LITERARY PERIODS

1. Anglo-Saxon Period

LITERARY WRITERS/WORKS

DEVELOPMENTAL
SIGNIFICANCE

A. Lantfred
-Vita S. Birini/The Life of St.
Birini (post-WWI modernism
begins with a desire for
collaboration between black
and white writers)
B. Stephen of Ripon
-Vita Sancti Wilfrithi (details his
boyhood decision to become a
churchman, his quarrels with
Theodore of Tarsus, Archbishop
of Canterbury, and various
secular figures, his travels
back and forth
between England and Rome,
his participation in
church synods, and eventually
his death)
C. Fridugisus
-On the Substance of Nothing
and of Darkness (
D. Aldhelm
-De Laude Virginitatis (a Latin
treatise on virginity addressed
to the nuns of the double
monastery at Barking, is

-Christianity was
established
-tribal and lordship ties
-socio-political
stratification and wider
territorial authority
-division of society into
three order: praying
men, fighting men, and
working men
-low levels of regulation
and taxes and the
private sector providing
fewer services

LITERARY TRENDS AND
INFLUENCES
-flowering of literature
and language
-preserves chronology
of early English history
-400 surviving
manuscripts which
about 189 are
considered “major”
-poetry is either heroic
Germanic or Christian

he commemorates a great number of male and female saints) E. the Annunciation and the story of Egypt. water mills -building technique(Gothic architecture. images of Jesus healing the blind. and specifically to live according to the laws of the Church and of the king) A. as well as Lating antiphons and decorative scroll-work) B.Aldhelm's best-known work. mechanical clocks. Asia Minor. After a long preface extolling the merits of virginity. Medieval Period F. Venerable Bede -Dark Ages -adoption of gunpowder -invention of vertical windmills. and Jerusalem) 2. medieval castles) -printing press is established -dirty jokes -beast fables -theatrical renditions of Bible stories . lives of saints. Caedmon -The Dream of the Holy Rood (intended as a 'conversion tool’. spectacles. Hygeburg -Vita S. Wulfstan -Sermo Lupi (behave in a manner more pleasing to God. Willibaldi (comprises Willibald's dictated account of his travels to Rome.

-De Natura Rerum (principles of atomism. and explains a variety of celestial and terrestrial phen omena) C. William Caxton -Preface to Le Morte D'Arthur (the death of Arthur combines all of the known legends of King Arthur into one creative text) -agriculture(three-folded crop rotation) -movable type printing press . the nature of the mind and soul. or punished) D. Boethius -The Consolation of Philosophy (the philosophical message of the book fits well with the religious piety of the Middle Ages) E. sophistication. Boccaccio -Decameron (commercial and urban values of quick wit. while the vices of stupidity and dullness are cured. the development of the world and its phenomena. explanations of sensation and thought. and intelligence are treasured.

It is an allegory as well as an epic poem which features fantastical creatures such as dragons. Daniel Defoe -Memoirs of a Cavalier B. justice and courtesy. Renaissance Period 4. Edmund Spenser -The Faerie Queen (the heroes in the books represent Holiness. temperance. Philip Sidney -Arcadia (consists of the Old and New Arcadia. The Old Arcadia is the first narrative Sir Sidney wrote and later on he revised it and created the New Arcadia) B. chastity. Neoclassical Period F. friendship.3. Jonathan Swift -Gulliver’s Travel (man's moral -rebirth -oil painting -metal movable type -educational reform -polymaths of Leonardo da Vinci and Michaelangelo -Aristotelian and Ptolemaic views of the universe -humanism -optimist -Latin and vernacular literatures -development of philosophy -emotion and individualism -Age of Enlightenment/Age of . witches. enchanted trees and all sorts) A. Francois Villon The Ballad Of Dead Ladies ( it celebrates famous women in history and mythology) A. Ben Jonson -The Poetaster (a sat ire Elizabethan stage play that was first performed in 1601) C.

education and natural sciences -architecture (Baroque and Rococo style) Reason -scientific rationalization of nature . Edmund Burke -Reflections on the Revolution in France (this story warned to the French Revolution was evil because a few would gain -education system was founded -Industrial Revolution . Alexander Pope -The Rape of the Lock (the poem became a trival story of the stolen lock of hair as a vehicle for making some thoroughly mature and sophisticated comments on society and humankind) E.nature and the defective. Jamuel Johnson -The Vanity of Human Wishes (the poem opens with magniloquent invitation from a speaker stationed alone and beyond the early to see how in the whole inhabited world various patterns of destruction thwart human efforts) F. he creates) C.political. because of his imperfections. Voltaire -The Maid of Orleans D. economic and social institutions which.historiography.

mathematics and astronomy -jobs are more available -cities are more populated -steam engines -liberalism. John Keats -To Some Ladies (a poem that looks into the inner being of some ladies who are deemed attractive and sees them as elegant. which Byron reverses. nationalism -emphasis of women and children -poems are somewhat in blank verse (no rhymes) -country life/pastoral poetry -authentic source of aesthetic experience -feminism . portraying Juan not as a womaniser but as someone easily seduced by women) C. pure and aerial minds rather than just externally beautiful) -the progress of medication. Romantic Period A.control and abuse their power) 5. Percy Shelley -Ode to the West Wind (considers the role and power of the poet or philosopher to spread new ideas and effect change) B. radicalism. George Gordon Byron -Don Juan (based on the legend of Don Juan.