CHE425: Problem set #7

1) Run the program Microplant as a Novice Troubleshooter and turn in the last display of
the program.
You need to copy the Microplant folder from the CHE425 distribution folder into your H:
drive or your flash drive. Open the Microplant folder and double click on Microplant.exe to
run the program. Turn in the last page of the program with performance number.
2) 1The vapor composition on a plate of a distillation column is
Species
Mole fraction
Relative volatility

C1
0.025
36.5

C2
0.205
7.4

i­C3
0.210
3.0

n­C3
0.465
2.7

i­C4
0.045
1.3

n­C4
0.050
1.0

What will be the composition of the liquid on the plate if it is in equilibrium with the vapor?
1
ym
yk


 k ,n4
Ans: xm =  m , n 4
% Set 7 problem 2
y=[0.0250.205
0.210 0.465 0.045 0.050];
alfa=[36.5
7.4
3.0
2.7
1.3
1.0];
sumyoa=sum(y./alfa);
xm=y./(sumyoa*alfa)
>> s7p2
xm = 0.0019

0.0780

0.1971

0.4848

0.0974

0.1408

3)  2A saturated liquid, consisting of phenol and cresols, is separated in a plate column. A
reflux ratio of 4 is used. Given the following compositions and relative volatility,
Species
Feed, mol %
Top, mol %
Bottoms, mol % Relative volatility
Phenol
40
95.3
5.24
1.26
o­cresol
15
4.55
1.00
m­cresol
45
0.15
0.70
Assuming CMO, calculate
(a) The vapor and liquid compositions leaving the second plate from the condenser,
starting the calculation from the top.
11 J. D. Seader and E. J. Henley, Separation Process Principles, Wiley, 1998
22 J. D. Seader and E. J. Henley, Separation Process Principles, Wiley, 1998

3% recovery of C in the bottoms.50.20 2. zB = 0. Ans: Nmin = 22.9432 0.6% recovery of B in the distillate and a 98. 3A feed mixture enters a distillation column at a rate of 200 moles/hr. B. Mole fraction of the light key in the distillate should be 0.21 The feed enters as a two-phase mixture that is 30% vapor. 6.1009 0.5045 4. The feed has the following composition: Compound Mole fraction Relative volatility Benzene 0.00 Xylene 0.4  Feed tray = #15 from top.  3We wish to separate three components A. Ans: y2 = 0.75. We have decided to operate at total reflux. Ne = 15. Separation Process Principles. and 35 mol% HK.  3A distillation column has a feed of 100 kmol/hr.0544 0. HK = 0.0.1507 0. LK = 1. If we wish to operate at (L/D) = 1. starting the calculation from the bottom. 55 mol% LK.33 Cumene 0.40 0. A = 1.2(L/D)min. Seader and E. and feed is saturated liquid. Feed is saturated liquid with 10 mol% LNK. and equilibrium stages.6082 yNm1 = 0.10 0.30 1.3448 0.05313 5. The minimum L/D has been estimated as 1.9283 0. 1998 . Reflux ratio is (L/D) = 1.5% of the toluene be recovered in the distillate.25 and C = 0. Data: LNK = 4.5. If B is picked as the reference component. Rmin = 2. We desire 99. What is the recovery of xylenes in the distillate? Ans: FR of xylene = 0.2909 0.3.2(L/D)min.8% of the cumene be recovered in the bottoms and 99. Determine the minimum number of trays. estimate the total number of stages needed and the optimum feed plate location.2. Feed compositions are zA = 0.04. The specifications require that 99. N = 48 stages 33 J. and C.0043 xNm1 = 0.0. and zC = 0. The feed rate is 100 moles/hr.(b) The vapor and liquid compositions leaving the second plate above the reboiler.0024 x2 = 0.49. saturated liquid reflux. D.75.25 Toluene 0.2Rmin. The equilibrium data can be represented by constant relative volatilities.0674 0. J. Feed is returned to the column from the condenser as a saturated liquid.47.8. the minimum reflux ratio. The column has constant molal overflow.5% recovery of the light key in the distillate. Henley. The column has a partial reboiler and a total condenser. and the number of tray at 1. Wiley. Ans: Ne + Ns = 32. We desire a 99.

5oC.5 a) Use Matlab to construct the enthalpy concentration diagram with the tie lines from equilibrium data. The temperature of the distillate is 64.xv).9 82.4 93. The minimum number of stages is seen to be 6.0 30. C 100 96.x2=yv(i).0 75.8 51.2 69.1 71. line([x1 x2].0 91. For each of the following units with C components. Construct the enthalpy concentration diagram using the following data for methanol-water system at 1 atm: x or y H(Btu/lbmol ) h(Btu/lbmol) 0 5 10 15 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 20720 20520 20340 20160 20000 19640 19310 18970 18650 18310 17980 17680 17390 3240 3070 2950 2850 2760 2620 2540 2470 2410 2370 2330 2290 2250 Vapor liquid equilibrium data: x 0 2 4 6 8 10 15 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 95 100 y 0 13.[y1 y2]) end b) One hundred lbmol/h of a mixture of 69 mol% methanol in water at 30oC and 1 atm is to be separated by distillation at the same pressure into a liquid distillate containing 98 mol% methanol and a bottoms liquid product containing 96 mol% water. and F (degree of freedom): (a) Equilibrium feed stage with heat transfer and feed (b) Stream mixer (two streams combined into one with heat transfer) (c) Stream divider (a stream is divided into two streams with heat transfer) Ans: (a) F = NV  NE = (5C + 16)  (2C + 8) = 3C + 8 (b) F = NV  NE = (3C + 10)  (C + 4) = 2C + 6 (c) F = NV  NE = (3C + 10)  (2C + 5) = C + 5 8. determine NV (number of variables).hv. Label the plot with your name using the Title command.2 89.5 41.hl.5 95.4 81.0 65.5 72.7 78. Determine the minimum number of equilibrium stages. The value is independent of the feed condition because at total reflux.3 87. hlt=spline(xy.5 87.7oC .3 67.7 84. The temperature of the bottoms is 93.7 57. You can draw the tie lines from the following Matlab codes: nt=length(xv).5 91.4 36. there is no no feed.9 100 o T. for i=2:nt-1.9 66. y1=hlt(i).6 66. NE (number of equation).y2=hvt(i). x1=xv(i). The enthalpy of the feed mixture is 765 Btu/lbmol.3 73.8 97.4 23.9 77. the temperatures of the distillate and the bottoms.yv).7.0 64. hvt=spline(xy.