Session 4

Orthographic
Projection

Freehand
Sketching

Activity 1
1. Sketch in good proportion this square
section tube

METHODS FOR SKETCHING ELLIPSES

METHODS FOR SKETCHING ELLIPSES

Activity 2
1. Sketch in good proportion this circular tube

FASTENING
Temporary
1 Threaded fastener
- bolts
- studs
- screws

Fastener examples

Hexagonal Bolts
Machine Screws
Thread Cutting
Machine Screws

Nut examples

Hexagonal

Flange

Nylon Insert Lock

Slotted

Activity 3
1. Sketch in good proportion these components.

Hexagonal
Bolts

Hexagonal
Nut

Sheet Metal
Screw

PROJECTION METHOD

Perspective

Parallel

Oblique

Axonometric

Orthographic

Multiview

Multi-view Drawing
Advantage

It represents accurate shape and size.

Disadvantage Require practice in writing and reading.
Example

Multiviews drawing (2-view drawing)

TO OBTAIN MULTIVIEW
REPRESENTATION OF AN OBJECT
1. Revolve the object with respect
to observer.
2. The observer move around the
object.

REVOLVE THE OBJECT

Top view

Front
view

Right side view

OBSERVER MOVE AROUND
Top view

Front
view

Right side
view

THE GLASS BOX CONCEPT

Activity 4
Sketch in good proportion this 90 angle bracket as shown (all of them).