be‘ed‘a‘'fee er´‘
or‘be‘a oed‘to‘ander‘off‘a one‘thot‘pport‘hen‘a‘ ar e‘0&-de ree‘earh‘‘ 
a ed‘for‘raer‘
‘detet‘an
‘fa n ‘ba‘of‘proteton‘nt‘and‘th‘ae‘
the‘to‘ oe‘oent‘on‘fo o-p‘fter‘a‘patro ‘ontat‘or‘tand‘don‘the‘t‘
eader‘he‘a ‘eapon‘for‘afet
‘to‘avod‘adent‘or‘oproe‘‘
Drn ‘a‘ontat‘the‘t‘ eader‘eep‘a‘ oe‘he‘on‘h‘troop‘o‘a‘to‘fade‘the‘ot‘
of‘the‘ene‘ 
‘e‘enre‘that‘traer‘are‘not‘ed‘a‘ enera ‘fre‘and‘oveent‘
fore‘ne‘ther‘trann ‘‘not‘ntene‘n‘th‘area‘and‘ ‘^ ‘‘‘‘ ‘ 
‘   º‘^‘‘ ‘ 
‘ ‘  ^‘ ‘‘‘  ‘ 
‘‘ 
ndrane‘tran ‘ontn ‘of‘a‘h‘a‘&‘ ‘n‘to‘da 
‘brn ‘bone‘a‘
doe‘6a‘fora
‘nto‘ene
‘terrtor
‘or‘bae‘ap‘he‘traer‘ha‘an‘e
e‘for‘aof a ed‘

bae‘ap‘ar‘ahe‘et‘p ‘an‘ab t
‘to‘detet‘abnora ‘deeanor‘n‘ oa ‘ 
hh‘a
‘ndate‘tenon‘de‘to‘terrort‘preene‘‘ 
‘of‘thee‘are‘portant‘and‘hen‘
o‘fnd‘a‘traer‘h‘a‘th‘
o‘and‘
or‘t‘ 
t‘ontna
‘eep‘the‘traer‘n‘ ood‘hape‘ et‘the‘traer‘no‘that‘
or‘troop‘
are‘behnd‘h‘and‘ ‘not‘ et‘an
‘har‘oe‘to‘h‘n‘trn‘the‘t hter‘the‘bond‘ et‘
the‘better‘
or‘on‘ert
‘ ‘beoe‘n‘the‘fran‘bh‘‘ 

YY 
‘ 
n‘addton‘to‘non ‘ho‘to‘tra‘
o‘t‘no‘ho‘to‘onter‘a‘terrort‘traer¶‘
effort‘to‘tra‘
o‘‘ 
‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘#h e‘ovn ‘fro‘ oe‘terran‘to‘open‘terran‘a ‘pat‘a‘b ‘tree‘+&‘‘‘n‘
daeter‘or‘ ar er,‘toard‘the‘open‘area‘for‘three‘to‘fve‘pae‘ ‘ ‘^  
‘‘
the‘forard‘de‘of‘the‘tree‘and‘ae‘a‘2&-de ree‘  ‘‘   
º‘  ‘‘ 
‘ ‘t‘forard‘de‘tep‘aref
‘
‘ ‘ ‘ tt e‘ n‘a‘pob e‘f‘th‘‘not‘
the‘dreton‘that‘
o‘ ‘‘º‘  ‘   
‘  ‘ ^‘ ‘‘  ‘ 
‘‘ ‘  ‘‘  ‘‘ ‘ ‘‘ 
‘‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ 
‘open‘area‘here‘t‘‘harder‘for‘h‘to‘tra‘hat‘a o‘expoe‘h‘and‘ae‘h‘
to‘earh‘the‘ron ‘area‘‘ 
‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘#hen‘approahn ‘a‘tra ‘+abot‘one‘hndred‘eter‘fro‘t,‘han e‘
or‘
dreton‘of‘oveent‘and‘approah‘t‘at‘a‘-de ree‘an e‘#hen‘arrvn ‘at‘the‘tra ‘ 
ove‘a on ‘t‘for‘abot‘tent
‘to‘thrt
‘eter‘ eave‘evera ‘ n‘of‘
or‘preene‘ 
hen‘a ‘baard‘a on ‘the‘tra ‘to‘the‘pont‘here‘
o‘oned‘t‘t‘that‘pont‘ro‘
the‘tra ‘and‘ eave‘no‘ n‘of‘
or‘ eavn ‘t‘hen‘ove‘abot‘one‘hndred‘eter‘at‘an‘
an e‘of‘‘de ree‘bt‘th‘te‘on‘the‘other‘de‘of‘the‘tra ‘and‘n‘the‘revere‘of‘
or‘
approah‘#hen‘han n ‘dreton‘ba‘to‘
or‘or na ‘ ne‘of‘arh‘the‘b ‘tree‘
tehne‘‘ed‘to‘dra‘the‘ene
‘traer‘a on ‘the‘eaer‘tra ‘o‘have‘b
‘han n ‘
dreton‘before‘reahn ‘the‘tra ‘ndated‘that‘the‘tra ‘‘‘ne‘ ne‘of‘arh‘‘ 
‘‘‘‘‘o‘ eave‘ ‘fa e‘tra ‘and‘to‘ et‘an‘ene
‘traer‘to‘ oo‘n‘the‘ron ‘dreton‘ 
a ‘baard‘over‘oft‘ rond‘"ontne‘th‘deepton‘for‘abot‘tent
‘to‘thrt
‘ 
eter‘or‘nt ‘
o‘are‘on‘hard‘ rond‘)e‘th‘tehne‘hen‘ eavn ‘a‘trea‘o‘
frther‘onfe‘the‘terrort‘traer‘e‘th‘tehne‘evera ‘te‘before‘ata
‘
eavn ‘the‘trea‘‘ 
‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘#hen‘ovn ‘toard‘a‘trea‘han e‘dreton‘abot‘one‘hndred‘eter‘
before‘reahn ‘the‘trea‘and‘approah‘t‘at‘a‘-de ree‘an e‘nter‘the‘trea‘and‘
proeed‘don‘t‘for‘at‘ eat‘tent
‘to‘thrt
‘eter‘hen‘ove‘ba‘ptrea‘and‘ eave‘
the‘trea‘n‘
or‘nta ‘dreton‘"han n ‘dreton‘before‘entern ‘the‘trea‘a
‘ 

onfe‘the‘terrort‘traer‘#hen‘he‘enter‘the‘trea‘he‘ho d‘fo o‘the‘fa e‘tra ‘ 
nt ‘the‘tra ‘‘ ot‘hat‘ ‘pt‘h‘e ‘aa
‘fro‘
o‘‘ 
‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘#hen‘
or‘dreton‘of‘oveent‘para e ‘a‘trea‘e‘the‘trea‘to‘deeve‘a‘
terrort‘traer‘oe‘tat‘that‘ ‘he p‘e de‘a‘traer‘are‘a‘fo o‘‘ 
‘ 

ta
‘n‘the‘trea‘for‘one‘hndred‘to‘to‘hndred‘eter‘‘ 

‘

! ‘ ‘‘  ‘‘‘ ‘
‘ ‘ 
‘ ‘‘

#ath‘for‘ro‘or‘root‘near‘the‘ban‘that‘are‘not‘overed‘th‘o‘or‘ve etaton‘and‘
eave‘the‘trea‘at‘that‘pont‘‘ 
‘ 

‘

#a ‘ot‘baard‘on‘oft‘ rond‘‘ 

‘

#a ‘p‘a‘a ‘ve etaton‘overed‘trbtar
‘and‘ext‘fro‘t‘‘

0‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘#hen‘ben ‘traed‘b
‘a‘terrort‘ rop‘the‘bet‘bet‘‘to‘ether‘tr
‘to‘otdtane‘ 
t‘or‘to‘dob e‘ba‘and‘abh‘the‘ rop‘

Y"#$%&'( 

Y  3   
‘ ran ‘p a 
‘a‘pea ‘and‘ver
‘portant‘part‘n‘antann ‘ontat‘th‘the‘ene 
‘ 
n‘ oatn ‘ther‘ap‘and‘hde‘and‘n‘fo on ‘p‘after‘a‘ontat‘or‘an‘ndent‘‘ 
‘ #thot‘onderab e‘prata ‘experene‘no‘an‘an‘beoe‘an‘expert‘bt‘th‘a‘ tt e‘
ba‘no ed e‘e ‘app ed‘ot‘en‘an‘beoe‘5bh‘nded5‘‘bhraft‘ 
hh‘n de‘the‘ab t
‘to‘tra‘‘eenta
‘a‘prata ‘bet‘no‘aont‘of‘
theor n ‘an‘ae‘an‘expert‘!rate‘n‘the‘fe d‘‘eenta ‘‘th‘ot‘ ‘
bhraft‘t‘beoe‘an‘atoat‘aton‘hh‘ ‘be‘of‘the‘ reatet‘va e‘n‘ata ‘
operaton‘‘ 
‘ he‘a‘of‘th‘hapter‘‘to‘ ve‘oe‘ dane‘to‘troop‘ep o
ed‘n‘!‘n‘the‘
tehne‘of‘tran ‘ 

Y  4Y 
Y
 
‘ o‘at‘troop‘n‘the‘tran ‘of‘ndvda ‘or‘band‘of‘ene 
‘oe‘ eted‘
tehne‘are‘ ted‘be o‘‘ 
‘ ton‘on‘fndn ‘tra‘‘
a‘ )n e‘t‘‘pob e‘to‘fo o‘the‘poor‘th‘ether‘a‘v an‘traer‘or‘a‘traer‘
tea‘an
one‘fndn ‘poor‘ho d‘o ate‘the‘ene‘and‘eep‘that‘area‘free‘of‘ 

tar
‘fore‘nt ‘the‘arrva ‘of‘traer‘n‘edate‘report‘ho d‘be‘ade‘
to‘h her‘headarter‘ vn ‘the‘fo on ‘nforaton‘‘ 
‘ tated‘nber‘of‘terrort‘‘ 
‘ tated‘a e‘of‘poor‘‘ 
‘ Dreton‘‘ 
v‘ n
‘other‘ef ‘nforaton‘h‘a‘ oaton‘terran‘t
pe‘of‘tra‘et‘
b‘ t‘‘abo te
‘eenta ‘that‘the‘poor‘‘not‘ob terated‘or‘dtrbed‘b
‘the‘
doverer‘he‘poor‘and‘rrondn ‘area‘t‘rean‘ntohed‘nt ‘the‘
arrva ‘of‘a‘traer‘or‘traer‘tea‘t‘‘not‘pob e‘to‘fo o‘one‘preerved‘poor‘ 
hen‘the‘reander‘of‘the‘area‘ha‘been‘trap ed‘f at‘b
‘ tar
‘fore‘‘ 
‘ t‘freent
‘pa 
‘to‘batra‘hen‘ver
‘freh‘tra‘are‘fond‘part ar
‘ear
‘ 
n‘the‘ornn ‘hen‘the
‘a
‘ ead‘fro‘a‘ap‘ 
‘ ton‘hen‘tran ‘‘
a‘ #or‘n‘par‘hen‘pob e‘‘
b‘ )e‘a‘ponter‘to‘ndate‘the‘tra‘h‘an‘be‘a‘t‘or‘even‘a‘rf e‘‘ 
‘ #hen‘a‘tra ‘‘fant‘ eapfro ‘the‘traer‘‘
d‘ he‘traer‘ho‘ha‘the‘rn‘of‘a‘tra‘t‘eep‘on‘t‘and‘on
‘han e‘hen‘the‘
rn‘‘broen‘‘
e‘ n‘the‘nteret‘of‘peed‘tra‘ahead‘here‘pob e‘and‘not‘at‘
or‘feet‘‘
f‘ Dependn ‘on‘ondton‘e‘ rond‘or‘aera ‘tran ‘bt‘f‘pob e‘e‘aera ‘
tran ‘for‘peed‘‘ 
‘ hn‘ahead‘and‘ ten‘for‘brd‘and‘ ae‘a ar‘hh‘o d‘ndate‘oveent‘
or‘preene‘of‘han‘ahead‘‘
h‘ ear‘n‘nd‘nor‘deta ‘hh‘ad‘tran ‘e ‘and‘on‘ro‘overtrned‘
eave‘et‘‘ 
‘ !atro ‘eber‘not‘ep o
ed‘th‘the‘ata ‘tran ‘ ‘adopt‘an‘open‘
foraton‘and‘be‘on‘the‘a ert‘for‘ene
‘aton‘‘ 
‘ he‘peron‘or‘peron‘don ‘the‘tran ‘ot‘at‘a ‘te‘be‘proteted‘b
‘ 
eber‘of‘the‘patro ‘‘ 
‘ ran ‘n‘overat‘eather‘and‘arond‘dda
‘ ‘be‘dff t‘de‘to‘ a‘of‘ 
hado‘hh‘ ve‘depth‘‘
‘ ra‘b
‘5fee n 5‘over‘dead‘ eave‘on‘dap‘ rond‘for‘ndentaton‘f‘a ‘e e‘
fa ‘‘ 
‘ Do‘not‘ta ‘--‘onate‘b
‘ean‘of‘hand‘ na ‘‘
n‘ o‘aertan‘hether‘ an ‘are‘n‘the‘area‘ oo‘for‘ n‘at‘frt-‘bearn ‘tree‘ 
ater‘ho e‘trappn ‘te‘beehve‘or‘obervaton‘pont‘ o‘ath‘for‘ n‘of‘
fre‘part ar
‘n‘the‘ear
‘ornn ‘or‘ ate‘evenn ‘‘
o‘ f‘the‘tra‘dden
‘beoe‘e -hdden‘bt‘not‘ ot‘r e‘donnd‘and‘tr
‘
to‘p‘p‘ent‘oe‘or‘fre  ht‘epea
‘at‘n ht‘‘
p‘ e‘ontant
‘aare‘of‘the‘pob t
‘of‘trer
‘or‘deepton;‘for‘exap e‘en‘
trnn ‘toard‘ater‘then‘ on ‘fro‘tree‘to‘tree‘n‘the‘oppote‘dreton;‘
hdn ‘nderater‘or‘nder rond‘n‘a‘ d‘ana ‘brro;‘hoe‘ted‘on‘
baard;‘ ra‘bent‘ba;‘a n ‘baard‘or‘on‘the‘de‘of‘the‘feet;‘or‘t 
n ‘ 
att e‘hoove‘onto‘the‘hoe‘or‘feet‘‘ 
‘ td
‘the‘ene
'‘habt‘at‘ever
‘opportnt 
‘ 

‘ ton‘ho d‘the‘tra ‘p t‘raer‘t‘be‘traned‘to‘report‘edate
‘to‘the‘patro ‘ 
oander‘an
‘attept‘b
‘the‘ene
‘to‘p t‘p‘he‘patro ‘oander‘then‘dede‘on‘
the‘adve‘of‘the‘traer‘hh‘tra‘ ‘be‘fo oed‘he‘p ttn ‘pont‘ho d‘be‘ 
ared‘o‘that‘the‘traer‘an‘retrn‘to‘t‘and‘f‘neear 
‘tart‘a an‘o‘at‘the‘
traer‘n‘pn ‘p‘the‘tra‘a an‘a‘fe‘hnt‘are‘ ted‘be o‘‘
a‘ xane‘an
‘ o ‘tone‘et‘n‘the‘edate‘vnt
‘of‘the‘tra‘for‘ n‘of‘
dtrbane‘‘
b‘ xane‘ eave‘and‘ ra‘on‘ether‘de‘of‘the‘tra‘for‘ n‘of‘dtrbane‘‘ 
‘ ttept‘at‘deepton‘n e‘done‘b
‘an‘expert‘ ‘often‘ ve‘a‘ earer‘ 
ndaton‘of‘here‘the‘tra‘‘ oated‘ 
‘ ton‘hen‘the‘tra‘‘ ot‘‘
#hen‘the‘tra‘‘ ot‘the‘ eadn ‘traer‘ho d‘ndate‘that‘he‘ha‘reahed‘the‘ at‘
vb e‘ n‘of‘the‘tra‘he‘‘fo on ‘raer‘t‘be‘traned‘never‘to‘pa‘be
ond‘
th‘pont‘thot‘frt‘nforn ‘the‘patro ‘oander‘of‘t‘exat‘ oaton‘‘p e‘
dr ‘for‘the‘earh‘‘
a‘ eadn ‘traer‘ha t‘the‘patro ‘and‘ndate‘the‘poton‘of‘the‘ at‘vb e‘ n‘to‘
the‘patro ‘oander‘‘
b‘ he‘ n‘‘ared‘for‘ftre‘referene‘‘ 
‘ ( an‘traer‘do‘a‘r ar‘at‘orn ‘toard‘one‘another‘n‘the‘hope‘of‘
pn ‘p‘the‘poor‘a an‘‘
d‘ #h e‘the‘f an‘traer‘are‘arr 
n ‘ot‘the‘earh‘a‘derbed‘above‘the‘
traer‘ho‘a‘on‘the‘poor‘arre‘ot‘a‘0&-de ree‘earh‘p‘to‘approxate
‘ 
‘eter‘to‘h‘edate‘front‘‘
e‘ ne‘the‘poor‘ha‘been‘re oated‘the‘traer‘ho‘fond‘the‘poor‘then‘tae‘
over‘a‘an‘traer‘he‘reander‘of‘the‘tea‘fa ‘nto‘an‘approprate‘traer‘
foraton‘
0‘ )e‘of‘arraft‘for‘tran ‘‘
a‘ a‘  ht‘arraft‘and/or‘he opter‘an‘atve
‘at‘patro ‘drn ‘the‘tran ‘
of‘terrort‘ rop‘b 
‘‘ 
‘ pottn ‘terrort‘fro‘the‘ar‘bearn ‘n‘nd‘that‘the‘terrort‘are‘
e
‘to‘tae‘over‘on‘hearn ‘arraft‘rraft‘a
‘a o‘brea‘ert
‘
and‘ndate‘to‘terrort‘that‘the
‘are‘ben ‘fo oed‘‘ 
‘  on ‘don‘the‘terrort‘a‘the
‘attept‘to‘eep‘nder‘over‘thereb
‘
enab n ‘the‘traer‘to‘ oe‘th‘the‘
b‘ -a ‘ar‘reonnaane‘ ‘provde‘va ab e‘nforaton‘onernn ‘the‘natre‘
of‘the‘ontr
‘ahead‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘ rop‘h‘nforaton‘ho d‘enab e‘the‘
patro ‘to‘ae‘‘
a‘ e
‘rote‘taen‘b
‘terrort‘‘
b‘ bh‘poton‘‘ 
‘ "ap‘
‘ 
e opter‘a
‘be‘ed‘to‘p ft‘traer‘n‘the‘ eapfro ‘ro e‘+exp aned‘n‘ reater‘deta ‘ 
n‘eton‘‘of‘"hapter‘*‘(o o-p‘peraton,‘ 

Y   Y Y 
 

‘ Deta ed‘be o‘are‘a‘nber‘of‘pont‘hh‘ho d‘be‘taen‘nto‘onderaton‘‘
a‘ hn‘hen‘ovn ‘Do‘not‘re ax‘‘
b‘ Do‘not‘beoe‘re  ar‘n‘habt‘‘ 
‘ vod‘the‘obvo‘‘
d‘ #ath‘the‘natre‘of‘the‘ontr
‘aref
‘and‘e‘t
pe‘of‘ rond‘hh‘are‘
dff t‘to‘tra‘n‘‘
e‘ )e‘eather‘to‘advanta e‘that‘‘ove‘n‘ran‘‘
f‘ "arr
‘a‘t‘th‘hh‘to‘bend‘ ra‘and‘branhe‘ba‘‘ 
‘ n‘pea ‘operaton‘to‘nreae‘deepton‘ear‘ooth-o ed‘hoe‘hh‘
eave‘ e‘dtntve‘prnt‘or‘ o‘barefoot‘or‘e‘otor-tre‘anda ‘‘
h‘ #a ‘on‘the‘de‘of‘the‘foot‘hen‘neear
‘a‘th‘ eave‘no‘hee ‘or‘toe‘ar‘‘ 
‘ "ro‘tra‘road‘or‘trea‘b
‘ron ‘n‘tree‘or‘on‘ro‘f‘th‘‘not‘
pob e‘hen‘ron ‘a‘de‘and
‘tra‘or‘road‘ro‘at‘one‘p ae‘eah‘an‘ 
teppn ‘aref
‘on‘the‘footprnt‘of‘the‘ eadn ‘an‘thereb
‘ eavn ‘on
‘one‘ 
et‘of‘prnt‘‘ 
‘ e‘aref ‘th‘oe
‘fre‘tobao‘e ‘oap‘n‘trea‘or‘rver‘brd‘and‘
ae‘a ar‘or‘net‘or‘fro ‘ ene‘‘ 
‘ Do‘not‘be‘too‘tepted‘to‘e‘ater‘a‘a‘ ne‘of‘oveent‘a‘th‘‘here‘the‘
ene
‘ ‘probab
‘earh‘or‘ oo‘for‘ n‘of‘ert
‘fore‘n‘the‘area‘‘
‘ #th‘a‘ ar e‘part 
‘here‘pob e‘avod‘ovn ‘n‘n e‘f e‘a‘th‘ ‘ eave‘
defnte‘ n‘and‘a‘tra‘ove‘n‘open‘foraton‘ntead‘ 

Y  5 Y Y  Y  

‘ enera ‘‘
a‘ t‘‘extree
‘dff t‘to‘ove‘ ent
‘and‘
‘n‘ot‘part‘of‘the‘bh‘and‘ 
oneent
‘th‘rere‘a‘ ot‘of‘prate‘and‘onentraton‘‘
b‘ here‘are‘an
‘path‘n‘the‘bh‘ade‘b
‘ ae‘drn ‘ther‘n ht
‘or‘eaona ‘ 
oveent‘hee‘ana ‘avod‘teep‘or‘ pper
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‘ ‘oander‘ho‘proper
‘ep o 
‘a‘ot‘do ‘tea‘an‘re
‘on‘the‘do ‘to‘afe
‘
dover‘approxate
‘2&‘perent‘of‘a ‘hot e‘artfat‘a on ‘h‘ ne‘of‘arh‘h‘
depend‘natra 
‘on‘the‘tate‘of‘trann ‘of‘the‘ana ‘‘ 
‘ ne‘th‘ana ‘‘a‘pea t‘n‘t‘on‘r ht‘t‘‘vta
‘portant‘that‘th‘tea‘be‘
provded‘th‘adeate‘proteton‘h e‘orn ‘t‘a
‘be‘neear
‘to‘ae‘e‘of‘the‘
patro ‘do ‘to‘ ve‘th‘added‘proteton‘ 

,#"0( 
‘ enera ‘he‘ro e‘of‘the‘ ard‘do ‘‘to‘ ve‘ reater‘ert
‘to‘ arded‘nta aton‘ 
eae‘the‘do '‘ene‘are‘ore‘ate‘drn ‘hor‘of‘darne‘and‘hen‘dtratn ‘ 

nf ene‘drn ‘thee‘hor‘are‘reded‘to‘a‘n‘t‘e‘ho d‘be‘dreted‘
toard‘the‘rep aeent‘or‘pp eentn ‘of‘n ht‘entre‘or‘ ard‘‘ 
‘ p o 
ent‘he
‘an‘be‘ed‘to‘protet‘entve‘pont‘and‘other‘nta aton‘#hen‘
on‘dt
‘thee‘do ‘an‘‘
a‘ e‘on‘a‘ eah‘nder‘dret‘ontro ‘of‘a‘hand er‘and‘ed‘a‘a‘pro er‘ ard‘thn‘
the‘nta aton‘or‘a on ‘the‘pereter‘of‘the‘nta aton‘ben ‘proteted‘‘
b‘ e‘a oed‘to‘rn‘ ooe‘thn‘a‘b dn ‘or‘fened-n‘area‘‘ 
‘ e‘attahed‘to‘a‘5rn‘re5‘hereb
‘the‘ana ‘an‘ove‘free
‘thn‘the‘area‘of‘ 
t‘beat‘d‘$n‘ ooe‘n‘do ‘rn‘on‘the‘pereter‘of‘the‘e
‘pont‘or‘nta aton‘ 
‘ he
‘an‘a ert‘the‘ ard‘or‘do ‘hand er‘b
‘barn ‘or‘the‘ore‘vo‘t
pe‘‘ta ht‘to‘
atta‘an
‘ntrder‘edate 
‘ 

'$.,+&'+ 
‘ Do ‘a
‘be‘tranported‘b
‘he opter‘or‘other‘t
pe‘of‘  ht‘arraft‘he‘ana ‘trave ‘ 
e ‘and‘do‘not‘ffer‘an
‘dofort‘Do‘not‘expet‘too‘h‘of‘a‘do ;‘t‘t‘be‘borne‘ 
n‘nd‘that‘the‘do ‘an‘be‘defeated‘ea
‘b
‘the‘n ent
‘of‘an‘‘ 
‘ ‘ver
‘portant‘pont‘to‘reeber‘‘to‘enre‘that‘the‘r ht‘t
pe‘of‘do ‘‘reeted‘ 
hen‘rered‘Do‘not‘a‘for‘a‘patro ‘do ‘hen‘a‘tran ‘do ‘‘rered‘ 

.. ,--)"#!&'+
‘‘ 

Y  3   
‘ he‘a‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘or‘prt‘‘to‘tra‘don‘atta‘and‘detro
‘an‘ene
‘ rop‘
that‘a
‘or‘a
‘not‘have‘had‘ontat‘th‘the‘ tar
‘fore‘‘ 
‘ (ro‘the‘above‘para raph‘t‘‘apparent‘that‘a‘fo o-p‘‘onted‘hen‘the‘ene
‘ha‘
been‘deteted‘b
‘the‘ert
‘fore‘or‘the‘pop aton‘or‘thro h‘tra‘and‘an‘operaton‘
ha‘to‘be‘p anned‘to‘ae‘ontat‘th‘the‘ene
‘and‘to‘detro
‘h‘t‘ ‘a o‘be‘
obvo‘that‘the‘ene
‘ ‘eventa
‘beoe‘aare‘of‘th‘fo o-p‘and‘ ‘do‘
ever
thn ‘pob e‘to‘onea ‘h‘tra‘and‘to‘drpt‘and‘de a
‘the‘fo o-p‘b
‘
ep o 
n ‘de a 
n ‘tat‘h‘a‘abhe‘nper‘and‘perhap‘boob
‘trap‘‘ 
‘ %ax‘e‘t‘be‘ade‘of‘expert‘traer‘tran ‘tea‘and‘traer‘do ‘tea‘ 
e opter‘and‘  ht‘reonnaane‘arraft‘an‘be‘and‘t‘be‘effetve
‘ep o
ed‘
drn ‘the‘operaton‘e opter‘an‘be‘ep o
ed‘to‘ eapfro ‘fo o-p‘tea‘thereb
‘ 
eepn ‘the‘fo o-p‘troop‘re atve
‘freh‘ne‘the‘ enera ‘dreton‘of‘the‘ene
'‘ 
oveent‘ha‘been‘deterned‘he opter‘an‘be‘ed‘to‘dep o
‘troop‘ahead‘of‘the‘
f een ‘ene
‘to‘abh‘and‘t‘h‘off‘‘ 
‘  tho h‘t‘a
‘be‘dff t‘to‘deterne‘the‘ene
'‘oveent‘pattern‘beforehand‘the‘
fo o-p‘fore‘t‘endeavor‘to‘etab h‘th‘pattern‘a‘oon‘a‘pob e‘to‘be‘ab e‘to‘ 
t‘the‘ene
‘off‘ oe‘th‘h‘and‘detro
‘h‘thn‘the‘hortet‘pob e‘te‘‘ 

‘ he‘an‘fator‘to‘reeber‘‘that‘the‘ene
‘t‘not‘be‘ ven‘a‘hane‘to‘ret‘p‘or‘to‘
or an e‘a‘e -defended‘poton/abh‘!rere‘t‘be‘app ed‘re ent e
‘and‘
ever
‘opportnt
‘of‘haran ‘and‘nf tn ‘aa te‘on‘the‘ene
‘t‘be‘taen‘ 

Y  4Y  Y   
‘ t‘‘dff t‘to‘ a
‘don‘n‘th‘ana ‘exat
‘ho‘the‘operaton‘t‘be‘ondted‘t‘ 
‘baa
‘a‘tran ‘operaton‘to‘ee‘the‘ene
‘ot‘and‘one‘he‘ha‘been‘ oated‘to‘
then‘atta‘and‘detro
‘h‘‘ 
‘ he‘frt‘rereent‘‘to‘ oate‘the‘ene
'‘tra‘and‘tr
‘to‘deterne‘the‘a e‘and‘
dreton‘of‘the‘tra‘and‘the‘tren th‘of‘the‘ene 
‘‘ 
‘ ‘oon‘a‘the‘tra‘are‘ oated‘the‘patro ‘‘to‘ndate‘the‘a e‘and‘dreton‘of‘the‘
tra‘and‘the‘etated‘tren th‘of‘the‘ene 
‘f‘the‘patro ‘ha‘no‘traer‘and‘a‘traer‘
tea‘‘ava ab e‘the
‘are‘to‘report‘the‘tra‘and‘aat‘the‘arrva ‘of‘a‘traer‘tea‘he‘
patro ‘t‘not‘attept‘to‘fo o‘the‘tra‘and‘t‘onfne‘t‘earh‘to‘the‘edate‘
vnt
‘o‘a‘not‘to‘nhbt‘the‘or‘of‘the‘traer‘oever‘hen‘a‘traer‘tea‘‘not‘
ava ab e‘edate‘fo o-p‘aton‘t‘be‘taen‘b
‘the‘patro ‘‘ 
‘ Dependn ‘on‘the‘tren th‘of‘the‘terrort‘a‘p atoon‘or‘ore‘‘to‘be‘dep o
ed‘for‘the‘
fo o-p‘f‘the‘tra‘are‘at‘a‘dtane‘fro‘the‘operatona ‘headarter‘t‘a
‘be‘
neear
‘to‘etab h‘a‘fe d‘headarter‘th‘ar
/ar‘fore‘and‘po e‘repreentaton‘
at‘a‘nearb
‘ andn ‘ one‘arfe d‘or‘road‘head‘he‘fe d‘headarter‘‘then‘taed‘th‘
the‘ontro ‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘and‘‘a oated‘the‘rered‘troop‘po e‘and‘arraft‘‘ 
‘ he‘fore‘adopt‘the‘fo o-p‘foraton‘norporatn ‘the‘traer‘tea‘and‘ove‘at‘
bet‘tran ‘peed‘‘oon‘a‘pob e‘after‘the‘fo o-p‘ha‘oened‘the‘fo op‘ rop‘‘to‘onfr‘the‘a e‘dreton‘and‘tren th‘of‘the‘tra‘and‘report‘pro re‘a‘
often‘a‘pob e‘"han e‘n‘dreton‘the‘p ttn ‘of‘the‘tra‘hde‘and‘retn ‘p ae‘
are‘to‘be‘reported‘edate 
‘‘
0‘ Drn ‘da
 ht‘the‘fo o-p‘ rop‘ ‘f‘pob e‘be‘pported‘b
‘an‘ared‘  ht‘
arraft‘hh‘‘a o‘to‘operate‘n‘the‘reonnaane‘and‘onaton‘ro e‘ 
oever‘f‘the‘tra‘are‘over‘*‘hor‘o d‘an‘nared‘  ht‘arraft‘an‘be‘ed‘bt‘ 
ho d‘be‘rep aed‘hen‘a‘ontat‘‘ondered‘reaonab
‘nent‘#hen‘tan ‘the‘ 
pportn ‘arraft‘oander‘t‘ae‘hether‘t‘ho d‘rean‘behnd‘the‘fo op‘ rop‘n‘the‘hope‘of‘ahevn ‘rpre‘or‘hether‘t‘an‘ran e‘ahead‘n‘order‘to‘ o‘
don‘terrort‘oveent‘and‘to‘pot‘ e
‘arhn ‘pont‘ater‘ho e‘and‘rote‘
thro h‘earpent‘rver‘et‘‘
1‘ Dependn ‘on‘the‘a e‘and‘dreton‘of‘the‘tra‘the‘fo on ‘proedre‘an‘be‘
adopted;‘‘
a‘ eapfro n ‘‘ 
‘ f‘the‘tra‘are‘aeed‘a‘ben ‘evera ‘or‘ore‘da 
‘o d‘the‘fo o-p‘
rop‘an‘be‘he optered‘fro‘ &&&‘to‘&&&‘eter‘forard‘+dependn ‘
on‘the‘terran‘and‘the‘etated‘ ne‘of‘oveent,‘and‘then‘fanned‘ot‘to‘
re oate‘the‘tra‘f‘ef ‘ eapfro n ‘‘repeated‘nt ‘the‘tra‘
are‘ondered‘to‘be‘freh‘eno h‘to‘fo o‘on‘foot‘+fro‘ ‘to‘*‘hor‘
o d,‘‘ 
‘ he‘proedre‘for‘the‘earh‘for‘tra‘after‘ eapfro n ‘‘ ar‘to‘
arborne‘tran ‘+deta ed‘be o,‘hat‘‘on‘ andn ‘troop‘at‘p‘to‘ 

evera ‘hndred‘eter‘on‘ether‘de‘of‘the‘ andn ‘ one‘f‘the‘tra‘are‘
re oated‘ther‘a e‘and‘dreton‘are‘aeed‘and‘f‘neear 
‘another‘
eapfro ‘‘ade;‘f‘not‘the‘he opter‘repoton‘the‘troop‘n‘another‘ 
earh‘ar‘nt ‘the‘tra‘are‘fond‘‘ 
‘ #hen‘pob e‘ eapfro n ‘ho d‘a a 
‘be‘pp eented‘b
‘eepn ‘
an‘addtona ‘fore‘on‘the‘or na ‘tra ‘o‘that‘a‘ared‘han e‘n‘
dreton‘the‘p ttn ‘of‘tra‘or‘a‘hde‘an‘be‘potted‘h‘fore‘‘a o‘ 
onvenent
‘p aed‘to‘renfore‘the‘fo o-p‘ rop‘n‘a‘ontat‘h‘
fore‘ ‘a o‘be‘ab e‘to‘deterne‘hether‘an
‘renforeent‘a
‘have‘ 
oned‘the‘ene 
‘
b‘ top‘ rop‘‘ 
‘ ‘an
‘top‘ rop‘of‘patro ‘+eton,‘tren th‘a‘pob e‘ho d‘be‘
p aed‘atrde‘the‘etated‘ ne‘of‘advane‘at‘a‘dtane‘ahead‘of‘the‘
fo o-p‘ rop‘dtated‘b
‘the‘terran‘and‘the‘a e‘of‘the‘tra‘ho d‘
te‘a o‘t‘and‘there‘be‘ffent‘troop‘ava ab e‘the‘top‘ rop‘ 
ho d‘be‘dob e‘baned‘thereb
‘enrn ‘ reater‘depth‘to‘the‘top‘ ne‘ 
hee‘top‘ rop‘ho d‘be‘a oated‘pef‘area‘th‘e -defned‘
bondare‘Dependn ‘on‘the‘taton‘the‘oander‘ho d‘be‘
prepared‘to‘ontno
‘readt‘h‘top‘poton‘‘ 
‘ edate
‘on‘potonn ‘the‘top‘ rop‘a
‘patro ‘f‘dreted‘to‘the‘
area‘of‘the‘next‘top‘poton‘e‘a‘detep‘to‘he‘hether‘or‘not‘the‘
terrort‘have‘roed‘the‘top‘ ne‘+h‘preaton‘a
‘be‘neear
‘a‘
the‘etaton‘of‘the‘a e‘of‘the‘tra‘o d‘be‘ron ,‘‘
a‘ f‘tra‘ ar‘to‘thoe‘ben ‘fo oed‘are‘fond‘a‘ eap-fro ‘‘ 
ade‘and‘the‘fo o-p‘ontne‘fro‘the‘ at‘poor‘ an‘the‘
bond‘overed‘b
‘the‘ eapfro ‘ho d‘be‘fo oed‘on‘foot‘for‘the‘
reaon‘ ven‘n‘para raph‘a‘above‘‘
b‘ f‘no‘tra‘are‘fond‘the‘top‘ rop‘ether‘rean‘n‘abh‘ 
nt ‘ontat‘‘ade‘or‘a‘detep‘ba‘to‘ther‘or na ‘poton‘ 
‘ordered‘or‘the‘top‘ ne‘‘readted‘on‘nforaton‘reeved‘ 
‘ #hen‘the‘top‘ rop‘rean‘n‘poton‘for‘an
‘te‘the
‘a
‘be‘
dreted‘to‘detep‘at‘frt‘  ht‘t‘before‘ at‘  ht‘and‘ore‘freent
‘ 
f‘neear 
‘#hen‘tat‘part ar
‘at‘n ht‘the
‘are‘to‘abh‘the‘ 
ot‘ e
‘rote‘n‘ther‘area‘‘#hen‘a ‘top‘ rop‘have‘been‘
potoned‘and‘f‘a‘he opter‘‘ava ab e‘t‘a
‘be‘pob e‘to‘ne‘or‘
boob
‘trap‘other‘rote‘he‘fo on ‘onderaton‘t‘be‘taen‘nto‘
aont‘‘ 
‘ "oordnaton‘beteen‘the‘ne- a 
n ‘tea‘and‘fo o-p‘ rop‘‘ 
‘ va ab t
‘of‘pea t‘and‘epent‘‘ 
‘ !rovon‘to‘ ft‘the‘ne‘a‘oon‘a‘pob e‘or‘hen‘neear 
‘
‘ 
atran ‘‘oon‘a‘pob e‘after‘the‘fo o-p‘tart‘an‘addtona ‘fore‘ho d‘be‘
taed‘th‘ba-tran ‘fro‘the‘or na ‘pont‘here‘the‘tra‘ere‘fond‘her‘on‘‘
to‘he‘that‘no‘other‘ an / rop‘have‘p t‘before‘the‘fo o-p‘tarted‘and‘that‘the‘terrort‘
have‘not‘ eft‘ta
-behnd‘parte‘n‘bae‘a on ‘ther‘rote‘h‘fore‘a
‘a o‘f f ‘an‘ 
portant‘nte  ene- athern ‘ro e‘h‘a‘the‘ oaton‘of‘the‘ron ‘pont‘+f‘not‘a read
‘ 

non,‘hde‘retn ‘p ae‘et‘hh‘a
‘he p‘etab h‘a‘oveent‘pattern‘and‘the‘
reover
‘of‘abandoned‘doent‘t‘and‘epent‘
‘ 
he‘fo o-p‘ ‘nora
‘tae‘p ae‘drn ‘da
 ht‘th‘the‘fo o-p‘ rop‘ban ‘ 
p‘on‘the‘tra‘at‘ at‘  ht‘ tho h‘the‘terrort‘a
‘ove‘at‘n ht‘t‘‘hoped‘that‘the
‘ ‘
ether‘ontat‘the‘top‘ ne‘or‘ther‘oveent‘ ‘be‘ o‘eno h‘and‘ther‘tra‘ e‘onea ed‘
for‘the‘to‘be‘overha ed‘on‘foot‘or‘b
‘ eapfro n ‘ 

Y    Y  

‘ h‘ 
te‘of‘tran ‘‘ed‘hen‘‘re t‘are‘portant‘or‘hen‘a‘ ar e‘area‘ 
t‘be‘heed‘th‘fe‘troop‘atra 
‘the‘e‘of‘he opter‘‘derab e‘bt‘ther‘
ava ab t
‘a
‘retrt‘the‘e‘of‘arborne‘tran ‘to‘eenta ‘oaon‘on 
‘‘ 
‘ he‘ethod‘adopted‘depend‘on‘the‘area‘to‘be‘overed‘and‘the‘nber‘of‘he opter‘
taed‘n‘a‘reaonab
‘afe‘area‘a‘n e‘he opter‘an‘be‘ed‘bt‘t‘‘preferab e‘to‘e‘
to‘one‘of‘hh‘ho d‘be‘ared‘‘ 
‘ ah‘he opter‘arre‘for‘en‘to‘traer‘and‘to‘traer‘ ard‘f‘hoever‘one‘
of‘the‘he opter‘‘a‘5 nhp5‘+ &‘or‘heaver,‘on
‘one‘he opter‘ho d‘provde‘
top‘over‘‘ 
‘ rond‘‘overed‘b
‘ro- rann ‘th‘one‘he opter‘ andn ‘at‘eah‘ e
‘rote‘
e ‘ ae‘tra ‘ earn ‘pan‘rver‘ban‘rd e‘ ne‘et‘he‘other‘he opter‘ho d‘
provde‘top‘over‘‘ 
‘ n‘ andn ‘a‘traer‘and‘ ard‘dep ane‘on‘eah‘de‘of‘the‘arraft‘and‘at‘for‘poor‘
r ht‘and‘ eft‘for‘ &&‘to‘&&‘eter‘dependn ‘on‘the‘natre‘of‘the‘ rond‘‘
0‘ f‘no‘tra‘are‘fond‘the‘proe‘‘repeated‘nt ‘the‘area‘‘overed‘th‘the‘
he opter‘ andn ‘a ternate
‘o‘that‘the‘traer‘are‘reted‘‘
1‘ f‘tra‘are‘ oated‘the‘eond‘t‘‘dep aned‘+re tn ‘n‘a‘traer‘obat‘tea‘of‘
for‘and‘for‘ ard,‘to‘ether‘tart‘the‘fo o-p‘or‘aat‘the‘arrva ‘of‘renforeent‘‘
*‘ ah‘t‘‘to‘arr
‘at‘ eat‘one‘rado‘to‘antan‘ontat‘th‘the‘he opter‘and‘for‘e‘ 
n‘the‘fo o-p‘aton‘ 

Y  5 Y 
‘ t‘‘portant‘that‘the‘f een ‘ene
‘be‘ ven‘no‘repte‘and‘hane‘to‘ono date‘
%oveent‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘fore‘therefore‘beoe‘portant‘and‘t‘t‘be‘aref
‘ 
ontro ed‘and‘exeted‘o‘that‘the‘fo o-p‘troop‘are‘not‘nneear
‘orn‘ot‘and‘
that‘aa te‘to‘on‘troop‘are‘ept‘to‘an‘abo te‘n‘‘ 
‘ Drn ‘the‘fo o-p‘t‘‘peratve‘that‘the‘fo o-p‘fore‘oander‘ontna
‘ 
td
‘the‘ rond‘ahead‘n ‘h‘e
e‘and‘ap‘and‘an ‘a‘aref ‘appreaton‘of‘the‘
terran‘h‘ ‘at‘h‘n‘dedn ‘on‘the‘bet‘foraton‘to‘e‘and‘the‘pob e‘
rote‘fo oed‘b
‘the‘ene 
‘t‘a
‘a o‘ndate‘to‘h‘natra ‘obta e‘to‘be‘avoded‘
and‘ e
‘p ae‘here‘the‘ene
‘a
‘dede‘to‘ae‘a‘fna ‘tand‘or‘te‘abhe‘‘ 
‘ %oveent‘drn ‘the‘fo o-p‘‘done‘at‘the‘bet‘tran ‘peed‘or‘fatet‘peed‘that‘the‘
terran‘and‘ene
‘de a 
n ‘tat‘ ‘a o‘!reaton‘t‘be‘taen‘a ant‘
b ndern ‘nto‘an‘ene
‘abh‘bt‘the‘fo o-p‘fore‘t‘not‘be‘over-ato‘ 

‘ 

‘

0‘

1‘

*‘

beae‘ever
‘nte‘ ot‘ ve‘the‘ene
‘ore‘te‘and‘a‘better‘hane‘to‘onea ‘h‘
tra‘and‘ae‘ ood‘h‘eape‘‘ 
he‘fo o-p‘ ‘nvarab
‘be‘done‘drn ‘da
 ht‘hor‘beae‘t‘ ‘be‘extree
‘
dff t‘or‘even‘pob e‘to‘do‘tran ‘at‘n ht‘epea
‘n‘dff t‘terran‘h‘ 
ean‘that‘the‘fo o-p‘ ‘oene‘a‘oon‘a‘pob e‘after‘frt‘  ht‘hen‘the‘
tra‘or‘ n‘beoe‘dernb e‘nt ‘t‘‘too‘dar‘to‘fo o‘or‘p‘p‘an
‘ n‘‘
Drn ‘the‘da
‘t‘ ‘be‘neear
‘for‘the‘troop‘to‘ret‘p‘for‘a‘h e‘and‘have‘ 
oethn ‘to‘eat‘ho d‘the‘fore‘be‘ ar e‘eno h‘the‘ eapfro ‘ 
te‘ ‘be‘ 
ntroded‘o‘that‘h e‘a‘ rop‘‘retn ‘or‘havn ‘a‘‘ea ‘another‘ontne‘the‘
fo o-p‘thereb
‘antann ‘the‘prere‘he‘ rop‘that‘ha‘reted‘ ‘then‘have‘to‘ 
ath‘p‘ ater‘th‘the‘ret‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘fore‘t‘eton‘or‘patro ‘ eve ‘ret‘and‘
brea‘for‘ea ‘ ‘have‘to‘be‘retrted‘to‘the‘abo te‘n‘f‘at‘a ‘o‘that‘the‘
prere‘an‘be‘antaned‘ho d‘the‘fo o-p‘operaton‘ontne‘over‘a‘nber‘of‘
da 
‘t‘ ‘be‘neear
‘to‘rotate‘the‘troop‘thereb
‘enrn ‘that‘freh‘troop‘are‘
a a 
‘on‘the‘ene
'‘tra‘‘
(oraton‘drn ‘the‘ove‘ ‘be‘deterned‘b
‘the‘natre‘of‘the‘terran‘bet‘or‘afet‘
trave n ‘peed‘and‘ene
‘tat‘or‘de a 
n ‘ethod‘ot‘and‘traer‘ ‘probab
‘ 
or‘n‘par‘re evn ‘eah‘other‘he‘proteton‘ rop‘ ‘ot‘probab
‘have‘to‘ 
ove‘abreat‘of‘eah‘other‘to‘be‘ab e‘to‘ ve‘ax‘proteton‘to‘the‘ot‘and‘
traer‘and‘a o‘prevent‘the‘an‘bod
‘fro‘a n ‘nto‘an‘abh‘‘
!robab
‘the‘ot‘dff t‘apet‘of‘the‘fo o-p‘operaton‘‘that‘the‘troop‘a
‘have‘
to‘arr
‘a ‘ther‘epent‘and‘t‘‘the‘fo o-p‘a
‘ at‘evera ‘da 
‘and‘over‘a‘ 
onderab e‘dtane‘t‘ ‘not‘be‘feab e‘to‘dp‘the‘t‘and‘epent‘'oehere‘
and‘then‘retrn‘at‘a‘ ater‘ta e‘to‘o et‘t‘t‘‘therefore‘portant‘to‘enre‘that‘a‘
fo o-p‘fore‘‘epped‘a‘  ht
‘a‘pob e‘arr 
n ‘on
‘the‘bare‘neete‘ 
ffent‘anton‘ater‘and‘raton‘and‘perhap‘a‘  hte ht‘b anet‘n‘order‘to‘ 
antan‘the‘oent‘and‘to‘prevent‘nneear
‘de a 
‘t‘a
‘be‘neear
‘to‘
repp
‘the‘fo o-p‘fore‘‘ 
ho d‘the‘fo o-p‘fore‘ oe‘the‘ene
'‘tra‘or‘ontat‘a to ether‘the‘ eted‘
aton‘‘a‘fo o‘‘
a‘ tab h‘a‘teporar
‘bae‘adopt‘a -arond‘obervaton‘and‘provde‘a -arond‘
proteton‘he‘ene
‘a
‘be‘ver
‘ oe‘‘
b‘ Deterne‘an‘effetve‘patro ‘pattern‘and‘arn‘to‘or‘three‘reon-‘naane‘
patro ‘th‘traer‘f‘the
‘are‘ava ab e‘to‘tand‘b
‘for‘edate‘patro n ‘‘ 
‘ avn ‘ed‘order‘end‘ot‘to‘or‘three‘reonnaane‘patro ‘to‘patro ‘
forard‘and‘ atera 
‘aordn ‘to‘the‘patro ‘pattern‘th‘the‘a‘of‘fndn ‘the‘
ene
'‘tra‘or‘to‘ oo‘for‘ n‘and‘ond‘of‘the‘ene 
‘hee‘patro ‘ho d‘
be‘retrted‘n‘the‘dtane‘that‘the
‘ove‘aa
‘fro‘the‘teporar
‘bae‘
probab
‘a‘thoand‘eter‘at‘the‘ot‘‘
d‘ ho d‘the
‘fnd‘ n‘the‘patro ‘ ‘retrn‘a‘
‘a‘pob e‘to‘the‘
teporar
‘bae‘nfor‘the‘oander‘and‘ree‘the‘fo o-p‘a‘oon‘a‘
pob e‘‘
e‘ ho d‘no‘frther‘ n‘of‘the‘ene
‘be‘fond‘the‘fore‘oander‘o d‘ether‘
rean‘n‘h‘preent‘poton‘and‘tart‘on‘a‘de berate‘patro ‘pro ra‘to‘earh‘
the‘area‘ore‘thoro h 
‘or‘he‘o d‘ove‘h‘teporar
‘bae‘forard‘n‘the‘
or na ‘dreton‘of‘oveent‘for‘approxate
‘a‘thoand‘eter‘and‘repeat‘

the‘earhn ‘and‘atn ‘forard‘ 
te‘th‘a ‘reonnaane‘patro ‘n‘
th‘ae‘the‘deon‘o d‘be‘ade‘for‘h‘b
‘h‘next‘h her‘headarter‘
dependn ‘on‘ho‘ oe‘he‘a‘behnd‘the‘ene 
‘‘
f‘ he‘portant‘pont‘to‘reeber‘‘not‘to‘at‘abot‘a e
‘th‘a‘ ot‘of‘troop‘ 
hen‘the‘ene
‘tra‘are‘ ot‘h‘ ‘reate‘addtona ‘tra‘and‘ n‘ 
onfn ‘the‘entre‘e‘and‘probab
‘ob teratn ‘trae‘of‘the‘ene 
‘ 

Y  6 
Y
Y  

‘ ‘oon‘a‘t‘‘aeed‘that‘the‘tra‘are‘freh‘and‘a‘ontat‘nent‘‘
a‘ va ab e‘he opter‘are‘onentrated‘at‘the‘nearet‘troop‘onentraton‘e ‘
fe d‘headarter‘‘
b‘ n‘ared‘arraft‘‘taed‘to‘rep ae‘an
‘reonnaane‘arraft‘pportn ‘the‘
fo o-p‘ rop‘ 
‘ Dependn ‘on‘the‘taton‘and‘the‘nber‘of‘he opter‘ava ab e‘one‘he opter‘a
‘
be‘taed‘for‘arborne‘ontro ‘t‘‘eenta ‘that‘th‘arraft‘be‘ftted‘th‘an‘extra‘
headet‘and‘ha‘the‘ean‘for‘the‘ar
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