Design Details

Design of the Ring Groove
The purpose of the ring groove is to absorb the forces transmitted from the retained machine
component into the Seeger retaining system. As shown in Figure 1, the groove is identified by the
groove diameter (d2) and, dependent on it, by the groove depth (t) and the groove width (m).

Figure 1: SEEGER® Ring Groove
Groove Diameter (d2) and Groove Depth (t)
The values given in the data charts for the groove diameter d2 provide rings that fit in their
grooves with a relatively large pre-stress. This pre-stress is required when large mass forces occur
in the ring plane in opposition to the stress of the rings, e.g., centrifugal forces at high shaft
speeds. Here, the groove depth t can be reduced in favor of an increased pre-stress. In designs
where such mass forces do not occur, the groove depth and thus the groove area (AN), and also
the load bearing capacity of the groove (FN), can be enlarged. The limit is posed by the diameter
in unstressed condition (d3), i.e., for shaft rings, d2 min = d3 max, and for bore rings, d2 max = d3
Groove Width (m)
The values given in the data charts are minimum values which are recommended for the usual
applications of SEEGER® retaining systems in rectangular grooves and for unilateral force
transmission. Depending on the design of the machine component or mating part pressing on the
ring, the groove may be widened towards the relieving side. Wide grooves are much easier to
recess than narrow ones. However, if the SEEGER® retaining system is to alternately transmit the
forces onto the groove walls in both directions, the groove width m must be adapted to the ring
thickness in accordance with manufacturing capabilities.

Shape of the Groove
The rectangular groove is still the standard form. It can be rounded on the load side with r = 0.1 s
(10% of the ring thickness [s]) without noticeably influencing the fit of the ring (see Figure 2a).
Figure 2b shows a groove slanted towards the relieved side. Figures 2c and 2d show grooves
systematically rounded on the load side. Here, sharp-edged rings make optimum use of the
groove area. Figure 2e depicts a groove with a relief groove reducing the notch effect.

05 mm.e. Attention has been drawn to elastic compensation of play with the aid of AL and respectively.02 mm and 0. flat Seeger-Orbis retaining systems to assemble machine components without axial play. This axial compensation. it would be an option to use Seeger-Orbis bevelled rings. is not permissible in all designs. and are available in graduations and thickness tolerances of between 0. Select Fit Series Rings The use of selected incremental thicknesses of Seeger-Orbis retaining systems is possible to rigidly reduce play in steps. and by a relief groove as shown in Figure 2e. however. i. a springing effect of the rings. which permit play-free retaining of the mating machine component.24 80 mm: ßK = 2.. JL rings. Bevelled Rings In this case. Support . Compensating Axial Play Spring compensation is not possible using normal.60 These notch effect figures can be reduced by rounded grooves as shown in Figures 2c and 2d. In the case of materials with a notch sensitivity corresponding to CK 45 Rm = 650 N/mm2. These are typically (but not necessarily) ground rings.Figure 2: Groove Shape a = rectangular groove b = slanted groove c and d = rounded grooves e = groove with relief groove Notch Effect of the Groove Matching sharp-edged grooves for Seeger retaining rings leads to a notch effect. the following notch effect figures can be expected on a rectangular groove: Shaft diameter: 30 mm: ßK = 2.

This is ensured by all circlips. of a circular wire ring. a precondition which is not always possible. Seeger-Orbis should be consulted before defining the largest and smallest thickness as well as the smaller thickness tolerances. Positive radial retention of rings in the groove may be advantageous in the event of high axial forces and when placing high demands on safety. the Seeger-Ring joint is a positive one. the elastic ring is held in the groove only by its own tension. Please dial: +49 6174 205-0 and ask for a representative in our Product Design Department. The Seeger Handbook gives further in-depth information on design details of Seeger-Ring assemblies. Overlapping of the fitted ring as shown in Figure 3 is only possible when the machine component can be pulled back before assembly and pressed on again later. Positive radial Retention of SEEGER Retaining Systems Viewed axially. The latter can also be overlapped with a chamfer instead of the quarter circle-shaped recess.washers can also be manufactured with graduated thicknesses. However. In the case of Seeger retaining rings to DIN 471/472. radially. . by the Seeger V-rings and by the Seeger K-rings. Figure 3 shows overlapping of a Seeger-Ring and on the right. namely: The ring cannot work its way out of the groove Use of deeper grooves means that there is no need for pre-stress The groove has a greater load bearing capacity Circular contact is provided in the groove The rpm speed limitation of the shaft rings is eliminated Figure 3: Overlapping of a Seeger-Ring (left) and a circular wire circlip (right) On the left. A centrical design of the rings is more or less a precondition for overlapping. this applies only to the versions 10 and 11 shown in catalogue (left illustration).