Transplanting - A Novel Technology to enhance the productivity in Redgram

Package of Practices
INTRODUCTION:
Timely sowing is the non-monetary key input in Redgram for realizing good yields. In our state,
generally redgram is sown between June and August months in various agro-climatic zones. The crop
comes to reproductive stage between September and November months. During the years of low
rainfall, the reproductive phase of the crop coincides with moisture stress conditions and associated
terminal drought situations. Any measure of advancing the planting time reduces the risk from terminal
drought stress. But, late onset of monsoons, which are being experienced more frequently, doesn’t
allow for timely sowing. In such situations, raising the nursery in advance (in the month of May) and
transplanting the 30 – 45 days old redgram seedlings is the best method to mitigate terminal drought
stress during poor rainfall years due to enhanced rooting architecture.
JUSTIFICATION:
Transplanting technique is a novel and revolutionary agronomic approach to boost Redgram
yields. Transplanting technique in Redgram provides ample scope in enhancing the yields and
economics of Redgram farmers under limited water availability conditions in Andhra Pradesh
especially in ground water dependent areas. Preliminary studies carried out at Agril. Research Station,
Tandur under rainfed conditions revealed almost four fold increase (1760 kg/ha) in productivity
compared to that of average productivity from conventional system in the state (450 kg/ha). Deshmukh
(2010) also reported multifold advantages of transplanting method in redgram over conventional
sowing method. It saved input cost in the form of less seed rate, less plant protection etc. The
transplanting technique increased 2-3 fold yield (15.5 to 34.8 q/ha) due to profuse branching and
flowering. Further, the crop can perform even better under irrigated conditions.
As transplanting technique provide more opportunity time for vegetative growth than in the
conventional planting system, it may respond positively to the application of external inputs viz., plant
nutrients and irrigation.
EXPECTED BENEFIT TO THE FARMING COMMUNITY DUE TO ADOPTION:
In Andhra Pradesh presently, Redgram crop is being cultivated in about 12 lakh hectares yielding
approximately 2.0 lakh tones with a productivity level of mere 450 kg/ha. Adoption of transplanting
technique even in 25% of the traditional redgram area, with 3-4 fold increase, over current 2.0 lakh
tonnes, the production levels in the state might be shooting up to 3.5 lakh tonnes. There also exists a

The crop can come up well even in light textured soils provided irrigation facility is available. Package of Practices S. 2. The nursery should be carefully monitored and managed for 3035 days to have vigorous and healthy seedlings. No. The site selected for growing nursery should be nearer to the main field and ample water supply is ensured. A neutral soil (neither acidic nor alkaline) is highly preferred. nursery should be sown in the middle of the May such that. 15th May). Further. it is very essential to provide shade to the growing seedlings. the transplanting technique can be a hope of ray under future climate change scenario which demands efficient terminal stress mitigation options for stabilizing / enhancing the crop productivity. Each poly bag should be planted with 2-3 seeds treated with Rhizobium culture and watered to soak completely. When crop is intended to be transplanted in kharif season. 1. Particulars Detailed Package of Practices Suitable Variety 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Seed Rate 1) 2) Seed Treatment 1) 2) Nursery management 1) technique 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 5.e. the transplanting can be planned any time after 30 days of age (but before 45 days). well drained medium to deep black soils with fairly good fertility are most suitable. As crop grown during rainy season under irrigated conditions. As the temperatures in the middle of the May shoot very high.wide scope for introducing the Redgram into non-traditional areas to replace the prevailing nonremunerative crops. 3.1470 g per acre Trichoderma viridae 4 g per kg seed Rhizobium culture 100 g per kg seed As the crop is grown with 30-45 days old seedlings. HDPE poly bags with 4” x 6” should be filled with Soil + Farm Yard Manure + DAP + Fungicide (Carbendazim) mixture in proper proportions and kept ready for sowing by middle of May month (i. Seeds will germinate in 5-7 days. Frequent watering and need based plant protection result in a healthy nursery. 4. So as to take the full advantage of the congenial climatic conditions. a summer deep ploughing to favour maximum root growth and rapid establishment of seedlings followed by 2 or 3 harrowings . rising of a healthy nursery is very crucial aspect. Selection of main Field / land preparation 1) 2) ICPL 87119 (Aasha) ICPL 8863 (Maruti) ICPL 85063 (Laxmi) MRG 1004 (Surya) PRG 158 Medium to deep black soils – 825 g per acre Light soils .

While. 2) The seedlings with 30-45 days age are carefully transported to the main field. utmost care need to be taken while transplanting the seedlings. the excess plants need to be removed leaving a single healthy plant per hill. 2) Intermittent intercultivation boost the crop growth besides.e. .5 . Weed Control 1) Spray selective herbicide i.A. 7) The properly transplanted redgram seedling will establish in 4-5 days and resumes normal growth. depending on the soil type.A (Naphthal Acetic Acid / Planofix) @ 0. main field should be fine-tuned.. Hormonal sprays Spraying of N. Irrigation Mangement Irrigation management is very important aspect to enhance the yields. Imazythaphir @ 1. Transplanting 1) As the Redgram doesn’t withstand the transplanting shock unlike other crops. 4.2. 5. in light soils. The success of the technology entirely depends on the proper establishment of the crop after transplanting.5 tonnes per acre at the time of sowing 3) Gypsum @ 40 kg per acre 4) N. transplanting to be done at 150 cm x 60 cm (4445 plants per acre). P and K to be applied @ 10:20:5 kg per acre at 25 to 30 days after transplanting. the seedlings are planted at 180 cm x 90 cm (2480 plants per acre). weed control Nipping the apical buds at 20-25 days Nipping the top 2-3 cm apical buds at 20-25 days after transplanting favour the production of more branches. of water (500 ppm) favours more flower bud production and retention. The crop cycle requires 3-4 irrigations. 4) About 5% more seedlings are to be grown so as to compensate the post-transplanting mortality of seedlings. the deep furrows are opened in the main field at 180 cm or 150 cm apart and kept ready for transplanting. at 20 to 25 days after transplanting to control broad leaved weeds.0 ml per lit.5 ml per lit. 3) While seedlings are grown in the nursery. 6) The furrows already opened in the main field at specified row to row spacing should be fully irrigated just before the transplanting and the seedling along with mud ball is to be transplanted on one side of the furrow allowing the free flow of irrigation water along the opened furrow.before transplanting of the crop provides an ideal seed bed. 3) In medium to deep black soils. 4. 8) After establishment of the transplanted crop. 4) By the time the seedlings age is reached 30-45 days. 5) The each polybags is to be given a vertical cut from top to bottom and the cover need to be removed carefully so as to keep the mud ball intact along with seedling. Fertilizer Management 1) Zinc Sulphate @ 6 kg per acre 2) Farm Yard manure @ 2.

0 quintals per Acre.1) First irrigation is to be scheduled at the time of transplanting. 4) Var.0 to 13.0 to 13. (The yields indicated are from the experimental plots purely grown under rainfed conditions except one irrigation at transplanting) . PRG 158 : 12. 10. Harvesting (Approximate days of harvestable maturity) Expected yield Depending on the genotype.0 quintals per Acre. 12. Redgram under transplanting comes to harvest in 150 to 180 days.0 to 12. 1) In light soils an additional irrigation (fourth) should be scheduled. 3) Var. MRG 1004: 12.0 to 14. if required. 3) Third one at 90 to 100 days after transplanting (flowering). 2) Var. Asha: 13. Yield Range 1) Var.0 quintals per Acre. Maruti : 11.0 quintals per Acre. 2) Second irrigation at 45 to 50 days after transplanting.