# Winter 2016 - Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902

Engineering

Lecture 4
Piles foundations

Associate Professor of Geotechnical Engineering

Winter 2016 .Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 Main topics  Piles capacity  Driven piles  Drilled shafts  Piles group  Negative skin friction  Uplift/tension pile capacity  Settlement of piles  Pile load test .

Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 Capacity of Drilled shafts Static formulae - To establish pile length A.Winter 2016 . Pile end bearing . Pile skin friction B.

predrilling and the use of excavation slurry affect the adhesion between pile shaft and surrounded soil. Unlike the case in driven piles.Winter 2016 .Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902  Drilled shaft capacity is calculated following the same procedures as in driven piles  Different formulae are adopted to cater for the difference in pile installation method  In drilled shaft. .

Pile skin friction Skin friction stress: f s  a  su j f s   a i  su i i 1 Su = undrained shear strength of soil a = coefficient used to relate the soil shear strength to the adhesive stress along the shaft length .Winter 2016 .Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 Drilled shafts (TSA) a-method Normally is used to estimate the short-term load capacity of piles embedded in fine-grained soils A.

Winter 2016 .Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 O`Neill and Reese. 1999 Skin friction force .

Pile end bearing: z = The embedded depth of the drilled shaft in the end bearing layer (Su)b = the average undrained shear strength over two diameters below pile base Qult.Winter 2016 .  f s  As  fb  Ab .Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 B.

Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 Drilled shafts (ESA) b-method Normally is used to determine the short-term and long-term pile load capacities of coarsegrained soils and the long term load capacity of fine-grained soils A. Pile skin friction Skin friction stress: The skin friction is based on the lateral stress acting on pile j f s   K i   z  tan i i 1 K= lateral earth pressure coefficient fi = interfacial friction angle between the pile material and surrounded soil z = Vertical stress at the centre line of soil layer .Winter 2016 .

Winter 2016 .Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 .

Consequently. .Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 j f s   b i   z i i 1 fcs = Angle on internal friction of soil OCR= Over consolidation ratio N60= Number of standard penetration test Z = depth to the center line of layer  Soil near the top of the drilled shaft is subjected to environmental and construction effects.  The upper 1.5 m of the shaft  One pile diameter above the base Are ignored in calculating skin friction for drilled shafts.Winter 2016 . while the soil just above the base may develop tensile cracking.

Pile end bearing: Qult.Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 B.Winter 2016 .  f s  As  fb  Ab .

(i. then probing under piles should be carried out before construction to ensure no cavities under the pile tip.e. structure capacity of pile should not be much higher than geotechnical capacity). then boreholes have to be extended to depth larger than the expected pile length.  If piles are to be executed in rock.  The bearing strata should be investigated and confirmed that it is extended to minimum 3 times the pile diameter. if piles are expected as a type of foundation.  The pile structure capacity and pile geotechnical capacity should be nearly equal to ensure the most economical design. . Notes to be generally considered in pile design:  During site investigation phase.

Wiley.Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 References: Muni Budhu. Soil Mechanics and Foundations. 3rd edition Michael Tomlinson and John Woodward. 5th edition FHWA publications . Pile Design and Construction Practice. 2007.Winter 2016 . 2010.

Advanced Geotechnical and foundation Engineering CIS 902 Thank you .Winter 2016 .