# Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual

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Layout of concrete lab

THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE

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used for separating coarse from fine parts of loose matter. A set of sieves is used in sieve analysis by which particles are distributed according to their sizes. An instrument with a meshed or perforated bottom which is a U. initial setting time and final setting time of the cement.S.  Vicat’s Apparatus  Purpose: It is used to find out the consistency.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual)  Sieve sets  Purpose: Sieves series in which sieve #4 to sieve #200 is present.  Parts of apparatus: Vicat's apparatus consists of an arrangement to hold the plunger of 10 mm diameter and two other needles which are made to freely fall into a mold filled with the cement paste and the THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 2 .A standard ASTM. In the normal consistency test we have to find out the amount of water to be added to the cement to form a cement paste of normal consistency.

THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 3 . graduated glass vessel.  Cylinder mould  Purpose: Cylinder mould is a cylindrical object which is used to make concrete lab.  Pycnometer  Purpose: A small. Beam mould. prism mould and cube mould are also present in lab.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual) amount of penetration of the needles of plunger can be noted using the vertical graduations from 0 mm to 50 mm. Similar device for measuring the relative density of soil particles less than about 5 mm in diameter. used for determining the relative density of liquids. of accurately defined volume.

 Flakiness index: It is the percentage by weight of flaky particles.8 times its mean size.  Elongation index: It is the percentage by weight of elongated particles in a sample. The elongated particles as percentage of total weight of the sample.  Elongated particles: It is particles whose greater dimension is 1.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual)  Flakiness and elongation apparatus  Purpose: To determine the flakiness and elongation index of the aggregates.6 times size. THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 4 .  Flaky particles: A flaky particle is one whose least dimension (thickness) is less than 0.

to ASTM-C-78 THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 5 . Preferred size of beam is 150X150X750 mm or prism of length 100X100X510mm acc. It is an indication of Workability of concrete. Slump Workability 0-25 Very low 25-50 Low 50-100 Medium 100-175 High  Beam Load Apparatus  Purpose: To determine the flexural strength by the use of concrete beam with loading at the third point.  Slump cone Test Apparatus  Purpose: To determine the slump of concrete.  Slump: The decrease in height of concrete when mould of standard dimension is lifted.  Workability: It is ease with which the concrete can flow.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual)  Aggregate crushing value apparatus  Purpose: This apparatus is used to measures resistance of an aggregate to crushing under a gradually applied compressive load.

as it is usually called. d*2      P=the applied load in newton or pounds I=supported length of the beam in cm or inches b= average width of specimen in cm or inches d= average depth of specimen in cm or inches a= average distance between fractured line measured on the tension surface from the nearest support in cm or inches Compute the modulus of rupture to the nearest 0.R=PI/b. is computed from the following equation fracture occur within middle third of the span. M.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual)  Modulus of rupture or flexural strength: The flexural strength. d*2 When the fracture occurs outside the middle third of the specimen but within 5% of the supported span length.05MPa (5psi) THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 6 .R=3Pa/b. the modulus of rupture is computed from following equation M.

 Compressive strength: The maximum stress which a specimen can bear under compressive loading. is used to test the tensile strength and compressive strength of materials.  Compressive strength of concrete: It is the 28days compressive strength of a standard concrete cylinder.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual)  Vibrating machine  Purpose: It is a machine which is used for agitating freshly mixed concrete during placement by mechanical oscillation at a moderately high frequency. to assist in consolidation.  Compression testing apparatus  Purpose: To determine the compressive strength of a concrete cylinder. THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 7 . also known as a universal tester.  Compressive testing machine: A universal testing machine (UTM). materials testing machine or materials test frame. Maximum range of this machine is 9000 psi or 600 kg/cm.

 Aggregate impact value: AIV is the percentage of fines produced from the aggregate sample after subjecting it to a standard amount of impact.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual)  Aggregate impact testing machine  Purpose: To determine the impact value of different aggregates samples. i.  Conical mould and temper: Determine bulk and apparent specific gravity and absorption of fine aggregate. falling a set height.S Sieve No. Complies with ASTM C 128. below 10 are regarded as strong and AIV’s above 35 would normally be regarded as 100 weak for use in road surfaces. a prescribe no. onto an amount of aggregate of standard sieve and weight retained in a mould. Aggregate impact value=[B/A]X100 Where. 7  Specific gravity equipment  Purpose: To determine the Specific gravity of the aggregate. THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 8 .  Pycnometer top and glass jar: For determine specific and gravity of fine aggregate. Aggregate impact values.  Sieve shaker  Purpose: Sieve shaker is used for shaking the sieves in a regular manner while grading the sample. Following are the equipment  Specific gravity and fine aggregate kit: The equipment needed to do specific gravity and absorption of fine aggregate testing. a steel cylinder.e. of times.  A= Mass of oven dried sample  B=Mass of fraction passing B. The standard amount of impact is produced by a known weight.

Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual) Sieve Shaker  Compacting factor apparatus  Purpose: To determine the compacting factor of cement concrete.  Rapid curing tank:  Purpose: It is a tank which is used for curing especially.  Compacting factor: It is the ratio of mass of compacted concrete to the mass of the equal volume of it when it is fully compacted. this rapid curing tank the concrete achieved the strength at its very early age. This factor indicates the ease with which we can work with concrete. THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 9 . By using. when rapid curing is required.

 The purpose of this job is to have basic information about the usage  of every apparatus and to know about their basic parts. THE UNIVERSITY OF LAHORE 10 . We had drawn the layout of concrete lab to have an idea of its orientation.Plain and Reinforced Concrete -II (Lab Manual)  Comments:  In this job we studied about the different apparatus of concrete lab.