ROBOTICS

1. The __________ are two of the most common mechanical
configuration of industrial robots.
A. Spherical and pneumatic
B. Articulated arm and cylindrical *
C. Spherical and hydraulic
D. Jointed-arm and electric
ANSWER: B
2. One advantage of hydraulic actuator in industrial robots include
_____________.
A. great force capability handling heavy loads *
B. lower operating cost than the other type
C. low initial cost than the other type
D. clean-no oil leaks
ANSWER: A
3. ____________ includes tow of the actuator type used in industrial
robots.
A. Pneumatic and Jointed-arm
B. Hydraulic and Pneumatic
C. Electric and Spherical
D. Hydraulic and Cylindrical
ANSWER: B
4. A system in which the precise movement of a large load is
controlled by a relatively weak signal.
A. hydraulic
B. electro
C. synchro
D. servo
ANSWER: D
5. A programmable, multifunction manipulator designed to move
materials, parts, tools or specific devices.
A. Industrial robot
B. Android
C. Actuator
D. End effector
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ANSWER:

A

6. The technology for automations
A. avionics
B. cryogenics
C. cryotronics
D. robotics
ANSWER: D
7. What is(are) the common mechanical configurations for industrial
robots?
A. articulated-arm or jointed-arm
B. spherical configuration
C. cylindrical configuration
D. all of these
ANSWER: D
8. The number of axis a robot is free to move is called
A. freedom axis
B. degrees of freedom
C. movement degrees
D. mechanical axis
ANSWER: B
9. Actuators used in industrial robots
A. electric motors
B. fluid motors
C. fluid cylinders
D. all of these are correct
ANSWER: D
10. Which of the actuators that has the greatest force capability?
A. electric
B. hydraulic fluid
C. pneumatic
D. magnetic
ANSWER: B

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11. Actuator that requires the highest initial cost:
A. electric
B. hydraulic
C. pneumatic
D. magnetic
ANSWER: B
12. Robot actuator that has the highest operating cost:
A. electric
B. hydraulic
C. pneumatic
D. magnetic
ANSWER: B
13. The most messy robot actuator:
A. electric
B. hydraulic
C. pneumatic
D. magnetic
ANSWER: B
14. Advantages of electric actuators:
A. Lower initial cost than either hydraulic or pneumatic
B. Much lower operating cost than hydraulic
C. Accurate positioning and good velocity control
D. All of these are correct
ANSWER: D
15. Advantages of pneumatic actuators:
A. lower initial and operating cost than hydraulic actuators
B. Clean, no oil leaks
C. Quick response
D. All are correct
ANSWER: D
16. Advantages of hydraulic actuators
A. Great holding strength when stopped
B. Accurate positioning and good velocity control
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Robotics

C. Intrinsically safe in flammable environment such as painting
D. All of these are correct
ANSWER: D
17. Disadvantages of pneumatic actuators:
A. Weak force capability
B. Not so much holding strength when stopped as compared to
hydraulic system
C. Accurate positioning and velocity control is impossible
D. All of these are correct
ANSWER: D
18. Disadvantages of electric actuators in industrial robots:
A. Less force capability as compared to hydraulic system
B. Very little holding strength when stopped which causes a
heavy load to sag
C. Usually requires mechanical brakes
D. All are correct
ANSWER: D
19. A robot software or program that produces only two-position motion
for a given robot axis.
A. positive-stop
B. point-to-point
C. continuous-path
D. hard interrupt
ANSWER: A
20. A robot program that has the ability to move a robot to any position
within the range but without specific path.
A. positive-stop program
B. point-to-point program
C. continuous path program
D. compound program
ANSWER: B
21. A robot program that has the ability to move a robot to any position
within the range with specific path.
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When a robot moves on several axis at the same time. Selective Computer-Actuated Robot Arm D. because it has unlimited movement Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Selective Compliant Assembly Robot Arm C. SCARA means: A. intrinsic motion B. Why is SCARA Robot attractive in industry? A. universal motion ANSWER: C 23. because it can carry very heavy loads C. SCARA Robots has how many axis of motion? A. Welding C. SCARA Robots are designed for what applications? A. compound motion D. Selective Compliant Articulated Robot Arm B. extrinsic motion C. compound program ANSWER: C 22. 2 B. Assembling D. positive-stop program B. A and B are correct ANSWER: D 24. it is to have A.14. Machining B. 4 C. Handling heavy loads ANSWER: C 26. continuous path program D. point-to-point program C. because it is relatively cheaper B. 6 D. 8 ANSWER: B 25.5 Robotics A. In robotics.

2. B. all of the above ANSWER: A CHAPTER 34: Monitoring Robotics and Artificial intelligence 1.6 Robotics D. B. An automated guided vehicle. Epipolar navigation. C. D. D. According to Asimov’s three laws.14. Never. An insect robot. C. Binaural hearing. B. 4. B. 3. C. An expert system. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Edge detection. C. When the human being specifically requests it. Telepresence. An analytical engine. under what circumstances is it all right for a robot to injure a human being? A. In case of an accident. Artificial intelligence. A second-generation end effector. D. In case the robot controller is infected with a computer virus. A telechir is used in conjunction with: A. An autonomous robot. An automotive robot might best keep itself traveling down a specific lane of traffic by using: A. A rule-based system is also known as: A.

Robot arm. A manipulator is also known as a: A. B. Cyan. C. 6. 7. B. Degrees of freedom. D. Autonomous robot. D. The number of ways in which a robot arm can move is known as: A. Insect robot. 5. An automated guided vehicle. C. D.7 Robotics D. and violet. 8. red. Distance measurement. magenta. and can work independently of other robots or computers. Coordinate geometry. Android. and yellow. green. C. A robot that has its own computer. C. B. red. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . D. Degrees of rotation. A color vision system can use three gray-scale cameras. Automated guided vehicle. 9. Blue. Epipolar navigation. Degrees of arc. and green. B. Direction measurement. Robot controller. Blue. D. Track drive. C. and yellow. Orange. Machine vision. Proximity sensing is most closely akin to: A. Vision system. is called an: A. equipped with filters that allow which three colors of light to pass? A. B.14.

D. A simple robot arm. D. B. End effector. 3. Binocular vision. A robot can determine the steepness of a slope using a(n): A. under what circumstances is it all right for a robot to injure a human being? A. In case the robot controller is infected with a computer virus. Never. Manipulator. C. In case of an accident.Robotics 14. 2. Epipolar navigation system.8 10. Second-generation robots first were used around the year: A. B. 1950. An android takes the form of: A. C. B. A human body. According to Asimov’s three laws. D. Clinometer. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . C. B. When the human being specifically requests it. Quiz (Robotics and artificial intelligence) 1. 1960. An insect.

5. C. Epipolar navigation. A second-generation end effector. B. Binaural hearing. The extent to which a machine vision system can differentiate between two objects is called the: A. A rule-based system is also known as: A. 6. D. D. C. B. Artificial intelligence. An automotive robot might best keep itself traveling down a specific lane of traffic by using: A. Selectivity. Edge detection. C. B. Magnification. Resolution. An analytical engine. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Sensitivity. 4.9 C.Robotics 14. D. An expert system. 1970. 1980.

An assembly line. C. D. Robot arm. Insect robot. B. B. Vision system. An automated guided vehicle. A manipulator is also known as a: A. D. Extreme weather conditions. is called an: A. An android is well suited for operation in: A. 8. Robot controller. Autonomous robot. An environment with children. 9. Track drive. 7. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX .10 D. and can work independently of other robots or computers.Robotics 14. C. Automated guided vehicle. Total darkness. B. D. Android. A robot that has its own computer. C.

12. 11. Machine vision. Rodney Brooks is best known for his work with: A. Epipolar navigation. B. D. Direction measurement. An automated guided vehicle. C. B. Proximity sensing is most closely akin to: A. An autonomous robot. D. 13.Robotics 14. The ability of a robot to determine texture. An insect robot. An absolute limit to the distance over which teleoperation is practical is imposed by: A. The image resolution of the vision system. The speed of light. Distance measurement. C. B. All of the above. D. Telepresence. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . C. A telechir is used in conjunction with: A. Epipolar navigation.11 10.

C. C. Spherical coordinates can uniquely define the position of a point in up to: A. Degrees of rotation. Binocular vision. B. Three dimensions. B. B. C. Can be done from a single observation frame. Insect robots. D. 15. One dimension. Four dimensions. Range sensing and plotting. The number of ways in which a robot arm can move is known as: A. 14.12 Robotics B. C. Degrees of freedom. Degrees of arc. D. Does not require binaural hearing. Two dimensions. D. 16. An asset of epipolar navigation is the fact that it: A. Does not require a computer. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Requires no reference points at all.14.

and violet. D. C. equipped with filters that allow which three colors of light to pass? A. D. 19. and green. C.13 Robotics D. Reference frame. D. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . 18. B. Revolute geometry. Coordinate geometry. Cartesian coordinate geometry. Cylindrical coordinate geometry. A robot arm that moves along three independent axes. red.14. green. Coordinate geometry. each of which is straight and perpendicular to the other two. B. and yellow. The region throughout which a robot arm can accomplish tasks is called its: A. A color vision system can use three gray-scale cameras. 17. Work envelope. and yellow. Reference axis. B. magenta. Cyan. red. C. Blue. employs: A. Spherical coordinate geometry. Orange. Blue.

B. B. Decibels. Monocular. Power. Voltage. 2. Test: Part four 1. End effector. Current. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . D.14 Robotics 20. Clinometer. High resolution. B. E. C. A VU meter contains a scale that measures relative: A. D. Binocular. Manipulator. C. D. A machine vision system that uses two cameras to allow a robot to sense depth is: A. Binaural. Epipolar navigation system. A robot can determine the steepness of a slope using a(n): A. C.14. Monaural.

Keeps the driver’s mind on the road. E. None of the above. 5. An audio-frequency choke. Is good because it keeps passengers from distracting the driver. A phase control. Low individual intelligence and low group intelligence. Low individual intelligence but high group intelligence.. 3. E. A synthesizer. The use of a stereo headset to listen to music while driving: A. B. A graphic equalizer. High individual intelligence but low group intelligence. B. C.14. it is good engineering practice to use: A. B.15 Robotics E. D. High individual intelligence and high group intelligence. When two or more audio sources drive a single amplifier. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . A fleet of insect robots generally has: A. D. Is dangerous. An audio mixer. C. 4. Frequency. C.

Resolution. A quantitative measure of the ability of a machine vision system to detect dim light is its: A. B. E. A robot arm moves in three dimensions according to a polar coordinate scheme with a linear elevation dimension added. E. Degrees of flexibility. C. Spherical coordinate geometry. C. Field of view. 26. D. Selectivity.14. B. Manipulator flexibility. D. Degrees of rotation. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Amplitude ratio. Is better than using car speakers. The technical expression for robot-arm joint flexibility is: A. E.16 Robotics D. B. 21. The work envelope. Is good because it prevents road rage. Sensitivity. 6. This is called: A. Radians of rotation. Rectangular coordinate geometry.

D. 38. A machine hearing system can best identify the sort of device or object producing a sound by analyzing the: A. Unless its controller is infected with a computer virus. Memory capacity. No matter what. Concentric coordinate geometry. Cylindrical coordinate geometry. Image resolution. Waveform of the sound.17 Robotics C. enhanced sensitivity often involves a sacrifice in the: A. E. D. 32. Direction from which the sound is coming. E. 39. Cartesian coordinate geometry. Number of sources from which the sound is coming. As long as it does not cause the robot controller to crash. Duration of the sound. E. As long as nobody gets hurt or killed as a result. D. B. As long as the power is on. B.14. In a machine vision system. a robot must obey all orders from humans: A. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Distance to the sound source. C. According to Asimov’s laws. B. C.

B. Duration of the sound. Distance to the sound source. and C are all true. A robot can be considered autonomous if: A. It has its own computer system. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . D. Any one of conditions A. Data speed.Robotics 14. B. 39. 42.18 C. C. Waveform of the sound. C. It is self-contained. Short-wavelength response. E. Number of sources from which the sound is coming. E. B. E. Conditions A. or C is true. The total darkness of the deep ocean. D. A machine hearing system can best identify the sort of device or object producing a sound by analyzing the: A. It does not rely on a central computer to receive its commands. Long-wavelength response. 45. Epipolar navigation is a means by which a machine can locate objects and plot a course in: A. D. Direction from which the sound is coming. B.

Which word best completes the following sentence? “ The human ear/brain perceives sound volume according to the _________ of the actual intensity. Three-dimensional space. A robot-controlled electric power plant. D. C.Robotics 14. Logarithm. E. C. The term robot generation refers to: A. E. Human eyes can see electromagnetic radiation over a wavelength range of approximately: Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX .” A. C. 46. The manufacture of robots by other robots. Sum. D. 47. 48. D. The north and south polar regions only. B. Product. A circular path.19 B. A straight line. E. Square. The manufacture of robots by human beings. Square root. The number of times a robot has copied itself. The time period in which a particular type of robot was developed. B.

A robot that has the approximate appearance of a human being a. E. c.14. B. c.20 Robotics A. b. A short term meaning a human being with artificial limbs or organs a. 390 to 750 micrometers. Android Cyborg Nemic Inhumanoid Answer a. b. Cyborg Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . 390 to 750 meters. 390 to 750 millimeters. d. 390 to 750 nanometers. TEST YOURSELF 14 Review Questions 1. Android Cyborg Nemic Inhumanoid Answer b. D. d. 390 to 750 kilometers. Android 2. C.

d. computer or mechanism to perform some function normally associated with human intelligence a. The desirable characteristics for handling the robots are Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . b. a. c. d.14. Domestic robot 5. Household robot Robomaid Domestic robot Buddy Robot Answer c. b.21 Robotics 3. c. c. Artificial Intelligence 4. Intelligence Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Heuristics Answer b. ELIZA 6. The operational basis for a machine. A program written by Joseph Weizenbaun to meet Turing’s definition of artificial intelligence. b. A robot that performs tasks in the home a. d. MACBETH ELIZA AMJ PARALLAX Answer b.

Good pay load capacity Large work space/robot size ratio Simple point to point control All of the above Answer d. welding c. c. d. All of the above 7. Its manipulators anatomy Its controller design Its suitability for production tasks All of the above Answer d. handling b.14.22 Robotics a. d. Which of the following country maintains the highest ratio of robot worker to human worker? a. USA Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . b. Robot classification is usually based on a. b. c. machining Answer c. All of the above 9. SCARA robots are specifically designed for ______operations. a. assembly 8. assembly d.

Withstand large overloads 12. Be electronically controlled Be operated by electric pulses Withstand large overloads Run at varying speed Answer c. all of the above Answer d.23 Robotics b. servo-controlled c. all of the above 11. UK c. DC motors and stepper motors are mainly used in robots instead of AC motors because they can a. A modern industrial robot is _______. Any solid object has a maximum _______degrees of freedom. a. c. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . b. Germany Answer c. multi-functional b. Japan 10.14. d. Japan d. programmable d.

6 Answer d. each of its axis can move only between hardware stops 15. it requires programmable logic controller each of its axis can move only between hardware stops it is small it is used for heavy loads Answer b. b. c. Programming of a continuous path robot is normally carried out by a method called ________through. 4 c. The word “robot” was coined by Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . 6 13. 5 d. a. d. c. b. The essential feature of a non-servo controlled robot is that a. walk 14. lead drive walk run Answer c.14. 3 b. d.24 Robotics a.

pneumatically or hydraulically. Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX .25 Robotics a. c. Karel Capek 16. Actuator 18. Jaime Licuanan Answer b. The arm assembly of the robot. Cincinatti T3 DEA PRAGMA ADEPT One Jolly 80 Answer a. ________robot is primaril. a. Kondratieff b. Communicator Control Computer Actuator Manipulator Answer c. Karel Capek c. b. d. b. Cyril Walter Kenward d.y used for machining processes a. d. c. produces the motion with power supplied electrically. Cincinatti T3 17.14. Serves as the muscle of the system.

End effector 20. Actuator d. b. a.14. d. Travel Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Manipulator 19. It is used in many different situations in the production area. c. Manipulator c. c. End effector Manipulator Controller Actuator Answer a.26 Robotics a. Refers to the movement of the base of the robot a. Controller Answer b. End effector b. Actuation Walk Travel Precession Answer c. b. ________is a device connected to the wrist’s flange of the manipulator’s arm. d.

c. degrees of freedom 22. b.14. Yaw 23. Pitch Roll Rotation Yaw Answer d. a. LISP Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX .27 Robotics 21. appendage cycle time degrees of freedom actuator Answer c. RAIL BASIC LISP WAVE Answer c. d. b. c. What is the other name for the axes found on the manipulator? a. It is designed to manipulate lists of symbols and is well suited for working with words and phrases a. c. b. Describes the wrist’s angular movement from the left side to the right side. d. d. _______is a computer language developed in the 1950s at MIT.

controller Answer d. Androtext ARMBASIC AML HELP Answer a. c. Androtext 26. AL 25. controller Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . sensor c. chain knucle b. end effector d. d.14. d. A high level programming language which was developed at the robotics research center at Stanford University. b. It is a high level computer language developed by Robotronic Corporation to make commanding a personal robot easier a. c. It is useful for robotics research because it can provide coordination between two arms of the robot. MCL AL RPL Assembly language Answer b. b. a. It is considered as the robot’s brain. a.28 Robotics 24.

teach pendant Answer d.29 Robotics 27.14. A user program that has the ability to move a robot axis to any position within its range. It is a robot software that produces only two position motion a. a. point to point programs c. pick and place Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . computer control c. operator’s panel b. This is used to program and teach positional information for the manipulator. positive stop programs Answer d. continuous path programs d. pick and stop programs b. a. manual data input panel d. teach pendant 28. positive stop programs 29.

continuous path Answer b. fast and slow b. It is a robot which is capable of decision making and has memory. pick and place manipulator and intelligent robot 31. a.14. autobots and deceptions d. intelligent robot Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . point to point 30. mechanical and electrical c. pick and place robot b. continuous robot d.30 Robotics b. pick and place manipulator and intelligent robot Answer d. expert robot c. What are the basic categories of industrial robot? a. point to point c. positive stop d.

cylindrical structure d. polar structure b. intelligent robot 32. a. polar structure 33. polar structure b. roborat Answer c.31 Robotics Answer d. cylindrical structure d. pivotal c. a.14. cylindrical structure Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . roborat Answer a. It is a robot structure wherein the body can rotate horizontally and the arm can move vertically and horizontally. pivotal c. It is a robot structure wherein the body can pivot vertically and horizontally and the arm moves radially.

a. payload 35.14. gripper d. burden capacity b. power Answer b. a. electric Answer a. The ______are two of the most common mechanical configurations of industrial robots. articulated arm and cylindrical c. The total weight that a robot arm can carry. thermionic b. thermionic 36. Which is not the usual power source that steers the arm of the robot? a. payload c. spherical and pneumatic b. pneumatic d. hydraulic c. spherical and hydraulic Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX .32 Robotics 34.

pick and place Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . A system in which the precise movement of a large load is controlled by a relatively weak signal. A limited robot sequence is__________. a.33 Robotics d. servo Answer d. electro c. a. synchro d.14. jointed-arm and electric Answer b. hydraulic b. pick and place b. robota Answer a. articulated arm and cylindrical 37. point to point c. servo 38. continuous path d.

The operational space of a robot is________. a. Asimov b. Maniko c. work envelope Answer c.14. degrees of freedom d. coordinate system b. Hitachi Answer c. a. Devol 40. degrees of freedom 41. The first patent for an industrial robot was developed in 1954 by_______. branches Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX .34 Robotics 39. arms b. dead zone c. The individual sections of the robot arm between the joints are_______. a. Devol d.

The control system for sport welding is__________. electric d. axes Answer c. point to multi-point Answer a. a. point to point b. pick and place c. steam c.35 Robotics c. point to point 43. a. _______is a type of actuator of industrial robots that has great force capability and great holding strength when stopped. links 42. hydraulic Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . links d.14. continuous path d. pneumatic b.

Seward Babitt c. Unimate b. Norber Wiener Answer d. __________. Universal automation c. Willard Polard b.36 Robotics Answer d. John Mauchly d. a professor at MIT publishes cybernetics. Shakey Answer d. mechanical and biological systems a. Stanford Research Institute (SRI) built and tested a mobile robot with vision capability is called ________. Shakey Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . a book which describes the concept of communications and control in electronic. a. hydraulic 44. Cybernetics d.14. Norber Wiener 45.

later named _______. The robot is called the ______. Classmates d. Joseph Engelberger starts Transition Robotics.37 Robotics 46. Helpmates b. to develop service robots. a. Servicemates Answer a.The Tomorrow Tool. a. Playmates c. Shakey Answer a.14. Universal Automation c. T3 b. Helpmates Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . T3 47. Versatran d. Riochard Hohn for Cincinnati Milacron Corporation develops the first commercially available minicomputer-controlled industrial robot.

38 Robotics 48. Payload period d. Speech synthesis 49. Payback Period Answer d. a. Speech refinement d. Speech detection c. The ability of a robot to produce meaningful speech output a. Payback Period Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Propagation Period b.14. Speech recognition Answer a. Delay period c. Speech synthesis b. The length of time in years required for a robot to pay for itself through the savings it provides.

Condensed human intelligence on some subject area. a. Expert system Macro Integrated Training and Review Center ElЄcҐrøniX . Robot choreography b.14. A human is led through the system by answering a series of questions asked by the system. Roboteer d. Expert system c.39 Robotics 50. Knowledge system Answer b.

Robotics Macro Integrated Training and Review Center 14.40 ElЄcҐrøniX .

Robotics Macro Integrated Training and Review Center 14.41 ElЄcҐrøniX .