Palwal district being part of National Capital Region (N. infrastructure. 2031 The block and village development plan for Palwal 2031 as a Studio exercise has been taken up in second semester to prepare a sub-regional plan of substantial geographical size having a rural and urban composition. economy. their spatial distribution and areal differentiation. The analysis was carried out in four phases: pre-study. field survey comprising of qualitative and quantitative data collection. Hence.) alignment along with Kundli Manesar Palwal (K.C. Various s e c t o r s s u c h a s regional setting. governance and finance are studied. giving a boost to economic development of the district. the Dedicated Freight Corridor (D.M. housing.) and Kundli Ghaziabad Palwal (K. literature survey and identification of villages.P.C. followed by formulation of policies and proposals. The study has integrated sectoral and spatial planning approach. data analysis data and identification of issues and potentials. Moreover.G. disaster management.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Block and Village Development Plan for Palwal.) and Haryana sub-region is proposed as a regional centre in 2021. The spatial approach is achieved by dealing with each sector. a plan is required for inducing uniform development over the space. It serves as a potential region for economic development in Palwal as well as adjoining districts. Haryana.P. demography.F.R.) expressway is passing through Palwal. This development shall trickle down to rural region for balanced regional development. The interrelationship between each sector and the spatial pattern of development is analyzed. environment. traffic and transportation. iii .

D. are Hathin (18 Kms). Yamuna Expressway can be approached from Palwal at Tappal via Hamidpur which is located on the SH 22A of Uttar Pradesh to Aligarh.Regional Connectivity: Palwal District Figure 1: Regional Connectivity of Palwal Block is strategically located with respect to the whole NCR and is well connected by both Road and rail network. River Yamuna flows on the eastern margins of the Block and District. In Road connectivity. Hassanpur (34kms). The average rainfall for the district and block is 65cms. The block headquarters connected by M. Sohna is located (30 Kms) away on NH71B.R. A broad gauge railway line connects it to the Indian Railways network of the Delhi Agra Branch line. passes thorough the district having a North South iv . Palwal block is connected to Prithla (14 Kms) and Faridabad (30 Kms) by NH2. Physiography and Climate: Palwal lies in the semi-arid zone and experiences extreme weather conditions during summer and winter. It is served by two National Highways NH 2 and NH 71B. Palwal is located at a distance of 30 km from Yamuna expressway and the proposed YEIDA corridor on the East. NH 2 connects block to Delhi (65kms) and Mathura beyond (86kms) and NH and 71B which connects it with Source:  Author  analysis   Rewari located at a distance of 83kms via Sohna (30kms) and Bhiwadi (60 Kms) . Palwal block is linked to other blocks of the district through a network of Major district and other district roads. Agra canal was opened in 1874 and originates from the Okhla Barrage in Delhi and goes till Agra.Palwal is connected to Aligarh located 85kms to the East by SH 22A.

Figure 2: Settlement Pattern of Palwal Block. Chandhat. The district is located in the Alluvial plains of the Indo Gangetic belt and can be largely divided into the eastern Khadar belt (new alluvium) and the western Bhangar belt (old alluvium). It was opened for irrigation and navigational purposes. Tikri Brahman and Ghori while rest of the villages fulfils the criteria of Basic village (refer figure 2). Settlement Pattern: Palwal block has one Sub-Regional Centre i. 2011 Source:  Primary  Census  Abstract.  2011   Figure 3: Population concentration in Settlement Hierarchy   Source:  Primary  Census  Abstract.alignment on the Eastern portions of the district. Central villages are Dhatir. Palwal and one service centre i.e.e.  2011     v .

It consists of 77 percent of the total area. 2005 . barren land and cultivable wasteland. water bodies. A comparison has been done of Land utilization of Palwal block for 2005-06 and 2011-12 years respectively(refer figure 4). builtup. forest. 2011-12) Figure 5: Land Utilization of Palwal Block. land utilization of Palwal block shows that agriculture has the largest share amongst all the categories.Land Utilization: Land utilization of Palwal block has been studied under 6 broad categories of agriculture. Figure 4: Land Utilization of Palwal Block (2005-06.2011 Source:  International  Journal  of  Innovative  Research  and  Studies. Barren land covers 2 percent area. Palwal block has 16 percent of water bodies. Only 5 percent area comes under built-up area. In 2005-06. Forest land has very small share that is less than 1 percent. Palwal block has an area of 35625 hectares. This study is based on data collected from International Journal of Innovative Research and Studies and land utilization data collected from online resources (Bhuvan Website).  2014   vi .

 2011   vi i .708 with Palwal block having a share of 32 percent population. National Highway and State Highway outstretching from the Urban Node as compared to the distant rural villages (figure 8). Palwal block has highest density of more than 900 persons/sq km among all the blocks in the district owing to the concentration of educational. which is highest amongst the blocks in the district. The workforce participation is also found higher in the adjacent region of the city with higher percentage of marginal workers as compared to other villages Figure 6: Block wise Density of Palwal District In 2011 Figure 7: Block wise Main & Marginal Workers of Palwal District In 2011 Source:  Primary  Census  Abstract. The population density is high in areas lying in the vicinity of Palwal town. health and economic activities in Palwal district headquarters. The decadal growth rate of Palwal block is 43 percent for the year 20012011. 42.Demography: The population of Palwal district in 2011 was 10.

 2011   Figure 9: Village wise Man and Marginal Workers of Palwal Block.  2011   Economy: To understand the overall economy of the block and selected villages of district Palwal. Palwal is likely to have stimulated economic development. 2011 Source:  Primary  Census  Abstract. vi ii . 2011   Source:   Primary  Census  Abstract. Due to upcoming infrastructural projects like DFC. The terrain is flat The agricultural production is higher in Khadar (new alluvium) belt as compared to Bhangar (old alluvium) belt and lowest in some of the villages along SH13 due to high salinity of soil.Figure 8: Village wise Population Density of Palwal Block. The dominant sector in Palwal block is primary sector. KMP and KGP. The study analyzed the economic sectors of the selected villages in the block to find out the key drivers of the economy. various economic sectors of the Palwal district were studied which was necessary to ascertain the position of Palwal block in it.

there are 32 industries in Palwal block out of which 13 micro.Figure 10: Crop Production of Palwal Block (2011) Figure 11: Location of Industries in Palwal Block Source:  Proposed  master  plan. The availability of data for study of tertiary sector spatially in the block is restricted to the analysis of storage facilities. ix .  2021   According to survey conducted of secondary sector.  Palwal. employment under MGNREGA and banking facilities in the block. 13 small and 6 medium scale industries are concentrated in Palwal city and Dhatir village.

Figure 12: MGNREGA Employment of Palwal Block.  2015. 2011 Source:  House  listing  and  Housing  Census  of  India  2011       x . 2015   Source:  MGNREGA  Report.  Palwal   Figure 13: Percentage Households availing banking facility in Palwal block.  BDO  Office.

2011 Source:  House  listing  and  Housing  Census  of  India  2011   Transportation: The road network in the block comprises of two National Highways.m long. and ODR is 23 k.Housing: The housing condition in the Khadar belt is not good as compared to the other villages. growth in number of slums is observed. The total length of NH 2 and NH 71B in the block is 26 km. one Major District Road and two Other District Roads. All villages of the block are connected by all weather roads and there is a higher frequency and number of bus connectivity to Gurgaon and Delhi as compared to other routes thus indicating higher interdependency of people for employment. one State Highway. Figure 14: Housing shortage of Palwal Block. xi . health and education facilities.m. respectively The National Highway and State Highway serve 32 percent and 15 percent of the population of the block. The housing shortage is largest in Palwal block due to increased urbanization and therefore. A higher number of transport options and their frequency from Palwal to Delhi and Gurgaon show inter dependency of people for employment. SH 13 is eight k. MDR 135 is seven km in length. health and education facilities. All villages of the block are connected with all weather roads.

    xi i .   Sewerage system is present only in Palwal town. water supply and electricity and under Social Infrastructure education. Households with toilet facility have septic tanks. Ground water is extracted along Yamuna and Agra canal belt and supplied to all the villages by PHED. all other settlements have open combined drains for both storm and waste water.Figure 15: Route Density (Bus and Rail) Source:  Data  collection  from  Haryana  Roadways   Infrastructure Facilities: Under Physical Infrastructure. health and community facilities are covered. As per PHED. 55LPCD is supplied to all the villages in Palwal Block. Only the grey water is let into the drains. Palwal block ranks first among the five blocks of the district in the terms of Physical Infrastructure facilities. which flow into Johar. There is no perennial source of water supply in the block.

xi ii . it is observed that Khadar belt lies in under developed condition as compared to other settlements in the block. construction of toilets under Nirmal Bharat Programme. However. maintenance of johad in the settlements and achieving 100 percent electrification by 2031. which is lower than 56 percent in all villages. Palwal block has better position in terms of provision of educational infrastructure provision of educational institutions as it is as per norms in Palwal block. Provision of health infrastructure is not up to the mark as 8 out of the 17 sub-centres is serving population in excess by 60 percent in the block than the norms. Major thrust was given to increase safe drinking water provision.   Figure 16: Composite ranking for villages of Palwal Block based on Physical Infrastructure Source: House  listing  and  Housing  Census  of  India.  2011 Through composite ranking method. sufficient educational infrastructure is not helping in promoting female literacy rate in the villages.

NO2 and PM10. Figure 18: Air Quality and Surface Water Quality of Palwal block Source:  EIA  report  of  Palwal  2014   xi v . they are SO2.  Palwal.Figure 17: Source:  Deputy  CMO. These parameters were compared with National Ambient Air Quality (NAAQ). Vehicular movement and industries were found to be the main source of air pollution in the block. Palwal block has air quality (SO2 NO2 and PM10) accounts 19:34:73. Air Quality of Palwal block is within safe limit of National Ambient Air Quality (NAAQ).  2014   Environment: Objectives of the study was to identify and assess the parameters for environment in Palwal block and give policy recommendations for the issues identified and land suitability for the agriculture activity. For air quality three parameters were considered for assessment.

e.bgl and in the south west part of Palwal block it ranges from10-20 m.5 m. Karna.bgl. Quality of the ground water depends on the top soil. Bamnika. In mid-western part of Palwal block the Alkanity is high. i. Aharwan. above 6000 EC and villages which account for this high salinity are Kakrali. In Khadar belt the water depth range from 0-1.Ground Water depth in the block ranges from0-20 m. The western side of Palwal town has very critical water depth and the water is saline. Kairaka Rajolaka. Figure 20: Land Suitability for Agriculture Source:  EIA  report  of  Palwal  2014   xv . Figure 19: Ground Water Depth and Ground Water Quality Source:  EIA  report  of  Palwal  2014   According to land suitability analysis. Soil is saline in nature so water is alkaline in nature.>6000 EC in Palwal block.Conductivity (EC) and it range from 2000.. the eastern Khadar belt of Palwal block is highly suitable for agriculture. Badha and Nangli. Alkalinity of soil is measured in Electro.bgl.

3 Municipal Committee. The Lalwa village with lowest level of development was not considered due to very less population and Hassanpur was a resettlement village. Sub Division is under the control of Sub Divisional Magistrate while each Development Block is under the control of Block Development Officer. physical and social infrastructure sectors. Khadar belt is flood prone whereas south-west is drought prone area. 5 Development Blocks and 3 Tehsils. Strategies and proposals: For the Block Development Plan. 3 Sub Divisions. The fire accidents have a higher occurrence in rural areas due to stubble burning carried out in agricultural fields. Governance and Finance: Palwal District comprises of 266 Villages. secondary sector.In terms of hazards and disaster. Palwal. The reason for its selection is that it trails behind in level of development and occupies third last position. accessibility from Palwal town and nearness to the main roads. policy zones (most developed. Palwal is more prone to environmental and human induced hazards and disaster. The district is under the overall charge of the Deputy Commissioner who is also the chairman of the District Rural Development Agency. primary sector. Selected Village analysis: Six villages were selected for detailed village survey based on the criteria of population. less developed) were identified based on parameters. 237 Gram Panchayats. housing. Figure 21: Indicators and their Ranking xv i . is looking after developmental programmes. The selected villages were given ranking based on 15 indicators from demography. out of five blocks of the district. Chandhat village is selected for detailed village development plan. The Additional Deputy Commissioner cum Chief Executive Officer. moderately developed. The road and rail accidents are frequent along NH2 and the Railway line. transport.

which is later divided into policy zones and phasing for the perspective year of 2031. Figure 22: Policy zones of Palwal Block For the village development plan. issues were identified with best possible solutions proposed in the larger   xv ii .Vision and development objectives based on policy zones are framed. Strategies were formulated based on issues of respective sectors.