- Software Verification Etabs
- DISCRIMINATION OF OUTER MEMBRANE PROTEINS USING REFORMULATED SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE BASED ON NEUTROSOPHIC SET
- Phy-paper-with-solutions.pdf
- NIDA9 User Manual
- ITS Undergraduate 19595 2507100138 Bibliography
- Leonardo Da Vinci Leonardo Da Vinci (April 15, 1452 –
- FEA Examples
- Aliran Inkompresible
- techsec5
- 1136 four year plan
- Structural Dynamics Design
- Moment Distribution Method - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
- Deflection Design EURO CODE
- Syllabus
- trducir
- 8) 10CV3 - June 2015
- FactAn-Q8-16-21-23
- Sr05220205 Control Systems
- Final
- Statics CH01
- worksheet_21.doc
- 350prog1F12
- R1Ahmad256
- 1
- Paper
- Sample Question Paper _Applied Mathematics-12035_
- Ahp Lecture
- 06 - Radiation (Griffiths.ch11)
- AH Ramdon Index
- Vietnam
- Underground Conduit
- Design of Suction Piles
- Helipad Designs.pdf
- RCTTT.pdf
- Technical Specifications
- Adding Water Mark
- Wind Load Calculation Using Eurocode
- PID-Symbols.pdf
- Footing Details
- V3I4-IJERTV3IS041482.pdf
- Condensate Tank Shed Design Report
- Buried Steel pipes.pdf
- precastinspection.pdf
- V2-I12-29
- dsp 019.pdf
- Subsea Equipments
- Cover Letter
- ss_resource_book.pdf
- 7308
- Pipe Rack Design Output
- Fatigue Analysis.pdf
- Pad Eye Design With Side Load 25
- Cover Letter
- Manifold Analysis
- Annulus Basket
- Multideck Design Software - Composite Slab Design Detail Report
- Staad Joint Coordinate Format
- Integral Bridge Design
- dynamic analysis.doc
- Natural Gas Specifications

**From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
**

Structural dynamics is a subset of structural analysis which covers the behaviour of

structures subjected to dynamic loading. Dynamic loads include people, wind, waves,

traffic, earthquakes, and blasts. Any structure can be subject to dynamic loading.

Dynamic analysis can be used to find dynamic displacements, time history, and modal

analysis.

A static load is one which does not vary. A dynamic load is one which changes with time.

If it changes slowly, the structure's response may be determined with static analysis, but if

it varies quickly (relative to the structure's ability to respond), the response must be

determined with a dynamic analysis.

Dynamic analysis for simple structures can be carried out manually, but for complex

structures finite element analysis can be used to calculate the mode shapes and

frequencies. An open-source, lightweight, free software DYSSOLVE can be used to solve

basic structural dynamics problems.Contents [hide]

1 Displacements

2 Time history analysis

2.1 Example

3 Damping

4 Modal analysis

4.1 Energy method

4.2 Modal response

5 Modal participation factor

6 External links

[edit]

Displacements

A dynamic load can have a significantly larger effect than a static load of the same

magnitude due to the structure's inability to respond quickly to the loading (by

deflecting). The increase in the effect of a dynamic load is given by the dynamic

amplification factor (DAF):

where u is the deflection of the structure due to the applied load.

Graphs of dynamic amplification factors vs non-dimensional rise time (tr/T) exist for

standard loading functions (for an explanation of rise time, see time history analysis

below). Hence the DAF for a given loading can be read from the graph, the static

deflection can be easily calculated for simple structures and the dynamic deflection

found.

[edit]

Time history analysis

This can be modelled by modifying the DAF: DAF = 1 + e − cπ . [edit] Damping Any real structure will dissipate energy (mainly through friction). To find the full time history of a structure's response you must solve the structure's equation of motion. where the false assumption is made that there is no damping. the solution to the equation of motion is: where and the fundamental natural frequency. such as the sudden addition of a piece of furniture. However. M. or the removal of a prop to a newly cast concrete floor. This time is called the rise time. As the number of degrees of freedom of a structure increases it very quickly becomes too difficult to calculate the time history manually . The static deflection of a single degree of freedom system is: so you can write. the Heaviside Step Function is a reasonable model for the application of many real loads.they build up over a period of time (this may be very short indeed).real structures are analysed using nonlinear finite element analysis software. in reality loads are never applied instantaneously . If the loading F(t) is a Heaviside step function (the sudden application of a constant load). . on a spring of stiffness.A full time history will give the response of a structure over time during and after the application of a load. [edit] Example A simple single degree of freedom system (a mass. Although this is too simplistic to apply to a real structure. k for example) has the following equation of motion: where is the acceleration (the double derivative of the displacement) and x is the displacement. by combining the above formulae: x = xstatic[1 − cos(ωt)] This gives the (theoretical) time history of the structure due to a load F(t).

stiffness and applied force for a single degree of freedom system. but not necessarily its full time history response to a given input.or equal to .where and is typically 2%-10% depending on the type of construction: Bolted steel ~6% Reinforced concrete ~ 5% Welded steel ~ 2% Generally damping would be ignored for non-transient events (such as wind loading or crowd loading). as above: . an impulse load such as a bomb blast). but would be important for transient events (for example. Rayleigh's principle states: "The frequency ω of an arbitrary mode of vibration. but it is not a conservative method. of a structural system with mass. F(x): then. [edit] Modal analysis A modal analysis calculates the frequency modes or natural frequencies of a given system. and applied force. which leads to large oscillations. It is not dependent on the load function." For an assumed mode shape . The method is: Find the natural modes (the shape adopted by a structure) and natural frequencies Calculate the response of each mode Optionally superpose the response of each mode to find the full modal response to a given loading [edit] Energy method It is possible to calculate the frequency of different mode shapes of system manually by the energy method. EI (Young's modulus. stiffness. multiplied by the second moment of area. For simple structures the basic mode shapes can be found by inspection. It is useful to know the modal frequencies of a structure as it allows you to ensure that the frequency of any applied periodic loading will not coincide with a modal frequency and hence cause resonance. E. I). calculated by the energy method. is always greater than . For a given mode shape of a multiple degree of freedom system you can find an "equivalent" mass. The natural frequency of a system is dependent only on the stiffness of the structure and the mass which participates with the structure (including self-weight). M.the fundamental frequency ωn.

but exact) Superpose the maximum amplitudes of each mode (quick but conservative) Superpose the square root of the sum of squares (good estimate for well-separated frequencies.t) is . The modal participation factor Γ is a comparison of these two masses. it is possible to read the DAF from a standard graph. The static displacement can be calculated with . The dynamic displacement for the chosen mode and applied force can then be found from: umax = ustaticDAF [edit] Modal participation factor For real systems there is often mass participating in the forcing function (such as the mass of ground in an earthquake) and mass participating in inertia effects (the mass of the structure itself. Meq). For a single degree of freedom system Γ = 1. having calculated them by the energy method: Assuming that the rise time tr is known (T = 2π/ω). Γ [edit] External links Structural Dynamics Testing/Modal Analysis DYSSOLVE: Dynamic System Solver Structural Dynamics and Vibration Laboratory of McGill University Frame3DD open source 3D structural dynamics analysis program Frequency response function from modal parameters Categories: Structural analysis | Dynamics Log in / create account Article Discussion Read Edit View history Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia . but unsafe for closely spaced frequencies) To superpose the individual modal responses manually.[edit] Modal response The complete modal response to a given load F(x. The summation can be carried out by one of three common methods: Superpose complete time histories of each mode (time consuming.

a non-profit organization. additional terms may apply. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Toolbox Print/export Languages Deutsch فارسی This page was last modified on 20 June 2011 at 21:49. Inc. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. See Terms of Use for details.. .

- Software Verification EtabsUploaded byNGUYEN
- DISCRIMINATION OF OUTER MEMBRANE PROTEINS USING REFORMULATED SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE BASED ON NEUTROSOPHIC SETUploaded byscience2010
- Phy-paper-with-solutions.pdfUploaded byAnaruzzaman Sheikh
- NIDA9 User ManualUploaded byCon Can
- ITS Undergraduate 19595 2507100138 BibliographyUploaded byLucky Roza Nugroho
- Leonardo Da Vinci Leonardo Da Vinci (April 15, 1452 –Uploaded bydashingguy_foryou
- FEA ExamplesUploaded byLuis Martins
- Aliran InkompresibleUploaded byrevandifitro
- techsec5Uploaded byeka.nugraha
- 1136 four year planUploaded byapi-300174466
- Structural Dynamics DesignUploaded byAmrith Singh
- Moment Distribution Method - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded byਤਨ੍ਹਾ ਰਾਜੀਵ ਮਾਯੂਸ
- Deflection Design EURO CODEUploaded byIkram Rimli
- SyllabusUploaded byAnonymous bzkTVcsMYN
- trducirUploaded byDavid Llusco
- 8) 10CV3 - June 2015Uploaded byRadhaAnanthalekshmi
- FactAn-Q8-16-21-23Uploaded byishan varshney
- Sr05220205 Control SystemsUploaded byandhracolleges
- FinalUploaded bymanohar903
- Statics CH01Uploaded bysamiralbayati
- worksheet_21.docUploaded byVijay Bhaskar
- 350prog1F12Uploaded byStephen Frankie
- R1Ahmad256Uploaded byAshar Ahmad
- 1Uploaded byNiro Thakur
- PaperUploaded byanibayasin
- Sample Question Paper _Applied Mathematics-12035_Uploaded byRakesh Gorantyal
- Ahp LectureUploaded byragingwildfire
- 06 - Radiation (Griffiths.ch11)Uploaded byYan Yuriko
- AH Ramdon IndexUploaded byandrerpsimoes
- VietnamUploaded byKaladhar Dheram

- Underground ConduitUploaded byemmanuel
- Design of Suction PilesUploaded byemmanuel
- Helipad Designs.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- RCTTT.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- Technical SpecificationsUploaded byemmanuel
- Adding Water MarkUploaded byemmanuel
- Wind Load Calculation Using EurocodeUploaded byemmanuel
- PID-Symbols.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- Footing DetailsUploaded byemmanuel
- V3I4-IJERTV3IS041482.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- Condensate Tank Shed Design ReportUploaded byemmanuel
- Buried Steel pipes.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- precastinspection.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- V2-I12-29Uploaded byemmanuel
- dsp 019.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- Subsea EquipmentsUploaded byemmanuel
- Cover LetterUploaded byemmanuel
- ss_resource_book.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- 7308Uploaded byemmanuel
- Pipe Rack Design OutputUploaded byemmanuel
- Fatigue Analysis.pdfUploaded byemmanuel
- Pad Eye Design With Side Load 25Uploaded byemmanuel
- Cover LetterUploaded byemmanuel
- Manifold AnalysisUploaded byemmanuel
- Annulus BasketUploaded byemmanuel
- Multideck Design Software - Composite Slab Design Detail ReportUploaded byemmanuel
- Staad Joint Coordinate FormatUploaded byemmanuel
- Integral Bridge DesignUploaded byemmanuel
- dynamic analysis.docUploaded byemmanuel
- Natural Gas SpecificationsUploaded byemmanuel