Assignment Cover Sheet


Module Number and Title

Higher National Diploma in Computing & System

System Analysis & Designing

Student Name & No.


Rizan Ismail shafeeg

Hand out date

Submission Date

Assessment type Duration/Length of Weighting of Assessment
Assessment Type
3 weeks

60 %

Learner declaration
I, Rizan Ismail Shafeeg…., certify that the work submitted for this assignment is my own and
research sources are fully acknowledged.

Marks Awarded
First assessor
IV marks
Agreed grade
Signature of the assessor




Strong features of your work:

Areas for improvement:

Marks Awarded:


Scenario By looking at the prevailing requirements of the country’s health care sector Health ministry has decided to implement information system for keep track of the patients’ records of the government hospitals. physicians. Selecting the best Software development process model for an information system project is crucial since success or failure of the product can be decided by the process model & its systematic approach. track progress. Clear understand ability of Software Development Life Cycle model stages & unique duties assigned to those enables software development team to maintain product quality. update & delete patients personal information. tools and the techniques Scenario and the Task Introduction System Analysis & designing is a very important subject domain related to Information systems. consultants & other relevant personnel information who involved with the treatment and most importantly admit. The system consist features to create. 3 . This patient information management system should provide required information regarding patient for the relevant authorized people including physicians. search. tools and the techniques Evaluate different systems development life cycle models Be able to perform a systems investigation Be able to design a solution using appropriate system design methodologies. project budget and the nature of the product. Flowchart and Unified Modelling Language Diagrams for aforementioned activities are very much essential for a system analyst. Information systems durability. consultants & Directors of the hospitals. according to higher satisfactory level. discharge & testing report information. efficiency & accuracy depends on how well the system investigation & designing activities are accomplished during the system development life cycle. Learning & making use of the best tools such as Entity Relationship Diagram. treatment given information including medicine & surgeries.Coursework Learning outcomes covered     Understand system designing methodologies. Validity. The system is supported by dedicated centralized database implemented at the Colombo national hospital. Data Flow Diagram. Health history information.

1. Find out the vision.The following benefits are expected by the health ministry from the newly implementing patient information management system. Increase precision in identifying & prescribing the best medicine to the correct patient & to the correct disease. 5. (4 Marks) 3. Use fact finding techniques like interviews. In order to collect useful information about the designing system you need to gather information from some selected professionals such as physicians. document review to carry out the tasks. Generate timely & on demand health reports on patient very efficient manner. consultants & administrative officers in a government general hospital such as Kandy. 3. Once your finalized system report is handed over to the project manager he will initiate the rest of the operation of the project. Identify the functions and purpose of each stage of a system lifecycle while providing evidence to support an understanding of the Lifecycle (6 Marks) 4 . observations. Produce needed information for different part of the island physicians on patients. and goals of the organization that you have selected. (4 Marks) 4. 4. mission. Your main job role is to analyse current system & design a new system for aforementioned. Assume you are one of the senior system analysts working for Lanka e Solutions (Pvt) Ltd to which the government has outsourced the project. Prepare feasibility study report for the new system that you propose. Streamlining patients’ health information among government hospitals all-over the island. investigation and questioner. 2. 6. Attach the feedback to your final document. objectives. Protecting patient information sophisticated manner by implementing national patient information database. Tasks 1. (6 Marks) 6. Collaborative diagnosis. Prepare a sample questioner and get the feedback from at least ten employees in the organization. (4 Marks) 5. Write a small description about how the current system is working and its draw backs. (4 Marks) 2. treatment & medicine prescription for patients in difficult situations.

Primary keys. Find entities.7. Draw a Level 1 Data Flow Diagram to illustrate functional model of the proposing system considering detailed analysis. (6 Marks) 14. Proper conclusion should be given based on the proposing information system’s functionalities & those benefits for the organization’s goals to achieve. Write down the difference between the Business system options (BSOs) and Technical system options (TSOs). decision trees. relationships. Explain how it differs from Bottom up technique by taking your system’s designing examples. (10 Marks) 9. candidate keys.(6 Marks) 15. different cardinalities. (6 Marks) 11. (4 Marks) 10. One of the data / functional modeling techniques is Top down technique. (8 Marks) 8.(8 Marks) 18. composite keys. and associate entities. (4 Marks) 16.(6 Marks) 13. decision tables etc. Use ER diagrams to design data model of the proposing system. showing at least five different transaction processors (6 Marks) 12. for DFD level 0 processes. Draw Level 0 Data Flow Diagram to illustrate functional model of the proposing system.(4 Marks) 5 . foreign keys. Write a data dictionary for the ER diagram. Include appropriate process descriptors such as structured English. Apply the theory of BSOs and TSOs and explain a situation from the organization that you have selected. Draw context level Data Flow Diagram to illustrate functional model of the proposing system. (4 Marks) 17. Explain why it suites. Compare different lifecycle models and suggest the suitable model to implement the current system. Future recommendations should be given based on the possible enhancements of the proposing information system. Attributes. Write a data dictionary for the DFD level.

The description based on Prescriptive. objectives. 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 Total marks Allocated Marks obtained by the student for the answer provided 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 6 . At least Five stages of the System Development life cycle explained such as Communication. Development & Testing. legal feasibility study explained based on proposing system Proper justifications have provided for system adaptation based on feasibility study.Evolutionary. Management hierarchy of the organization is included 2 Description of the selected one of current systems & its nature of operation (Computerized/ manual/ Semi Computerized) have been done that belongs to a specific department/functional process of the organization. Samples of the Questionnaire & Interviews attached. planning. At least economic.Agile & Specialized Process Models Justifications have been done based on the qualities of the proposing system. Explanation has been done based on main objectives expected by the organization from the selected current system. Every stage has been mapped with proposing system development & designing activities. 2 The sample questioner contains open type & close type questions in order to specifically gather information relevant to current system. Standard questionnaire model like Pyramid. and goals of the organization. Justification has been done based on the purpose & relevancy of the tool/s selected for gathering information. Designing.Assessment Criteria Task No This submission will be assessed as follows 1 Provide clear idea about the organization to which the information system is proposed based on vision. technical. Funnel or Diamond has been used to prepare questionnaire.Incremental. operational. Implementation. mission.

Enhanced Entity Relationships have been thought & illustrated. Structured English. Explanation has been provided with proper examples of the proposing system requirements. Major Processes. Proper Process & data flow labeling used 3 In order to further explain internal logic of the major processes’ of the information system. Enteritis’s Attributes described based on Data Tyep.Foreign.8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Attributes. Sub Processes. Relationships & Cardinalities properly selected & illustrated. Main Information System & Information Initial flow between External Entities & Main Information System have been identified & Illustrated. Decision Trees & Decision Tables properly used Process specifications have been included using standard process specification format Object type. Data Storages & initial Data Flows & Intermediate Data Flows in between them have been Identified & illustrated.Non Key) Has been used standard format for the Data dictionary 5 External Entitles. Proper Process & data flow labeling used 3 External Entities.& Nature (Primary. Data Inflow & Data Out Flow have been described. Data Storages & initial Data Flows & Intermediate Data Flows in between them have been Identified & illustrated. Data Type. Top down designing technique & the bottom up designing technique should be properly explained Explanation has been provided considering the proposing system. Used standard format for the Data dictionary 3 Business System Options (BSO) & Technical System Options (TSO) have been properly identified based on the Information System proposed.Size. Proper Process & data flow labeling used 3 External Entities. 2 5 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 7 . Entities.Format.

) for Group meetings.5  Font Style: Times New Roman  Referencing should be done strictly using Harvard system 8 . etc.17 8 18 4 Total Marks 100 Submission Guidelines Report Structure:            Executive Summery Table of contents . Samples of Questionnaire Report Format:  Submission format Report  Paper Size: A4  Words: 5000 words  Printing Margins: LHS.) Conclusion Future Recommendation Gantt chart & its Description Referencing Appendix (Appendix A. System development Life cycle etc. Appendix B. Algorithms. Decision Trees. Decision Tables. RHS: 1 Inch  Binding Margin: ½ Inch  Header and Footer: 1 Inch  Basic Font Size: 12  Line Spacing: 1. Table of Tables Introduction of the Organization & its operational environment Explanation of current System & Drawbacks New System / Modified System Explanation New System Design (Diagrams.Table of Figures.

This assignment is done by me. 9 .Acknowledgement I would like to thank Mr.Chathura for the support and guidance through out this assignment.

Contents Task 1 11 Task 2 11 Task 3 11 Task 4 12 Task 5 13 Task 6 15 Task 7 15 Task 8 16 Task 9 18 Task 10 19 Task 11 20 Task 12 21 Task 13 21 Task 14 21 Task 15 22 Task 16 22 Task 17 23 Task 18 23 10 .

It’s difficult to keep the information up to date. Task 3 11 . In the current system not much information is acquired from the customers it’s not well documented too. After the consultation the doctor gives medicine without much tests. once the doctor is free the patient goes in to be diagnosed. Task 2 In the current system everything is done manually. Information is noted in files and saved in cabinets. leading health care facility and training center by developing and sustaining the infra structure and human resources and by creating a patient friendly environment where patients care. science and technology. sometimes tests are taken but not available at the premises. it’s difficult to keep track of the information. sometimes information is lost. patient and family centered health care. compassionate. To elevate the status of the hospital to modern.Task 1 Vision Provide acceptable services To be the center of excellence in health care Mission We improve the wellbeing of patients and communities by delivering innovative. enriched by education. have to go far to get the tests.

Do you think we should computerize the whole system.Task 4 Lanka Hospital M F Sex Date of Birth Name Home Phone Parent’s/Guardian’s Name Work Phone Home Phone Address Address City. ST ZIP Code Work Phone Do you think the existing system needs to be changed. ST ZIP Code City. What seems to be the problem with the existing system? Suggest us your ideas regarding the system upgrade? 12 .

OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECTS The main objectives of the project are as follows.  To efficiently provide better treatment and health facilities to the residences of Sri lank  To provide better services in managing the patients.Task 5 Feasibility Report INTRODUCTION The purpose of this project is to build a system to manage and provide world qualified services from lanka hospital.  To provide better Pharmacy medications 13 . THE EXISTING FACILITIES The present facilities for this population in the district l are given below: Hospital Civil Dispensary Mother & Child Health Centre Tuberculosis/ Leprosy Center 01 10 5 6 MAJOR HEALTH PROBLEMS IN THE PROJECT AREA There are following major health problems: Infectious Diseases and Diarrhea Worm Infestation Malnutrition Inadequate health facility for mother and childcare Inadequate and inefficient maternity services The system would be a step towards improving the health facilities to the people of Sri lanka.

 To provide better laboratory services to the patients. GENERAL REQUIREMENT OF THE STAFF Generally. Computer systems PO systems Printers Scanners Software’s needed: Windows 10 Windows 12 Server Windows office package 14 . Doctors (Male) Doctors (Female) Nurses (Female) Room Boys Sweepers Other Staff 5 5 10 11 4 As per requirement GENERAL REQUIREMENT OF THE HOSPITAL SYSTEM Generally.  To provide better services to the working doctors at the hospital. the following is proposed to require. the following is proposed to require.

Stage 2: Defining Requirements Once the requirement analysis is done the next step is to clearly define and document the product requirements and get them approved from the customer or the market analysts. within a software organization. Software Development Life Cycle is a process used by software industry to design. The following figure is a graphical representation of the various stages of a typical SDLC. This information is then used to plan the basic project approach and to conduct product feasibility study in the economical. 15 . The life cycle defines a methodology for improving the quality of software and the overall development process. market surveys and domain experts in the industry. What is SDLC? SDLC is a process followed for a software project.Task 6 SDLC. A typical Software Development life cycle consists of the following stages: Stage 1: Planning and Requirement Analysis Requirement analysis is the most important and fundamental stage in SDLC. operational. It is performed by the senior members of the team with inputs from the customer. maintain. and technical areas. develop and test high quality software’s. It consists of a detailed plan describing how to develop. the sales department. . replace and alter or enhance specific software.SRS. This is done through .

Design Document Specification. its maintenance is done for the existing customer base. the product may be released as it is or with suggested enhancements in the targeting market segment. Following are the most important and popular SDLC models followed in the industry: 16 . usually more than one design approach for the product architecture is proposed and documented in a DDS . design modularity. product robustness. After the product is released in the market. The product may first be released in a limited segment and tested in the real business environment (UAT. in order to ensure success in process of software development. If the design is performed in a detailed and organized manner. The programming code is generated as per DDS during this stage. Stage 5: Testing the Product This stage is usually a subset of all the stages as in the modern SDLC models. fixed and retested. budget and time constraints. the testing activities are mostly involved in all the stages of SDLC. tracked.User acceptance testing). business strategy. Stage 6: Deployment in the Market and Maintenance Once the product is tested and ready to be deployed it is released formally in the appropriate market. Sometime product deployment happens in stages as per the organizations. the best design approach is selected for the product.Stage 3: Designing the product architecture SRS is the reference for product architects to come out with the best architecture for the product to be developed. until the product reaches the quality standards defined in the SRS. Then based on the feedback. SDLC Models There are various software development life cycle models defined and designed which are followed during software development process. However. These models are also referred as "Software Development Process Models". code generation can be accomplished without much hassle. Each process model follows a Series of steps unique to its type. Stage 4: Building or Developing the Product In this stage of SDLC the actual development starts and the product is built. Based on the requirements specified in SRS. This DDS is reviewed by all the important stakeholders and based on various parameters as risk assessment. this stage refers to the testing only stage of the product where products defects are reported.

initiation. productions. The waterfall model is a sequential design process used in software development processes in which progress is seen as flowing steady downwards (like a water fall) through the phases of conception. integrate and test the system partially and add the functionalities incrementally. implemented and tested incrementally (a little more is added each time) until the product is finished. Incremental model Design implement. We choose incremental method because we can make changes as we produce the product in water fall method we can’t’ go back phases. design. implementation and maintenance. Waterfall Model  Iterative Model  Spiral Model  V-Modell  Task 7 Waterfall method Waterfall method was developed as a solution to Ad hoe development methodologies. testing. construction. analysis. It is a method of software development when the product is designed. 17 .

Task 8 18 .

Task 9 Entity Attributes Primary key Patient Patient ID Primary key Foreign Key Name Date of birth Mobile number Blood group Physicist Consulate Lab report Heart rate Blood pressure Reports Admit/discharge Medicine Blood cholesterol Sugar level Foreign Key Primary key 19 .

Task 10 20 .

Task 11 21 .

Task 12 22 .

23 .

Task 13 Task 14 24 .

Other costs like staff would be low as less staffs are required to operate the system. The system is going to be fully automated.Task 15 BOS Degree of automation. The boundary between the system and the user. the system would be connected to other facilities in other buildings. The distribution of the system for example is it centralized to one system or spread out across several? The system is not centralized to one system. less errors and worldwide recognized services. Impact of the new system The new system would be a huge success for the company. Cost/ benefit The system would cost us more than 100000 sri Lankan rupees. 25 . Users would be able to communicate fully with the systems. with computer systems being installed and other electronics.

and/or DVD+/-RW drive The software to be used.256 GB or larger solid state hard drive  Graphics Card .11. USB Flash Drive. 26 .desktop only  Operating System .802. Home or Professional editions. Computer specifications  Processor .External hard drive.TSO The hardware architecture Computer desks are placed in every facility office and other places where computer systems or other electronics are being used.11ac (WPA2 support required)  Monitor .4 GHz+ (i5 or i7 series Intel processor or equivalent AMD)  RAM .dual core 2. or Apple OS X 10.8 GB  Hard Drive .5  Backup Device .desktop only  Wireless (for laptops) .Windows 10 or 7 with Service Pack 1. the following is proposed to require. Software’s needed: Windows 10 Windows 12 Server Windows office package Cost of implementation It will cost the company 100000 sri Lankan rupees The staffing required Generally. Doctors (Male) 5 Doctors (Female) 5 Nurses (Female) 10 Room Boys 11 Sweepers 4 Other Staff As per requirement The physical limitations such as a space occupied by the system.23" widescreen LCD with DisplayPort/HDMI or DVI support .any with DisplayPort/HDMI or DVI support .

The system does not take much space. in every facility building offices it needs like 4 ft 7 ft space to set up the computer systems 27 .

Task 16 Task 17 Reference 28 .

10 Aug..tutorialspoint.Overview". Web. "SDLC .p. 2016. 29 . 4 Aug. "HOSPITAL FEASIBILITY REPORT".tripod. www. Lecture.   "System Analysis And Design". 2016. N. Kwrt1. 2016. Web. 2016.