[Event "Hastings 1930/31

[Site "Hastings ENG"]
[Date "1931.01.07"]
[Round "9"]
[White "Vera Menchik"]
[Black "Jose Raul Capablanca"]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "A47"]
[EventDate "1930.12.29"]
[PlyCount "84"]
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 b6 3.e3
( 3.c4 e6 4.g3 {This would tranpose into a mainline Queen's Indian
which is theoritically better than what white chose in the game.} )
3...Bb7 4.Bd3 c5 5.O-O Nc6 6.c3 e6
{Capablanca (black) adopts a Queen's Indian Setup, while White chooses
not the most ambitious system, the Colle which plans on developing
aiming at e4, to then after being fully developed play the before
mentioned move and mate the black king.}
{First innacuracy or probably mistake of the game. Better was e4
taking advantage of the knight on c6 blocking the the b7 bishop.}
( 7.e4 cxd4 8.cxd4 Nb4 9.Nc3 Nxd3 10.Qxd3 {Maybe White was a little
bit concerned about leaving the b7 bishop wihtout an opponent, which
would increase its power. The truth is that white is ok. If Black isnt
careful d5 will open the position. There could be ideas of also moving
the knight on f3 to play f3, playing against the bishop.} )
7...d6 8.Nxc6 Bxc6
{Black has a nice position after this. He doenst have to worry anymore
about that knight onc6 blocking the bishop. He also got rid of the
knight on f3 and if white isnt careful, black may try to open the
position with attacking ideas over the king.}
{White usually plans to play e4 after Qe2 just like in a normal Colle
but seems like White has no time for e4.}
9...Be7 10.Bb5?!
{Sure, that bishop on c6 is a nice piece but so is White's bishop on
d3, better was to play e4, the idea behind the Colle!!}
{Great move, not releasing the pressure, but adding it, this way Black
keeps control over the a4-e8 diagonal.}
( 10...Bxb5 11.Qxb5+ Qd7 {This was also possible, with the idea of
entering an endgame in which Caplabanca could have also won. Black
would try setting all of his pawns on light squares to compensate for
his missing c8 bishop. He would also play cxd4 and after cxd4 rapidly
control the c-file. I personally like more the other option, keep the
queens on the board, keep the pressure!!} )
11.Bxc6 Qxc6 12.Nd2 O-O 13.dxc5 dxc5
{Capablanca wants to play on the d-file}
( 13...bxc5 {This capture is also possible, taking up the whole center
and probably starting operations on the queenside with Rb8.} )
14.e4 Rad8 15.e5 Nd5 16.Nf3 Rd7 17.Rd1 Rfd8
{See how capablanca takes full controll of the file.}
18.Bd2 b5 19.Kf1 Nb6 20.Bf4?!
{One of the losing moves. Can you identify why? The move that needed
to be played here was Bg5! The bishop on e7 is a great defensive
piece, and in fact what keeps Capablanca alive in the game.}
( 20.Bg5! {Exchanging one of Black's best pieces, sure, the bishop
there hasn't that much of a scope but look at how it covers both d6
and d8.} 20...Bxg5 21.Nxg5 h6 22.Rxd7 Rxd7 23.Qe4 Qxe4 24.Nxe4 {With a

Bg3? {Bad judgement by White.Be3 Kf8 33.Bb6 Ke8 34. EXCHANGING the pieces that are needed for your opponent to succeed.d6) are covered.Qxd1 Qe4 {Beatiful centralization move.} 24.Kd4 Kc6 36.. EXCHANGING pieces.Ba7 f5 37.f4 h5 39.h6 {Stopping any bussines with Bg5 and giving air to the king. but not in a blind way.} 24..d7.a4 ( 37..Qc4+ 25.Bxc5 Kxc5 0-1 . Now you can see why Bg5 was necesary.} 29.exf6? Bxf6+ 38.. you activated Black's bishop.} 26. the bishop on g3 is poorly placed as it only looks to his pawn.Kxe2 Na4 27.} ) 37.Qe2 Qxe2+ {The easiest way to win.Rd1 Rxd1+ 23.Ke3 Bc5+ 42.Ke4 Bxc3 {Appart from losing a pawn. } 21..Nd2 Nxd2 30.Bf4 a6 32.Kc2 Nc4 {As Botvinnik would say.axb5+ Kxb5 40. Black can afford to do this as all the entry points (d8.sure draw to follow. this is just matter of technique..Kd2 Nxb2 28.Kxd2 c4 31.g3 a5 41. Better was to not bury the bishop but instead keep it in the game with Be3 after which Black may be as well winning but it would be way harder to convert.Ke3 Kd7 35..} ) 20.g6 38.. The exchange of bishops would have weakened d8 and Capablanca would need to think twice before allowing an invasion like that.Rxd7 Rxd7 22.